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Al-Ma'ida
المائدة
Classification Madinan
Meaning of the name The Table Spread with Food
Statistics
Sura number 5
Number of verses 120
Juz' number 6 to 7
Hizb number 11 to 13
Number of Sajdahs none
Previous Sura An-Nisa
Next Sura Al-An'am
Listen to Surah Al- Ma'ida
Listen to Surah Al- Ma'ida

Sura Al-Ma'ida (Arabic: سورة المائدة‎, Sūratu al-Mā'idah, "The Table" or "The Table Spread with Food") is the fifth chapter of the Qur'an, with 120 verses. It is a Madinan sura. The sura's main topics are Isa's and Moses' missions, as well as the claim that their messages are distorted by Jews and Christians.

Contents

Content

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Animals

It begins by specifying which animals are forbidden and which are permissible to consume.

[Qur'an 5:3]

This verse has a Parenthetical Sentence "...This day have those who disbelieve despaired of your religion, so fear them not, and fear Me. This day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion.." - an important sentence that helps to understand the true connotation of [Qur'an 5:67]. Refer to the Tafsir of verse 5:3 by Allameh Tatabataba'i in his tafsir al-Mizan [3] for explanation.

[Qur'an 5:5]

Specifies that food of Christians and Jews is lawful for Muslims to eat. The link to Abdullah Yusuf Ali's translation further clarifies this verse. The verse is believed to have been revealed after the Battle of Khaybar.

[Qur'an 5:32]

This verse explicitly forbids murder: [5.32] For this reason did We prescribe to the children of Israel that whoever slays a soul, unless it be for manslaughter or for mischief in the land, it is as though he slew all men; and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept alive all men; and certainly Our apostles came to them with clear arguments, but even after that many of them certainly act extravagantly in the land.

Qiyamah

Verse 36 is a reference to the day of judgement, one of three principle beliefs of Islam, and a central concept in Islamic eschatology:

[Qur'an 5:51]

This verse is often quoted to condemn those who cooperate with nations considered to be Jewish or Christian.

O you who believe! do not take the Jews and the Christians for friends..."

[Qur'an 5:54]

Vers 54 is one of three verses in the Qur'an that includes the word Irtiddah, relevant to apostasy [4]. It is also interesting in relation to who the "beloved" are, some hadith view it as being Abu Musa al-Ashari [1], while other say its Salman the Persian, and even some say its Abu Bakr.

[Qur'an 5:55]

Verse 55 is well known and important to Shi'a Muslims, and is interpreted by them to suggest that Ali is the Wali of the Muslims.

The Shi'ah View

In this verse, God used the singular form "waliyyukum" implying the "wilayah" (Guardianship of the believers) is a single project. In other words, the "wilayah" of the Messenger and that of the Ali springs from the root of God's wilayah. The word "wali" in the context of this verse cannot mean "friend" because there is not a single verse in the Qur'an where God says that anyone of His Messengers is a friend or helper of their followers. Further if the verse implied "wilayah" in the sense of friend or helper, then the singular form "waliyyukum" would not have been used but the plural form "awliya'ukum" would be appropriate because the "friendship" of God is unique.

Tahir ul Qadri writes regarding this verse [2]:

[Qur'an 5:56]

Verse 56 is notable for being featured on the flag of Hezbollah.

[Qur'an 5:67]

Verse 67 is relevant to the The Farewell Pilgrimage and Ghadir Khumm. It is said to contain a prophecy [3]

[Qur'an 5:69]

Verses [Qur'an 2:62], [Qur'an 5:69] and [Qur'an 22:17] addresses the Jews, Christians and Sabians.

[Qur'an 5:87]

Verses 87 is reported in Sahih Bukhari to be a Hadiths related to Mut'ah.

See also

An-Nisa The Qur'an - Sura 5 Next Sura:
Al-An'am
Arabic text

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114

References

  1. ^ Ahadith In Praise Of The Ash`Aris
  2. ^ The Ghadir Declaration, By Dr. Tahir al-Qadiri, Page 48 & 49 [1] [2]
  3. ^ Hesham Azmy. "Noorullah Website - Exposing Fallacies". Archived from the original on 2009-10-25. http://www.webcitation.org/query?id=1256434727839998.  

External links


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