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Alabama's 1st congressional district: Wikis

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Alabama's 1st congressional district
District map as of 2002
District map as of 2002
Current Representative Jo Bonner (R)
Area 7,182 mi²
Distribution 64.4% urban, 35.6% rural
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $34,739
Ethnicity 67.8% White, 28% Black, 1% Asian, 1.3% Hispanic, 1% Native American, 1% other
Occupation 29.7% blue collar, 54.5% white collar, 15.6% gray collar
Cook PVI R+14

Alabama's First Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes the counties of Washington, Mobile, Baldwin, Escambia and Monroe counties. It also includes part of Clarke County.

It is currently represented by Republican Jo Bonner.

Contents

Political Character

Mobile, Alabama is the focus of this district, which extends north along the Tombigbee and Alabama rivers. Timber production remains the biggest source of contributions to the local economy, however recently gulf coast condominium developments in Baldwin county represent new economic possibilities.

Traditionally the area and the district has been one of the most GOP-supportive areas in the country. It was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state; the GOP has held the district in every House election since then. It supported George W. Bush with 64% in 2004, and 60% in 2000. The district has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of R +12.

In 2008, John McCain received 61.01% of the vote in the district while 38.38% supported Barack Obama.

List of representatives

A visual representation of party control of Alabama's 1st Congressional District. The district first elected a member for the 16th congress.
Congress Years Representative Party Notes
District created March 4, 1823
18th March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Gabriel Moore Jacksonian D-R Redistricted from the At-large district
19th-20th March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829 Jacksonian
21st-23rd March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1835 Clement C. Clay
24th March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837 Reuben Chapman
25th-26th March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1841 Democratic Redistricted to the At-large district
27th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845 James Dellet Whig Party
29th March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847 Edmund S. Dargan Democratic
30th March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849 John Gayle Whig Party
31st March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1851 William J. Alston
32nd March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 John Bragg Democratic
33rd March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Philip Phillips
34th March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 Percy Walker American
35th-36th March 4, 1857 - January 12, 1861 James Adams Stallworth Democratic Withdrew
37th-39th 1861-1868 Civil War and Reconstruction
40th July 22, 1868 - March 3, 1869 Francis William Kellogg Republican
41st March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871 Alfred Buck
42nd March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873 Benjamin Sterling Turner
43rd March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Frederick Bromberg Liberal Republican
44th March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 Jeremiah Haralson Republican
45th March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879 James T. Jones Democratic
46th-48th March 4, 1879 - March 28, 1883 Thomas H. Herndon Died
48th-50th December 3, 1883 - March 3, 1889 James T. Jones
51st-54th March 4, 1889 - March 3, 1897 Richard Henry Clarke
55th-63rd March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1915 George W. Taylor
64th-65th March 4, 1915 - March 3, 1919 Oscar Lee Gray
67th-73rd March 4, 1919 - March 2, 1935 John McDuffie Resigned after being appointed judge of the US District Court of the Southern District of Alabama
74th-87th July 30, 1935 - January 3, 1963 Frank W. Boykin
88th January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1965) District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th-98th January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1985 Jack Edwards Republican
99th-107th January 3, 1985 - January 3, 2003) Sonny Callahan
108th-110th January 3, 2003 - present Jo Bonner

Recent Candidates

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Republican candidates

Democratic candidates

  • Judy Belk - runner-up candidate in 2002 and 2004
  • Vivian Beckerle - runner-up candidate in 2006

Libertarian candidates

  • Dick Coffee - third place candidate in 2002

Elections

2002

Alabama's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 108,102 60.54%
Democratic Judy Belk 67,507 37.81%
Libertarian Richard "Dick" Coffee 2,957 1.66%

2004

Alabama's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 161,067 63.16% +2.62%
Democratic Judy Belk 93,938 36.84% -0.97%

2006

Alabama's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 112,944 68.16% +5.00%
Democratic Vivian Beckerle 52,770 31.84% -5.00%

2008

Alabama's 1st Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Jo Bonner 210,660 98.30% +30.14%

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • [http://bioguide.congress.gov/biosearch/biosearch.asp Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

External links


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