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Alexander Löhr: Wikis


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Alexander Löhr
20 May 1885(1885-05-20) – 26 February 1947 (aged 61)
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-2008-0915-500, Alexander Löhr.jpg
Alexander Löhr in October 1939
Place of birth Turnu-Severin, Romania
Place of death Belgrade
Allegiance Austria-Hungary (to 1918)
First Austrian Republic (to 1938)
Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Luftwaffe (1938-1945)
Years of service 1906-1945
Rank generaloberst
Commands held Luftflotte 4
Heeresgruppe E
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves

Alexander Löhr (20 May 1885 – 26 February 1947) was an Austrian Air Force (Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte) commander during the 1930s and, after the "Political Union of Germany and Austria" (Anschluss), he was a German Air Force (Luftwaffe) commander. Löhr served in the Luftwaffe during the Second World War.


Early years

Löhr was born in Turnu-Severin in the Kingdom of Romania.

Early career

Löhr served as Platoon Commander of a Pioneer battalion in the 85th Infantry Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian army in World War I.

By 1921 Löhr had reached the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel (Oberstleutnant). Between 1921 and 1934 he held many staff positions in the military, including Director of the Air Force in the Federal Armies Ministry. In 1934, he was made Commander of the small Austrian Air Force, a position which he held until the Anschluss in 1938.


On 15 March 1938, Löhr was transferred to the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) where he became commander of the German Air Force in Austria. By then he had been promoted to Lieutenant-General (Generalleutnant). He was commander of Luftflotte (Air Fleet) 4 in the East from May 1939 until June 1942. Luftflotte 4 carried out the bombing of Warsaw Poland in September 1939 and of Belgrade Yugoslavia in April 1941. He was promoted to Colonel General effective 3 May, 1941. Löhr commanded the 12th Army from July 12, 1942 through to December 1942.

From 1 January to 23 August 1943, Löhr was Commander-in-Chief of the South East. He was also the Commander-in-Chief of Army Group E from 1 January up to the end of the war. As Commander-in-Chief of Army Group E, Löhr oversaw the successful Dodecanese Campaign.

Imprisonment, trial, and death

Löhr was imprisoned by the Yugoslavs from 15 May 1945 to 26 February 1947. He was found guilty of war crimes, and executed on 26 February 1947. Specifically, Lohr was executed by firing squad in Belgrade, Yugoslavia, for his role as the commander of the Luftwaffe units involved in the Bombing of Belgrade in 1941.


See also



  • Walther-Peer Fellgiebel (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Schaulen, Fritjof (2004). Eichenlaubträger 1940 - 1945 Zeitgeschichte in Farbe II Ihlefeld - Primozic (in German). Selent, Germany: Pour le Mérite. ISBN 3-932381-21-1.
  • Helden der Wehrmacht - Unsterbliche deutsche Soldaten (in German). München, Germany: FZ-Verlag GmbH, 2004. ISBN 3-924309-53-1.
Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of Luftwaffenkommando Österreich
July 1, 1938 – March 18, 1939
Succeeded by
redesignated Luftflotte 4
Preceded by
Commander of Luftflotte 4
March 18, 1939 – July 20, 1942
Succeeded by
Generalfeldmarschall Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen
Preceded by
General der Pioniere Walter Kuntze
Commander of 12. Armee
August 8, 1942 – December, 1942
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppen Walther Wenck
Preceded by
Commander of Heeresgruppe E
December 31, 1942 – May 8, 1945
Succeeded by


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