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Albert Fert

Born 7 March 1938 (1938-03-07) (age 71)
Carcassonne, France
Residence Paris, France
Nationality France
Fields Physics
Institutions Université Paris-Sud, Michigan State University
Alma mater √Čcole normale sup√©rieure
Doctoral advisor I. A. Campbell
Known for Giant magnetoresistive effect
Notable awards Wolf Prize in Physics (2006)
Japan Prize (2007)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2007)

Albert Fert (born March 7, 1938 in Carcassonne, Aude) is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. He is currently professor at Universit√© Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific director of a joint laboratory ('Unit√© mixte de recherche') between the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (National Scientific Research Centre) and Thales Group. Also, he is an Adjunct professor of physics at Michigan State University. He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Peter Gr√ľnberg.

Contents

Biography

Fert graduated in 1962 from the √Čcole Normale Sup√©rieure in Paris. He received his master's degree in 1963 at the University of Paris, and earned his PhD in 1970 at the Universit√© Paris-Sud.

In 1988 Fert discovered the Giant magnetoresistance effect (GMR) in multilayers of iron and chromium which is recognized as the birth of spintronics; GMR was simultaneously and independently discovered by Peter Gr√ľnberg from the J√ľlich Research Centre. Since 1988, Albert Fert has made contributions to the field of spintronics.

Honours and awards

Bibliography

  • Fert, Albert. 2006. "Summary of Symposium D on "Magnetoelectronics". Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 423, no. 1: 147.
  • Fert, Albert, and Shang-Fan Lee. 1996. "Theory of the Bipolar Spin Switch". Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 53, no. 10: 6554.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Luc Duvail, and Thierry Valet. 1995. "Spin Relaxation Effects in the Perpendicular Magnetoresistance of Magnetic Multilayers". Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 52, no. 9: 6513.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Marie George, Henri Jaffres, Richard Mattana, and Pierre Seneor. 2003. "The New Era of Spintronics". Europhysics News. 34, no. 6: 227.
  • Hueso, Luis E, Jose M Pruneda, Valeria Ferrari, Gavin Burnell, Jose P Valdes-Herrera, Benjamin D Simons, Peter B Littlewood, Emilio Artacho, Albert Fert, and Neil D Mathur. 2007. "Transformation of Spin Information into Large Electrical Signals Using Carbon Nanotubes". Nature. 445, no. 7126: 410.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Luc Duvail, Tierry Henri. 2006. "Supersymmetric Spin Information is Contained in Large Spinning Carbon Nanotubes". Europhysics Lett.. 80, no. 3: 117.
  • Levy, Peter M, and Albert Fert. 2006. "Condensed Matter: Electronic Properties, Etc. - Spin Transfer in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Hot Electrons". Physical Review Letters. 97, no. 9: 97205.

References

External links


Simple English

Albert Fert
File:Albert Fert at EP2DS 2007 in Genua
Fert at the EP2DS 2007, Genoa
Born7 March 1938 (1938-03-07) (age 72)
Carcassonne, France
ResidenceParis, France
NationalityFrench
FieldPhysics
InstitutionsUniversité Paris-Sud, Michigan State University
Alma mater√Čcole normale sup√©rieure
Academic advisor  I. A. Campbell
Known forGiant magnetoresistive effect
Notable prizesWolf Prize in Physics (2006)
Japan Prize (2007)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2007)

Professor Albert Fert is a French physicist who was born on March 7 1938. He discovered giant magnetoresistance which was used to make gigabyte hard disks much easier to build. He is a professor at Universit√© Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific director of a laboratory called Unit√© mixte de recherche. The laboratory is part of the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (National Scientific Research Centre) and Thales Group. He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Peter Gr√ľnberg.

Contents

Studies

Professor Fert graduated in 1962 from the √Čcole Normale Sup√©rieure in Paris. He received his master's degree in 1963 at the University of Paris, and earned his PhD in 1970 at the Universit√© Paris-Sud.

In 1988 Fert discovered Giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in iron and chromium which began spintronics; GMR was also discovered by Peter Gr√ľnberg from the J√ľlich Research Centre but Peter Gr√ľnberg did not work with Professor Fert. Since 1988, Albert Fert has helped to improve spintronics.

Awards

  • American Physical Society International Prize for New Materials (1994)
  • Grand prix de physique Jean Ricard of the French Physical Society (1994)
  • International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Magnetism Award (1994)
  • Hewlett-Packard Europhysics Prize (1997)
  • Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Gold Medal (2003)
  • Wolf Prize in Physics (2006)
  • Japan Prize (2007)
  • Elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 2004
  • Nobel Prize in Physics (2007)

References

Books by Professor Fert

  • Fert, Albert. 2006. "Summary of Symposium D on "Magnetoelectronics". Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 423, no. 1: 147.
  • Fert, Albert, and Shang-Fan Lee. 1996. "Theory of the Bipolar Spin Switch". Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 53, no. 10: 6554.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Luc Duvail, and Thierry Valet. 1995. "Spin Relaxation Effects in the Perpendicular Magnetoresistance of Magnetic Multilayers". Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter. 52, no. 9: 6513.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Marie George, Henri Jaffres, Richard Mattana, and Pierre Seneor. 2003. "The New Era of Spintronics". Europhysics News. 34, no. 6: 227.
  • Hueso, Luis E, Jose M Pruneda, Valeria Ferrari, Gavin Burnell, Jose P Valdes-Herrera, Benjamin D Simons, Peter B Littlewood, Emilio Artacho, Albert Fert, and Neil D Mathur. 2007. "Transformation of Spin Information into Large Electrical Signals Using Carbon Nanotubes". Nature. 445, no. 7126: 410.
  • Fert, Albert, Jean-Luc Duvail, Tierry Henri. 2006. "Supersymmetric Spin Information is Contained in Large Spinning Carbon Nanotubes". Europhysics Lett.. 80, no. 3: 117.
  • Levy, Peter M, and Albert Fert. 2006. "Condensed Matter: Electronic Properties, Etc. - Spin Transfer in Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Hot Electrons". Physical Review Letters. 97, no. 9: 97205.

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