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Akhnas ibn Shariq al-Thaqifi or Abi al-Hakam ibn Akhnas ibn Sharif ath-Thaqafi[1] was a contemporary to Muhammad and one of the leaders of Mecca [2].




Early Life — ?-610

He was a rich man [3] and an ally of Banu Zuhrah[4].

Muhammad's era — 610-632

Muhammad's visit to Ta'if — 619

On his way from the visit, Muhammad asked Akhnas for protection, but he refused [2].

battle of Badr — 624

Akhnas and the Banu Zuhrah where with the Meccan as part of the escort that preceded the battle of Badr, but since he believed the caravan to be safe, he did not join Quraish on their way to a festival in badr. He together with Banu Zuhrah returned, so this two clans where never present in the battle [4]

battle of Uhud — 625

Abd-Allah ibn Jahsh was a cousin of Muhammad who was killed in the battle of Uhud by Akhnas ibn Shariq[1].

Treaty of Hudaybiyyah — 628

Source state:

After the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, Abu Basir ‘Utbah ibn Asid ibn Jãriyah ath-Thaqafi (a man of the tribe of Thaqif captured by the Quraysh), escaped from the. Associators. al-Akhnas ibn Shurayq (a chief of the Quraysh) sent two men after him. AbU Basir killed one of the two men, and came to the Messenger of Allah as an Immigrant Muslim [5].


Surah Al-Humaza was revealed regarding Akhnas ibn Shariq [6].

Regarding verse [Qur'an 2:204], an incidence occurred prior to these verses being revealed. A man named Al-Akhnas ibn Shuriq came to the Muhammad to embrace Islam, but as he turned to leave, he happened to pass by a pasture and grazing animals. He set it alight and killed the cattle. This verses express disapproval [7].

See also


External links

He is mentioned in this links: [2] [3]


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