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The Duke of Hamilton.

Lieutenant Alfred Douglas Douglas-Hamilton, 13th Duke of Hamilton and 10th Duke of Brandon TD, DL (6 March 1862 – 16 March 1940) was a Scottish nobleman and sailor.

Life and Succession

Hamilton was born at Shanklin, Isle of Wight in 1862. Hamilton served as a young man in the Royal Navy. He gained a reputation for being able to dive under the keels of the Dreadnoughts, on which he served, without any equipment, reappearing on the opposite side of the ship to the amazement of his crewmates. He was persuaded to leave in 1888 by his fourth cousin the twelfth Duke in 1890. There was a quite serious possibility that Alfred would provide a good match for the heirless twelfth duke's daughter, Lady Mary. These hopes of maintaining continuity were dashed however in 1890, when Hamilton was partially paralysed by a rare tropical disease he had caught whilst on his last tour of duty. Hamilton recovered however and succeeded in 1895. Whilst inheriting all entailed property and assets from his cousin and a £1 million debt, a large share of the Hamilton lands and properties went to Lady Mary, latterly the Duchess of Montrose. The properties that left the Hamilton family at this time included Brodick Castle on Arran, which had been owned by the Hamiltons for 500 years. One property that did not leave the family was Hamilton Palace, the main family seat. However, the Duke had offered the palace to the Navy during WWI for use as a hospital. Following the end of the war it was considered necessary to demolish it due to subsidence, blamed on the families' own coal mines. Hamilton moved to Dungavel House, which had previously been a Hamilton shooting lodge on moorland close to Strathaven.

Hamilton was Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel of the 4th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry

He was also Honorary Colonel of the 6th Battalion, The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

Hamilton died shortly after his 78th birthday, on 16 March 1940 at the family's property in Dorset, Ferne House.

Marriage and issue

In 1901 he married Nina Mary Benita Poore. and they had four sons and three daughters:

  1. Douglas, Marquess of Douglas & Clydesdale
  2. Lady Jean Douglas-Hamilton
  3. Lord George Nigel Douglas-Hamilton
  4. Lady Margaret Douglas-Hamilton
  5. Lord Malcolm Douglas-Hamilton
  6. Lord David Douglas-Hamilton
  7. Lady Mairi Nina Douglas-Hamilton

Hamilton's sons made aviation history by all being of the rank of Squadron Leader or above at the outbreak of World War II.

References

Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
William Douglas-Hamilton
Duke of Hamilton
1895 – 1940
Succeeded by
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton
Earl of Selkirk
1895 – 1940
Succeeded by
George Douglas-Hamilton
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Douglas-Hamilton
Duke of Brandon
1895 – 1940
Succeeded by
Douglas Douglas-Hamilton
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