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Alexei A. Abrikosov

Born June 25, 1928 (1928-06-25) (age 81)
Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR
Nationality Russia
Fields Physics
Institutions Landau Institute
Moscow State University
Argonne National Laboratory
Alma mater Moscow State University
USSR Academy of Sciences
Known for Condensed matter physics
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (2003)
Notes
He is the son of the physician Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov.

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (Russian: Алексе́й Алексе́евич Абрико́сов) (born June 25, 1928) is a Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2003.

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Biography

Abrikosov was born in Moscow, Russian SFSR, USSR, on June 25, 1928, to a couple of physicians: Prof. Alexei Ivanovich Abrikosov and Dr. Fani Abrikosova, née Wulf. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1948. From 1948 to 1965, he worked at the Institute for Physical Problems of the USSR Academy of Sciences, where he received his Ph.D. in 1951 for the theory of thermal diffusion in plasmas, and then his Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences degree in 1955 for a thesis on quantum electrodynamics at high energies. From 1965 to 1988, he worked at the Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics (USSR Academy of Sciences). He has been a professor at Moscow State University since 1965, and served as an academician at the USSR Academy of Sciences from 1987 to 1991. In 1991, he became an academician at the Russian Academy of Sciences.

In 1952, Abrikosov discovered the way in which magnetic flux can penetrate a superconductor. The phenomenon is known as type-II superconductivity, and the accompanying arrangement of magnetic flux lines is called the Abrikosov vortex lattice.

Since 1991, he has been working in the Materials Science Division at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois on a contract basis. Abrikosov is an Argonne Distinguished Scientist at the Condensed Matter Theory Group in Argonne’s Materials Science Division. His recent research at Argonne National Laboratory has focused on the origins of magnetoresistance, a property of some materials that change their resistance to electrical flow under the influence of a magnetic field.

Honours and awards

Abrikosov was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1966, the Fritz London Memorial Prize in 1972, and the USSR State Prize in 1982. In 1989 he received the Landau Prize from the Academy of Sciences, Russia. Two years later, in 1991, Abrikosov was awarded the Sony Corporation’s John Bardeen Award. He is also a member of the Royal Academy of London, a fellow of the American Physical Society, and in 2000 was elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences. He was the co-recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics, with Vitaly Ginzburg and Anthony James Leggett, for theories about how matter can behave at extremely low temperatures.

References

External links

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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (born June 25, 1928) is a Russian theoretical physicist whose main contributions are in the field of condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2003.

Sourced

  • If they can in their proposals write the word Nano, the chances for funding increase.
    • on the trends of scientific funding, especially all that relates to Nanotechnology, in an Interview with Nobel Laureates in Physics, Alexei Abrikosov and Anthony Leggett, December 9, 2003. The interviewer is Joanna Rose.

External links

Wikipedia

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