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Alamance County, North Carolina
Seal of Alamance County, North Carolina
Motto: pro bono publico
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alamance County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Seat [[Graham, North Carolina|Graham]]
Largest city [[Burlington, North Carolina|Burlington]]
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

435 sq mi (1,127 km²)
430 sq mi (1,114 km²)
5 sq mi (13 km²), 1.10%
PopulationEst.
 - (2008)
 - Density

148,053
131/sq mi (51/km²)
Founded January 29, 1849
Named for Native American word to describe the mud in Great Alamance Creek
Congressional districts 6th, 13th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
County flag Flag of Alamance County, North Carolina
Website www.alamance-nc.com

Alamance County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It coincides with the Burlington, North Carolina, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east, Alamance County has been the site of significant historical events, textiles, manufacturing, and agriculture in North Carolina.

As of 2008, the estimated population of the county and MSA was 148,053[1]. Its county seat is Graham.

Contents

History

Re-enacting the Battle of Alamance.

Before being formed as a county, the region had at least one known small Southeastern tribe of Native American in the 1700s - the Sissipahaw who lived in the area bound by modern Saxapahaw, the area known as the Hawfields, and Haw River in the county [2][3] European settlers entered the region in the late 1600s chiefly following Native American trading paths, and set up their farms what they called the "Haw Old Fields", fertile ground previously tilled by the Sissipahaw. The paths later became the basis of the railroad and interstate highway routes[4].

Alamance County was named after Great Alamance Creek, site of the Battle of Alamance (May 16, 1771). This pre-Revelutionary War battle in which militia under the command of Governor William Tryon crushed the Regulator movement. The Great Alamance Creek, and in turn the Little Alamance Creek, according to legend, were named after a local Native American word to describe the blue mud that was found at the bottom of the creeks. Other legends say that the name came from another local Native American word meaning "noisy river" or for the Alemanni region of Rhineland, Germany, where many of the early settlers would have come from.[5]

During the American Revolution, several small battles and skirmishes occurred in the area that would one day become Alamance County, several of them during the lead-up to the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, including Pyle's Massacre, the Battle of Lindley's Mill[6 ] and the Battle of Clapp's Mill.

In the 1780s, the Occaneechi Native Americans returned to North Carolina from Virginia, this time settling in what is now Alamance County rather than their first location near Hillsborough.[7] In 2002, the modern Occaneechi tribe bought 25 acres of their ancestral land in Alamance County and began a Homeland Preservation Project which includes a village reconstructed as it would have been in 1701 and a 1930s farming village.[7]

During the early 19th century, the textile industry grew heavily in the area, and as such, the need for better transportation grew. By the 1840s several mills were set up along the Haw River and near Great Alamance Creek and other major tributaries of the Haw. Between 1832 and 1880, there were at least 14 major mills powered by these rivers and streams. Mills were built by the Trollinger, Holt, Newlin, Swepson, and Rosenthal families, among others. One of the mills, built in 1832 by Ben Trollinger, is still in operation. It is owned by Copland Industries and sits in the unincorporated community of Carolina and is the oldest continuously-operating mill in the state of North Carolina[8].

One of the notable textiles produced in the area were the "Alamance Plaids" or "Glencoe Plaids" used in everything from clothing to tablecloths.[8] The Alamance Plaids manufactured by textile pioneer Edwin M. Holt were the first colored cotton goods produced on power looms in the South, and paved the way for the region's textile boom. (Holt's home is now the Alamance County Historical Society.) But by the late 20th century, most of the plants and mills had now gone out of business, including the mills operated by Burlington Industries, a company that was based in Burlington.

By the 1840s, the textile industry was booming, and the railroad was being built through the area as a convenient link between Raleigh and Greensboro. The county was formed January 29, 1849 [9] from Orange County.

American Civil War

In 1861, the United States began to fragment due to growing questions of states' rights concerning issues of money, agriculture, representation, and slavery. In February of that year, a peace conference was held in Washington, DC. North Carolina sent five delegates to this conference, including Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin of the town of Haw River. Justice Ruffin was opposed to secession, but was voted down. Later on, President Buchanan said that if Ruffin had persisted, the war might have been averted. In March, 1861, Alamance County residents voted overwhelmingly against North Carolina's secession from the Union, 1,114 to 254. Two delegates were sent to the State Secession Convention, Thomas Ruffin and Giles Mebane, were both in favor of remaining with the Union, as were most of the delegates who were sent to the convention[10 ]. At the time of the convention, around 30% of Alamance County's population were slaves (total population of c. 12,000 people including c. 3,500 slaves and c. 500 free blacks).

Overall, North Carolina was reluctant to join other Southern states in secession from the United States. It opposed secession during the Peace Conference of 1861, and refused to secede from the Union when Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as President. Repeated efforts by secessionists failed to convince the state legislature to secede from the Union failed. Commencement of hostilities in Fort Sumter, South Carolina on April 12, 1861, however, changed public opinion towards secession. When Lincoln called up troops, Governor John Ellis replied, "I can be no party to this wicked violation of the laws of the country and to this war upon the liberties of a free people. You can get no troops from North Carolina." After a special legislative session, North Carolina's legislature unanimously voted in favor of secession on May 20, 1861.

Alamance County joined the rest of North Carolina as the state split off from the Union and joined the Confederate States. Although no battles took place in the county itself, Alamance County did send its share to the front lines. Only in the last months of the war did the residents of the county see a significant number of troops. Most important of these events was when President Jefferson Davis dictated a note to General Johnston for Union General Sherman. General Johnston delivered that note, stopping in Company Shops to drop off some of the last of his men. By the end of the war, 236 individuals from Alamance County had been killed in the course of the war, more than any other war since the county's founding[11].

Alamance County Courthouse in Graham, NC.

Aftermath of the American Civil War

Some of the most significant effects of the Civil War were seen after the war. Alamance County briefly became a center of national attention when, in 1870, a confrontation between local residents and an apparently corrupt Army colonel led to several people being wrongfully accused and arrested for various crimes. Only after involvement by a U. S. District Judge were these men and women freed and cleared of crimes. This event came to be known as the Kirk-Holden War, and it led to the impeachment and removal of Governor William Holden by the North Carolina Legislature in 1871.

Dairy industry

The county was once the state leader in dairy production. Several dairies including Melville Dairy in Burlington were headquartered in the county. With increasing real estate prices and a slump in milk prices, most dairy farms have been sold and many of them developed for real estate purposes.

Airplanes and radars

During World War II Fairchild built airplanes at a plant on the eastern side of Burlington. Among the planes built at the plant were the AT-21 gunner used to train bomber pilots. Near the Fairchild plant was the Western Electric Burlington works. The plant built radar equipment and guidance systems for missiles on top of many other electronics for the government. The guidance system for the Titan missile was built there. The plant was closed in 1992 and sat abandoned until 2005, when it was purchased by a local businessman for manufacturing.

Politics

Alamance County has provided North Carolina with three of its governors and two U. S. Senators: Governor Thomas Holt, Governor and U. S. Senator Kerr Scott, Governor Robert W. (Bob) Scott (Kerr Scott's son), and U. S. Senator B. Everett Jordan.

Law and government

Alamance County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments. The county is led by the Alamance County Board of Commissioners and the County Manager, who is appointed by the Board of Commissioners. County residents also elect 2 other county government offices: the Sheriff and Register of Deeds.

County commissioners

  • Linda Massey, Chairman (current term ends in 2012)
  • William H. Lashley (appointed, special election in 2010)
  • Eddie Boswell (current term ends in 2012)
  • Tim D. Sutton (current term ends in 2010)
  • Ann Vaughan (current term ends in 2010)

William Lashley was appointed to fill the seat of Dan Ingle, who was previously appointed to serve out the remaining term of Cary Allred. The seat filled by Mr. Lashley was due for election in 2012, but North Carolina law will require it to be open for election in 2010 for the remaining 2 years of the term Mr. Ingle won in 2008.

County manager

Alamance County adopted the council-manager form of government in the 1970s, where the day-to-day management of county business is done by an individual hired by the commissioners board. Since the establishment of the office, the following persons have served as county managers of Alamance County:

Current Manager

Craig F. Honeycutt began serving as county manager in April 2009. He came to Alamance County from the City of Laurinburg, North Carolina.

Past Managers

  • David I. Smith (July 2005 - December 2008)
  • David S. Cheek (July 1998 - June 2005)
  • Robert C. Smith
  • Hal Larry Scott
  • D. J. Walker

David I. Smith and D. J. Walker held dual roles as county manager and county attorney during their terms of service as county manager.

Sheriff

Terry Johnson (current term ends in 2010)

Register of deeds

David Barber (current term ends in 2012)

Education

Alamance County is home to a local public education system, several private elementary and secondary schools, a community college, and a private university.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 435 square miles (1,126 km²), of which, 430 square miles (1,114 km²) of it is land and 5 square miles (12 km²) of it (1.10%) is water.

The county is in the Piedmont physiographical region. The county has a general rolling terrain with the Cane Creek Mountains rising to over 970 ft.[12] in the south central part of the county just north of Snow Camp. Bass Mountain one of the prominent hills in the range is home to a world renowned Bluegrass music festival every year. There are also isolated monadnocks in the northern part of the county that rise to near or over 900 ft. above sea level.

The largest river that flows through Alamance County is the Haw River, which eventually feeds into Jordan Lake in Chatham County, eventually leading to the Cape Fear River. The county is also home to numerous creeks, streams, and ponds, including the Great Alamance Creek, where a portion of the Battle of Alamance was fought. There are 3 large municipal reservoirs: Lake Cammack, Lake Mackintosh, and Graham-Mebane Lake (formerly Quaker Lake).

Major highways

Alamance County has several state and federal highways running through it.

Interstates and U.S. highways

Interstates 85 and 40 run concurrently as seen from Exit 141 in Burlington, facing east. The Interstates run east to west through the central part of the county.

Going east-west in the county:

  • I-85.svg I-40.svg Interstate 85 / Interstate 40 (Concurrent), also known as the Sam Hunt Freeway, named after a former North Carolina Secretary of Transportation. Interstates 85/40 run east-to-west through the central part of the county.
  • US 70.svg U.S. Highway 70. Highway 70 nearly parallels 85/40 a few miles north of the interstates as it passes through the downtown sections of Burlington, Haw River, and Mebane.

N.C. state highways

  • NC 49.svg N.C. Highway 49 runs southwest to northeast from the Liberty area, through Burlington, Graham, and Haw River, to the Pleasant Grove Community area before turning northeast and continuing into Orange County.
  • NC 54.svg N.C. Highway 54 runs from its northern hub at the intersection of Highway 54 U.S. Highway 70 in Burlington southeast to the Orange County line in the southeast part of the county.
  • NC 62.svg N.C. Highway 62 runs southwest to northeast from the Kimesville Community area, through Burlington, to the Pleasant Grove Community area. It then turns North and heads to Caswell County.
  • NC 87.svg N.C. Highway 87 runs from southeast to northwest through the county, from the Eli Whitney Community area through Graham, Burlington, and a small part of Elon, before turning northeast and heading through the Altamahaw-Ossipee area, finally moving into Caswell County.
  • NC 100.svg N.C. Highway 100 forms a loop through downtown Burlington, starting at the intersection of Maple Avenue and Chapel Hill Road before moving north, then northwest, before going through Elon and moving on to Gibsonville and Guilford County.
  • NC 119.svg N.C. Highway 119 runs roughly north from its southern hub at an intersection with N.C. Highway 54, moving through Mebane and heading north into Caswell County.

Adjacent counties

Arts and recreation

The arts

Paramount Theater serves as a center of dramatic presentations in the community. To the south there is the Snow Camp Outdoor Drama which has plays from late spring to early fall in the evenings.

Old Dam at Cedarock Park

Parks

Alamance County, Burlington, Graham, Elon, Haw River, Swepsonville, and Mebane all have other small parks that are not listed here. Major parks include:

Alamance County

Cedarock Park, located 6 miles south of the intersection of Interstate 85/40 and NC Highway 49. Cedarock Park is home to the Cedarock Historic Farm, an Old Mill Dam, and two Disc Golf Courses.

Great Bend Park at Glencoe, located 4 miles north of the intersection of US Highway 70, and NC Highways 87, 62, and 100 in Downtown Burlington. Great Bend Park contains parts of the Haw River Land and Paddle Trails and the Mountains-to-Sea Trail, along with picnicking, fishing, and other opportunities. The park was built around the site of the Glencoe Mills, an area that is currently under renovation with an old mill that has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

City of Burlington

Sports

Professional

The Burlington Royals are a rookie league baseball farm team based in Burlington. They were previously known as the Burlington Indians, but changed affiliations in 2006 from Cleveland to Kansas City. This version of the team has been active since 1985, but Burlington did host a minor league baseball team for many years under the Burlington Indians and Burlington Bees.

Collegiate

The Elon University Phoenix play in the town of Elon. The Phoenix compete in the NCAA's Division I (I-AA in football) Southern Conference. Intercollegiate sports include baseball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, soccer, and tennis for men, and basketball, cross-country, golf, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball for women.

Up until 1999, the mascot of Elon was the Fightin' Christians. The moniker is said to have been coined by a sportswriter covering a contest in the 1930s between Elon and nearby Guilford College, a Quaker school. Prior to the 1930s, Elon was known simply as the Christians. The nickname was chosen due to Elon's proximity to the Wake Forest Demon Deacons, and the Duke Blue Devils. However, many did not feel that the nickname was universal enough for a team making the transition to Division I athletics, so a new mascot was adopted, the Phoenix. The choice came from the 1923 fire that destroyed almost the entire campus. Soon after the fire, the university trustees began planning to make Elon "rise from the ashes". The Phoenix was a mythical creature that rose from the ashes of its predecessors. The Christian symbolism is not lost with the Phoenix, however, which can be seen as a symbol of the Resurrection.

Economy

Today, Alamance County is often described as a "bedroom" community, with many residents living in the county and working elsewhere due to low tax rates, although the county is still a major player in the textile and manufacturing industries.

The current county-wide tax rate for Alamance County residents is 57.5 cents per $100 valuation. This does not include tax rates imposed by municipalities or fire districts.

Demographics

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 130,800 people, 51,584 households, and 35,541 families residing in the county. The population density was 304 people per square mile (117/km²). There were 55,463 housing units at an average density of 129 per square mile (50/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 75.61% White, 18.76% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.19% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 6.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 51,584 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,168, and the median income for a family was $46,479. Males had a median income of $31,906 versus $23,367 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,391. About 7.60% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Municipalities and communities

Incorporated cities and towns

Alamance County's Incorporated Cities and Towns are home to over 93,850 people. [14]

Incorporated Cities, Towns, and Villages in Alamance County
  • Alamance -the smallest town in Alamance County, population 357
  • Burlington - the largest city in Alamance County, population 50,857.
  • Elon - formerly called "Elon College", population 7,060.
  • Mebane - a city shared with Orange County, population 10,624
  • Ossipee - a small town in Northwestern Alamance County, population 467
  • Swepsonville - a mill town located on the banks of the Haw River, population 1,053

Townships

The county is divided into thirteen townships, which are both numbered, named, and contain the following municipalities:

Townships of Alamance County
Map of Alamance County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Unincorporated communities

Over 54,000 people do not live in an incorporated community in Alamance County.

Unincorporated Communities and Census Designated Places of Alamance County

Ghost Towns

According to a 1975 study of the history of post offices in North Carolina history by Treasure Index, Alamance County has 27 ghost towns that existed in the 18th and 19th Centuries that no longer exist. Additionally, five other post offices no longer exist. These towns and their post offices were either abandoned as organized settlements, or were absorbed into the larger communities that now make up Alamance County. [15]

Former Post Offices in Alamance County
  • Albright - site located approximately 1 mile south of exit 153 on Interstate 40
  • Carney - Near the site of Cedarock Park
  • Cane Creek
  • Cedarcliff - located between Swepsonville and Saxapahaw, NC
  • Clover Orchard - approximately 2 miles northeast of Snow Camp, NC
  • Curtis (Curtis Mills) - located approximately 1/2 mile southeast of the current village of Alamance, NC
  • Glenddale - site approximately 3 miles north of Pleasant Grove near the Alamance-Caswell Line
  • Hartshorn - about 1 1/2 miles south southeast of the Alamance Battleground Historic Site
  • Holmans Mills - site approsimately 1 mile east of Snow Camp
  • Iola - about 3 miles east of Altamahaw, NC nearly due north of Glencoe, NC
  • Lacey - Located about 1 mile east of Eli Whitney
  • Leota - approximately 1 mile south of Eli Whitney
  • Loy - Located at the northern base of Bass Mountain
  • Manndale
  • Maywood - approximately 3 miles northeast of Altamahaw
  • McCray (McRay) - located about 2 miles east-northeast of Glencoe, NC
  • Melville - Located approsimately 2 miles west-southwest of the intersection of Interstate 40 and NC Highway 119
  • Morton's Store - approximately 2 miles north of Altamahaw
  • Nicholson - Located near the Intersection of NC Highway 87 and Bellemont-Mount Hermon Road.
  • Oakdale - Located in the southwest of the county, near the intersection of NC Highway 49 and Greensboro-Chapel Hill Rd.
  • Oneida
  • Osceola
  • Pleasant Grove - Located in the far northeast part of the county, 2 miles east-northeast of the current community of Pleasant Grove
  • Pleasant Lodge - Located 1 mile to the west of the site of Oakdale, near the Alamance-Guilford Line
  • Rock Creek - located 4 miles due south of Alamance, NC
  • Shallow Ford - Located 1 mile east of Ossipee, NC
  • Shady Grove
  • Stainback - Located about 2 miles east-northeast of Green Level, NC
  • Sutpin - on the same latitude as Snow Camp, approximately halfway between Snow Camp and Eli Whitney
  • Sylvester
  • Union Ridge - near the east bank of Lake Cammack, about 3 miles from the Alamance-Caswell Line
  • Vincent - Located 2 miles north-northeast of Pleasant Grove, NC

Notable residents

U. S. Senator B. Everett Jordan.

References

  1. ^ Population Data found at
  2. ^ John R. Swanton, "North Carolina Indian Tribes", Indian Tribes of North America, 1953, at Accss Genealogy, accessed 25 Mar 2009
  3. ^ "Sissipahaw Indian Tribe History", John R. Swanton, Indian Tribes of North America, 1953, at Access Genealogy, accessed 25 Mar 2009
  4. ^ "The Trading Path in Alamance County, a Beginning", Alamance County Historical Association, Trading Path Association: Preserving our Common Past
  5. ^ "North Carolina Counties - List of all and Alamance County". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24. http://www.webcitation.org/5kmFEM84r.  
  6. ^ Battle of Lindley's Mill
  7. ^ a b "Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation". Southern Neighbor. November 2009.  
  8. ^ a b http://www.textilehistory.org/AlamanceCountyNC.html
  9. ^ Alamance County North Carolina Genealogy
  10. ^ http://members.aol.com/jweaver303/nc/convvote.htm
  11. ^ http://www.alamance-nc.com/Alamance-NC/The+Community/War+Memorial/Civil+War/
  12. ^ GIS System Contours found on the Alamance County Website
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  14. ^ Populations given are from the 2008 Census Estimate (Microsoft Excel file)
  15. ^ Burlington Times-News, December 11, 1975
  16. ^ Reichler, Joseph L., ed (1979) [1969]. The Baseball Encyclopedia (4th edition ed.). New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8.  

External links

Coordinates: 36°02′N 79°24′W / 36.04°N 79.40°W / 36.04; -79.40


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

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Alamance County, North Carolina
Seal of Alamance County, North Carolina
Map
File:Map of North Carolina highlighting Alamance County.png
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the USA highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1849
Seat Graham
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 1.10%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

142661
Website: www.alamance-nc.com

Alamance County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. It coincides with the Burlington Metropolitan Statistical Area. Formed in 1849 from Orange County to the east, Alamance County has been the site of significant historical events, textiles, manufacturing, and agriculture in North Carolina.

As of 2006, the estimated population of the county and MSA was 142,661[1]. Its county seat is Graham.

Contents

History

Re-enacting the Battle of Alamance.

Before being formed as a county, the region had at least one known small Southeastern tribe of Native American in the 1700s - the Sissipahaw who lived in the area bound by modern Saxapahaw, Hawfields and Haw River locations in the county [2] [3]. European Americans entered the region largely following Native American trading paths that became the basis of the railroad and interstate highway routes[4]. The county was formed January 29, 1849 [5] from Orange County. It was named after Great Alamance Creek, site of the Battle of Alamance (May 16, 1771), in which militia under the command of Governor William Tryon crushed the Regulator movement. The Great Alamance Creek, and in turn the Little Alamance Creek, according to legend, were named after a local Native American word to describe the blue mud that was found at the bottom of the creeks.

Several other small battles occurred during the American Revolution in the Alamance County area during the lead-up to the Battle of Guilford Courthouse, including Pyle's Massacre and the Battle of Lindley's Mill[6], and the Battle of Clapp's Mill.

Civil War and aftermath

In 1861, the United States began to fragment due to growing questions of states' rights concerning issues of money, agriculture, representation, and slavery. In February of that year, a peace conference was held in Washington, DC. North Carolina sent five delegates to this conference, including Chief Justice Thomas Ruffin of Haw River, an Alamance County community. Justice Ruffin was opposed to secession, but was voted down. Later on, President Buchanan said that if Ruffin had persisted, the war might have been averted. In March, 1861, Alamance County residents voted against North Carolina's secession from the Union, 1,114 to 254. Hostilities would later prove that vote moot.

Alamance County joined the rest of North Carolina as the state split off from the Union and joined the Confederate States. Although no battles took place in the county itself, Alamance County did send its share of sons and brothers to the front lines. Only in the last months of the war did the residents of the county see a significant number of troops. Most important of these events was when President Jefferson Davis dictated a note to General Johnston for Union General Sherman. General Johnston delivered that note, stopping in Company Shops to drop off some of the last of his men.

Alamance County Courthouse in Graham.

Some of the most significant effects of the Civil War were seen after the war. Alamance County briefly became a center of natioanl attention when, in 1870, a confrontation between local residents and an apparently corrupt Army colonel led to several people being wrongfully accused and arrested for various crimes. Only after involvement by a U. S. District Judge were these men and women freed and cleared of crimes. This event came to be known as the Kirk-Holden War, and it lead to the impeachment and removal of Governor William Holden by the North Carolina Legislature in 1871.

Textiles

The Holt family began the textile industry in the county in the 1800s. Textiles became the county's largest source of industry and nearly every community in the county contained a textile mill by the early 1900s. Most of the mills were located along the Haw River which provided a cheap easy source of energy. Glencoe, Saxapahaw, Swepsonville, Bellemont, Alamance, Haw River and Burlington all contained textile mills and all these communities were located on the Haw River or tributaries of the river. The Holt's became famous for producing "Alamance Plaids" used mainly in tablecloths. Most of the plants have now gone out of business. Burlington was, also, home to Burlington Industries.

Dairy industry

The county was once the state leader in dairy production. Several dairies including Melville Dairy in Burlington were headquartered in the county. With increasing real estate prices and a slump in milk prices, most dairy farms have been sold and many of them developed for real estate purposes.

Airplanes and radars

During World War II Fairchild built airplanes at a plant on the eastern side of Burlington. Among the planes built at the plant were the AT-21 gunner used to train bomber pilots. Near the Fairchild plant was the Western Electric Burlington works. The plant built radar equipment and guidance systems for missiles on top of many other electronics for the government. The guidance system for the Titan missile was built there. The plant was closed in 1992 and sat abandoned until 2005, when it was purchased by a local businessman for manufacturing.

Politics

Alamance County has provided North Carolina with three of its governors and two U. S. Senators: Governor Thomas Holt, Governor and U. S. Senator Kerr Scott, Governor Robert W. (Bob) Scott (Kerr Scott's son), and U. S. Senator B. Everett Jordan.

Law and government

Alamance County is a member of the regional Piedmont Triad Council of Governments. The county is led by the Alamance County Board of Commissioners and the County Manager, who is appointed by the Board of Commissioners. County residents also elect 2 other county government offices: the Sheriff and Register of Deeds.

County commissioners

  • Larry W. Sharpe, Chairman (current term ends in 2008)
  • Dan Ingle, Vice-Chairman (current term ends in 2008)
  • William H. Lashley (current term ends in 2008)
  • Tim D. Sutton (current term ends in 2010)
  • Ann Vaughan (current term ends in 2010)

County manager

David Smith (since 2005), serving dual role as County Manager and County Attorney

Sheriff

Terry Johnson (current term ends in 2010)

Register of deeds

David Barber (current term ends in 2008)

Education

Alamance County is home to a local public education system, several private elementary and secondary schools, a community college, and a private university.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,126 km² (435 sq mi). 1,114 km² (430 sq mi) of it is land and 12 km² (5 sq mi) of it (1.10%) is water.

The county is in the Piedmont physiographical region. The county has a general rolling terrain with the Cane Creek Mountains rising to over 970 ft.[7] in the south central part of the county just north of Snow Camp. Bass Mountain one of the prominent hills in the range is home to a world renowned Bluegrass music festival every year. There are also isolated monadnocks in the northern part of the county that rise to near or over 900 ft. above sea level.

The largest river that flows through Alamance County is the Haw River, which eventually feeds into Jordan Lake in Chatham County, eventually leading to the Cape Fear River. The county is also home to numerous creeks, streams, and ponds, including the Great Alamance Creek, where a portion of the Battle of Alamance was fought. There are 3 large municipal reservoirs: Lake Cammack, Lake Mackintosh, and Graham-Mebane Lake (formerly Quaker Lake).

Major highways

Alamance County has several state and federal highways running through it.

Interstates and U.S. highways

Interstates 85 and 40 run concurrently as seen from Exit 141 in Burlington, facing east. The Interstates run east to west through the central part of the county.

Going east-west in the county:

  • Interstate 85 / Interstate 40 (Concurrent), also known as the Sam Hunt Freeway, named after a former North Carolina Secretary of Transportation. Interstates 85/40 run east-to-west through the central part of the county.
  • U.S. Highway 70. Highway 70 nearly parallels 85/40 a few miles north of the interstates as it passes through the downtown sections of Burlington, Haw River, and Mebane.

N.C. state highways

  • N.C. Highway 49 runs southwest to northeast from the Liberty area, through Burlington, Graham, and Haw River, to the Pleasant Grove Community area before turning northeast and continuing into Orange County.
  • N.C. Highway 54 runs from its northern hub at the intersection of Highway 54 U.S. Highway 70 in Burlington southeast to the Orange County line in the southeast part of the county.
  • N.C. Highway 62 runs southwest to northeast from the Kimesville Community area, through Burlington, to the Pleasant Grove Community area. It then turns North and heads to Caswell County.
  • N.C. Highway 87 runs from southeast to northwest through the county, from the Eli Whitney Community area through Graham, Burlington, and a small part of Elon, before turning northeast and heading through the Altamahaw-Ossipee area, finally moving into Caswell County.
  • N.C. Highway 100 forms a loop through downtown Burlington, starting at the intersection of Maple Avenue and Chapel Hill Road before moving north, then northwest, before going through Elon and moving on to Gibsonville and Guilford County.
  • N.C. Highway 119 runs roughly north from its southern hub at an intersection with N.C. Highway 54, moving through Mebane and heading north into Caswell County.

Adjacent counties

Arts and recreation

The arts

Paramount Theater serves as the center of dramatic presentations in the community.

Old Dam at Cedarock Park

Parks

Alamance County, Burlington, Graham, Elon, Haw River, Swepsonville, and Mebane all have other small parks that are not listed here. Major parks include:

Alamance County

Cedarock Park, located 6 miles south of the Intersection of Interstate 85/40 and NC Highway 49. Cedarock Park is home to the Cedarock Historic Farm, an Old Mill Dam, and 2 Disc Golf Courses.

City of Burlington

Sports

Professional

The Burlington Royals are a rookie league baseball farm team based in Burlington. They were previously known as the Burlington Indians, but changed affiliations in 2006 from Cleveland to Kansas City. This version of the team has been active since 1985, but Burlington did host a minor league baseball team for many years under the Burlington Indians and Burlington Bees.

Collegiate

Elon University Phoenix

The Elon University Phoenix play in the town of Elon. The Phoenix compete in the NCAA's Division I (I-AA in football) Southern Conference. Intercollegiate sports include baseball, basketball, cross-country, football, golf, soccer, and tennis for men, and basketball, cross-country, golf, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball for women.

Up until 1999, the mascot of Elon was the Fightin' Christians. The moniker is said to have been coined by a sportswriter covering a contest in the 1930's between Elon and nearby Guilford College, a Quaker school. Prior to the 1930's, Elon was known simply as the Christians. The nickname was chosen due to Elon's proximity to the Wake Forest Demon Deacons, and the Duke Blue Devils. However, many did not feel that the nickname was universal enough for a team making the transition to Division I athletics, so a new mascot was adopted, the Phoenix. The choice came from the 1923 fire that destroyed almost the entire campus. Soon after the fire, the university trustees began planning to make Elon "rise from the ashes". The Phoenix was a mythical creature that rose from the ashes of its predecessors. The Christian symbolism is not lost with the Phoenix, however, which can be seen as a symbol of the Resurrection.

Economy

Today, Alamance County is often described as a "bedroom" community, with many residents living in the county and working elsewhere due to low tax rates, although the county is still a major player in the textile and manufacturing industries.

The current county-wide tax rate for Alamance County residents is 57.5 cents per $100 valuation. This does not include tax rates imposed by municipalities or fire districts.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 130,800 people, 51,584 households, and 35,541 families residing in the county. The population density was 117/km² (304/sq mi). There were 55,463 housing units at an average density of 50/km² (129/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 75.61% White, 18.76% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.19% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 6.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 51,584 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.10% were married couples living together, 12.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.90% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,168, and the median income for a family was $46,479. Males had a median income of $31,906 versus $23,367 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,391. About 7.60% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Munipalities and communities

Incorporated cities and towns

Populations given are from the 2005 Census Estimate (Microsoft Excel file).

  • Alamance -the smallest town in Alamance County, population 321
  • Burlington - the largest city in Alamance County, population 47,592.
  • Elon - formerly called "Elon College", population 7,100.
  • Gibsonville - A town shared with Guilford County, population 4,569
  • Graham - the County Seat, population 13,952
  • Green Level - incorporated in 1990, population 2,129
  • Haw River - town named for the river on which it was built, population 1,981
  • Mebane - a city shared with Orange County, population 8,945
  • Ossipee - a small town in Northeastern Alamance County, population 328
  • Swepsonville - a mill town located on the banks of the Haw River, population 952

Townships

Map of Alamance County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

The county is divided into thirteen townships, which are both numbered, named, and contain the following municipalities:

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

U. S. Senator B. Everett Jordan.

References

  1. ^ Population Data found on U. S. Census Website
  2. ^ Access Genealogy, Indian Tribal Records, North Carolina Indian Tribes
  3. ^ Access Genealogy, Indian Tribal Records, Sissipahaw Indian Tribe History
  4. ^ Trading Path Association, Preserving our Common Past, The Trading Path in Alamance County, a Beginning by the Alamance County Historical Association
  5. ^ Alamance County North Carolina Genealogy
  6. ^ Battle of Lindley's Mill
  7. ^ GIS System Contours found on the Alamance County Website
  8. ^ [1969] (1979) in Reichler, Joseph L.: The Baseball Encyclopedia, 4th edition, New York: Macmillan Publishing. ISBN 0-02-578970-8. 

External links



Coordinates: 36°02′N 79°24′W / 36.04, -79.40

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Alamance County, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Alamance County, North CarolinaRDF feed
County names Alamance County, North Carolina  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 North Carolina  +
Short name Alamance County  +

This article uses material from the "Alamance County, North Carolina" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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