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Al-Hakam I: Wikis


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Al-Hakam Ibn Hisham Ibn Abd-ar-Rahman I (Arabic: الحكم بن هشام‎) was Umayyad Emir of Cordoba from 796 until 822 in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia).

During his reign he crushed a rebellion led by clerics in a suburb called al-Ribad on the south bank of the Guadalquivir river. He punished the inhabitants by exiling them by ship. They eventually reached Alexandria and dominated the city until 827, after which they were expelled. They sailed on to Crete, where they founded an independent emirate that survived until the Byzantine reconquest in 961.

Death and Assessment

Al-Hakam I died in 822 C.E. after having ruled for 26 years. He was a controversial figure. Some hailed him as a great warrior, and bestowed on him the title of Al-Muzaffar. Some regarded him as a ruthless tyrant and inconsiderate ruler. He used force where force was necessary and resorted to a policy of peace and conciliation where such a course was in public interest. He was against the monopolisation of power by the theologians and strove to maintain a proper equation between the State and the theologians. He consolidated Muslim rule in Spain and during his long reign the Muslims extended their conquests.

Al-Hakam I
Cadet branch of the Banu Quraish
Preceded by
Hisham I
Emir of Cordoba
796 – 822
Succeeded by
Abd ar-Rahman II

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