The Full Wiki

More info on Alfred Hermann Fried

Alfred Hermann Fried: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Alfred Herrmann Fried.

Alfred Hermann Fried (11 November 1864 - 5 May 1921) was an Austrian Jewish pacifist, publicist, journalist, co-founder of the German peace movement, and winner (with Tobias Asser) of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1911.

Contents

Life

Born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, Fried left school at the age of 15 and started to work in a bookshop. In 1883 he moved to Berlin, where he opened a bookshop of his own in 1887. Following the publication by Bertha von Suttner of Die Waffen nieder! (Lay Down Your Arms) in 1889, he and von Suttner began in 1892 to print a magazine of the same name. In articles published within Die Waffen nieder! and its successor, Die Friedenswarte (The Peace Watch), he articulated his pacifist philosophy.

In 1892 he was a co-founder of the German Peace Society (Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft). He was one of the fathers of the idea of a modern organisation to assure worldwide peace (the principal idea was fulfilled in the League of Nations and after the Second World War in the UN).

Fried was a prominent member of the Esperanto-movement. In 1903 he published the book Lehrbuch der internationalen Hilfssprache Esperanto (Textbook of the International Language of Esperanto). In 1911 he received the Nobel Peace Prize together with Tobias Asser. During the First World War he lived in Switzerland and died in Vienna in 1921.

Work

  • Das Abrüstungs-Problem: Eine Untersuchung. Berlin, Gutman, 1904.
  • Abschied von Wien - eLibrary Austria Project (elib Austria etxt in German)
  • The German Emperor and the Peace of the World, with a Preface by Norman Angell. London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1912.
  • Die Grundlagen des revolutionären Pacifismus. Tübingen, Mohr, 1908. Translated into French by Jean Lagorgette as Les Bases du pacifisme: Le Pacifisme réformiste et le pacifisme «révolutionnaire». Paris, Pedone, 1909.
  • Handbuch der Friedensbewegung. (Handbook of the Peace Movement) Wien, Oesterreichischen Friedensgesellschaft, 1905. 2nd ed., Leipzig, Verlag der «Friedens-Warte», 1911.
  • «Intellectual Starvation in Germany and Austria», in Nation, 110 (March 20, 1920) 367-368.
  • International Cooperation. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Richardson [1918].
  • Das internationale Leben der Gegenwart. Leipzig, Teubner, 1908.
  • «The League of Nations: An Ethical Institution», in Living Age, 306 (August 21, 1920) 440-443.
  • Mein Kriegstagebuch. (My War Journal) 4 Bde. Zürich, Rascher, 1918-1920.
  • Pan-Amerika. Zürich, Orell-Füssli, 1910.
  • The Restoration of Europe, transl. by Lewis Stiles Gannett. New York, Macmillan, 1916.
  • Der Weltprotest gegen den versailler Frieden. Leipzig, Verlag der Neue Geist, 1920.
  • Die zweite Haager Konferenz: Ihre Arbeiten, ihre Ergebnisse, und ihre Bedeutung. Leipzig, Nachfolger [1908].

See also

References

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message