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Akihabara in 2007
Akihabara at night

Akihabara (秋葉原 ?) ("Field of Autumn Leaves"), also known as Akihabara Electric Town (秋葉原電気街 Akihabara Denki Gai ?), is an area of Tokyo, Japan. It is located less than five minutes by rail from Tokyo Station. Its name is frequently shortened to Akiba (アキバ ?) in Japan. While there is an official locality named Akihabara nearby, part of Taitō-ku, the area known to most people as Akihabara (including the railway station of the same name) is actually Soto-Kanda, a part of Chiyoda-ku.

Akihabara is a major shopping area for electronic, computer, anime, and otaku goods, including new and used items. New items are mostly to be found on the main street, Chūōdōri, with many kinds of used items found in the back streets of Soto Kanda 3-chōme. First-hand parts for PC-building are readily available from a variety of stores. Tools, electrical parts, wires, microsized cameras and similar items are found in the cramped passageways of Soto Kanda 1-chōme (near the station). Foreign tourists tend to visit the big name shops like Laox or other speciality shops near the station, though there is more variety and lower prices at locales a little further away. Akihabara gained some fame through being home to one of the first stores devoted to personal robots and robotics.

Contents

Timeline

Buildings in Akihabara
Between stores in Akihabara
  • The area was just out of Sujikai-gomon city gate (present Mansei bridge) which was one of the city gates (Mitsuke) of old Edo (Tokyo). It was the gateway from inner Edo to northern and northwestern Japan and Kan’ei-ji temple in Ueno. Many dealers, craftsmen and relatively lower class samurai lived there.
  • 1869: A major blaze destroyed the area. It brought about the decision to clear the 30,000 square metres of land in order to keep future fires from getting into inner Tokyo city.
  • 1870: In this cleared land a small Shinto shrine once in old Edo Castle was built. The shrine's name was 鎮火社, which means "the extinguisher shrine").

But many downtown Tokyo residents misunderstood the shrine. They thought that the deity Akiba or Akiha (秋葉) which was the most popular fire-controlling deity in central and eastern Japan must have been enshrined in it. They also called the cleared land "Akiba ga hara" or "Akibappara" which means "the deity Akiba's square".

  • 1888: The shrine moved to Matsugaya, near Asakusa.
  • 1890: Extension of the rail line (now the Tōhoku Main Line) from Ueno to Akihabara. At first there was no passenger service, for south of the station was the Akihabara cargo docks, where goods from all over the world would flow into Kanda by river and be hauled up the east bank of the canal to be ticketed at the central cargo transport window.
  • From the Meiji to the Shōwa period, as the electric railway improved transport to Akihabara and the surrounds, and especially due to the growth in dealerships, the district was designated as Seika Shijō (青果市場: vegetables and fruits market).
  • 1925: Akihabara-Tokyo station connection opened as the Tohoku line extended to Tokyo.
  • 1930: The temporary Manseibashi Subway Station opens; it is closed in November 1931.
  • 1935: Official establishment of Seika Shijō. (Kanda Seika Shijō).
  • 1936: The site of Manseibashi Station was closed (later the Transportation Museum—now closed). Railway mania had reached its zenith. The area became the number one place for electrical supplies.
  • Circa 1945-1955 After World War II, a black market at Kanda developed around the first school of electrical manufacturing (now the Tokyo Denki University:東京電機大学). Clustered around the Sobu Main line, what began as a host of electrical stores selling vacuum tubes, radio goods and electrical items to the students, has today come to be known as Electric Town. Called "musen" or "wireless" shops, they were the first to begin selling radios. With the advent of wireless and radio goods, people came to be much more connected.
  • 1960s: Thanks to advanced technology, the rival Nipponbashi district of Osaka took its position as an equally prominent Electric Town, selling vast volumes of household consumer durable goods such as televisions, refrigerators and washing machines.
  • 1980s: Accompanying the spread of the personal computer in family homes ("Famikon"), local shops increasingly began to deal in computer games, and major gaming chain stores appeared on the market.
  • 1989: Kanda Seika Shijō moved to Ōta-ku, south district of Tokyo.
  • 1990s: With the Yamada and Kojima household chain stores appearing throughout the suburban outskirts of Tokyo, the sale of consumer durables at Akihabara was greatly reduced, however the sale of computer goods increased in equal measure.
  • 1991:Sofmap begins its rise as a major seller of new and used Japan-market computer parts and software, including popular systems from NEC (PC-8801 and 9801), Sharp (X68000) and Fujitsu (FM-Towns). Sofmap chain stores begin popping up in different locations in Akihabara.
  • 1994: The Windows PC boom and accompanying computer store growth began.
  • It was also during the 1990s that the anime craze grew out of computer games, and the youth group known as otaku began to pour into Akihabara.
  • Since 2000, with name-brand computer sales in decline, anime shops have arisen in their place, selling to the otaku crowd.
  • August 25, 2005: Tsukuba Express, Tokyo's fastest private railway, opens in Akihabara.
  • Since 2005 Major redevelopment and modernization of the station and surrounding area.
  • June 8, 2008: The Akihabara massacre took place on the Sunday-pedestrian-zoned Chūōdōri street. A man killed seven in an attack on a crowd using a truck and a dagger.[1][2][3]

Police station

Manseibashi Police Station (万世橋警察署 Manseibashi Keisatsusho ?)[4] is a station of Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department. The station takes its name from the nearby bridge, Manseibashi. The area north of the bridge is Akihabara Electric Town".

The station is located slightly east of the Mansei bridge (35°41′50.2″N 139°46′18.5″E / 35.697278°N 139.771806°E / 35.697278; 139.771806), on the Akihabara side of the Kanda River.[5] In addition to the police station, the building houses other government offices.

The station began as a substation of Kanda Police Station in April 1905. It was disbanded a year later, but re-established in various forms until June 1927, when it was established as the Kanda Manseibashi Police Station. It moved back in with the Kanda station after the station was destroyed in the World War II fire-bombing of Tokyo. In November 1948 the station was re-established under its present name, Manseibashi Police Station. New station buildings were completed in 1969 and again in 2000.[5]

See also

References

Further reading

  • JPT Staff, Makoto Nakajima (2008). The Akiba. Japan Publications Trading. ISBN 9784889962499

External links

Coordinates: 35°41′54″N 139°46′23″E / 35.69836°N 139.77313°E / 35.69836; 139.77313


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Tokyo/Akihabara article)

From Wikitravel

Electric Town from JR Akihabara Station
Electric Town from JR Akihabara Station

Akihabara (秋葉原) [1] is Tokyo's "Electric Town", located on the eastern side of the central Chiyoda ward. The area houses thousands of shops selling every technological gadget you can imagine, from computers to gaming consoles and vacuums to DVDs, at reasonable prices. This area is also known as the "Gamer's Mecca" and has in recent times become strongly identified with anime/manga (cartoon) subculture, with the legions of otaku geeks traipsing down on weekends known as Akiba-kei.

Get in

By train

Akihabara is centered around Akihabara Station, located on the JR Yamanote, Keihin-Tohoku, and Chuo Local lines. Just take the conveniently labeled "Akihabara Electric Town" exit to be dropped into the middle of the action.

Akihabara is also the terminal of the Tsukuba Express Line, which runs to Tsukuba and other stations in Ibaraki and northern Chiba prefectures. (45 minutes to/from Tsukuba via kaisoku)

Getting to Akihabara by subway is also quite easy; travel to Akihabara Station by the Hibiya line (H15), or Suehirocho Station by the Ginza line (G14). The Toei Shinjuku line is also a 10 minute walk to Akihabara from the Iwamotocho Station (S08)

There is no direct connection to the airports, but it's readily reached from Narita Airport with a brief connection on the Yamanote, either from Nippori for the Keisei Skyliner (¥2,070) or from Tokyo via the Narita Express (¥2,940). Both take roughly 75 minutes. Switching to the often-crowded Keisei limited express (tokkyu) increases travel time to 90-95 minutes, but lowers the fare to ¥1,130. For Haneda Airport, the Yamanote will also take you to Hamamatsucho; transfer there to the airport-bound Tokyo Monorail (40 minutes, ¥620).

Even pachinko parlors in Akihabara are anime-themed
Even pachinko parlors in Akihabara are anime-themed

Akihabara is all about shopping. One of its few sights, the Transportation Museum, has closed and was reopened in Saitama as the Railway Museum in October 2007.

  • Tokyo Animation Center, +81 03-5298-1188, [2]. 11AM-7PM. A centerpiece of the area, offering up information, showings, demonstrations, and events centered around animation and gaming. It can be found by exiting the station towards 'Electric town' and heading out the right side of the station. It is the furthest of the two large modern skyscrapers in your immediate eyeline. Free.  edit
  • On Sundays, the main thoroughfare Chūō-dōri is closed to vehicles, and it turns into an unofficial stage for cosplayers (people dressed up as cartoon characters) and local bands to strut their stuff. Sadly, this is not as populated as it once was following a bizarre 2008 incident where a knife-wielding lunatic went around stabbing people at random, but the cosplayers are slowly returning.

Akihabara is also perhaps the last stronghold in the world for classic arcade gaming. Although arcades are still everywhere in Japan, and more so in Tokyo, the concentration (and skill of play) is especially high in Akihabara. The huge towers of Sega, Taito, and others can't be missed, but places like "Hey Arcade" (on Chūō-dōri) have entire floors dedicated to shooting games (think Galaga) and fighting games (think Tekken). Recommended for a nostalgic trip back to the eighties, and to check out the pros.

On a more classic note, Akihabara also has its own temple site, to the left off of Chūō-dōri as you walk towards Ueno. It is mostly noteworthy for the festival it organizes around May. On this occasion, a massive shrine is traditionally carried through the streets of Akihabara, providing an interesting contrast with all the high-tech to say the least.

Fluorescent light dealer, Radio City
Fluorescent light dealer, Radio City

Sprawled in every direction off the main street Chūō-dōri (中央通り) are more smaller streets with even more electronics stores. Note that the further from the main street you get the better the prices - but the more you stray, the less foreigner-friendly the shops are. On Sunday afternoons, the main street is blocked to vehicle traffic and the area becomes a bit of a flea market - you can walk freely along the main avenue and many small vendors set up tables on the side streets. You can't miss the street performers; everything from maid-fetish karaoke to Incan music can be heard on a good Sunday.

Though battery-powered electronics are basically the same world-wide, AC-powered electronics designed for the Japanese market use 100 volts, so "native" Japanese electronics may require a step-down transformer outside Japan. Even the U.S. standard 110V voltage is too high for many devices. Also, these products have no international warranty, and are labeled and documented only in Japanese. Head for the many duty-free shops to find export models, which are priced at a premium though.

Larger shops can arrange sales tax exemptions for purchases of over ¥10000, saving you 5%. Unlike most countries, in Japan the tax is waived immediately, so there is no need to run through complicated reclaiming hoops. However, you will have to show your passport and (in theory) you should clear your purchase through customs at the airport on the way out. Many shops take credit cards, but some may charge you a small percentage added to the transaction. This is technically not allowed, and some credit card agents will reimburse the charge if properly reported.

Also keep an eye out for used (中古 chūko) electronics stores, which offer pre-owned computers, mp3 players, PDAs and other hardware at rock-bottom prices.

  • LaOX Duty Free, 1-15-3 Soto-Kanda (on Chuo-dori, close to JR Akihabara station), +81 03-5207-5027, [3]. M-Th 10AM-8PM, F-Sa 10AM-9PM, Su/Holiday 10AM-8PM. LaOX Duty Free specializes in export products and has multilingual staff on hand.  edit
  • ONODEN Tax-Free Department, 1-2-7 Soto-Kanda (on Chuo-dori, close to JR Akihabara station, Electric Town exit), +81 03-3253-4742, [4]. 10AM-8PM daily. ONODEN specializes in overseas electronics. Multilingual staff.  edit
  • Radio Center (ラジオセンター), 1-14-2 Soto-Kanda (take JR Akihabara Electric Town exit, then turn right), [5]. Radio Center is an unbelievable two-floor warren of tiny shops, each specializing in (for example) LEDs, voltage meters, ceramic capacitors or miniature cameras. Heaven for the do-it-yourself electronics aficionado, and these days a flashback to the Akiba of yesteryear.  edit
  • Yodobashi Akiba, (at JR Akihabara Showa-dori Exit), +81 3-5209-1010, [6]. 9:30AM-10PM daily. Electronics giant Yodobashi's new ginormous 9-story flagship store selling anything that beeps or clicks, from PCs to games to cameras. Many languages spoken, tax-free and credit cards no problem, and their famous Gold Point Card system gets you credit worth 10% of your purchase, usable for two years starting the next day. Unfortunately you need to choose between points or tax-free.  edit

Anime and Manga

Some of Akihabara's largest anime-goods stores can be found along Chūō-dōri. Just head for the street from JR Akihabara Station and walk north.

  • Animate (アニメイト), (On Chūō-dōri, located right next to Comic Toranoana), +81 03-5209-3330, [7]. 10AM-9PM. Seven floors - plus one basement level - of pure otaku goodness. From DVDs and manga to character goods and games, the variety of merchandise on offer is mind-bogglingly vast and will make anime/manga fans wish they were made of money.  edit
  • Comic Toranoana (コミックとらのあな), (On Chūō-dōri, located right next to Animate), +81 03-5294-0123, [8]. 10AM-10PM. Looking for dōjinshi? This is the place to head for.  edit

Figures

The first rule is pretty obvious, don't buy what you want as soon as you see it, chances are that another store will have it cheaper, sometimes up to half the price. Unfortunately it is not as simple as it getting cheaper the further you go from the station. There is an interesting dynamic where things sometimes get cheaper the further you climb the stairs. Due to a lack of standardization it would seem, you can also find the same item in the same shop for multiple prices. Naturally, be careful as if the price is very low you may have walked into a 2nd hand or a cast offs store.

Other goods

Besides electronics, Akihabara also has a great number of specialty hobbyist stores, ranging from anime and manga to collectible toys to military and railway fandom.

  • Don Quijote, 4-3-3 Sotokanda (Chuo-dori), [9]. Japanese discount store chain offering an incredibly wide range of items at low prices, from snack food to clothing to gag gifts. The Akihabara outlet also has well-stocked costume and adult toy departments to cater to the local crowd. Located also at the top floor of Don Quijote is the theatre of AKB48. AKB48 is a home-grown, all-girl idol group started in 2005 and is now quite popular in Japan. They perform 2 shows on weekdays and 3 shows on weekends. If you are into J-pop music and cute girls all rolled into one, then you should not miss this. Tickets ¥3000 for males and ¥2000 for females..  edit
  • Weiss Blau Residenz Bukiya (ヴァイスブラウレジデンツ直営店 武器屋), Takara Bldg 402, Soto-Kanda 1-5-7, +81 3-3254-6435, [10]. Th-Tu 11AM-7PM. The shop of choice for the historical military buff, with everything from Spartan helmets to Celtic longswords, Napoleon-era uniforms and tons and tons of Japanese weaponry across the ages. They're all replicas, but prices vary widely depending on how close to the real thing you want it.  edit

Eat

There is a large number of good eateries in Akihabara, but not much in the way of haute cuisine. Under the railway tracks around Okachimachi station (JR Yamanote line), on the East side, you will find ramen noodle bars, izakayas and the like.

  • Tenya (てんや), (located a few blocks down Chuo-dori towards Metro Suehirocho), +81 03-5807-8422. Cheap fast-food tempura. Basic ''tendon'' bowl costs less than ¥500, a steal by any standard.  edit
  • Traveler's Dining Pushup, Akihabara 1-5 1F, +81 03-5294-5525, [11]. M-Sa noon-2PM, 5PM-midnight. A tiny place located in an alley right behind the Akihabara Capsule Inn, it's convenient for anyone staying there. Both Japanese and foreign food is served. The owner, Yuki, is a former backpacker and will happily give advice on choosing the right sho-chu from a selection of 60 different kinds. Also try the raw octopus (tako) in tomato sauce!  edit
  • Sushi Zanmai (すしざんまい), Yodobashi Akiba 1F/8F, +81 03-5298-4798, [12]. Excellent sushi at fairly reasonable prices. The first floor outlet is a traditional chef and counter operation, the eighth floor is a more foreigner-friendly "conveyor belt"-style. Plates ¥98-628, most in the ¥150-300 range.  edit

Drink

Akihabara's latest boom is maid cafes, where pretty girls dressed up as French maids serve you drinks and dote on you, some going as far as to spoon-feed you.

  • Cure Maid, Jisto Akiba 6F, 3-15-5 Sotokanda, +81 3-3258-3161, [13]. 11AM-7PM (or later) daily. The original and not quite as over-the-top (or expensive) as some of the competition. From ¥500.  edit
  • Neko JaLaLa (ねこJaLaLa), 東京都千代田区外神田3-5-5 1F (8 mins from Akihabara station: on the next main road west after Chuo-doori, about 7-8 blocks north of the Chuo railway line. Look for a brown sliding door with a cat's foot), +81 03-3258-2525 (), [14]. 11AM-7PM. A recent phenomenon in Tokyo has been the rise of 'cat cafes': you play with the shop's (very clean) cats while drinking tea. You'll be asked to remove your shoes and wash your hands on entry. You'll also be gently pressured to order one of their drinks. It's a different experience. ¥500 for first 30 minutes, then ¥150 for each ten minutes. Drinks are ¥300 to ¥500.  edit

Sleep

There are only a few places to sleep in Akihabara, and even Capsule Inn Akihabara closed its doors in 2009. Most visitors camp out elsewhere in the city; Ueno, in particular, offers cheap lodging and is just minutes away.

Get out

Akihabara is within walking distance of the Ochanomizu and Ueno areas.

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Akihabara

  1. An area near in Tokyo known primarily for its shopping and the mass availability of electronics, manga, anime, and other goods.

Japanese

Romaji

Akihabara (hiragana あきはばら)

  1. 秋葉原: Akihabara

Simple English

Akihabara is a district of Tokyo, famous for electrical items and anime.

References








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