Alabama's 2nd congressional district: Wikis

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Alabama's 2nd congressional district
District map as of 2002
District map as of 2002
Current Representative Bobby Bright (D)
Area 10,608 mi² (27,275 km²)
Distribution 50.1% urban, 49.9% rural
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $32,460
Ethnicity 67.0% White, 29.4% Black, 0.6% Asian, 1.5% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 1.0% other
Occupation 29.5% blue collar, 55.1% white collar, 15.4% gray collar
Cook PVI R+16

Alabama's Second Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses the counties of Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Henry, Houston, Lowndes, Montgomery (partial), and Pike county.

The district is based in the city of Montgomery and takes in most of the city. Other cities in the district include Dothan, Andalusia, Troy, and Greenville. At the federal level, the district is strongly Republican; it gave John McCain 63.42% of the vote in 2008 while Barack Obama received 36.05% here.

However, the district is represented by Democrat Bobby Bright, the former Mayor of Montgomery.

Contents

Character

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District covers the southeastern corner of Alabama. For most of its history, it has been based in Montgomery. However, in the 2000 round of redistricting, it lost the capitol area and most of the outlying districts to the 3rd District. The 2nd was one of five districts to swing Republican in 1964, when Barry Goldwater swept the state, and Republicans held onto the seat until 2008, when Democrat Bobby Bright succeeded retiring incumbent Terry Everett. The 1990 round shifted most of Montgomery's African Americans to the majority-black 7th District, while the areas removed in 2000 were mostly Democratic. Elmore, Autauga, Dothan and Houston counties are heavily Republican, made up mostly of whites who tend to take a hard-line on defense and "law and order." The Black Belt counties - Lowndes, Bullock and Barbour - tend to be more Democratic; however, this area's votes are easily outweighed by the more populated counties of the Wiregrass region. George W. Bush won 67% of the vote in this district in 2004. The district had a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of R+13 using the 2000 and 2004 elections for the Index; the Cook PVI rose to R+16 using the 2004 and 2008 elections.

Defense and agriculture are the mainstays of the 2nd District's economy (the district includes Fort Rucker). The soil was first tilled for cotton, but in the early part of this century the boll weevil wiped out more than two-thirds of the cotton crop. Now the area grows more peanuts than almost any other part of the country. Enterprise in Coffee County erected a monument to the boll weevil as a tribute to the insect whose destruction of the cotton crop persuaded farmers to switch their efforts to growing peanuts. Dothan hosts the National Peanut Festival and Parade each October, offers the Azalea Dogwood Trail in the spring, and is home to a Robert Trent Jones golf course. Ozark has the Claybank Jamboree each fall.

In addition to Montgomery, the major cities of the district are Dothan, Prattville, Enterprise, Ozark, Troy and Greenville.

List of representatives

A visual representation of party control of Alabama's 2nd Congressional District. The district first elected a member for the 18th congress.
Congress Years Representative Party Notes
District created March 4, 1823
18th March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 John McKee Jacksonian D-R
19th-20th March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829 Jacksonian
21st March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1831 Robert E.B. Baylor
22nd March 4, 1831 - March 3, 1833 Samuel Wright Mardis Redistricted to the 3rd district
23rd March 3, 1833 - March 3, 1835 John McKinley
24th March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837 Joshua L. Martin
25th March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1839 Democratic
26th March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1841 David Hubbard
27th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845 James Edwin Belser Democratic
29th-31st March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1851 Henry Washington Hilliard Whig
32nd-33rd March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1855 James Abercrombie
34th-35th March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859 Eli Sims Shorter Democratic
36th March 4, 1859 - January 21, 1861 James L. Pugh Withdrew
37th-39th 1861-1868 Civil War and Reconstruction
40th-42nd July 21, 1868 - March 3, 1873 Charles Waldron Buckley Republican
43rd March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 James T. Rapier
44th March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 Jeremiah Norman Williams Democratic Redistricted to the 3rd district
45th-52nd March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1893 Hilary A. Herbert
53rd-56th March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1901 Jesse F. Stallings
57th-60th March 4, 1901 - June 17, 1908) Ariosto A. Wiley Died
60th November 3, 1908 - March 3, 1909 Oliver C. Wiley
61st-66th March 4, 1909 - March 3, 1921 S. Hubert Dent, Jr.
67th-68th March 4, 1921 - March 27, 1923 John R. Tyson Died
68th-75th August 14, 1923- January 11, 1938 J. Lister Hill appointed to US Senate
75th-87th June 14, 1938 - January 3, 1963 George M. Grant Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1965 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th-103rd January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1993 William Louis Dickinson Republican
103rd-110th January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2009 Terry Everett
111th January 3, 2009 - Present Bobby Bright Democratic

Results

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2004

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Terry Everett 177,086 71.51%
Democratic Charles James 70,562 28.49%

2006

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Terry Everett 124,302 69.54% -1.97%
Democratic Charles James 54,450 30.46% +1.97%

2008

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bobby Bright 144,368 50.31% +19.85%
Republican Jay Love 142,578 49.69% -19.85%

References

External links


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