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Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino: Wikis


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The Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino (AIS) (English: International Academy of Sciences San Marino) is a scientific association of universitarian character. It was established in 1983 and had its first convention, SUS 1, around New Year 1984 at San Marino City[1]. After the Sammarinese skeleton law on higher education had been passed the academy was officially founded on September 13, 1985[2], in the presence of the Captains-Regent. Its name uses the constructed international auxiliary language Esperanto.



The AIS was founded on an initiative of scientists from various countries, such as Helmar Frank, Humphrey Tonkin, and Reinhard Selten.

The Sammarinese government at first gave the academy broad moral support. When, however, the università degli studi was founded at San Marino in 1988, it gained priority over the AIS, which then concentrated on working abroad from San Marino. Conventions and summer schools were held in Bulgaria, Korea, the Czech Republic, Germany, France, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and Sweden. Several of these countries granted the AIS the right to hold academic exams and grant the academic degrees.These exams are always held during an academic convention, called SUS (Sanmarineca Universitata Sesio en: Sammarinese University Session).


Degrees awarded include[3]

  • Bakalauxro (Bac.) equivalent to a bachelor's degree, requiring two - three years of study
  • Magistro (Mag.) equivalent to master's degree, requiring two years post - Bachelor study
  • Doktoro (Dr) equivialient to PhD
  • Habilita doktoro (Dr. habil.) equivalent to Doctor habilitatus a post doctorate status used in many areas of Europe.


The AIS is divided in four Sectors the:

  • Scientific Sector (SciS)
  • Technological Sector (TeS)
  • Artistic Sector (ArS)
  • Supporting Sector (SubS)

The Scientific Sector consists of six faculties.[3] Its structure follows a strictly philosophical system, based on two criteria:

This leads to a division into six sections[4][3]:

nomothetic idiographic
World 1 (natural) sciences morphologic sciences
World 2 cybernetics Humanities
World 3 structural sciences philosophy

Each faculty is headed by a dean and is also further divided into three or four departments, each with their own head. Within the Scientific Sector there is a hierarchy of contributors. [3]

Level of Membership Title
Full Members (MdAIS) Professors in ordinary (OProf)
Associated Members (AMdAIS) Associated professors (AProf) and the independent lecturers (PDoc)
Adjuncts (AdAIS) Associated lecturers (ADoc) or scientific assistants (ASci)

Beside its scientific sector the AIS consists of an artistic and an applied sector, and a supporting sector. These three sectors do not at present have a teaching program of their own. The artistic and the applied sector sometimes contribute to the scientific sector's conventions and summer schools.


The AIS is based on three principles that its members see insufficiently supported in other universities:

  1. The absence of any cultural and linguistic bias not only in scientific content but also in the teaching of this content. In order to achieve this goal as far as possible the AIS holds its conventions and summer schools in a neutral language, at present using Esperanto[5]. Students write their thesis in two parallel languages: Esperanto and a second language of their choice (usually their native language). Research papers, too, are often written in two languages to reduce influence of language on the paper's logic.
  2. Studying in several places. Students are encouraged to spend part of their studies abroad, or at least at an AIS summer school, so as to get in contact with other cultures.
  3. Interdisciplinarity, intense contact and scientific exchange between the faculties and scientific branches. To achieve this, other faculties must be represented in examination committees, and students get maximum freedom in choosing their minor.


In 2006 the AIS consists of about 250 scientists, among them a little fewer than 50 full members, including co-founder Reinhard Selten. Mikhail Gorbachev is a member of the applied sector.

Some 300 scientists contribute to the AIS as members of the "International Scientific College" (Internacia Scienca Kolegio, ISK)[6]. They are not active in teaching for the AIS but are available for opinions on theses and similar tasks. Knowledge of Esperanto is a precondition for membership in the ISK (as well as the AIS).


  1. ^ Program of SUS 1 in: Brigitte Frank-Böhringer, Ekesto kaj celoj de la Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj, Dortmund, verlag modernes lernen, 1985, p. 74–79.
  2. ^ In San Marino und anderswo, in Deutsche Universitäts-Zeitung 15/16, August 16, 1996, p. 28–29.
  3. ^ a b c d "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about AIS". 18 02 1995. Retrieved 9 January 2010.  
  4. ^ H. Frank: Noto pri proponita sciencoklasigo por strukturigi sciencan akademion. In: Brigitte Frank-Böhringer, loc. cit., p. 23.
  5. ^ AIS statute, art. 4. Published in: R. Fössmeier, H. Frank: AIS, La Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino / Die Internationale Akademie der Wissenschaften San Marino. Berlin, Institut für Kybernetik, 2000, p. 197–200
  6. ^ AIS and ISK member list,

External links



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