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Al-Qisas ayat 88 followed by Al-Ankabut ayat 1

Surat al-‘Ankabūt (Arabic: سورة العنكبوت‎ ) (The Spider) is the 29th sura of the Qur'an with 69 verses. It is a meccan surah due to the introduction concerning the persecution of the Muslims. The early Muslims were persecuted in mecca, where the Prophet Muhammed was not a head of state and not persecuted in Medina, where he was a head of state and had some protection. The surah states that Noah, Abraham, Lot, Shu'ayb, Hud, Saleh, Moses and Muhammad all were prophets of God. All of them endured hardships. For example, Noah was ridiculed often and Abraham was thrown into the fire. But God destroyed their people who transgressed. As it says in verse 40,

So each We punished for his sin; of them was he on whom We sent down a violent storm, and of them was he whom the rumbling overtook, and of them was he whom We made to be swallowed up by the earth, and of them was he whom We drowned; and it did not beseem Allah that He should be unjust to them, but they were unjust to their own souls.

Contents

First 13 verses

In these first verses, the main principle of God testing (fitna) the faith and patience of mankind is established. The first verses are addressed to all of mankind. God says, "Do men think that they will be left alone on saying, We believe, and not be tried?" According to Tabatabai, fitna (trying or testing ones faith) is a practice of God. It is how God separates the truly sincere ones from the hypocrites whose faith is superficial. In order to succeed in the test, patients and reliance on God is necessary.

The first 13 verses, according to Allama Tabatabai, are concerned with the early Muslims and their persecutors, the Makkan pagans. One interpretation is that an early companion of the Prophet Muhammed, Ammar bin Yasir, had believed in him and was consequently tortured along with his parents. According to the ahadith, he came to the Prophet and told him that his parents were killed right in front of him and he was forced to commit polytheism (shirk) under torture of the pagans. The prophet told him that as long as he did not mean it and believe it in his heart, then God would not hold him responsible." This fitna that Ammar was going through, even though it was difficult torture, was his test. Ammar stayed devoted to the Prophet throughout his whole life and was martyred in the Battle of Siffin.

Verses 14 to 40

The prophets mentioned in these verses are Noah, Abraham, Lot, Shu'ayb, Hud, Saleh, and Moses. Their people who did not believe them and continued to transgress or reject the call were destroyed.

Verses 41 to 55

Verses 41–43 summarize the previous discourses on the people who transgressed and were destroyed through various means. Verse 41 explains that although those people took gods besides God to protect them from evil, the protection was as frail as the protection a spider gets from its web. A wind that comes by can destroy the house and nothing can save it. The protection one gets from gods other than God is nothing. It cannot hold back the decrees of God when they come. Verse 43 says that these are the examples God gives to the people, but no one can appreciate them except the learned. According to Tabatabai, what this means is that the examples can be understood by all peoples in their apparent meanings, but only the learned will realize and internalize the true lessons that are between the lines.

Verses 56 to 60

Verses 61 to End

Important verses

  • [Qur'an 29:17] You only worship idols besides God and you create a lie surely they whom you serve besides God do not control for you any sustenance, therefore seek the sustenance from God and serve Him and be grateful to Him; to Him you shall be brought back.
  • [Qur'an 29:46] And do not dispute with the followers of the Book except by what is best, except those of them who act unjustly, and say: We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you, and our God and your God is One, and to Him do we submit.
  • The parable of those who take guardians besides Allah is as the parable of the spider that makes for itself a house; and most surely the frailest of the houses is the spider's house did they but know. Quran 29:41
Al-Qisas The Qur'an - Sura 29 Next Sura:
Ar-Rum
Arabic text

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114

External links

Brief Explanation Of Surat Al Ankabut [1]

Quranic Mujawwad recitation from Sheikh Hindawi [2]

References

1. Al-mizan fi tafsir al-koran. al-allama as-saiid Mohammad hosain al-tabatabai. al-alami library. Beirut-Lebanon po box: 7120

2. http://qb.gomen.org/QuranBrowser/cgi/bin/get.cgi

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