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Alfonso
Prince of Asturias; Count of Covadonga
Prince of Asturias
Term 10 May 1907 – 14 April 1931
Predecessor Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Successor Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Count of Covadonga
Term 21 June 1933 – 6 September 1938
Spouse Edelmira Sampedro y Robato
(m.1933, div.1937)
Marta Ester Rocafort-Altazarra
(m.1937, div.1938)
Full name
Alfonso Pío Cristino Eduardo Francisco Guillermo Carlos Enrique Eugenio Fernando Antonio Venancio
House House of Bourbon
Father Alfonso XIII of Spain
Mother Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg
Born 10 May 1907
Madrid, Spain
Died 6 September 1938 (aged 31)
Miami, Florida, USA

Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (Alfonso Pío Cristino Eduardo Francisco Guillermo Carlos Enrique Eugenio Fernando Antonio Venancio Borbón y Battenberg (Madrid, 10 May 1907 – Miami, Miami-Dade County, Florida, 6 September 1938), was an Infant of Spain and the heir-apparent of the throne of Spain 1907–1931.

Alfonso was the eldest child of the then-reigning king Alfonso XIII of Spain and his wife Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg. He inherited the genetic disorder haemophilia from his maternal line. He was a matrilineal grandson of Victoria of the United Kingdom. He and his youngest brother, Gonzalo were kept in specially-tailored jackets to prevent bloody accidents.

He was the 1,120th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Spain in 1907.

His father, Alfonso XIII faced increasing political problems that led Spain to become a Republic in 1931 and the monarch was deposed. They moved into exile.

There had been plans of young Alfonso's deposition from succession, but ultimately he himself renounced his rights to the then-defunct throne to marry a commoner, Edelmira Ignacia Adriana Sampedro-Robato, in Ouchy on 21 June 1933, after which Alfonso took the courtesy title Count of Covadonga. (This was required by the regulations for the succession set by the Pragmatic Sanction of Carlos III.)

They divorced 8 May 1937. He married Marta Ester Rocafort-Altazarra in Havana on 3 July 1937. They divorced on 8 January 1938. He had no issue by either of them. A car accident led to his early death in 1938, at the age of 31. He crashed into a telephone booth and appeared to have minor injuries but his haemophilia led to fatal internal bleeding. He was initially entombed at Woodlawn Park Cemetery and Mausoleum (now Caballero Rivero Woodlawn Park North Cemetery and Mausoleum) in Miami, Florida and was in 1985 re-entombed in the Pantheon of the Princes in El Escorial. His first wife was allowed to retain the title Countess of Covadonga and was present when he was re-entombed.

His predecessor was his late aunt Mercedes, Princess of Asturias who deceased 3 years before Alfonso's birth; in practice, Alfonso's predecessor as first heir to Spain was his first cousin, Mercedes' son, the Infante Alfonso of the Two Sicilies.

His successor technically was his next brother, Jaime, Duke of Segovia who did not receive the Asturias title. Jaime's own renunciation took place soon. In practice (but not titularly) the next heir-apparent of claims to Spanish throne was Alfonso's younger brother don Juan de Borbon, Count of Barcelona. Alfonso's nephew, the Infante Juan Carlos of Spain (the King Juan Carlos) was granted the official title Prince of Spain, not that of Asturias in 1969 by Francisco Franco.

The next member of the Spanish royal family to be officially invested with the title Principe de Asturias was Felipe, Prince of Asturias, Alfonso's grandnephew, in 1977.

Ancestry

Sources

  • TIME, 12 June 1933
  • EL NUEVO HERALD, 23 May 2004
  • EL MUNDO, 2 July 1994

External links

Alfonso, Prince of Asturias (1907–1938)
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 10 May 1907 Died: 6 September 1938
Spanish royalty
Preceded by
Infante Alfonso
Prince of Asturias
1907–1931
Vacant
Title next held by
Infante Felipe
Spanish nobility
New creation Count of Covadonga
1933–1938
Merged in the Crown
Titles in pretence
Loss of title — TITULAR —
Prince of Asturias
1931–1933
Reason for succession failure:
Second Spanish Republic declared
Succeeded by
Infante Juan
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