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Albert King

Background information
Birth name Albert Nelson
Born April 25, 1923(1923-04-25)
Indianola, Mississippi, United States
Died December 21, 1992 (aged 69)
Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Soul-blues, electric blues, rhythm and blues
Occupations Singer-songwriter, musician, producer
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Labels Stax
Notable instruments
Gibson Flying V

Albert King (April 25, 1923 – December 21, 1992) was an American blues guitarist and singer.

Contents

Career

One of the "Three Kings of the Blues Guitar" (along with B. B. King and Freddie King), Albert King stood 6' 4" (192 cm) and weighed 250 lbs (118 kg)[1] and was known as "The Velvet Bulldozer". He was born Albert Nelson on a cotton plantation in Indianola, Mississippi. During his childhood he would sing at a family gospel group at a church. He began his professional work as a musician with a group called In The Groove Boys, in Osceola, Arkansas.[1] He also briefly played drums for Jimmy Reed's band and on several early Reed recordings. Influenced by blues musicians Blind Lemon Jefferson and Lonnie Johnson, but also interestingly Hawaiian music, the electric guitar became his signature instrument, his preference being the Gibson Flying V, which he named "Lucy".

King was a left-handed "upside-down/backwards" guitarist. He was left-handed, but usually played right-handed guitars flipped over upside-down so the low E string was on the bottom. In later years he played a custom-made guitar that was basically left-handed, but had the strings reversed (as he was used to playing). He also used very unorthodox tunings (i.e., tuning as low as C to allow him to make sweeping string bends). Some believe that he was using open Eminor tuning (C-B-E-G-B-E) or open F tuning (C-F-C-F-A-D). A "less is more" type blues player, he was known for his expressive "bending" of notes, a technique characteristic of blues guitarists.

He recorded his first disc in 1953 for Parrot Records in Chicago, but it made no impact.[1] His first minor hit came in 1959[1] with "I'm a Lonely Man" written by Bobbin Records A&R man and fellow guitar hero Little Milton, responsible for King's signing with the label. However, it was not until his 1961 release "Don't Throw Your Love on Me So Strong" that he had a major hit,[1] reaching number fourteen on the U.S. Billboard R&B chart. In 1966 he signed with the Stax record label.[1] Produced by Al Jackson, Jr., King with Booker T. & the MGs recorded dozens of influential sides, such as "Crosscut Saw" and "As The Years Go Passing By", and in 1967 Stax released the album, Born Under a Bad Sign.[1] The title track of that album (written by Booker T. Jones and William Bell) became King's best known song and has been covered by many artists (from Cream to Homer Simpson).

Another landmark album followed in Live Wire/Blues Power from one of many dates King played at promoter Bill Graham's Fillmore venues. It had a wide and long-term influence on Jimi Hendrix, Eric Clapton, Robbie Robertson, and later Gary Moore and Stevie Ray Vaughan ("Criminal World", on David Bowie's 1983 release "Let's Dance", features a guitar solo copied note-for-note from his hero Albert King by young session musician Stevie Ray Vaughan).[1]

In the 1970s, King was teamed with members of The Bar-Kays and The Movement (Isaac Hayes's backing group), including bassist James Alexander and drummer Willie Hall adding strong funk elements to his music. Adding strings and multiple rhythm guitarists, producers Allen Jones and Henry Bush created a wall of sound that contrasted the sparse, punchy records King made with Booker T. & the MGs. Among these was another signature tune for King with "I'll Play the Blues For You" in 1972.

King influenced others such as Mick Taylor, Warren Haynes, Mike Bloomfield and Joe Walsh (the James Gang guitarist spoke at King's funeral). He also had an impact on contemporaries Albert Collins and Otis Rush. Clapton has said that his work on the 1967 Cream hit "Strange Brew" and throughout the album Disraeli Gears was inspired by King.

As he hit his mid-sixties King began to muse about retirement, not unreasonable given that he had health problems.[1] Nevertheless, when near to death, he was planning yet another overseas tour.[1]

King died on December 21, 1992 from a heart attack in Memphis, Tennessee.

Discography

Albums

Posthumous releases

  • 1993 The Ultimate Collection, Rhino Records
  • 1993 So Many Roads, Charly Blues Masters
  • 1994 The Tomato Years, Tomato Records
  • 1994 Funky London, Stax Records
  • 1994 Chicago 1978, Charly Records
  • 1995 Mean Mean Blues, King Records
  • 1995 Live On Memory Lane, Monad Records
  • 1996 Hard Bargain, Stax Records
  • 1997 Born Under A Bad Sign & Other Hits, Flashback Records
  • 1998 Rainin' In California, Wolf Records
  • 1999 Blues Power, Stax Records
  • 1999 Live In Canada, Charly Records
  • 1999 The Very Best Of Albert King, Rhino Records
  • 1999 A Truckload Of Lovin': The Best Of Albert King, Recall Records (UK)
  • 1999 Albert King with Stevie Ray Vaughan In Session, Stax Records (with Stevie Ray Vaughan)
  • 2001 Guitar Man, Fuel 2000 Records
  • 2001 I Get Evil: Classic Blues Collected, Music Club Records
  • 2001 More Big Blues Of Albert King, Ace Records
  • 2001 Godfather Of The Blues: His Last European Tour, P-Vine Records
  • 2002 Blue On Blues, Fuel 2000 Records
  • 2003 Talkin' Blues, Thirsty Ear Records
  • 2003 Blues From The Road, Fuel 2000 Records
  • 2003 Live '69, Stax Records
  • 2004 The Complete King & Bobbin Recordings, Collectables Records
  • 2006 Stax Profiles, Stax Records
  • 2006 Albert King's King's Jump, Charly Records
  • 2007 Heat Of The Blues, Music Avenue

Recording footnotes

  • Despite the same title, the 1972 and 1977 albums I'll Play The Blues For You differ in content, and the later one is a collection of previously released songs by King and John Lee Hooker.
  • In Session (1999) was actually recorded in 1983 with Stevie Ray Vaughan. An outtake from the sessions not used for the 1999 CD, "Born Under A Bad Sign", appears on Stax Records' compilation Albert King: Stax Profiles.
  • Talkin' Blues (2003) was recorded live in February 1978, and includes interviews with King.
  • King played guitar, and sang on the Finnish rock and blues guitarist, Albert Järvinen's solo 1990 album, Braindamage or Still Alive?.
  • King also was a guest on the 1990 album release by Gary Moore entitled Still Got the Blues.

DVD and videos

  • 1995 Maintenance Shop Blues (VHS), Yazoo
  • 2001 Godfather Of The Blues: His Last European Tour DVD, P-Vine Records
  • 2004 Live In Sweden, Image Entertainment

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues - From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. pp. 72–73. ISBN 1-85868-255-X. 

Sources

External links


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