The Full Wiki

Ajmer: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about a city in central Rajasthan, for the historical region, see Ajmer region.

Ajmer
Pushkar lake
Ajmer
Location of Ajmer
in Rajasthan and India
Coordinates 26°16′N 74°25′E / 26.27°N 74.42°E / 26.27; 74.42
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District(s) Ajmer
Population 485197 (2001)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation

486 m (1,594 ft)
Website http://www.ajmer.nic.in

Ajmer (Hindi: अजमेर, pronounced [ədʒmeːr]( listen)), formerly written Ajmere, is a city in Ajmer District in India's Rajasthan state. Surrounded by the Aravalli Mountains, Ajmer, also known as Ajaymeru, was the city once ruled by Prithviraj Chauhan. Its population was approximately 500,000 in 2001. The city gives its name to Ajmer district, and also to a former province of British India called Ajmer-Merwara, which, after India's independence, became the state of Ajmer. On November 1, 1956, it was merged into Rajasthan state.

Contents

Geography

It is situated in 26° 27, N. lat. and 74° 44, E. long., on the lower slopes of Tārāgaṛh Hill, in the Aravalli Range. It is situated almost in the heart of the state of Rajasthan. To the north of the city is a large artificial lake, called Anasagar, adorned with a marble structure called Baradari. Ajmer is an ancient crowded city with modern developments in the outskirts.

Transportation

Ajmer is at an important railway junction with Broad gauge lines to Jaipur and Marwar, Ahmedabad and Mumbai onwards to Banglaore and a Metre gauge line subject to conversion under Project Unigauge to Udaipur. The railway complex includes a major workshop. The railway has helped the city to connect it with major Indian cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hydrabad, Bangalore, Ahemedabad, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Nagpur, Pune, Patna, Lucknow etc. The station is the origin for many far distance trains like Ajmer - Bhopal Express, Ajmer - Indore Link Express, Ajmer - Ratlam Express, Ajmer - Amritsar Pooja Express etc.

Ajmer is now a trade center for manufactured goods including wool textiles, hosiery, shoes, soap, and pharmaceuticals. Poultry farming is a major source of income for the urban farmers. The nearby town of Kishangarh is one of the largest markets for marble and marble products. Ajmer is well connected with the national highway and is only 135 km (84 mi) from the Swai Mansingh International Airport at Jaipur which has daily flights to Delhi, Bombay, Chennai, Indore, Pune, etc.

History

Ajmer (Ajaya-meru in Sanskrit) was founded in the late seventh century by Dushyant Chauhan. He established the Chauhan dynasty which continued to rule the country while repeated waves of Turkish invasions swept across India. Ajmer was conquered by Muhammad of Ghor, founder of the Delhi Sultanate, in 1193. Its internal government, however, was handed over to the Chauhan rulers upon the payment of a heavy tribute to the conquerors. Ajmer then remained feudatory to Delhi until 1365, when it was captured by the ruler of Mewar. In 1509 Ajmer became a source of contention between the Maharajas of Mewar and Marwar, and was ultimately conquered by the Marwar ruler in 1532. Ajmer was conquered by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1559. It continued to be in the hands of the Mughals, with occasional revolts, until 1770, when it was ceded to the Marathas. From that time up to 1818 Ajmer was the scene of an ongoing struggle, being seized at different times by the Mewar and the Marwar maharajas, from whom it was often retaken by the Marathas. In 1818 the Marathas sold Ajmer to the East India Company for 50,000 rupees. Since then Ajmer has enjoyed stable governance, although during the 1857 War of Independence some Indian sepoys at the garrison in the nearby town of Nasirabad joined the revolt. Under the British Raj, Ajmer was governed by an Agent to the Governor General overseeing Rajputana. After independence in 1947, Ajmer retained its position as a centrally administrated state under a Chief Commissioner for some time. Ajmer was eventually merged with the State of Rajasthan.

Places of interest

The main places of interest are the Dargāh, tomb of the most revered Muslim sufi saint Mu'īnuddīn Chishtī, known as Gharīb Nawāz, or 'Benefactor of the Poor'. and Pushkar,

Pushkar is a town in the state of Rajasthan in India near Ajmer, about 23 Kilometers away, and is an important tourist destination. Pushkar is famous for the Pushkar Lake and the 14th century Brahma temple dedicated to Brahma, the godhead of the Hindu pantheon supposed to be the creator of the universe. This is the most celebrated site for the worship of Brahma. Pushkar is also famous for its annual Pushkar Camel Fair.

The Dargah of Sufi saint Moinuddin Chishti

The Dargāh Sharīf of Khwāja Mu'īnuddīn Chishtī is situated at the foot of the Tārāgaṛh hill, and consists of several white marble buildings arranged around two courtyards, including a massive gate donated by the Nizām of Hyderabad, a mosque donated by the Mughal emperor Shāh Jahān, the Akbarī Mosque, and the domed tomb of the saint. The Emperor Akbar, with his queen, used to come here by foot on pilgrimage from Agra every year in observance of a vow he had made when praying for a son. The large pillars called kose(Mile) Minar , erected at intervals of two miles (3 km) the whole way between Agra and Ajmer, marking the daily halting places of the royal pilgrim, are still extant.

Tārāgaṛh Fort, the fort of Ajmer, seat of the Chauhān rulers, is claimed to be the first hill fort of Asia, built at a time when the Aravalli mountain ranges were above the snowlines. This gives it the reputation of being one of the oldest hill forts of the world, and it is definitely the oldest among the hill forts in India. It was built by King Ajāypāl Chauhān on the summit of Tārāgaṛh Hill, overlooking Ajmer; its thick battlements run along its brow, completely enclosing the table-land. The walls are two miles (3 km) in circumference, and the fort can only be approached by steep and very roughly paved slopes. When it came into the hands of the British Raj, the fort was dismantled by order of Lord William Bentinck, and was converted into a sanatorium for the troops stationed at the British cantonment town of Nasirabad.


The Tomb of Khwaja Husain Chishty Rehmatullah Alaih

The [[Tomb of Khwaja Husain Chishty Rehmatullah Alaih]]

Khwaja Husain Chishty Rehmatullah Alaih

(Grand son & Sajjadanasheen of Hazrat khwaja Moinuddin hasan Chishty rehamatullah Alaih)dated 1637-38 Sola Khamba Behind The Shajahan Mosque Dargah Sharif Ajmer


The Aḍhāī Din kā Jhonpṛā, a Jain temple constructed in 1153 and converted into a mosque by Quṭbuddīn Aybak after 1193, is situated on the lower slope of the Tārāgarh hill, additions were made to the mosque between 1220 and 1229 by Aikbak's successor, by Shams al-Din Iltutmish. It is also noted for its double-depth calligraphy inscriptions, in Naskh and Kufic scripts . With the exception of that part used as a mosque, called Jāma' Iltutmish (pronounced Altamish locally), nearly the whole of the ancient temple has fallen into ruins, but the relics are not excelled in beauty of architecture and sculpture by any remains of Hindu art. Forty columns support the roof, but no two are alike, and exceptional creativity is shown in the execution of the ornaments.[1]

The Magazine, the city's Museum, was once the residence of Prince Salīm, son of the Emperor Akbar, and presently houses a collection of the Mughal and Rajput armour and sculpture. This residence of Salīm is significant from a historical point of view, because Salīm as Emperor Jahāngīr read out the firman for trade to India to the British East India Company from here, thus starting the chain of events that lead to India's colonisation by the British.

Mayo College was established in 1875 by Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India. The architecture of the school buildings evoke the grandeur of erstwhile princely Rajasthan. The main building of the school, in white marble, is a classic example of Indo-Saracenic architecture, and the design now lies in the archives of the British Museum in London.[2]

The Anasāgar Lake. The historic man-made lake Ana Sagar lake was constructed by Maharaja Anaji (1135-1150 AD), the grandfather of Maharaja Prithvirāj Chauhān. By the lake is the Daulat Bāgh, a garden laid out by Emperor Jahāngīr. Emperor Shāh Jahān later added five pavilions, known as the Baradari, between the garden and the lake.And this is one the beautiful lake in the India and it has its historic background also as well.

The Soni Ji Ki Nasiyan is an architecturally rich Digambara Jain temple. It was built in 1864-1895 by Seth Bhag Chand ji Soni, the Nagar Seth of Ajmer. The main chamber, known as the Swarna Nagari (City of Gold), has several gold-plated wooden figures, depicting characters in the Jain tradition, and created in Jaipur.

Lake Foysagar on a Sunny Evening

Lake Foy sagar. Situated in the suburb of the city, Lake Foy Sagar is a picturesque artificial lake named after the engineer Mr Foy, an Englishman, who created it under a famine relief project. It is a masterpiece when it comes to artificial lakes. He created it to tackle with harshest conditions of famine under a famine relief project. This artificial lake was constructed in the year 1892. It appears as flat as a pancake, and offers the eye-catching sights of the neighboring Aravalli mountains.

Education

Ajmer is home to Mayo college, founded by the British Raj in 1870 to educate the children of Rajputana's nobles on the lines of an English public school. Ajmer is also home to the famous Sophia Girls' School and Sophia College, and the historic Ajmer Music College, founded in 1942,the first accredited institution in Rajputana for teaching classical Hindustani music.Also one of the five Rashtriya Military School(earlier known as king george rashtriya indian military college) est. in 1930 by king george.it is a good feeder to our defence services.

Other educational institutions which prominently shape the academic environment of Ajmer before India became independent are the Government College, Sophia senior secondary school,St. Anselm's senior secondary school(St. Anselm's Ajmer), Savitri Girls' School & College, D.A.V. School, Dayanand College, Government High School, St. Mary's Convent Girls' School, Gujarati School, St. Paul's School, Moinia Islamia High School, Oswal Jain High School, Husband Memorial High School, Agarwal School, Govt. Central Girls' High School, Arya Putri Pathshala, and Saraswati Balika Vidyalaya. The Central Board of Secondary Education (West) and Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education was, and still is, located in Ajmer.

Among the other accredited institutions in Ajmer are Regional Institute of Education (RIE), one of the four nationally reputed NCERT colleges, Mayoor School [1] (day-boarding arm of Mayo College), RIE Demonstration School,sophia girls college, Maheshwari Public School, D.A.V. Centenary Public School, Adarsh Nagar, Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati University, Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College, Government Engineering College and Ajmer Institute of Technology.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Ajmer had a population of 485,197. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ajmer has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Danish

Ajmer Ka Don Danish

Notes

See also

References

External links

Advertisements

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Ajmer is located in Rajasthan, in western India. It is more popular as a gateway to Pushkar and is connected by Rail with Jaipur and Delhi.

It is also an important pilgrimage site for muslims. The tomb of the Sufi saint Khawaja Moinuddin Chisti is here.

Swami Dayanand Saraswati spent many years in Ajmer. Aacharya Ram chandra Shukla ,Hari Krishna Khande 'Sajid Ajmeri', Dr. Laxmi Narayan Upadhyay devoted their life for upliftment of literary activities in Ajmer. At present Dr. Wali Ullah Khan 'Farog', Bhagwat prasad 'Pramod', Meghraj Sharma, Mohan Lal Tanwar, Ganga Dhar Sharma 'Hindustan', Satya Narayan Bijawat are some prominent Poets of Ajmer.

Get in

By train

By rail from Delhi - the Delhi-Ahmedabad Mail is a decent overnight train (slow, but it gives you more time to sleep) while the Ajmer Shatabdi Express is the fastest way to get there. There are passenger trains (second unreserved only -- definitely an "experience") in the morning and evening to Jaipur and train links down to Ahmedabad. The city is also connected to Udaipur, of which Intercity Express would be a better option.

By bus

Jaipur is 1.5-3 hours by road (depending on the type of bus you take)(the jaipur- ajmer expressway is a 6lane one and is fantastic to drive on). Jodhpur is 4-5 hours in the opposite direction. Buses to Pushkar leave at a different bus stand (near the Jain temple) from the other buses (south).

Get around

Ajmer is a walkable city, once you get your bearings. It is also a good option for weekend breaks [1]. The Dargah bazaar is about 10 minutes walk and Ana Sagar (the "lake" - which has marble pavillions in a garden and is a wonderful place to sit, especially on hot days) is about 30 minutes walk. There are some wonderful back-alleys -- just wander down small side streets from the Dargah bazaar and you'll see some wonderful old architecture and murals before you stumble back across a main street.

Other than on foot, cycle rickshaws, autorickshaws (who are intent on taking you to Pushkar) and horse-drawn tongas are available for hire (the latter on selected routes only). There are also tempos that run from the bus stand to the railway station and all over town - fare was Rs. 3/person in 2004.

  • Nareli is a Jain place located on the outskirts (Kishangarh bypass). This is a good place to visit, has a very big temple and offer authentic jain food (You have to check the meal hours in advance, they are strict in serving meals in those hours only)
  • Ana Sagar is the tank (manmade lake) in Ajmer. Daulat Bag is a garden on the near side of Ana Sagar and is a nice place to relax. there are marble monuments by the shore and plenty of ice cream and papad-wallahs selling snacks. There is apparently boat rental, though other than a bumper boats tank.
  • The Dargah is a major pilgrimage centre for Muslims (and some Hindus). Entry is free, but you should give the people watching your shoes a couple of rupees. Be careful inside -- pickpocketing has been known to occur, particularly in the entrance to the shrine where people are packed very close together. Priests are available to act as guides and to perform ceremonies at the shrine. Men and women must cover their heads, and women must cover their shoulders. The beggars in the Dargah Bazaar can be quite persistent.
  • There is a Jain temple on the way to Ana Sagar which is quite beautiful from the outside. You can also enter, but usual temple protocols apply.
  • Must go to Pushkar -visit the amazing Brahma Temple, go shopping in the narrow but ethnic and colourful lanes of the marketplace, eat traditional foods as well as international delicasies in the numerous eateries.
  • Shah Jahan's Mosque- This mosque is the most beautiful of all the structures, in the Dargah precinct. It is made of white marble, delicately carved with trellis-work.
  • The Museum- Emperor Akbar's royal residence, now serves as a museum, which houses an excellent collection of Mughal and Rajput armour, and some fine sculpture.

Buy

Ajmer has a women's market (ask for the Mahila Mandi - closed Tuesdays) that sells odnis (traditional veils... they also make nice light table covers) and saris galore. Ornate Lenghas (skirts worn with blouses) are also widely available. Hand tie-dyed turbans (safas) are 9-metre long bands of fabric with various uses and are usually sold wherever fabric for men's clothing is sold.

  • Tandoor Restaurant (0.5 km from bus stand towards Jaipur) is a good place for non-veg food.no longer exists at the mentioned place.
  • There are some fast food outlets at India motor circle, this is 1 km from bus stand and railway station.
  • Honeydew restaurant (turn left exiting the station and walk about 5 minutes) has decent western and Indian food in a nice garden. In the evening in the hot season, the trees are full of parakeets.
  • For those who are looking for dhaba style delicious food must go to Mahadev ka Dhaba located opposite to Daulat Bagh, this place is also known as Purana bus stand.
  • Hotel Bhola has great veg thalis.alsopandit bhojnalaya.a famous place for good and cheaper food.
  • There's a dhaba across from the railway station that serves great cheap food. It's tiny and attached to a mosque and painted green - I don't think that there's an English sign - you can fill up on chai, omelet and rotis for about Rs. 10.
  • There's a great non-veg restaurant in the Dargah Bazaar. about 2/3 of the way in on the left hand side. There's an A/C seating area in the basement. Dishes are Rs. 25-50.
  • RTDC's Khadim tourist bungalow has a bar inside it.
  • Hotel Mansingh Palace is a good place to stay. Its a 3 star hotel with decent facilities.
  • Khadim tourist bungalow run by RTDC has rooms in economy range and it is very near to bus stand, 2 kms from the railway station.
  • Hotel Bhola has rooms in the 100-300 range. They're pretty grotty, and pretty loud, but centrally located and safe. There must be better accommodation in Ajmer, but many just go to Pushkar for the night!
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message