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Aklan
—  Province  —

Seal
Map of the Philippines with Aklan highlighted
Coordinates: 11°40′N 122°20′E / 11.667°N 122.333°E / 11.667; 122.333Coordinates: 11°40′N 122°20′E / 11.667°N 122.333°E / 11.667; 122.333
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Founded April 25, 1956
Capital Kalibo
Government
 - Governor Carlito S. Márquez (Lakas-CMD)
Area
 - Total 1,821.42 km2 (703.3 sq mi)
Area rank 66th out of 80
Population (2007)
 - Total 495,122
 Density 271.8/km2 (704/sq mi)
Population rank 53rd out of 80
Population density rank 20th out of 80
Divisions
 - Independent cities 0
 - Component cities 0
 - Municipalities 17
 - Barangays 327
 - Districts Lone district of Aklan
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Spoken languages Aklanon, Malaynon, Ati, Ilonggo, Kinaray-a, Tagalog

Aklan is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas. Its capital is Kalibo and is located at the northwest portion of Panay, bordering Antique to the southwest, and Capiz to the east. Aklan faces the Sibuyan Sea and the province of Romblon to the north.

Contents

History

Aklan is considered to be the oldest province in the country and is believed to have been established in the 12th century by settlers from Borneo ruled by the chieftain Datu Dinagandan which traded with its neighbouring islands.

Towards the end of the 14th century, Datu Dinagandan moved the capital from what is now Batan. In 1433, Datu Kalantiaw's grandson and successor, Datu Kalantiaw III, was said to have formulated a set of laws known today as the Code of Kalantiaw. Well respected scholarly long-term Philippine resident historian William Henry Scott, proved these "laws" to be a total fabrication.[1][2][3][4] In 1437, the short-lived dynasty of Datu Kalantiaw ended when Datu Kalantiaw III was killed in battle with the tribes of Datu Manduyog, the legitimate successor of Datu Dinagandan. When Datu Manduyog became the new chieftain, he moved the capital to Bakan (now known as Banga).

Several datus succeeded Datu Manduyog until the Spanish explorer Miguel López de Legazpi landed in Batan in 1565 and claimed the island for Spain. Datu Kabanyag was the chieftain at that period and had his capital in Libacao.

In 1942, the Japanese invaded Aklan during World War II and in 1945, combined Filipino and American army along with Filipino guerrillas liberated Aklan during the war in the Pacific.

Aklan finally became a separate province through Republic Act 1414 signed by President Magsaysay on April 25, 1956, separating Aklan from Capiz. This law authored by Congressman Godofredo P. Ramos and the province was inaugurated on November 8, 1956. Ramos became the first congressman of Aklan, he was succeeded by José B. Legaspi. The third congressman, serving until the declaration of martial law in 1972, was Rafael B. Legaspi. José Raz Menez was appointed the first governor of Aklan by President Magsaysay and he served until December 30, 1959. In 1960, Godofredo P. Ramos became the first elected governor but upon resigning to run for Congress he was succeeded by the vice governor, Virgilio S. Patricio. In 1964, José B. Legaspi succeeded Patricio and he held office for two consecutive terms from 1964 to 1971.

Administrative divisions

Aklan is subdivided into 17 municipalities.

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Municipalities

Geography

Philippine Spotted Deer

Aklan occupies the northern third of the island of Panay and is bordered by the provinces of Iloilo from the south, Capiz from the east and Antique from the southwest. It also faces the Sibuyan Sea from the north. The province includes the island of Boracay which is located at its northwestern tip.

The province boasts high geographic diversity, ranging from white sandy beaches, mangroves and mountainous lanscapes. It also boasts the river Akean, which appears unique due to its "boiling or frothing" appearance.

Fauna

Several endemic species in the Philippines are located in the province. Examples include endangered animals such the Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi), the Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons), and the Tarictic Hornbill (Penelopides panini). As of 2007, conservation efforts are being made by the Aklan State University and the DENR with varying success.

Economy

A view of the Grotto in Boracay at Dusk.

The province of Aklan is designated as a first class province.[5]

Aklan is famous for Boracay, a resort island located one kilometre north from the tip of Panay. It is known for its white sandy beaches and is considered as one of the more prominent destinations in the Philippines. Because of this, there is frequent air travel to the province's airports in Kalibo and Caticlan. Kalibo Airport is about ten minutes from the main plaza. Kalibo Airport serve direct flights to and from Incheon and Taipei, South Korea through international flights served by Asian Spirit, Mandarin Airlines and Pacific Pearl Airways. More air links will soon be offered with Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai and Beijing direct flights in the pipeline establishing and cementing Kalibo's reputation as the international gateway to the Western Visayas region.

Farming is the basic livelihood in the interior while fishing is the basic livelihood in the coasts. Poorer residents also migrate seasonly to other provinces and islands, particularly Negros, to work mostly in plantations. Some of these migrants include child labor.

Despite its vibrant tourism industry and substantial agriculture, the province is still considered as one of the poorer provinces in the country with more than 30% of the population living below the national poverty line.[6]

Demographics

Ethnic groups

The main inhabitants of the province are the Aklanon, who are part of the Visayan ethnic group. Other inhabitants include the Negrito, locally known as the Ati and the Sulod, a lesser known tribal group located at the hinterlands of Panay. Other Visayans are also present such as the Karay-a, the Hiligaynon and the Capiznon.

Languages

The most prominent languages in the province are the Aklan languages, which includes Akeanon and Malaynon. Akeanon is spoken by a majority of the people, while Malaynon is spoken in Malay. Other languages include the language of the Ati, Hiligaynon, Kinaray-a and Capiznon.

Religion

Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion of the people and Christian festivals such as Christmas and Lent are regarded with high importance. Meanwhile, Christian icons such as the Santo Niño are regarded as cultural symbols of the people. Animism, however, is still practised by the Ati.

Culture

Despite the prevalence of Christianity, native beliefs about the aswang and the babaylan are still prevalent among the people. Kulam or witchcraft, locally known as "amulit" is still feared by many residents.

Festivals

The province is known for its festivities which includes the Ati-Atihan Festival in Kalibo. Originally, the festival was to celebrate the treaty between the Ati and the Malayan tribes who settled in the Island. The Ati live in the mountain regions and the Malay people in the flatlands or close to the water. The festivity begins on the dry season, at which time the Ati come down from the mountains to trade and celebrate with the Malayan tribes. When the Spaniards settled in the region and converted the Malays to their Christian religion, they asked the Malays to celebrate this festivity to coincide with the Feast of the "Santo Niño" (Holy Child) which is usually held during the third week of January.

Literature

Aklanons are known for their literature, which includes the epic of Kalantiao. Certain Aklanons, such as Melchor F. Cichon and Niezel Rondario Fernando, have produced several notable literary works in the province.

Notable Akeanons

Educational institutions

  • Aklan Catholic College
  • Aklan National College of Fisheries
  • Aklan National High School for Arts and Trades (ANHSAT)
  • Aklan Polytechnic Institute
  • Aklan State University
  • Aklan Valley High School
  • Altavas Elementary School
  • Altavas National School
  • AMA Computer Learning Center (ACLC)
  • Batan Academy (A National School)
  • Batan Elementary School
  • Brent International School (Boracay)
  • Echelon Development School (Altavas)
  • Garcia College of Technology
  • Ibajay Academy
  • Ibajay National High School
  • Ibajay Central School (Ibajay West District)
  • Naisud Central School (Ibajay East District)
  • Infant Jesus Academy
  • [Infant JEsus School]
  • Irao Institute
  • Jose Borromeo Legaspi Memorial National High School
  • Kalibo Elementary School
  • Kalibo Pilot Elementary School (Kalibo I District)
  • Maloco National High School (Kalibo II District)
  • Melchor Memorial School
  • Naile National High School
  • Naisud National High School
  • Northwestern Visayan Colleges
  • Ondoy National High School
  • Panay Technological College
  • Regional Science High School for Region VI
  • Saint Anne Montessori School
  • Saint Gabriel School of Nursing
  • STI College Kalibo
  • STO. Niño Seminary
  • Western Aklan Polytechnic College

References

  1. ^ "The Fraudulent Code of Kalantiáw". http://www.mts.net/~pmorrow/kalant_e.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-09. 
  2. ^ Augusto V. de Viana (2006-09-17). "The Order of Kalantiaw? Haosiao!". The Sunday Times. http://web.archive.org/web/20070915022234/http://www.manilatimes.net/national/2006/sept/17/yehey/top_stories/20060917top3.html. Retrieved 2007-07-09.  (archived from the original on 2007-09-15)
  3. ^ Scott, William Henry (1984), Prehispanic Source Materials for the study of Philippine History, New Day Publishers, pp. 132–134, ISBN 971-10-0226-4 
  4. ^ Agoncillo, Teodoro C. (1990) [1960], History of the Filipino People (8th ed.), Quezon City: Garotech Publishing, pp. 26–28, ISBN 971-8711-06-6 
  5. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code: Province of Aklan
  6. ^ Philippine Poverty Statistics National Statistical Coordination Board (Philippines). Accessed March 7, 2007

Altavas National School Altavas Elemementary School Echelon Development School

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Aklan is the oldest province in the Philippines dated since 1213 AD. It is located in the northwestern part of Panay Island in Western Visayas Region. This province is the home of the country's version of Mardi Gras Ati-Atihan Festival and gateway to the world’s finest beach, the Boracay Island.

Municipalities

Aklan is subdivided into 17 municipalities namely:

Altavas
Balete
Banga
Batan - the historic and oldest capital of Aklan
Buruanga
Ibajay
Kalibo - provincial capital and air gateway (ICAO: RPVK, IATA: KLO), Home of the famous Ati-Atihan Festival
Lezo
Libacao
Madalag
Makato
Malay - another air gateway (ICAO: RPVE, IATA: MPH) to Boracay Island
Malinao
Nabas - nature lover's haven, venue for Bariw Festival offers products of mat and hat made of native woven grass
New Washington - known for its Sampaguita Garden and Pink Sisters Convent
Numancia
Tangalan - launches its project Bugna it Tangalan which showcases eco-tourism project from reforestation to beaches
The municipalities of Aklan.

Other destinations

Boracay Island JAWILI FALLS AND JAWILI BEACH

Talk

The Aklanons primarily speak Akeanon. The people also speak English, Tagalog, Hiligaynon, and Cebuano.

Eat

eat pizza

Sleep

Sampaguita Gardens Resort and Spa, 506 Rizal Street, Poblacion New Washington, Aklan, +63-36-264-3422 (Resort) | +63-36-264-6555 (Spa) (fax: +63-36-264-3474), [1]. Sampaguita Gardens takes pride in its unique and world-class amenities. An important landmark in Aklan, this resort has garnered several awards and is recognized as one of the most outstanding resorts in the Visayas. Best rates on official website start at US$39.  edit

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Filipino

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Wikipedia

Proper noun

Aklan

  1. A river in northern Panay island.
  2. A province of the central philippines.

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