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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Álava province

Álava (Basque: Araba and officially Álava-Araba) is a province of northern Spain in the southern part of the Basque Autonomous Community. The province numbers a population of 301,926 inhabitants (2006 official estimate) in an area of 2,963 km².

It is bordered by the provinces of Burgos, La Rioja, Navarre, Guipúzcoa, and Biscay. The Condado de Treviño is an enclave of province Burgos (Castile and León) surrounded by Alavese land, although strong population support advocates Treviño's attachment to the Basque Autonomous Community.

The vast majority of the population clusters in the capital city of Álava Vitoria-Gasteiz (Vitoria is the Spanish name, Gasteiz the Basque name), which also serves as the capital of the autonomous community. The remainder of the territory is largely countryside and crops dotted with sparse population nuclei distributed into seven counties (cuadrillas): Añana; Ayala; Campezo; Laguardia; Salvatierra; Vitoria-Gasteiz; Zuya. It also contains the municipality of Berganzo.

Lordship of Álava

List of rulers (original names):

  • Rodrigo c.867-870, count of Castile
  • Vela Jiménez 870-c.887
  • Munio Velaz c.887-c.921
  • Álvaro Herrameliz c.921-931, also count of Cerezo and Lantarón
  • Fernán González 931-970, also count of Castile, Álava feudatary of Castile until 1030
  • Munio González 1030-1043
  • Fortunio Íñiguez 1043-1046
  • Munio Muñoz (co-lord) 1046-1060, Álava feudatary of Navarre, 1046-1085
  • Sancho Maceratiz (co-lord) 1046-1060
  • Ramiro 1060-1075
  • Marcelo 1075-1085
  • Lope Íñiguez 1085-?, Álava feudatary of Castile until 1123
  • Lope Díaz the White ?-1093
  • Lope González 1093-1099
  • Lope Sánchez 1099-1114
  • Diego López I 1114-1123
  • Ladrón Íñiguez 1123-1158, Álava feudatary of Navarre until 1199
  • Vela Ladrón 1158-1175
  • Juan Velaz 1175-1181
  • Diego López II 1181-1187
  • Íñigo de Oriz 1187-1199
  • Diego López de Haro I 1199-1214, Álava feudatary of Castile until personal union of 1332
  • Lope Diaz de Haro I 1214-1240
  • Nuño González de Lara 1240-1252
  • Diego López de Haro II 1252-1274
  • Fernando de la Cerda 1274-1280
  • Lope Díaz de Haro II 1280-1288
  • Juan Alonso de Haro 1288-1310
  • Diego López de Salcedo 1310-1332

The title is attributed to the Castilian kings after 1332.

See also

Coordinates: 42°50.67′N 2°45.62′W / 42.8445°N 2.76033°W / 42.8445; -2.76033


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel


Alava is a province in Basque Country.


Alava, along with its neighbor La Rioja, on the other bank of the Ebro River, produces world-class wines and is especially famous for its robust reds.

Situated in the foothills of the Pyrenees Mountains, Alava offers an easy rolling landscape, mild climate and vineyards everywhere. It is an ideal place for wineries to multiply, spread, consolidate and, in the process, amass large quantities of money for their owners. As these fortunes grow, new brands need to be created and fresh images must be marketed. One way some wineries achieve this is by using avant-garde architecture for the construction of their buildings.

In the little town of Elciego, the Marques de Riscal winery has one of these futuristic buildings designed by world-famous architect Frank Gehry (he also designed the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, a hundred miles or so to the north). This time, however, he "pushed the envelope" (so to speak) of the Guggenheim style. He made the Guggenheim convoluted shapes flow more freely as if a storm were blowing on the outer surfaces and making them flap like flags in the wind. The result is absolutely astonishing. The sole purpose for the edifice is to be a temple to Bacchus, the god of wine!

A few miles away, just outside Laguardia, another famous architect by the name of Santiago Calatrava recently created the Isios winery. (He also designed the new Olympic stadium in Athens, Greece, and the ultra-modern City of Arts and Sciences/Performing Arts Center, in Valencia, Spain) Although not as much "out-on-the-edge" as the Marques de Riscal winery, its soaring, wavy roof set against the backdrop of the blue sky and the green mountain range is a sight to see.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ALAVA, one of the Basque Provinces of northern Spain; bounded on the N. by Biscay and Guipuzcoa, E. by Navarre, S. by Logrono, and W. by Burgos. Pop. (1900) 96,385; area 1175 sq. m. The countship of Trevino (190 sq. m.) in the centre of Alava belongs to the province of Burgos. The surface of Alava is very mountainous, especially on the north, where a part of the Pyrenees forms its natural boundary. It is separated from Logrono by the river Ebro, and its other rivers are the Zadorra and the Ayuda. The climate is mild in summer, fitful in autumn and spring, and very cold in winter, as even the plains are high and shut in on three sides by mountains snow-clad during several months. The soil in the valleys is fertile, yielding wheat, barley, maize, flax, hemp and fruits. Oil and a poor kind of wine called chacoli are also produced. Many of the mountains are clothed with forests of oak, chestnuts, beeches and other trees, and contain iron, copper, lead and marble. Salt is also found in large quantities; but mining and quarrying are not practised on a large scale; only lead, lignite and asphalt being worked. There are mineral waters in many places. Other local industries of some importance include smelting, and manufactures of beds, furniture, railway carriages, matches, paper, sweets and woollen and cotton goods. Bread-stuffs, colonial products and machinery are largely imported. Few provinces in Spain are inhabited by so laborious, active and well-to-do a population. The primary schools are numerously attended, and there are very good normal schools for teachers of both sexes, and a model agricultural farm. The public roads and other works of the province are excellent, and, like those of the rest of the Basque provinces, entirely kept up by local initiative and taxes. Railways from Madrid to the French frontier, and from Saragossa to Bilbao, cross the province. The capital is Vitoria (pop. 1900, 30,701), which is the only town with more than 3 500 inhabitants.

For a fuller account of the history, people and customs of Alava, see Basques and Basque Provinces, with the works there cited.

A very elaborate bibliography is given in the Catalogo de las obras referentes d las provincias de Alava y Navarra, by A. A. Salazar (Madrid, 1887.) The following books by J. J. Landazuri y Romarate contain much material for a provincial history: - Historia ecclesiastics, &c. (Pamplona, 1797); Historia civil, &c. (Vitoria, 1798); Compendios historicos de la ciudad y villas de. Alava, &c. (Pamplona, 1798); Suplemento a los cuatro libros de la historia de Alava (Vitoria, 1799); and Los varones illustres Alavenses (Vitoria, 1798). See also M. Risco in vol. 33 of Hispania Sagrada, by H. Florez, &c. (Madrid, 1754-1879).

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