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Albrecht Achilles (Korvettenkapitän): Wikis

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Albrecht Archilles
25 January 1914(1914-01-25) – 27 September 1943 (aged 29)
Achillesgermany.jpg
Official portrait of Korvettenkapitän Albrecht Achilles
Place of birth Karlsruhe
Place of death northeast of Bahia, Brazil
12°30′S 35°35′W / 12.5°S 35.583°W / -12.5; -35.583 (place of death of Albrecht Achilles)
Allegiance Nazi Germany Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1934 – 1943
Rank Korvettenkapitän (posthumous)
Unit battleship "Schleswig-Holstein"
battlecruiser "Gneisenau"
U-66
Commands held U-161
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Iron Cross 1st Class
U-boat War Badge
Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Albrecht Achilles (25 January 1914 – 27 September 1943) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and commander of U-161.

Contents

Military career

Albrecht Achilles joined the Reichsmarine[a] in April 1934 and transferred to the U-boat service in April 1940. For one year he served as a commander trainee as first and second watch officer on board various U-boats, including three patrols on U-66 under the command of Robert-Richard Zapp, before taking over command of U-161 from Kapitänleutnant Hans Witt.

Whilst commander of U-161 Achilles is credited with the sinking of 15 merchant ships totalling 64,842 tons. Achilles also sank the United States Lighthouse Service ship Acacia and damaged the British light cruiser HMS Phoebe on 23 October 1942.

Albrecht Achilles and his entire crew were killed in action when U-161 was sunk northeast of Bahia on 27 September 1943 by depth charges from a US Mariner aircraft (USN VP-74/P-2).

Dates of rank

Awards

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References in the Wehrmachtbericht

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
12 March 1942 Bei den Unternehmungen in Amerikanischen Gewässern zeichneten sie die Unterseeboote unter Führung der Kapitänleutnante Achilles und Nico Clausen besonders aus.[4]

Submarines under the commands of Kapitänleutnante Achilles and Nico Clausen distinguished themselves in operations in the American sea.

Notes

Footnotes

Citations

  1. ^ Busch & Röll 2003, p. 300.
  2. ^ a b c Busch & Röll 2003, p. 301.
  3. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 187.
  4. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, p. 54.

References

  • Busch, Rainer & Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939-1945 - Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 3-8132-0515-0.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945 (in German). Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-88740-748-X.
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine (in German). Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-87943-355-0.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 2, 1. Januar 1942 bis 31. Dezember 1943 (in German). München: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, 1985. ISBN 3-423-05944-3.

External links


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