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Surat Al-Masadd (Arabic: سورة المسد‎) or Surat Al-Lahab (Arabic: سورة اﻟﻠﻬﺐ‎) (The Palm Fibre or The Flame) is the 111th Sura of the Qur'an with 5 ayat. It is a Makkan surah.

Introduction and Summary to Surah 111- Al Masad or Al Lahab

This very early Makkan Surah, though it referred in the first instance to a particular incident in a cruel and relentless persecution, carries the general lesson that cruelty ultimately ruins itself. The man who rages agains holy things is burnt up in his own rage. The epithet Abu-Lahab is often thought to refer to the Prophet's uncle, Abd-al-Uzza, one of his most inveterate opponents and other fiery tempered enemies of Islam. His hands, which are the instruments of his action, perish, and he perishes himself. No boasted wealth or position will save him. The women, who are made for nobler emotions, may, if they go wrong, feed unholy rage with fiercer fuel -- to their own loss. For they may twist the torturing rope round their own neck. It is a common experience that people perish by the very means by which they seek to destroy others.

Arabic Text, Transliteration & Translation

Arabic:
تَبَّتْ يَدَا أَبِي لَهَبٍ وَتَبَّ ١
مَا أَغْنَى عَنْهُ مَالُهُ وَمَا كَسَبَ ٢
سَيَصْلَى نَارًا ذَاتَ لَهَبٍ ٣
وَامْرَأَتُهُ حَمَّالَةَ الْحَطَبِ ٤
فِي جِيدِهَا حَبْلٌ مِّن مَّسَدٍ ٥

Transliteration:
1 Tabbat yada abi lahabin watabb
2 Ma aghna anhu maluhu wama kasab
3 Sayasla naran thata lahab
4 Wa amratuhu hammalata alhatab
5 Fi jeediha hablun min massad

Translation:
1 Let the two hands of Abû Lahab [lit. the father of the flame(the name of the prophet mohammed,s uncle)] perish, and let he himself (also) perish!
2 His wealth and what he has accomplished shall avail him naught.
3 He shall soon enter a Fire full of leaping flames (to burn others of his kind as well),
4 And his wife too, the carrier of fire wood and bearer of slanders and calumnies (will also be enveloped in the flames);
5 Having round her neck a halter of twisted strands.

External links

[Word-by-word meaning and grammar for surah 111] - from the Quranic Arabic Corpus

An-Nasr The Qur'an - Sura 111 Next Sura:
An-Nas
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