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Albert Grzesinski (1926)

Albert Grzesinski (born July 28, 1879 in Treptow an der Tollense as Albert Lehmann, died December 31, 1947 in New York City) was a German SPD politician and Minister of the Interior of Prussia from 1926 to 1930.

He became a member of the SPD in 1897. In 1919, he became Under-Secretary of State in the Prussian War Ministry. He declined the position as Federal Minister of Defense in 1920. From 1922 to 1924, he was President of the Prussian Police, and from 1925 to 1926, he was President of the Berlin Police.

His tenure as Minister of the Interior was marked by his efforts to promote democracy, and by the political violence in Germany at the time, especially the violence committed by the communists and hostility between the communists and the social democrats. In 1929, he banned the Rotfrontkämpferbund in Prussia.

He resigned on February 28, 1930, for personal reasons. From 1930 to 1932, he was again Police President. He was removed from his position following the 1932 Preußenschlag, when he was succeeded by the former Police President of Essen, Kurt Melcher.

Following the Nazi rise to power, he fled to Switzerland in 1933. He since emigrated to France and the United States. In exile, he was active in anti-Nazi organisations.

Literature

  • Albert Grzesinski: Im Kampf um die deutsche Republik. Erinnerungen eines Sozialdemokraten. Herausgegeben von Eberhard Kolb. München 2001 (Schriftenreihe der Stiftung Reichspräsident-Friedrich-Ebert-Gedenkstätte 9).

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