Alabama's 4th congressional district: Wikis

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Alabama's 4th congressional district
Alabama4th.png
Current Representative Robert Aderholt (R)
Area 8,524 mi²
Distribution 26.5% urban, 73.5% rural
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $31,344
Ethnicity 90.4% White, 5.1% Black, 0.2% Asian, 3% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.8% other
Occupation 40.8% blue collar, 46% white collar, 13.2% gray collar
Cook PVI R+26

Alabama's Fourth Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses the counties of Franklin, Marion, Lamar, Fayette, Walker, Winston, Cullman, Blount, Marshall, Etowah, and DeKalb. It also includes parts of Morgan and Pickens counties, as well as parts of the Decatur Metropolitan Area and the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.

It is currently represented by Republican Robert Aderholt.

Contents

Character

Alabama's fourth congressional district is considered a very safe Republican Seat

Alabama's 4th Congressional District is a collection of smaller towns, mid-major, and major cities north of Birmingham, the largest being Decatur and Gadsden. Other cities in the district include Cullman, Jasper, Russellville, Ft. Payne, and Albertville. Stretching right across the state and crossing the Appalachian ranges, this district covers lightly populated rural areas. The district has the lowest percentage of African American population in the state.

Only the southeastern portions of Decatur, the areas of Point Mallard, Burningtree Mountain, and Flint are within the 4th Conrgressional District.

This area of northern Alabama faces the same economic challenges of much of the state - the most prominent being the loss of jobs in areas like textiles or manufacturing to international competitors. Fort Payne, the self-proclaimed "Sock Capital of the World," in particular has drawn political attention to its 150 sock factories which face strong competition from China and India. The district also has a large amount of military veterans.

While Democrats have a substantial majority in voter registration, most of them tend to be quite conservative on social issues; controversial former Alabama Supreme Court Justice Roy Moore is from this area. Some counties voted against secession before the Civil War; they were among the few areas of Alabama to support Republicans prior to the Civil Rights Movement. The district was one of five to elect a Republican in 1964 when Barry Goldwater swept the state. However, it returned to the Democratic fold and remained there for 30 years until it elected a Republican in 1996.

The district gave a 71% vote to George W. Bush in 2004, his second-best performance in the state behind only the neighboring 6th District. This was a major factor in making the state of Alabama Bush's best Southern state (one of the 11 states of the old Confederacy) and seventh best overall; even ahead of Texas, considerably more affluent and Bush's home state.

In 2008, the district gave John McCain 76.32% of the vote, his best showing in the state. Barack Obama received 22.48% of the vote here, making it his worst-performing congressional district in the nation.

List of representatives

A visual representation of party control of Alabama's 4th Congressional District. The district first elected a member for the 23rd congress.

Congress Years Representative Party Notes
District created March 4, 1833
23rd-24th March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1837 Dixon Hall Lewis Nullifier Redistricted from the 3rd district
25th-26th March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1841 Democratic Redistricted to the At-large district
27th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
28th-29th March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1847 William Winter Payne Democratic Redistricted from the At-large district
30th-31st March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1851 Samuel Williams Inge
32nd March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 William Russell Smith Unionist
33rd March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Democratic
34th March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 American
35th-36th March 4, 1857 - January 21, 1861 Sydenham Moore Democratic Withdrew
37th-39th (1861-1868) Civil War and Reconstruction
40th July 21, 1868 - March 3, 1869 Charles Wilson Pierce Republican
41st-44th March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1877 Charles Hays
45th-47th March 4, 1877 - July 20, 1882 Charles M. Shelley Democratic Seat declared vacant after being contested by James Q. Smith
45th-48th November 7, 1882 - January 9, 1885 Charles M. Shelley Elected to fill is own vacany, lost contested election
48th January 9, 1885 - March 3, 1885 George Henry Craig Republican Won contested election
49th-50th March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1889 Alexander C. Davidson Democratic
51st March 4, 1889 - June 4, 1890 Louis Washington Turpin Lost contested election
June 4, 1890 - March 3, 1891 John Van McDuffie Republican Won contested election
52nd March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893 Louis Washington Turpin Democratic Redistricted to the 9th district
53rd - 54th March 4, 1893 - March 13, 1896 Gaston A. Robbins Lost contested election
54th March 13, 1896 - March 3, 1897 William F. Aldrich Republican Won contested election
55th March 3, 1897 - February 9, 1898 Thomas S. Plowman Democratic Lost contested election
February 9, 1898 - March 3, 1899 William F. Aldrich Republican Won contested election
56th March 3, 1899 - March 8, 1900) Gaston A. Robbins Democratic Lost contested election
March 8, 1900 - March 3, 1901 William F. Aldrich Republican Won contested election
57th-59th March 4, 1901 - March 3, 1907 Sydney J. Bowie Democratic
60th-61st March 4, 1907 - March 3, 1911 William B. Craig
62nd-66th March 4, 1911 - February 8, 1921 Fred Blackmon Died
67th-73rd June 7, 1921 - January 3, 1935 Lamar Jeffers
74th-81st January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 Sam Hobbs
82nd-87th January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1963 Kenneth A. Roberts Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1965 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1967 Arthur Andrews Republican
90th-92nd January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1973 Bill Nichols Democratic Redistricted to the 3rd district
93rd-104th January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1997 Tom Bevill Redistricted from the 7th district
105th-110th January 3, 1997 - Present Robert Aderholt Republican

Election results

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2004

Party Canadidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Robert Aderholt 191,110 74.8
  Democratic Party Carl Cole 64,278 25.2

2006

99% of precincts reporting [1]

Party Canadidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Robert Aderholt 128,412 70
  Democratic Party Barbara Bobo 54,338 30

2008

100% of precincts reporting [2]

Party Canadidate Votes  %
  Republican Party Robert Aderholt 196,517 75
  Democratic Party Nicholas Sparks 65,996 25

External links

References


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