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Alexander Asboth
December 18, 1810(1810-12-18) – January 21, 1868 (aged 57)
ASAsboth.jpg
Alexander Asboth
Place of birth Keszthely, Hungary
Place of death Buenos Aires
Place of burial initially Argentina
later Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, D.C.
Allegiance Kingdom of Hungary
United States of America
Service/branch Hungarian Army
Union Army
Years of service 1836 - 1848 (Hungary)
1861 - 1865 (USA)
Rank Captain (Hungary)
Brigadier General (USA)
Battles/wars American Civil War

Alexander (Sandor) Asboth (December 18, 1810 – January 21, 1868) was a Hungarian military leader best known for his victories as a Union brigadier general during the American Civil War. He also served as an United States Ambassador to Argentina and an United States Ambassador to Uruguay.

Contents

Early life

Asboth was born in Keszthely, Hungary.[1] When Asboth was 8, his family moved to Zombor. Asboth wanted to be a soldier, like his elder brother Lajos, but instead his parents decided he should be an engineer. He studied at the Mining Academy of Selmecbanya and the Institutum Geometricum in Pest.[2]

He then trained at the Hungarian military academy. In 1836, Asboth enlisted to the newly-formed Hungarian Army.[2] He worked as both a soldier and an engineer for the army, and in December 1848 he was promoted to captain.[1] During his time as captain, he took part in the Battles of Kapolna and Nagysallo. After these battles, he joined with freedom-fighter Lajos Kossuth in the 1848 revolutionary movement.[2] Asboth traveled with Kossuth to the Ottoman Empire and then to the United States in 1851, after the revolution failed.[3]

United States and Civil War

Asboth remained in the United States and joined the Union. Starting in July 1861, he served as chief of staff for General John C. Frémont. On September 26, 1861, he was promoted to brigadier general and assigned commanded of the 4th Division in Frémont's western campaign.[4] Asboth later led a division under Samuel Curtis, and during the Arkansas campaign he occupied Bentonville and Fayetteville. He participated in the Battle of Pea Ridge, leading troops at the Little Sugar Creek position.[5] His arm was seriously wounded while bringing reinforcements to support Colonel Eugene A. Carr. Reinforcements were transferred to Henry Halleck from the Army of the Southwest and during the Siege of Corinth, Asboth commanded a brigade in the Army of the Mississippi.[2]

Asboth later commanded garrisons in Kentucky and Ohio. In August 1863, Asboth was assigned to the District of West Florida, with his headquarters at Fort Pickens. He was badly wounded in the Battle of Marianna on September 27, 1864, his left cheek-bone being broken and his left arm fractured in two places.[6]

Later life and death

He was appointed to U.S. Minister to Argentina and Uruguay after the war and died in Buenos Aires in 1868, likely due to his wounds received in Florida.[2] Though he was buried in Argentina,[2] his remains were returned to the United States in 1990 for burial in Arlington National Cemetery.[6]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Cox's pp. 5-6
  2. ^ a b c d e f Warner's pp. 11-12
  3. ^ Watson's pg. 307
  4. ^ Grant's pg. 3
  5. ^ Gracza's pg. 26
  6. ^ a b Welsh's pg. 8

References

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Robert C. Kirk
United States Minister Resident, Argentina
October 20, 1866–January 21, 1868
Succeeded by
H. G. Worthington
United States officially recognized
Uruguay on October 2, 1867
United States Minister Resident, Uruguay
October 2, 1867–January 21, 1868
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