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Alejandro Lanusse

In office
March 22, 1971 – May 24, 1973
Preceded by Roberto M. Levingston
Succeeded by Héctor Cámpora

Born August 28, 1918(1918-08-28)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died August 26, 1996 (aged 77)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Nationality Argentine
Political party none
Profession Military

Alejandro Agustín Lanusse Gelly (August 28, 1918 – August 26, 1996) was the 38th president of the Argentine Republic between March 22, 1971 and May 25, 1973.



A graduate of the Army Academy (Colegio Militar de la Nación, class of 1938), he was head of the Regimiento de Granaderos a Caballo (Regiment of Horse Grenadiers, presidential escort unit). In 1951 he was sentenced to life imprisonment for his part in an attempted coup to overthrow Juan Perón. He was released in 1955 with the Revolución Libertadora which finally ousted General Perón. In 1956 he was later designated Ambassador to the Holy See. In 1960 he became Assistant Director of the Superior Military School and later Commander of the First Armored Cavalry Division. In 1962 he took part in the overthrow president Arturo Frondizi and in 1966 in the ousting of president Arturo Illia in support of General Juan Carlos Ongania. In 1968 Lanusse became Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.


Lanusse became President of Argentina in 1971. During his presidency he established diplomatic relations with China and continuously faced political unrest. During his presidency there was an increase in guerrilla activity, many political opponents were jailed. Lanusse negotiated with the peronist guerrilla Montoneros the return of the corpse of Evita (Eva Duarte de Peron) the legendary second wife of General Peron. In August 22, 1971, during a major break from imprisonment at the Naval Base of Rawson in Patagonia, several guerilla members were executed. In 1973 Lanusse called for presidential elections in which Peronist, Hector Cámpora, resulted elected.

Later years

In 1985 Lanusse published his autobiography and criticized the human rights violations that took place during the Dirty War. He was placed under house-arrest in 1994 for criticizing Carlos Menem in a magazine interview.

External links

President Lanusse. Stamp Scott #1450
Preceded by
Roberto Levingston
President of Argentina
Succeeded by
Héctor Cámpora


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