Alcatel-Lucent: Wikis

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Alcatel-Lucent
Type Public (Euronext: ALU, NYSEALU)
Founded 2006 (1898 as Alcatel, 1996 as Lucent Technologies)
Headquarters Paris, France
Key people Ben Verwaayen (CEO), Philippe Camus (Chairman of the board)
Industry Telecommunications
Products Hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises
Revenue €16.98 billion (2008)[1]
Operating income (€5.303 billion) (2008)[1]
Profit (€5.215 billion) (2008)[1]
Employees 77,717 (2008)[1]
Website www.alcatel-lucent.com

Alcatel-Lucent is a global telecommunications corporation, headquartered in Paris, France. It provides telecommunications solutions to service providers, enterprises and governments around the world, enabling these customers to deliver voice, data and video services. The company focuses on fixed, mobile, and converged broadband networking hardware, IP technologies, software, and services. It leverages the technical and scientific expertise of Bell Labs, one of the largest innovation and R&D houses in the communications industry. Alcatel-Lucent has operations in more than 130 countries.

The company is under the leadership of Chief Executive Officer Ben Verwaayen and the non-executive Chairman of the Board is Philippe Camus. Verwaayen and Camus joined the company in the third quarter of 2008 after Alcatel-Lucent’s first CEO Patricia Russo and first Chairman Serge Tchuruk resigned.[2] For 2008, the company posted revenues of €16.984 billion and a net loss of €5.215 billion.[3]

Contents

History

Alcatel-Lucent was formed when Alcatel merged with Lucent Technologies on December 1, 2006. However, the company as a whole has been a part of telecommunications industry since the late 19th century. The company has roots in two early telecommunications companies: La Compagnie Générale d'Electricité (CGE) and the Western Electric Manufacturing Company.[4]

Western Electric began in 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos N. Barton started a small manufacturing firm based in Cleveland, Ohio. By 1880, the company had relocated to Chicago, Illinois and become the largest electrical manufacturing company in the U.S. In 1881 the American Bell Telephone Company — founded by Alexander Graham Bell and forerunner of American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) — purchased a controlling interest in Western Electric and made it the exclusive developer and manufacturer of equipment for the Bell telephone companies.[4]

CGE was formed in 1898 by French engineer Pierre Azaria in the Alsace region of France and was a conglomerate involved in industries such as electricity, transportation, electronics and telecommunications. CGE would become a leader in digital communications and would also be known for producing the TGV (train à grande vitesse) high speed trains in France.[4]

Bell Telephone Laboratories was created in 1925 from the consolidation of the R&D organizations of Western Electric and AT&T. Bell Labs would make significant scientific advances including: the transistor, the laser, the solar cell battery, the digital signal processor chip, the Unix operating system and the cellular concept of mobile telephone service. Bell Labs researchers have won 11 Nobel Prizes.[4]

Also in 1925, Western Electric sold its International Western Electric Company subsidiary to ITT Corporation. CGE purchased the telecommunications part of ITT in the mid-1980s.[4]

AT&T also re-entered the European telecommunications market in 1984 following the break-up of AT&T. Philips promoted the venture in part because its PRX public switching technology was ageing and it sought a partner to help fund the necessary development costs of digital switching. The joint company used the existing manufacturing and development facilities in The Hague, Hilversum, Brussels and Malmesbury as well as its US resources.to adapt the 5ESS system to the European market The joint venture company AT&T & Philips Telecommunications BV doubled annual turnover between 1984 and in 1987 won major switching and transmission contracts, mainly in the effectively captive Netherlands market. In 1987 AT&T increased its holding to 60% and in 1990 it purchased the remainder of the Philips' holding.

In 1998 Alcatel Alsthom shifted its focus to the telecommunications industry — spinning off its Alsthom activities and changing the company’s name to Alcatel. AT&T spun off Lucent Technologies in April 1996 with an initial public offering.[4]

Facing intense competition in the telecommunications industry, Alcatel and Lucent Technologies announced plans to merge. At the same time, Alcatel announced that it would swap its shares of Alcatel Alenia Space and Telespazio for €673 million and a 12.1% stake in Thales, a key player in the French defense industry. This increased Alcatel’s stake in Thales to 20.8%.[4]

Alcatel-Lucent acquired Nortel's UMTS radio access business at the end of 2006. During 2007 the company acquired Canadian metro WDM networking supplier Tropic Networks, Inc.; enterprise services gateway products developer NetDevices; IPTV software company Tamblin; and the telecommunications consulting practice Thompson Advisory Group, Inc. Alcatel-Lucent acquired Motive, Inc., a provider of service management software for broadband and mobile data services in 2008.[4]

Organization

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Offices

  • Global Headquarters:
  • Alcatel-Lucent has three regional groups:[5]
    • Americas
    • Asia Pacific & China
    • Europe, Middle East & Africa
      • Middle East and Africa Headquarters resides in 144 Smart Village, Giza, Egypt.[6]

Business Groups

  • Application Software Group - Develops software for Carriers to deploy, such as digital home management and rich media applications and for Enterprises to use to transform their customer service capabilities.[7]
  • Carrier Product Group - Serves fixed, wireless and convergent service providers with end-to-end telecommunications products.[7]
  • Enterprise Product Group - Provides enterprises with communications solutions such as unified communications and contact centers, IP telephony, IP address and performance management software, and security solutions.[7]
  • Services Group - Offers professional telecommunications services to carriers that encompass the entire network lifecycle.[7]

Management Committee[8]

  • Paul Tufano, Chief Financial Officer
  • Adolfo Hernandez, Europe, Middle East and Africa region
  • Sean Dolan, Asia-Pacific and China region
  • Robert Vrij, Americas region president
  • Kenneth Frank, Solutions and Marketing
  • Janet Davidson, Quality and Customer Care
  • Michel Rahier, Operations
  • Philippe Keryer, Carrier Product Group
  • Andy Williams, Services Product Group
  • Paul Segre, Applications and Software Product Group
  • Tom Burns, Entreprise Product Group
  • Claire Pedini, Human Resources
  • Jeong Kim, Bell Labs

Board of Directors

Research

  • Bell Labs is Alcatel-Lucent's research & development organization.[9]
    • Alcatel-Lucent spent 2.5 billion for R&D in 2008.
    • Alcatel-Lucent Bell-Labs currently has 26,000 active patents.
    • Is involved in 100 worldwide standardization bodies.

Lawsuits

Alcatel-Lucent v. Microsoft

Lucent Technologies filed suit against Gateway and Dell, claiming they had violated patents on MP3, MPEG and other technologies developed by Bell Labs, a division of predecessor company American Telephone & Telegraph. Microsoft voluntarily joined the lawsuit in April 2003, and Alcatel was added after it acquired Lucent. The case, involving a number of patents, is pending in U.S. District Court in San Diego, California.

The first part of the case involved two audio coding patents that Alcatel-Lucent claimed were infringed by Microsoft's Windows Media Player application. Alcatel-Lucent won the trial and $1.52 billion in damages, but the judge granted[10] Microsoft's motion for judgment and new trial.[11],[12] Alcatel-Lucent says it will appeal.[13]

In the second part of the case, the judge ruled that Microsoft had not violated Alcatel-Lucent's patents relating to speech recognition and the case was therefore dismissed before going to trial. Alcatel-Lucent intends to appeal.[14][15]

The third part of the case, involving several user interface-related patents, is scheduled to begin on 21 May 2013.

Additional patent infringement cases, some filed by Microsoft and some filed by Alcatel-Lucent, are pending in the U.S.

Corporate image

The logo of the company was designed by the Madrid office of Landor Associates and the corporate image and advertising is managed by the Paris-based advertising agency, Euro RSCG.[16]

The logo vaguely represents A and L which stand for Alcatel and Lucent and also symbolizes infinity.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "SEC filing - Annual Report Form 20-F 2008". Alcatel-Lucent. http://www.secinfo.com/d17TGs.s1e.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-31.  
  2. ^ Alcatel-Lucent (2008-07-29). "Alcatel-Lucent announces Chairman Serge Tchuruk and CEO Pat Russo to step down". Press release. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4x3tXDUL8h2VAQAURh_Yw!!?LMSG_CABINET=Docs_and_Resource_Ctr&LMSG_CONTENT_FILE=News_Releases_2008/News_Article_001159.xml. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  3. ^ Alcatel-Lucent (2009-02-04). "FOURTH QUARTER 2008: SOLID OPERATIONAL PERFORMANCE - BOTTOM LINE IMPACTED BY SUBSTANTIAL IMPAIRMENT CHARGE". Press release. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4x3tXDUL8h2VAQAURh_Yw!!?LMSG_CABINET=Docs_and_Resource_Ctr&LMSG_CONTENT_FILE=News_Releases_2009/News_Article_001420.xml. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Alcatel-Lucent History". Company Overview. Alcatel-Lucent. 2009. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4w3sfQGSYGYRq6m-pEoYgbxjggRX4_83FT9IH1v_QD9gtzQiHJHR0UAdXXZMA!!/delta/base64xml/L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0FfNUxJ. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  5. ^ "Regional Groups". Company Overview. Alcatel-Lucent. 2009. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4w3sfQGSYGYRq6m-pEoYgbxjggRX4_83FT9IH1v_QD9gtzQiHJHR0UAdXXZMA!!/delta/base64xml/L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0FfNEox. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  6. ^ "ALU MEA". Alcatel-Lucent. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/country?LMSG_CABINET=Corporate&LMSG_CONTENT_FILE=Country_Content/Middle_East/Country.xml&lu_lang_code=en_AA. Retrieved 2009-06-02.  
  7. ^ a b c d "Product and Service Groups". Company Overview. Alcatel-Lucent. 2009. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4w3cTECSYGYRq6m-pEoYgbxjggRX4_83FT9IH1v_QD9gtzQiHJHR0UA8x670Q!!/delta/base64xml/L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0FfNEow. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  8. ^ "Management Team". About Us. Alcatel-Lucent. 2009. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4w38vAGSYGZrqb6kShiBvGOCBFfj_zcVP0gfW_9AP2C3NCIckdHRQCIDusE/delta/base64xml/L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0FfNEoy. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  9. ^ "Innovation". Alcatel-Lucent. 2009. http://www.alcatel-lucent.com/wps/portal/!ut/p/kcxml/04_Sj9SPykssy0xPLMnMz0vM0Y_QjzKLd4w38TIASYGYRq6m-pEoYgbxjggRX4_83FT9IH1v_QD9gtzQiHJHR0UAD-d6Zg!!/delta/base64xml/L3dJdyEvd0ZNQUFzQUMvNElVRS82X0FfQlRD. Retrieved 2009-04-28.  
  10. ^ Pleading Paper
  11. ^ BBC NEWS | Business | Microsoft faces $1.5bn MP3 payout
  12. ^ Microsoft hit with $1.5 billion patent verdict | CNET News.com
  13. ^ Bangeman, Eric (2007-08-06). "Judge tosses verdict, $1.52 billion award in Microsoft MP3 patent case". arstechnica. http://origin.arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20070806-judge-tosses-verdict-1-52-billion-award-in-microsoft-mp3-patent-case.html.  
  14. ^ Broache, Anne (2007-03-02). "Microsoft wins in second Alcatel-Lucent patent suit". CNET News.com. http://news.com.com/Microsoft+wins+in+second+Alcatel-Lucent+patent+suit/2100-1014_3-6163828.html?tag=nefd.top. Retrieved 2007-03-04.  
  15. ^ Montalbano, Elizabeth (2007-03-03). "One Patent Claim Against Microsoft Dropped". http://www.pcworld.com/article/id,129581-c,legalissues/article.html.  
  16. ^ "Euro RSCG set to win Alcatel Lucent rebranding task". http://www.brandrepublic.com/bulletins/br/article/598391/euro-rscg-set-win-alcatel-lucent-rebranding-task/.  

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