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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Aladdin in the Magic Garden, an illustration by Max Liebert from Ludwig Fulda's Aladin und die Wunderlampe[1]

Aladdin (an Anglicisation of the Arabic name ʻAlāʼ ad-Dīn, Arabic: علاء الدين literally "nobility of the faith") is one of the tales of medieval Arabian origin in the The Book of One Thousand and One Nights (Arabian Nights), and one of the most famous, although it was actually added to the collection by Antoine Galland (see sources and setting).[1]

Contents

Synopsis

The original story of Aladdin is a Middle-Eastern folk tale. It concerns an impoverished young ne'er-do-well named Aladdin, in a Chinese city, who is recruited by a sorcerer from the Maghreb (who passes himself off as the brother of Aladdin's late father) to retrieve a wonderful oil lamp from a booby-trapped magic cave. After the sorcerer attempts to double-cross him, Aladdin finds himself trapped in the cave. Fortunately, Aladdin retains a magic ring lent to him by the sorcerer. When he rubs his hands in despair, he inadvertently rubs the ring, and a djinni appears, who takes him home to his mother. Aladdin is still carrying the lamp, and when his mother tries to clean it, a second, far more powerful djinni appears, who is bound to do the bidding of the person holding the lamp. With the aid of the djinni of the lamp, Aladdin becomes rich and powerful and marries princess Badroulbadour, the Emperor's daughter. The djinni builds Aladdin a wonderful palace - far more magnificent than that of the Emperor himself.

"Aladdin Saluted Her with Joy", Arabian Nights, the illustration by Virginia Frances Sterret, 1928, shows the Chinese-esque setting of the original tale.

The sorcerer returns and is able to get his hands on the lamp by tricking Aladdin's wife, who is unaware of the lamp's importance, by offering to exchange "new lamps for old". He orders the djinni of the lamp to take the palace to his home in the Maghreb. Fortunately, Aladdin retains the magic ring and is able to summon the lesser djinni. Although the djinni of the ring cannot directly undo any of the magic of the djinni of the lamp, he is able to transport Aladdin to Maghreb, and help him recover his wife and the lamp and defeat the sorcerer.

Sources and setting

New Crowns for Old, a 19th Century British cartoon based on the Aladdin story (Disraeli as Abanazer from the pantomime version of Aladdin offering Queen Victoria an Imperial crown (of India) in exchange for a Royal one).

No medieval Arabic source has been traced for the tale, which was incorporated into The Book of One Thousand and One Nights by its French translator, Antoine Galland, who heard it from an Arab Syrian storyteller from Aleppo. Galland's diary (March 25, 1709) records that he met the Maronite scholar, by name Youhenna Diab ("Hanna"), who had been brought from Aleppo to Paris by Paul Lucas, a celebrated French traveller. Galland's diary also tells that his translation of "Aladdin" was made in the winter of 1709–10. It was included in his volumes ix and x of the Nights, published in 1710.

John Payne, Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp and Other Stories, (London 1901) gives details of Galland's encounter with the man he referred to as "Hanna" and the discovery in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris of two Arabic manuscripts containing Aladdin (with two more of the "interpolated" tales). One is a jumbled late 18th century Syrian version. The more interesting one, in a manuscript that belonged to the scholar M. Caussin de Perceval, is a copy of a manuscript made in Baghdad in 1703. It was purchased by the Bibliothèque Nationale at the end of the nineteenth century.

Although Aladdin is a Middle-Eastern tale, the story is set in China, and Aladdin is explicitly Chinese.[2] However, the "China" of the story is an Islamic country, where most people are Muslims; there is a Jewish merchant who buys Aladdin's wares (and incidentally cheats him), but there is no mention of Buddhists or Confucians. Everybody in this country bears an Arabic name and its monarch seems much more like a Muslim ruler than a Chinese emperor. Some commentators believe that this suggests that the story might be set in Turkestan (encompassing Central Asia and the Chinese province of Xinjiang).[3] It has to be said that this speculation depends on a knowledge of China that the teller of a folk tale (as opposed to a geographic expert) might well not possess - compare "Cathay".[4]

For a narrator unaware of the existence of America, Aladdin's "China" would represent "the Utter East" while the sorcerer's homeland of Morocco represented "the Utter West". In the beginning of the tale, the sorcerer's taking the effort to make such a long journey, the longest conceivable in the narrator's (and his listeners') perception of the world, underlines the sorcerer's determination to gain the lamp and hence the lamp's great value. In the later episodes, the instantaneous transitions from the east to the west and back, performed effortlessly by the Djinn, make their power all the more marvellous.

In literature, the stage, film, and games

Adam Oehlenschläger wrote his verse drama Aladdin in 1805. Carl Nielsen wrote incidental music for this play. Ferruccio Busoni set some verses from the last scene of Oehlenschläger's Aladdin in the last movement of his Piano Concerto, Op. 39.

In the United Kingdom, the story of Aladdin was first published in England between 1704–14; and was dramatised in 1788 by John O'Keefe for the Theatre Royal, Covent Garden.[5] It has been a popular subject for pantomime for over 200 years.[6] The traditional Aladdin pantomime is the source of the well-known pantomime character Widow Twankey (Aladdin's mother). In pantomime versions of the story, changes in the setting and plot are often made to fit it better into "China" (albeit a China situated in the East End of London rather than Medieval Baghdad). One version of the "pantomime Aladdin" is Sandy Wilson's musical Aladdin, from 1979. Since the early 1990s Aladdin pantos tend to be influenced by the Disney animation - for instance the 2007/2008 Birmingham version, which starred John Barrowman, and featured a variety of songs from the Disney movies Aladdin and Mulan.

In the 1960s Bollywood produced Aladdin and Sinbad, very loosely based on the original, in which the two named heroes get to meet and share in each other's adventures. In this version, the lamp's djinni (genie) is female and Aladdin marries her rather than the princess (she becomes a mortal woman for his sake).

The tale has been adapted to animated film a number of times, including Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp, the 1939 Popeye the Sailor cartoon.

In 1962 the Italian branch of the Walt Disney Company published the story Paperino e la grotta di Aladino (Donald and Aladdin's Cave), written by Osvaldo Pavese and drawn by Pier Lorenzo De Vita. In it, Uncle Scrooge leads Donald Duck and their nephews on an expedition to find the treasure of Aladdin and they encounter the Middle Eastern counterparts of the Beagle Boys. Scrooge describes Aladdin as a brigand who used the legend of the lamp to cover the origins of his ill-gotten gains. They find the cave holding the treasure which is blocked by a huge rock and it requires a variation of "Open Sesame" to open it, thus providing a link to Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves.[2]

A Soviet film Volshebnaia Lampa Aladdina ("Aladdin's Magic Lamp") was released in 1966.

In 1979 kollywood produced "Allaudinaum Arputha Vilakkum" starring big Tamil actors such as Kamal Haasan as Aladdin,Rajinikanth,and many big stars

In 1982 Media Home Entertainment released Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp.

Gary Wong and Rob Robson produced Aladdin the Rock Panto in 1985. The GSODA Junior Players recently staged the production at the Geelong Performing Arts Centre.Adam Oehlenschläger wrote his drama Aladdin in 1805. Carl Nielsen wrote incidental music for this play.

In 1986, the program Faerie Tale Theatre based an episode based on the story called "Aladdin and His Wonderful Lamp".

In 1986, an Italian-American co-production (under supervision of Golan-Globus) of a modern-day Aladdin was filmed in Miami under the title Superfantagenio, starring actor Bud Spencer as the genie and his daughter Diamante as the daughter of a police sergeant.

Currently the form in which the medieval tale is best known, especially to the very young, is Aladdin, the 1992 animated feature by Walt Disney Feature Animation. In this version several characters are renamed and/or amalgamated (for instance the Sorcerer and the Sultan's vizier become the same person, while the Princess becomes "Jasmine"), have new motivations for their actions (the Lamp Genie now desires freedom from his role) or are simply replaced (the Ring Genie disappears, but a magic carpet fills his place in the plot). The setting is moved from China to the fictional Arabian city of Agrabah, and the structure of the plot is simplified.

Broadway Junior has released Aladdin Junior, a children's musical based on the music and screenplay of the Disney animation.

One of the many retellings of the tale appears in A Book of Wizards and A Choice of Magic, by Ruth Manning-Sanders.

There was also a hotel and casino in Las Vegas named Aladdin from 1963 to 2007.

The game Sonic and the Secret Rings is heavily based on the story of Aladdin, and the main villain, known in the game as the Erazor Djinn, is the genie from the story as well.

While only featured for a short segment of the film, the story of Aladdin was used as a metaphor for the Law of Attraction in the 2006 self-development film The Secret.

The 2009 Bollywood movie Aladin, starring Amitabh Bachchan as the genie, Ritesh Deshmukh as Aladin, and Jacqueline Fernandez as Jasmine, borrows from aspects of the plot.

See also

External links

Notes

  1. ^ John Payne, Alaeddin and the Enchanted Lamp and Other Stories, (London 1901) gives details of Galland's encounter with 'Hanna' in 1709 and of the discovery in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris of two Arabic manuscripts containing Aladdin and two more of the 'interpolated' tales. Text of "Alaeddin and the enchanted lamp"
  2. ^ Plotz, Judith Ann (2001). Romanticism and the vocation of childhood. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0312227353. 
  3. ^ Moon, Krystyn (2005). Yellowface. Rutgers University Press. pp. 23. ISBN 0813535077. 
  4. ^ Hugh Honour, Chinoiserie: The Vision of Cathay (1961). Section I "The Imaginary Continent".
  5. ^ Pantomime Guided Tour: Aladdin (PeoplePlay – Theatre Museum) accessed 10 July 2008
  6. ^ "Aladdin". http://www.its-behind-you.com/aladdin.html. Retrieved 2008-01-22. 

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Aladdin is a character in three Disney films:

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Aladdin is a city in Northeast Wyoming, United States.

Understand

Aladdin is a tiny town with a population of 15 at an elevation of 3,740 ft (1,140 m).

The town was founded in 1896. In 1901, the now defunct Wyoming and Missouri Valley Railroad reached Aladdin, transporting the lumber, coal, and cattle that formed the economic base of the community. The railroad ceased operation in 1927.

  • Aladdin General Store and Muesum. Winter: M-Sa: 8AM-6PM, Su: 10AM-5PM; Summer: M-Sa: 8AM-7PM, Su: 9AM-6PM. The General Store is the largest structure in Aladdin and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.  edit
  • Coal Tipple. This historic mining structure is about 1 mile from the General Store and features a self-guided interpretive walk around the site.  edit
  • Cindy B's Aladdin Cafe, 4005 Hwy 24 (6 miles {9 km} east of the General Store), +1 307 896-2100 (, fax: +1 307 896-6432), [1]. American cuisine, Ice Cream & Treats. Full Bar. $55-135.  edit
  • The Bunkhouse Bed & Breakfast A Country Experience, 189 State Hwy. 111 (about 3.5 miles {5.6 km} south of the General Store), +1 307 283-3542 (). 3 rooms. Cable/Satellite TV, Coffee Maker, Full Kitchen, Microwave, Internet Connection Dial-Up, Non-smoking Rooms, Refrigerator, VCR Available, Free Local Calls, Alarm Clock, Iron/Ironing Board. Children Allowed, Meeting Facilities, Parking, Picnic Area, 24-Hour Security, Free Full Breakfast. $50-100.   edit
  • Aladdin Motel and Cafe, 4005 Hwy 24 (6 miles {9 km} east of the General Store), +1 307 896-2100 (, fax: +1 307 896-6432), [2]. 14 rooms. Cable/Satellite TV, Coffee Maker, DVD Available, Hair Dryer, In-Room Movies, Limited Kitchen, Microwave, Non-smoking Rooms, Private Baths, Refrigerator, VCR Available, Free Local Calls, Alarm Clock, Movies Free, Internet Connection Wireless. Pets OK. $55-135.  edit
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From Arabic علاء الدين ('Alā 'al Dīn), meaning nobility of faith

Proper noun

Aladdin

  1. a classic British pantomime

Strategy wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Disney's Aladdin article)

From StrategyWiki, the free strategy guide and walkthrough wiki

Disney's Aladdin
Box artwork for Disney's Aladdin.
Developer(s) Virgin Interactive, Walt Disney Computer Software
Publisher(s)
Release date(s)
Sega Genesis
Commodore Amiga
NES
Game Boy
Game Boy Color
Genre(s) Platform, action
System(s) Sega Genesis, Sega Channel, Amiga, NES, Game Boy, Game Boy Color
Mode(s) Single player
Rating(s)
VRC: General Audiences
ESRB: Everyone
For the SNES and GBA version, see Disney's Aladdin (Capcom).
For the SMS and Game Gear version, see Disney's Aladdin (Sega).

Disney's Aladdin is a platform action game created by Virgin Interactive and Walt Disney Computer Software. The gameplay is a platformer at heart, centering around navigating obstacles, collecting items, and defeating enemies with either apples or a sword. Disney's own animators worked on the visuals, resulting in locations and characters that look just as they do in the film itself. Virgin used a special "Digicel" process to convert the animation cels into a form the Genesis could handle while still maintaining the visual fluidity.

The game's success on the Genesis led to it being ported to the Amiga, NES, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, and MS-DOS. There was also a bootleg arcade board released based on the Japanese Mega Drive version, as well as a Famicom bootleg with some gameplay differences. See the versions page for details of the different versions created.

The game's storyline follows the movie fairly closely, with the main change being Aladdin hunting for the scarab halves (in the movie they had just been found, but not by him). Some plot points are skipped over altogether, but the overall plot of Aladdin defeating Jafar remains.

Table of Contents

Getting Started
  • Controls
  • Enemies
Walkthrough
  1. Agrabah Market
    • Abu in Agrabah
  2. The Desert
  3. Agrabah Rooftops
  4. Sultan's Dungeon
  5. Cave of Wonders
    • Abu in the Cave
  6. The Escape
  7. Rug Ride
  8. Inside the Lamp
  9. Sultan's Palace
  10. Jafar's Palace
Appendices

Gaming

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Wikia Gaming, your source for walkthroughs, games, guides, and more!

Aladdin

Developer(s) Capcom
Virgin Interactive
Publisher(s) Capcom
Game Boy Advance
Super NES
Sega
Game Gear
Virgin Interactive
Game Boy Color
Sega Genesis
Nintendo Entertainment System
Release date NES:
1994 (EU)
Genre 2D platformer
Mode(s) Single player
Age rating(s) N/A
NES
Platform(s) Game Boy
Game Boy Advance
Game Boy Color
Game Gear
Nintendo Entertainment System
Sega Genesis
Super Nintendo Entertainment System
Media Cartridge
NES
Input NES Controller
Sega Genesis Controller
Super Nintendo Controller
Credits | Soundtrack | Codes | Walkthrough
The full title of this game is Disney's Aladdin, to differentiate it from other possible Aladdin games that are not based on the animated movie by Disney.

Aladdin is a game released for the Nintendo Entertainment System, Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Game Boy Advance, Super Nintendo, Sega Genesis, and Game Gear. The game is based on the movie of the same name.

Gameplay

Help Aladdin get his hands on the magic lamp and then rescue the beautiful Princess Jasmine from the evil vizier Jafar. In the Genesis, Gameboy, and Gameboy Color versions, Aladdin is armed with a scimitar and apples to throw at his enemies as he makes his way through Agrabah, the Sultan's dungeon, the Cave of Wonders, and eventually Jafar's castle.

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Simple English


Aladdin is a fictional person from the story Aladdin and the Enchanted Lamp, which is part of the Book of One Thousand and One Nights.

Story

The young man Aladdin is told by a sorcerer (magician) to get him an oil lamp from a cave. Aladdin gets the lamp, but the sorcerer tries to trick him. So, Aladdin keeps the lamp for himself. Aladdin learns that inside the lamp there is a djinn. The djinn can fulfill every wish of the lamp's owner. With the jinn's help, Aladdin becomes rich and powerful and marries a princess.

The sorcerer returns and tricks Aladdin's wife into giving him the magic lamp. Aladdin finds out that in a ring he has, there is another djinn. This djinn helps Aladdin defeat the sorcerer, get back the magic lamp, and save his wife.

Adaptions (new versions of the story)

There have been different versions of the story:

  • Nicolas Isouard wrote an opera from it in 1822.
  • There is a ballet version by Michael François Hoguet. That version was done in 1854. Wenzel Gährich contributed the music to the ballet version.
  • There is a film The Thief of Bagdad. It was shot in 1940. It was one of the first films to use Technicolor.
  • There is a Bollywood version Aladdin and Sinbad. In it, both characters meet and participate in the adventures of each other. The djinn is female. In the end Aladdin marries her (rather than the princess).
  • Disney also made a version of Aladdin, who appeared in several adaptions. In the Disney film Aladdin, he is a smart young thief in the fictional city of Agrabah. He meets and falls in love with the Sultan's daughter, Jasmine, an independent soul who, much like Aladdin, wants to escape from her current life. Jafar, the Sultan's evil advisor, tricks Aladdin into helping him find a magic lamp, which ends up with Aladdin and his monkey and friend, Abu. The lamp's occupant is a lunatic, shape-shifting genie, who promises his master three wishes, and though he cannot make Jasmine fall in love with Aladdin - he can make things easier for him. By making Aladdin look like rich and handsome Prince Ali, Aladdin does not impress the Princess, and discovers that it was his true self she liked him all along. Using his own smartness and courage, Aladdin defeats Jafar and his evil plans, becoming a prince.
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