Alabama's 3rd congressional district: Wikis

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Alabama's 3rd congressional district
District map as of 2002
District map as of 2002
Current Representative Mike Rogers (R)
Area 7,988 mi² (20,688 km²)
Distribution 53.3% urban, 46.7% rural
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $30,806
Ethnicity 64.9% White, 32.2% Black, 0.6% Asian, 1.2% Hispanic, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% other
Occupation 33.1% blue collar, 51.7% white collar, 15.2% gray collar
Cook PVI R+9

Alabama's Third Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses Calhoun, Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Macon, Randolph, Russell, Talladega, and Tallapoosa. It also includes parts of Montgomery and Coosa Counties.

The district takes in some of the city of Montgomery. Other cities in the district include Talladega, Tuskegee and Auburn. At the federal level, the district is fairly Republican-leaning, albeit not as strongly as many of the other districts in the state. John McCain carried the district in 2008 with 56.21% of the vote while Barack Obama clinched 43.04% of the vote.

The district is currently represented by Republican Mike Rogers, and was formerly represented by Bob Riley, who currently serves as the Governor of Alabama.

Contents

Character

Alabama's 3rd Congressional District is geographically and culturally centered around Lineville, Alabama. The area is heavily influenced by the presence of the military. Calhoun County is home to the Anniston Army Depot and formerly the home of Fort McClellan until its closure in 1999. Clay County has one of the highest concentrations of guard enlistments and reservists in the state and in the South for that matter. There is also a large military installation located at Phenix City which plays a very large part in the surrounding economy.

Auburn University, the state's flagship land-grant university, is located in the district in the eponymous city of Auburn in Lee County.

Politically, this was once the Heartland of the Democratic Party, home to an abundance of populist white Democrats. However, Republicans took control of the seat in 1997 and continue to hold it today.

The district's character in recent years has been affected by new industries. The manufacturing sector has grown along with business brought by the interstate in Talledega County. Employment has also been steadily moving away from farming and the military and into the industrial sectors. The district has seen an average wage increase of 22% during the last three years.

While considered a Republican stronghold for a decade, some speculate that this district is becoming one of the more competitive in the South. Former President George W. Bush won 58% of the vote here in 2004, and the district has a Cook Partisan Voting Index score of R+4.

In 2008, John McCain carried the 3rd District with 56.21% of the vote to Barack Obama's 43.04%.

List of representatives

A visual representation of party control of Alabama's 3rd Congressional District. The district first elected a member for the 18th congress.
Congress Years Representative Party Notes
District created March 4, 1823
18th March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 George W. Owen Jacksonian D-R
19th-20th March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1829 Jacksonian
21st-2nd March 4, 1829 - March 3, 1833 Dixon H. Lewis Redistricted to the 4th district
23rd March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1835 Samuel W. Mardis Redistricted from the 2nd district
24th-25th March 4, 1835 - May 8, 1838 Joab Lawler Whig Died
25th-26th September 4, 1838 - March 3, 1841 George W. Crabb
27th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th March 4, 1843 - April 22, 1844 Dixon H. Lewis Democratic Redistricted from the At-large district, resigned after being elected to the US Senate
28th-29th December 2, 1844 - September 1, 1846 William L. Yancey Resigned
29th December 7, 1846 - March 3, 1847 James La Fayette Cottrell
30th-33rd March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1855 Sampson W. Harris Redistricted to the 7th district
34th-35th March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859 James F. Dowdell Redistricted from the 7th district
36th March 4, 1859 - January 21, 1861 David Clopton Withdrew
37th-39th 1861-1868 Civil War and Reconstruction
40th July 21, 1868 - March 4, 1869) Benjamin W. Norris Republican
41st March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871 Robert S. Heflin
42nd March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873 William Handey Democratic
43rd March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Charles Pelham Republican
44th March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 Taul Bradford Democratic
45th March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879 Jeremiah N. Williams Redistricted from the 2nd district
46th March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1881 William J. Samford
47th-53rd March 4, 1881 - November 5, 1894 William C. Oates Resigned after being elected Governor
53rd-54th November 6, 1894 - March 3, 1897 George P. Harrison
55th-63rd March 4, 1897 - May 25, 1914 Henry D. Clayton Resigned to accept position as a US judge for the Middle and Northern District of Alabama
63rd June 29, 1914 - March 3, 1915 William O. Mulkey
64th-77th March 4, 1915 - November 22, 1943 Henry B. Steagall Died
78th-87th March 14, 1944 - January 3, 1963 George W. Andrews Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1965 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th-91st January 3, 1965 - December 25, 1971 George W. Andrews Democratic Redistricted from the At-large district, Died
92nd Apri 4, 1972 - January 3, 1973 Elizabeth B. Andrews
93rd-100th January 3, 1973 - December 25, 1988 Bill Nichols Redistricted from the 4th district, Died
101st-104th April 4, 1989 - January 3, 1997) Glen Browder
105th-107th January 3, 1997 - January 3, 2003 Bob Riley Republican
108th-110th January 3, 2003 - Present Mike D. Rogers

Election results

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2004

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Mike D. Rogers 150,411 61.2
  Democratic Party Bill Fuller 95,240 38.8

2006

[1]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Mike D. Rogers 97,742 60
  Democratic Party Greg Pierce 62,891 38
Independent Mark Layfield 3,396 2

2008

[2]

Party Candidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Mike D. Rogers 150,595 53
  Democratic Party Joshua Segall 131,014 47

External links

References



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