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Alefa is one of the 105 woredas in the Amhara Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Semien Gondar Zone, Alefa is bordered on the south by the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, on the west by Qwara, on the northwest by Metemma, on the north by Chilga, on the northeast by Dembiya, on the east by Lake Tana and on the southeast by the Mirab Gojjam Zone. The administrative center of Alefa is Shawra; other towns include Delgi, Dengel Ber, Esey Dibir and Gomenge. Rivers include the Dinder.

Alefa is named after the historic region to the southwest of Lake Tana, which was the target of a punitive expedition led by Emperor Susenyos in 1608.[1]

Demographics

Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency (CSA) in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 292,544, of whom 143,449 are men and 149,095 are women; 20,708 or 7.08% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 14.1%. With an estimated area of 6,393.44 square kilometers, Alefa has an estimated population density of 45.8 people per square kilometer, which is less than the Zone average of 60.23.[2]

The 1994 national census reported a total population for this woreda of 213,961 in 41,309 households, of whom 110,112 were men and 103,849 women; 12,012 or 5.61% of its population were urban dwellers at the time. The two largest ethnic groups reported in Alefa were the Amhara (96.49%), and the Agaw Awi (3.19%); all other ethnic groups made up 0.32% of the population. Two notable minorities reported living in this woreda were the following: the Weyto, who are thought to be the earliest surviving ethnic group to settle around Lake Tana and numbered 397 or 0.19% of the population; and 71 people whom the census labeled as "Felasha". Amharic was spoken as a first language by 96.75%, and 3.18% spoke Awngi; the remaining 0.07% spoke all other primary languages reported. 99.36% practiced Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity.[3]

Economy

A sample enumeration performed by the CSA in 2001 interviewed 46,683 farmers in this woreda, who held an average of 0.73 hectares of land. Of the 63.72 square kilometers of private land surveyed, 94.92% was under cultivation, 3.46% was pasture, none was fallow, and the remaining 1.62% is devoted to other uses; the amount of woodland held is missing. For the land under cultivation in Alefa, 75.38% was planted in cereals like teff, sorghum and maize, 0.5% in pulses like horse beans, 0.24% in perennial crops like coffee, and 6.3% all other crops; the figures for the total area in oilseeds, root crops and vegetables are missing. Permanent crops included 112.86 hectares planted in coffee, 103.85 in gesho or hops, and 2.56 in fruit trees. 79.8% of the farmers both raise crops and livestock, while 15.4% only grow crops and 4.75% only raise livestock.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ G.W.B. Huntingford, The historical geography of Ethiopia from the first century AD to 1704, (Oxford University Press: 1989), p. 160
  2. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics, Tables B.3 and B.4
  3. ^ 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Amhara Region, Vol. 1, part 1, Tables 2.1, 2.7, 2.10, 2.13, 2.17, Annex II.2 (accessed 9 April 2009)
  4. ^ "Central Statistical Authority of Ethiopia. Agricultural Sample Survey (AgSE2001). Report on Area and Production - Amhara Region. Version 1.1 - December 2007" (accessed 26 January 2009)

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