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Albany, Oregon
—  City  —
First Avenue west in downtown
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°37′49″N 123°5′46″W / 44.63028°N 123.09611°W / 44.63028; -123.09611
Country United States
State Oregon
Counties Linn, Benton
Incorporated 1864
Government
 - Mayor Sharon Konopa
Area
 - Total 16.1 sq mi (41.6 km2)
 - Land 15.9 sq mi (41.1 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 210 ft (64.1 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 40,852
 - Density 2,571.8/sq mi (993.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97321-97322
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-01000[1]
GNIS feature ID 1116796[2]
Website www.cityofalbany.net

Albany is a city in Benton and Linn Counties in the western part of the U.S. state of Oregon. It is located in the Willamette Valley and is the county seat of Linn County.[3] As of the 2000 census, the city population was 40,852. As of 2007, Albany was the 11th largest city in Oregon.[4] The estimated population was 48,770 in 2008.[5]

Contents

History

The city is located at the confluence of the Calapooia River and the Willamette River. Up until the 19th century, the area was inhabited by Kalapuya, a Penutian-speaking Native American people who lived in the middle Willamette Valley.

The Kalapuya called the area Takenah, from a word describing the "deep pool where the Calapooia River meets the Willamette River" (and could humorously be translated to "hole in the ground").[6] The name may have referred to a location near the confluence of the Calapooia where the current had cut a hole near the bank.[7] A variation of the place name can also be written as Tekenah.

The first European settler inside the current city limits of Albany arrived in 1846.[7] Albany was founded by the brothers Walter and Thomas Monteith, a family of early prominence in the area, in 1848, when they bought the claim to the townsite from squatter Hiram Smeed for $400 and a horse.[7] They named the city "Albany", after their hometown in New York.[8]

The Monteiths built the first frame house in Albany in 1849.[7] The Monteith House was considered the finest house in Oregon at the time.[7] They opened a general store in their parlor the same year.[7][8] The first school was built in 1851, and in 1852, the first steamboat arrived and the first flour mill was built.[7]

In 1849, the town of Takenah was established near Albany, and in 1854, the Oregon Legislative Assembly gave the name Takenah to both towns.[7] The name Albany was restored by the legislature in 1855.[7]

Albany post office was established on January 8, 1850 and renamed to "New Albany" on November 4, 1850.[7] The name was changed back to Albany in 1853.[7]

Although Albany replaced the community of Calapooia near Sweet Home as the county seat in 1853,[9] it was not until 1864 that Albany was incorporated as a city.

Albany was the headquarters for the Mountain States Power Company from its establishment in 1918 until its merger into Pacific Power & Light (now PacifiCorp) in 1954.

In the 1970s Albany attempted to extend its city limits to cover the land to include a zirconium processing plant of Wah Chang Corporation. Wah Chang responded in 1974 by sponsoring a vote to incorporate the desired properties as Millersburg.

Geography and climate

Albany lies in the central part of Oregon's most populated region, the Willamette Valley. Though most of Albany falls within Linn County a portion of it rests on the west side of the Willamette River in Benton County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.1 square miles (42 km2). 15.9 sq mi (41 km2) of it is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2) of it (1.18%) is water. Albany has 21.7 square miles (56 km2) within the Urban Growth Boundary.[10]

The climate in Albany ranges from 30/45°F (average daily low/high) in January to 52/84°F in August.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 1,292
1880 1,867 44.5%
1890 3,079 64.9%
1900 3,149 2.3%
1910 4,275 35.8%
1920 4,840 13.2%
1930 5,325 10.0%
1940 5,654 6.2%
1950 10,115 78.9%
1960 12,926 27.8%
1970 18,181 40.7%
1980 26,546 46.0%
1990 29,462 11.0%
2000 40,852 38.7%
Est. 2008 48,081 17.7%
source:[11][12]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 40,852 people, 16,108 households, and 10,808 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,571.8/sq mi. There were 17,374 housing units at an average density of 1,093.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 91.68% White, 0.53% African American, 1.22% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.65% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.

There were 16,108 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,409, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had a median income of $36,457 versus $24,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,570. About 9.3% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Albany is governed via the mayor-council system. The city council consists of six members elected from one of three wards with each ward electing two members. Council members serve four year terms. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote to a two year term.

Economy

Albany is known as the "rare metals capital of the world", producing zirconium, hafnium and titanium.[13]

Albany and the surrounding communities are major exporters of grass seed. Other crops produced include corn, beans, mint, strawberries, and hazelnuts.

The decline of the timber industry and the outsourcing of manufacturing jobs has left Linn County with a relatively high unemployment rate. The Oregon Employment Department does not maintain unemployment statistics for cities.

Arts and culture

Albany Regional Museum
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Annual cultural events

The annual events in Albany include the Northwest Art and Air Festival - An annual festival held at Timber Linn Park, River Rhythms - An annual concert series at Monteith Riverpark (which starts in early July and run through mid-August), Veteran's Day Parade (In which Albany hosts one of the largest Veterans' Day parades in the western United States), Willamette River Festival and Albany Timber Carnival - a carnival that restarted in 2008 after a brief hiatus; it is an annual Albany event in which there are logging competitions and a carnival).

Museums and other points of interest

Areas of interest include the Thomas and Walter Monteith House (Originally constructed near the Calapooia River, the Monteith house is one of the oldest buildings in Albany. It has been relocated twice, most recently to downtown Albany where is serves as a museum and is on the National Register of Historic Places), The Albany Regional Museum (which has exhibits about Albany history housed in a historic building originally built by S.E. Young in 1887[14]), Historic Downtown Albany (which has antique stores, restaurants, Albany Civic Theater, and one of the oldest Carnegie libraries still being used as a library. As of December 2006, a carousel was under construction.[15] It is due to be finished by 2012. Downtown Albany is a National Historic District), and the Albany Civic Theater (one of the oldest civic theaters in Oregon, has operated continuously since the opening of its first production on March 2, 1951).[16]

Parks and recreation

Education

Memorial Middle School

Albany is the home of Linn-Benton Community College, and is served by the Greater Albany Public School District, including West Albany High School, and South Albany High School.

The Albany Collegiate Institute was founded in 1867 and served as Albany's higher education institute for 70 years before it was moved to Portland, Oregon, and renamed Lewis & Clark College.

Media

Newspaper

The primary media outlet is the daily newspaper Albany Democrat-Herald.

Radio

  • KRKT-FM (99.9FM) is a country radio station.
  • HOPE (107.9FM) is a Christian contemporary music radio station.
  • KGAL (1580 AM) is a news/talk radio station.
  • KSHO (920 AM) is an oldies radio station.
  • KWIL (AM 790) is a Christian station.

Infrastructure

Amtrak Station
City Hall

Transportation

Albany is adjacent to Interstate 5, while Oregon Route 99E runs through it in a north and south direction and U.S. Route 20 runs through it in an east and west direction.

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Albany from its station at 10th Avenue SW on two routes. Long-haul train route the Coast Starlight (with service from Los Angeles to Seattle) stops in Albany daily in both directions. Amtrak Cascades commuter trains operate between Vancouver, British Columbia and Eugene, Oregon, and serve Albany several times daily in both directions.

Public transportation within Albany is provided by Albany Transit System (ATS). Connections to Corvallis, Oregon are provided by bus service via the Linn-Benton Loop and the Valley Retriever Thruway inter-county bus systems. ATS, the Linn-Benton Loop, and the Valley Retriever all provide bus service to and from the Amtrak station.

Notable residents

Sister cities

Albany has two sister cities:[17]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ Oregon Blue Book
  5. ^ PSU:Population Research Center
  6. ^ "Albany Firsts". City of Albany, Oregon. http://www.ci.albany.or.us/about/history-firsts.php. Retrieved 2007-04-18.  
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh Edition ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 12. ISBN 0-87595-277-1.  
  8. ^ a b "illustrating Four Treatments in Oregon". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/workingonthepast/case_studies/monteith1.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-06.  
  9. ^ Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
  10. ^ http://www.cityofalbany.net/about/statistics.php
  11. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 206.
  12. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. Retrieved 2009-05-09.  
  13. ^ NETL: Careers and Fellowships - NETL Community
  14. ^ "Albany Regional Museum". http://www.armuseum.com.  
  15. ^ "Albany Brass Ring". http://www.albanybrassring.com.  
  16. ^ Albany Civic Theater
  17. ^ "Oregon Sister Relationships". Oregon Economic and Community Development Department. http://www.econ.state.or.us/oregontrade/sistercities.htm. Retrieved 2007-03-03.  

External links

Coordinates: 44°37′49″N 123°05′46″W / 44.630188°N 123.095992°W / 44.630188; -123.095992


Simple English

Albany, Oregon
—  City  —
First Avenue west in downtown
Nickname(s): Hub of the Valley[1][2][3] Grass Seed Capital[4] Rear Metals Capital[5]
Motto: The center of the Willamette Valley; the heart of Oregon [6]
Coordinates: 44°37′49″N 123°5′46″W / 44.63028°N 123.09611°W / 44.63028; -123.09611
Country United States
State Oregon
Counties Linn, Benton
Incorporated 1864
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - Mayor Sharon Konopa
Area
 - City 16.1 sq mi (41.6 km2)
 - Land 15.9 sq mi (41.1 km2)
 - Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
 - Urban 21.7 sq mi (56 km2)
Elevation 210 ft (64.1 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 40,852
 Density 2,571.8/sq mi (993.3/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 97321-97322
Area code(s) 541, 458
FIPS code 41-01000[7]
GNIS feature ID 1116796[8]
Website www.cityofalbany.net

Albany is the eleventh largest city as of 2007[9] in the U.S. state of Oregon, and is the county seat of Linn county.[10] It is located in the Willamette Valley where the Calapooia River and the Willamette River meet. it is in both Linn and Benton Counties, just east of Corvallis and south of Salem Oregon. Albany is largely a farming and manufacturing based city. Settlers started the community in 1848,[11] as of the 2000 census, the city population rested at 40,852[12] with 91.68% of the population being White. The population has since increased to an estimated population of 49,165 as of 2009.[13]

Albany has a home rule charter and is a Council-Manager management style to the city where the full time unelected City Manager administers the day-to-day operations and affairs of the city for the Council and is the head of the city.[11] The city provides the population with access to over 30 parks and trails along with running the senior center and many cultural events such as River Rhythms and Mondays at Monteith. On top of having a large farming and manufacturing base the city largely depends on Retail trade, Health care & social assistance to drive its economic structure.[14] In recent years the city has taken great efforts to fix up the downtown shopping area, with help from The Central Albany Revitalization Area (CARA), in to a major portion of the economy.[15][16]

Contents

History

Prior to the arrival of the first European settlers to the area of the Willamette Valley that makes up modern day Albany was inhabited by one of the tribes of the Kalapuya,[17][18] a Penutian-speaking,[19] Native American people.[20] The Kalapuya had named the area Takenah.[1] a Kalapuyan word used to describe the deep pool where the Calapooia River meets the Willamette River.[1][21] A variation of the place name can also be written as Tekenah.

The Kalapuya population was between 4,000 and 20,000 individuals throughout the Valley before contact with whites, but shortly after contact was made and new diseases were introduction the tribes suffered from the . smallpox epidemic that raged through the Pacific Northwest in 1782-83. Then followed by Malaria sweeping through the region between 1830 and 1833. It is estimated that as many as ninety percent of the Kalapuya population died during this period.[22] That coupled with the treaties signed during the 1850s the area was nearly free for Europeans to move on to the land.[17]

In 1845, the first European settler to come to the area was a farmer from Iowa by the name of Abner Hackleman. Mr. Hackleman took up a land claim for himself and Hiram N. Smead to hold another land claim for him until his son arrived for the claim from Iowa, but in 1846 only a year after arriving in Oregon, Abner died while returning to Iowa to fetch his family.[23] Shortly after in 1847 a pair of brother Walter and Thomas Monteith, who had traveled by ox team over the Oregon Trail[24] from their native New York State . They were a family of early prominence in the area, in 1848,[11] when they bought the claim of 320 acres, plotting out 60 acres for the townsite[24] from Hiram Smead for $400 and a horse.[1][21] They founded named the city "Albany", after their hometown the state capitol of New York in 1848.[25] During the same period Abner Hackleman's son Abram Hackleman returned to his fathers original land claim and built a log house in an oak grove still known as Hackleman's Grove. He later built the house that still stands at the corner of Fifth and Jackson. The small community that had formed on the Hackleman land formed the community of Takenah.[23]

During the early period in Albany's history in mid-1800s, the Monteith family and the Hackleman family were literally and politically on opposite sides of the fence. Residents in the Monteith's portion of town were mainly merchants and professionals consisting mostly of Republican. They tended to sympathies with Union during the civil war. The residents from the Hackleman's portion of town to the east were made up mostly of working class Democrats who sided with the Confederacy. They even went so far as to plant a hedge separating the sides of town near Baker Street.[26]

The Monteiths with help from Samuel Althouse.[24] built the first frame house in Albany the following year in 1849.[21] The Monteith House was considered the finest house in Oregon at the time.[21] That same year with the start of the California Gold Rush that had caught the attention of the Monteith brothers and lead to a successful venture to the Goldfields by the brothers provided them with the needed recourses to inter in to several business ventures .[24] Such as the general store they opened their parlor the same year.[21][25] It was the establishment of their businesses that lead to Albany becoming a major Hub City in the Willamette valley. Also within 1849 the community of Takenah was established near albany.[21]

Albany's first school was established in 1851 by the town's first Physician R. C. Hill with the first school teacher being Eleanor B. Hackleman, the wife of Abram Hackleman,[27] but it was not until 1855 that a building was specifically erected for use as a school.[1] In 1852, the first steamboat, the Multnomah[26] arrived and the first flour mill was built.[21]

File:Linn County Courthouse
Linn County courthouse in Albany

A directorate was issued on January 8, 1850, to establish a post office in Albany. Upon the post office being established, John Burkhart was assigned as the first Postmaster.[1][28] It was eventually renamed to "New Albany" on November 4, 1850.[21] The name was changed back to Albany in 1853. In 1851, Albany was designated as the county seat replacing Calapooia (near modern day Brownsville and Sweet Home)[29] and all court meetings were held there. The first Albany courthouse was built in 1852 on 10 acres (4.0 ha) of land donated by the Monteiths to assure Albany would remain the seat of the county. The new two-story octagonal courthouse was completed on April 26, 1853. The courthouse has since been replaced but the new courthouse stands in the same place.[1]

During 1853–1854, residents of the east side of Albany persuaded the Oregon Legislative Assembly to name both town Takenah.[1] Though Takenah meant deep pool in reference to where the Calapooia River meets the Willamette River, it was commonly translated to mean Hole in the Ground.[21] Partly due to this translation Albany was restored by the legislature in 1855.[21] Finally in 1864, 16 years after the Monteiths founded the town and 19 years after the first European to arrive, it became an incorporated city.[21][30]

File:Occident (sternwheeler 1875).jpg
Sidewheel steamboat Occident, at Albany, near Red Crown Mills

In 1871, the first locomotive whistle was heard in Albany. The arrival of the first train was celebrated as the greatest event in Albany's history. Albany businessmen raised $50,000 to ensure that the rails would come through their city, instead of bypassing it a few miles eastward. The train brought the farmers' markets close as stagecoaches and steamboats gave way to the railroad. The world's longest wooden railroad drawbridge was built in 1888 for the Albany-Corvallis run. By 1910, 28 passenger trains departed daily from Albany going in five directions.[1]

In 1872, the Santiam Ditch and Canal Company was organized and a canal running from the Santiam near Lebanon and completed that autumn. The canal was 18 miles (29 km)[31][32] to the south side of Albany. It divides at the corner of Vine and Eight Streets, one branch running down Vine Street and emptying into Calapooia Creek, with a drop of 32 feet (9.8 m). The other runs down Eighth to Thurston Street.[33] In 1924 Pacific Power installed a turbine where the canal meets the river. In 1984 The city bought the water system from Pacific Power and the plant was shut down in 1991. By 2003 the city had approved a plan to restart the four megawatt-hour hydroelectric plant and in February 2009 the plant opened again.[34]

Albany was the headquarters for the Mountain States Power Company from its establishment in 1918 until its merger into Pacific Power & Light (now PacifiCorp) in 1954.

In the 1940s, the city started the Albany World Championship Timber Carnival which drew in competitors from all over the world to participate in logging skills contests. The event took place over the four days of the Fourth of July weekend, men and women would compete in climbing, chopping, bucking, and burling contests. Though in 2001 it was canceled because of smaller crowds and the state’s declining timber economy.[35] An attempt was made to revive it in 2008 but not since.

In 1942, the U.S. Bureau of Mines established a research center on the former Albany College campus, focusing on the development of new metallurgical processes. First known as the Northwest Electro-development Facility, the site produced titanium and zirconium and fostered the growth of a new rare metals industry in Albany led by internationally recognized companies like the Oregon Metallurgical Company, Oremet and Wah Chang.[36]

In the 1970s, Albany attempted to extend its city limits to cover the land to include a zirconium processing plant of Wah Chang Corporation. Wah Chang responded in 1974 by sponsoring a vote to incorporate the desired properties as Millersburg.[37]

Geography and climate

File:Calapooia River at the Willamette
Calapooia, and the Willamette River

Albany is located in the central part of Oregon's most populated region, the Willamette Valley. It rests along the confluence of the Calapooia River and the Willamette River and though most of Albany falls within Linn County a smaller portion of it rests to the north of downtown on the west bank of the Willamette River in Benton County.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.1 square miles (42 km2). 15.9 sq mi (41 km2) of it is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2) of it (1.18%) is water. Albany has 21.7 square miles (56 km2) within the Urban Growth Boundary.[11] through out the city limits and urban growth area there is limited hills and the city is one of the lower points along the Willamette Valley with elevations ranging 180 to 430 feet (55 to 130 m) above sea level.[11]

The climate in Albany ranges from 30/45 °F (average daily low/high) in January to 52/82 °F in August.[4]

Demographics

2000 Census data

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 40,852 people, 16,108 households, and 10,808 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,571.8/sq mi. There were 17,374 housing units at an average density of 1,093.8/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 91.68% White, 0.53% African American, 1.22% Native American, 1.14% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.65% from other races, and 2.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.09% of the population.

There were 16,108 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99. In the city the population was 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,409, and the median income for a family was $46,094. Males had a median income of $36,457 versus $24,480 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,570. About 9.3% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Albany has a home rule charter and is a Council-Manager[11] management style to the municipality where the full time unelected City Manager administers the day-to-day operations and affairs of the city for the Council and is the administrative head of the city. The current city manager is Wes Hare.[38] The mayor is elected at larger every two years and the position is currently held by Sharon Konopa, and Six-person city council are elected represent the three geographic wards of the city, and have overlapping 4-year terms. The city charter was first adopted in 1891,[11] and the most recent version of the city charter became effective on January 1, 1957.[39]

Albany City Hall is located on Broadalbin Street in the downtown section of the city and was built in 1995. The city hall houses the city managers officer, Finance office, Community development office, public works-engineering office, parks and recreation department officer, and the fire administration office.[40] The city provides its own fire and police services and also provides both their own water supply and wastewater treatment through the Albany Public Works.[41] and the current wastewater treatment plant was completed in the late 1960s.[42] In total the local government employs about 370 people with law enforcement and fire services being the leading aspects.[4] The Albany city government was nationally recognized in 2010 by the Sunshine Review for foster the highest level of government transparency and online accessibility with its website along with only 9 other government agencies around the country.[43]

Albany is also home to the county government and the Linn County Courthouse.

City Council

    • Mayor Sharon Konopa[44]
    • Councilor Dick Olsen, Ward I
    • Councilor Floyd Collins, Ward I
    • Councilor Ralph Reid, Jr., Ward II
    • Councilor Bill Coburn, Ward II
    • Councilor Bessie Johnson, Ward III
    • Councilor Jeff Christman, Ward III

Economy

File:Albany Research
Albany Research Center

Albany calls itself the "rare metals capital of the world", producing zirconium, hafnium and titanium.[45] One of the major producers of theses metals in Albany is Wah Chang Corporation who has a 110 acre site that mainly focuses on the production of zirconium.[46]

Albany and the surrounding communities are one of the major exporters of grass seed around the nation and the world. Other crops produced include corn, beans, mint, strawberries, and hazelnuts. The city is also referred to as the “Grass Seed Capital of the World”.[4]

The decline of the timber industry and the outsourcing of manufacturing jobs has left Linn County with a relatively high unemployment rate. The Oregon Employment Department does not maintain unemployment statistics for cities.[47][48] The losses in the timber industry in and around Albany has lead the city to a more mixed economic base for the city. Lead by Retail trade, Health care & social assistance, and Manufacturing as the three leading aspects of the economy.[14] Oregon Freeze Dry's is a leading employer in the manufacturing sector of the Albany economy with its headquarters located in the city. The company employs over 300 people and was was incorporated in 1963. The Albany facility is the companies main research & development site in the industry,[49] and has recently partenered with EnerG2 to produce carbon electrode material, in a 74,000-square-foot (6,900 m2) former distribution center of Oregon Freeze Dry by 2011 bringing a new green technology industry to Albany.[50]

Albany is also home to The Albany Research Center, which is part of National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). They employ a staff of 120. Albany Research Center was founded in 1943, the laboratory specializes in life cycle research starting with the formulation, characterization, and/or melting of most metals, alloys, and ceramics; casting and fabrication, prototype development; and the recycle and remediation of waste streams associated with these processes.[51]

Albany has a per capita income of $18,570 putting it ranked at 81st in the state.

Arts and culture

File:Albany Regional Museum
Albany Regional Museum

Annual cultural events

The annual events in Albany include the Northwest Art and Air Festival,[52] River Rhythms, Mondays at Monteith, Veteran's Day Parade, Albany Nosh Tour,[53] Albany Wine Walk,[54] Willamette River Festival,[55] and Albany Timber Carnival which ended in 2000 with an attempt to revive it in 2008.[56]

File:Monteith House - Albany
Thomas and Walter Monteith House

Museums and other points of interest

Areas of interest include the Thomas and Walter Monteith House. Originally constructed near the Calapooia River, the Monteith house is one of the oldest buildings in Albany. It has been relocated twice, most recently to downtown Albany where is serves as the Monteith House Museum and is on the National Register of Historic Places, Whitespires Church (another historically registered building), The Albany Regional Museum (which has exhibits about Albany history housed in a historic building originally built by S.E. Young in 1887[57]), Historic Downtown Albany (which has antique stores, restaurants, Albany Civic Theater, and one of the oldest Carnegie libraries still being used as a library. As of December 2006, a carousel was under construction.[58] It is due to be finished by 2012 and is housed at the Historic Carousel Art Studio and Museum.[59] Downtown Albany is a National Historic District), and the Albany Civic Theater (one of the oldest civic theaters in Oregon, has operated continuously since the opening of its first production on March 2, 1951).[60]

Albany has a total of 4 historic districts throughout the city including the Albany Municipal Airport, Monteith Historic District, Hackleman Historic District, and the Albany Downtown Commercial Historic District.[4] Albany's historic districts have just about every housing style built from 1840 and 1920, those including Federal, Gothic Revival, American Farmhouse, Second Empire, Eastlake, Italianate, and Colonial Revival. Those historic districts were recognized as one of the best places to buy a historic home in the nation by This Old House online.[61] In total there are over 700 historic buildings within the 4 historic districts.[62]

Recreation

Albany has two golf courses Golf Club of Oregon[63] a public course and Spring Hill Country Club[64] a private course both located in North Albany. Albany Oregon also has two different bowling alleys AMF Albany Lanes[65] and Lake Shore Lanes[66] which also has a mini golf course outside the bowling alley[67] to provide entertainment to the population.

Parks and recreation

File:Burkhart
Burkhart Square
Further information: Albany Parks & Recreation

The Albany Parks and Recreation Department is the agency responsible for the Senior Center,[68] the Periwinkle Creek Bike Path,[69] and the other 8 trails that are within Albany. The Parks Department is also responsible for all 30 of the listed local city parks in the city,[70] along with the city organized events that occur at theses parks. Such as river rhythms,[71] Mondays at Monteith,[72] and many others.The Parks department is incharge of running and maintaining the Albany community pool[73] and the Swanson Park Action Center which houses the Albany Cool Pool.[74] Albanys Parks and Recreation Department aims to make it where everyone within the city limits lives within 2 miles (3.2 km) of a park. The Parks department is also in the process of adding an additional park to the city, to be named Teloh Calapooia Park.[75]

Albany's Timber Linn Memorial Park house the 63rd Blue Star veterans memorial in the state of Oregon.[76] The memorial is dedicated to Linn County servicemen who lost their lives during all of the 20th century wars.[77] The memorial lists the names of those from Linn county killed in action for each war fought through out the 20th century.[77] The memorial was sponsored by the Santiam District Garden Club and the Linn County Veterans Memorial Association. Albany's Timber-Linn Memorial Park also hosted the American Veterans Traveling Tribute, a replica of the Vietnam Memorial wall in Washington, D.C. in July 2009.[78]

The department also has a urban forestry program which involves the Legacy Forest at Lexington Park, that consists of commemorative tree planting designed to perpetuate the memory or work of individuals and organizations.[79] Also the Heritage Tree Program which was established to recognize trees having historic significance in the community.[80] The city has also been involved with the Tree City USA program that is sponsored by The National Arbor Day Foundation since 1993.[81] The city and Parks Department also take part in Arbor Week.[82]

Education

Further information: Greater Albany Public School District
File:Memorial Middle School Albany
Memorial Middle School, which is located due east of West Albany High School.

Albany is the home to a two year junior college called Linn-Benton Community College, which was established in 1966.[83] The college offers certificates and associates degrees and has mean transfer and duel enrollment programs with OSU totaling over 60 programs of study. LBCC servers over 24,000 full and part time students in and around Albany[84] and is supported financially through tuition, property taxes and the State of Oregon.

File:South Albany High School sign
South Albany High School

The Albany area has also been served since 1979 by the Greater Albany Public School District, including West Albany High School, and South Albany High School Which combine server to educate about 2,700 students.[85][86] Albany is also served by Albany Options School as an alternative to traditional school for grades 6 through 12.[87] In total Greater Albany Public School District serves roughly 8,900 students through out it's 23[88] different schools. Along with the K-12 schools Albany also offers student services at the Maple Lawn Preschool.[89]

The Albany Collegiate Institute was founded in 1867 and served as Albany's higher education institute for 70 years before it was moved to Portland, Oregon, and renamed Lewis & Clark College.[90]

Media

Newspaper

The primary media outlet is the daily newspaper Albany Democrat-Herald[91] which is owned and published by Lee Enterprises. The Democrat-Herald started as a political tool for one of Oregon's first senators.[92] The Democrat-Herald traces its origin to the Albany Democrat newspaper, founded by Delazon Smith in 1859. Lee Enterprises also publishes the Mid-Valley Times the Sunday version of the paper.

Radio

Albany has many stations both Am and FM that have either an office or a transmitting station within the city. The stations range in from country music to rock music and Christian , and with sports radio broadcasts to news/talk radio.

FM stations

  • KRKT-FM (99.9FM) is a country radio station.[93]
  • KFLY (101.5FM) is a rock station throughout the valley.[94]
  • HOPE (107.9FM) is a Christian contemporary music radio station.[95]

AM stations

  • KGAL (1580 AM) -- news/talk radio station.[96]
  • KEJO (1240 AM) -- sports radio based in Corvallis and Albany.[97]
  • KTHH (990 AM) -- talk radio station based in Albany, Oregon.[98]
  • KSHO (920 AM) -- oldies/adult standards radio station.[99]
  • KWIL (790 AM) -- Christian station.[100]

Infrastructure

File:Albany Amtrak
Amtrak Station
File:Samaritan Albany General Hospital
Samaritan Albany General Hospital

Transportation

Highway

Albany is adjacent to Interstate 5, while Oregon Route 99E runs through it in a north and south direction and U.S. Route 20 runs through it in an east and west direction. Just outside the south end of Albany Oregon Route 34 runs from east to west.

Train

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Albany from its Albany Station at 10th Avenue SW on two routes. Long-haul train route the Coast Starlight[101] (with service from Los Angeles to Seattle) stops in Albany daily in both directions. Amtrak Cascades commuter trains operate between Vancouver, British Columbia and Eugene, Oregon, and serve Albany several times daily in each direction.

The station itself was constructed in 1909 for the Southern Pacific Railroad and is built of masonry. It is one of the oldest continuously operating passenger rail stations in the U.S.[102] and has one of the best equipped engine shops in the northwest -- Southern Pacific 4449, which lives at the Brooklyn Roundhouse in Portland, occasionally visits the shop for repairs, as do several other locomotives stored at the roundhouse. The Albany Train Yard was also used to store a pair of ALCO PA diesel-electric locomotives from the mid-1990s to early-2000s. One was shipped to the Brooklyn Roundhouse for restoration, and the other shipped to the east coast to be restored for static display (no engine) in the Smithsonian. Beginning in 2004, the station and the surrounding area underwent an $11.3 million restoration that was funded with a combination of federal, state, local, and Amtrak money.[102][103] In 2006 the city receive the Award in Downtown Excellence from the Oregon Downtown Development Association for the renovation of the station.

Bus

Public transportation within Albany is provided by Albany Transit System (ATS).[104] Connections to Corvallis, Oregon are provided by bus service via the Linn-Benton Loop[105] and the Valley Retriever Thruway inter-county bus systems.[106] ATS, the Linn-Benton Loop, and the Valley Retriever all provide bus service to and from the Amtrak station.

Air

Albany Municipal Airport[107] is a general aviation airport on the eastern edge of Albany and has been open since 1920 and is believed to be the oldest operating airfield in Oregon.In 1998, the airport became the first airport in Oregon to be named to the National Register of Historic Places, and was the City of Albany's fourth National Historic District,[107] And has been home to parts of the Northwest Art & Air Festival since its first air show in 1931.[52][107] It has a single runway with the specs of 16-34 3,004 X 75, and is an asphalt runway. The closest airports with commercial air service available is the Eugene Airport[108] to the south and at Portland International Airport[109] to the north.

Bridges

Albany has both the Ellsworth Street Bridge which was constructed in 1926[110] and the Lyon Street Bridge bridge that was constructed in 1973. They are both 2 lane bridges that make up part of U.S. Route 20. The two bridges connect Linn to the south with Benton county in the north as they pass across the Willamette River. this makes up the major connection of downtown Albany with the north end of town and to Corvallis.

Paths and trails

Albany has many paths and trails open to both pedestrian and bicyclists. Simpson Park Trail is a dirt pedestrian trail with a round trip distance of 2.36 miles (3.80 km). The dirt trail starts at the parking lot of Simpson Park and continuing until the path ends in a grassy area with one very narrow path heading back toward the river. Periwinkle Creek Trail though is the longest of all the paved trails. It is a flat bicycle and pedestrian path that runs along Periwinkle Creek from the northwest corner of Grand Prairie Park to the Albany Boys and Girls Club, and travels a round trip distance of 3.61 miles (5.81 km). There are many other trails through out the city to include, Cox Creek Loop and Waverly Lake Loop, Dave Clark Trail, Oak Creek Greenbelt Trail, Takena Landing Trail,Timber Linn Park Trails, and a proposed Swanson Park Connector a paved path on the north side of highway 99 that connects Swanson Park with the nearby Amtrak/Transit Center.[111]

Albany has made a growing effort to increase itself as a bicyclist friendly town through increasing the number of paths and trails that are open to them. The city was recently recognised as a Bicycle-Friendly Community for 2010 by the League of American Bicyclists for its efforts.[112]

Health care

Albany is served by Samaritan Albany General Hospital, a 76-bed medical facility[113] which is the main hospital for the city. Albany is also served by Samaritan North Albany Urgent Care[114] and Geary Street Urgent Care,[115] all are part of Samaritan Health Services. Outside of Samaritan Health Services there is Albany Family & Specialty Medicine that provides medical services to the community.[116]

Notable residents

  • Jerry Andrus (1918–2007) - magician[117]
  • Mike Barrett (1968–present)[118] - TV announcer of the NBA.
  • Charles B. Bellinger (1839–1905) - federal district court judge. editor of the States Rights Democrat (Now the Albany Democrat-Herald).[30]
  • George Earle Chamberlain (1854–1928)- 11th Governor of Oregon.[119][120]
  • Daveigh Chase(1990–present) - actress[121]
  • Abigail Scott Duniway (1834–1915)-A writer, newspaper publisher, and promoter for women's rights.[122]
  • Alexis Ebert(1990–present) - is an American country pop/rock singer from Albany[123]
  • Falling Up - Christian rock band[124]
  • Gary The Retard (1952–present) - member of the Howard Stern Show's Wack Pack[125]
  • Percy R. Kelly (1870–1949) - American attorney and jurist in the state of Oregon.[30]
  • Michael Lowry (1968–present) - An actor that used to live in Albany.[126]
  • Frank Morse (1943–present) - politician[127]
  • Delazon Smith (1816–1860) - A politician[128]
  • Mae Yih (1928–present) - member of the Oregon Legislative Assembly[129][130]

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