Albert Park, Victoria: Wikis

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Albert Park
MelbourneVictoria
Port Melbourne Bayside Foreshore Promenade.jpg
Albert Park foreshore, near Kerferd Road
Population: 5,827 (2006)[1]
Established: 1860s
Postcode: 3206
Area: 3.2 km² (1.2 sq mi)
Property Value: AUD $1,100,000 [2]
Location: 3 km (2 mi) from Melbourne
LGA: City of Port Phillip
State District: Albert Park
Federal Division: Melbourne Ports
Suburbs around Albert Park:
Port Melbourne South Melbourne Melbourne
Port Melbourne Albert Park Melbourne
Middle Park Middle Park

Albert Park is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3 km south from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Port Phillip. At the 2006 Census, Albert Park had a population of 5827.

The suburb is characterised by wide streets, heritage buildings, open air cafes, parks and significant stands of mature exotic trees including Canary Island Date Palm and London Planes.

Since 1996, Albert Park and Lake has been home to the Australian Grand Prix.

Contents

History

St Vincent Gardens in 1878. Rochester Terrace is in the background
Kerferd Road Pier in 1905

Indigenous Australians first inhabited the area that is now Albert Park around 40,000 years ago. The area was a series of swamps and lagoons.

The main park after which the suburb was named was declared a public park and named in 1864 to honour Queen Victoria's consort, Prince Albert.[3]

Albert Park was used as a garbage dump, a military camp and for recreation before the artificial lake was built.

The suburb of Albert Park extends from the St Vincent Gardens to Beaconsfield Parade and Mills Street. It was settled residentially as an extension of Emerald Hill, South Melbourne.

In 1854 a land-subdivision survey was done from Park Street, South Melbourne, to the northern edge of the parkland (Albert Road). St. Vincent Gardens were laid out and the surrounding streets became the best address for successful citizens. Street names commemorated Trafalgar and Crimean War personalities.[4]

Heritage Victoria notes that Albert Park's St Vincent Gardens, Melbourne "is historically important as the premier 'square' development in Victoria based on similar models in London. It is significant as the largest development of its type in Victoria and for its unusual development as gardens rather than the more usual small park" and "was first laid out in 1854 or 55, probably by Andrew Clarke, the Surveyor-General of Victoria. The current layout is the work of Clement Hodgkinson, the noted surveyor, engineer and topographer, who adapted the design in 1857 to allow for its intersection by the St Kilda railway. The precinct, which in its original configuration extended from Park Street in the north to Bridport Street in the south, and from Howe Crescent in the east to Nelson Road and Cardigan Street in the west, was designed to emulate similar 'square' developments in London, although on a grander scale. The main streets were named after British naval heroes. The development of the special character of St Vincent Place has been characterised, since the first land sales in the 1860s, by a variety of housing stock which has included quality row and detached houses and by the gardens which, although they have been continuously developed, remain faithful to the initial landscape concept."''

St Vincent's is a garden of significant mature tree specimens registered with the National Trust and is locally significant for the social focus the gardens provide to the neighbourhood. Activities in the park range from relaxing walks, siestas to organised sports competition. The Lawn Bowls Club was established in 1873 and the Tennis Club established 1883 on the site of an earlier croquet ground."

Nick Heidfeld and Nico Rosberg racing at the 2008 Australian Grand Prix

The suburb has been home to the Formula One Australian Grand Prix since 1996. The choice of Albert Park as a Grand prix venue was controversial, with protests by the Save Albert Park group. In preparing the Reserve for the race existing trees were cut down and replaced during landscaping, roads were upgraded, and facilities were replaced, most notably the Melbourne Sports and Aquatic Centre. Today, the lake circuit is popular with strollers, runners and cyclists. Dozens of small yachts sail around the lake on sunny days. In December 2006 Polo returned to Albert Park reserve after an absence of 100 years.

Sport

old Lake Oval grandstand, unused and in a state of disrepair

Bob Jane Stadium is located in Albert Park and is home to Victorian Premier League team South Melbourne FC. The purpose built football (soccer) stadium was built on the site of the old Lakeside Oval which was an historic Australian rules football venue.

Local landmarks

  • Albert Park - the massive Albert Park Reserve, (formerly South Park in the 19th century until it was also renamed after Prince Albert) is nearby. It is a significant state park managed by Parks Victoria. It is also known as the site of the Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, home to the Formula One Australian Grand Prix each March; usually on the Labour Day weekend.
  • Bridport Street - centre of affluent living [5]
  • Victoria Avenue - known for its cafes, delicatessens and boutiques
  • Kerferd Road - Kerferd Road is a royal boulevard of elm trees with a giant reserve between flanked on either side by an unusual array of eclectic semi-detached Edwardian homes
  • Kerferd Kiosk - an iconic Edwardian pavilion
  • Kerferd Pier - terminates Kerferd Road and is a jetty out onto Port Phillip Bay. Many use it for fishing. Sharks have occasionally been found around the pier.
  • Beaconsfield Parade - a main thoroughfare between St Kilda and Port Melbourne which runs along the Port Phillip Bay foreshore and is flanked by grand buildings and Victorian terrace homes
  • Victoria Hotel - a grand hotel (formerly a Coffee Palace) built in 1887 on Beaconsfield Parade - now apartments and cafe bar.
  • The Biltmore - a former Coffee Palace converted into apartments in the 1990s.
  • Andrew's Hamburgers - known for their succulent, mouth-watering hamburgers, since 1957. Have also been featured in the Herald Sun on numerous occasions.
  • St Vincent Gardens - the most important 'square' development in Victoria, if not Australia, based on similar models in London
  • Melbourne Sports and Aquatic Centre - large swimming centre which hosted the 2006 Commonwealth Games squash, swimming and diving events. MSAC has basketball and table tennis courts too.

Famous former citizens

Gallery

See also

Reference list

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Albert Park (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=SSC21011&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2007-09-29.  
  2. ^ Albert Park, accessed 30 March 2009
  3. ^ Kennedy, B: Australian Place Names, page 3. ABC Books, 2006
  4. ^ Monash University online gazetteer Australian Places: Albert Park.
  5. ^ MelbourneAustralia.com.au suburb information "Albert Park - Home of the Australian F1 Grand Prix" Accessed September 30, 2006.
  • Barnard, Jill and Keating, Jenny, "People's Playground: A History of the Albert Park", Chandos Publishing, 1996.
  • Melway, 29th Edition, Ausway Publishing, 2001.

External links

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