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Alabama's 7th congressional district: Wikis

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Alabama's 7th congressional district
Alabama7th.PNG
Current Representative Artur Davis (D)
Area 8,780 mi²
Distribution 72.2% urban, 27.8% rural
Population (2000) 635,300
Median income $26,672
Ethnicity 35.5% White, 61.7% Black, 0.6% Asian, 1.3% Hispanic, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% other
Occupation 28.6% blue collar, 53.4% white collar, 18% gray collar
Cook PVI D+18

Alabama's Seventh Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. The district encompasses the counties of Greene, Choctaw, Sumter, Marengo, Dallas, Wilcox, Perry and Hale. It also includes parts of Jefferson, Tuscaloosa, Clarke, and Pickens counties.

It is currently represented by Democrat Artur Davis.

Character

Alabama's 7th Congressional District was first created in 1843 and has existed since then with the exception of the years 1867-1873. The area this district represented in the state has changed over time, depending upon the number of Congressional Representatives apportioned to Alabama. Around the beginning of the 20th Century, the District included the cities of Gadsden, Alabama. Over time, this shifted to cover the area around Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

The current shape of the district was largely formed in 1992. It includes part of the Black Belt counties, as well as portions of Tuscaloosa, Alabama and Birmingham, Alabama. The highly irregular shape is due to the fact that this is a majority-minority district, formed under provisions of the Voting Rights Act as amended in 1982 to include greater representation for minorities in Congress.[1]

This district contains heavily urban areas in both Birmingham and Tuscaloosa, including two of the state's largest colleges, the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Nine of the 12 counties in the 7th District are in Alabama's Black Belt, a rural expanse in Alabama and former home to the state's once-flourishing cotton plantations. Due to the minority representation in this district, a majority of the voters identify with the Democratic Party. John Kerry won 65% of the vote in this district in 2004 and Barack Obama won 72.36% of the vote in 2008.

List of representatives

A graphical representation of party control of Alabama's 7th Congressional District

Congress Years Representative Party Notes
District created March 4, 1843
28th-29th March 4, 1843 - September 10, 1846 Felix G. McConnell Democratic Died
29th-31st December 7, 1846 - March 3, 1851 Franklin W. Bowdon
32nd March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 Alexander White Whig
33rd March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 James F. Dowdell Democratic Redistricted to the 3rd district
34th March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 Sampson W. Harris Redistricted from the 3rd district
35th-36th March 4, 1857 - January 21, 1861 Jabez L. M. Curry Withdrew
37th-39th (1861-1863) Civil War
District eliminated in 1863
District re-established in 1873
43rd March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Charles C. Sheats Republican
44th March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 District inactive, representative elected At-large on a general ticket
44th-52nd March 4, 1877 - March 4, 1893 William H. Forney Democratic Redistricted from the At-large district
53rd March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895 William H. Denson
54th-55th March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1899 Milford W. Howard Populist
56th-66th March 4, 1899 - May 13, 1919 John L. Burnett Democratic Died
66th-67th September 30, 1919 - March 3, 1923 Lilius Bratton Rainey
68th-72nd March 4, 1923 - March 3, 1933 Miles C. Allgood Redistricted to the 5th district
73rd-76th March 4, 1933 - September 15, 1940 William B. Bankhead Redistricted from the 10th district, Died
76th November 5, 1940 - January 3, 1941) Zadoc L. Weatherford
77th January 3, 1941 - February 1, 1941 Walter W. Bankhead Resigned
77th-80th June 24, 1941 - January 3, 1949 Carter Manasco
81st-87th January 3, 1949 - January 3, 1963 Carl Elliott Redistricted to the At-large district
88th January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1965 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
89th January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1967 James D. Martin Republican
90th-92nd January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1973 Tom Bevill Democratic Redistricted to the 4th district
93rd-95th January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1979 Walter Flowers Redistricted from the 5th district
96th-99th January 3, 1979 - January 3, 1987 Richard C. Shelby
100th-102nd January 3, 1987 - January 3, 1993 Claude Harris, Jr.
103rd-107th January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003 Earl F. Hilliard
108th-110th January 3, 2003 - Present Artur Davis

References

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