Algeciras: Wikis

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Algeciras
—  Municipality  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Algeciras is located in Spain
Algeciras
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 36°7′39″N 5°27′14″W / 36.1275°N 5.45389°W / 36.1275; -5.45389Coordinates: 36°7′39″N 5°27′14″W / 36.1275°N 5.45389°W / 36.1275; -5.45389
Country  Spain
Autonomous community Andalusia
Province Cádiz
Comarca Campo de Gibraltar
Judicial district Algeciras
Founded Pre-Roman
Government
 - Alcalde Tomás Herrera Hormigo (2007) (PSOE)
Area
 - Total 86 km2 (33.2 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (66 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 120,469
 - Density 1,400.8/km2 (3,628.1/sq mi)
 - Demonym Algecireño, ña, Especial
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11200-11209
Dialing code (+34) 956/856
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Algeciras is a port city in the south of Spain, and is the largest urban area on the Bay of Gibraltar (in Spanish, the Bahía de Algeciras). It is the busiest port in Spain[1]. It is situated on the Río de la Miel 20 km north of Tarifa, which is the southernmost town of the Iberian peninsula and continental Europe. It has a population in 2008 of 115,333 people. It is the 28th-most populous metropolitan area in Spain with the population 206,000[2] or 230,203[3].

Contents

Name

The site of Roman cities called Portus Albus, Caetaria (current Getares) and Iuliua Tracta, the current name of Algeciras seems to come from the Arab occupation of the Iberian Peninsula: Al-Caetaria (with the Arab article added to the name of the preexisting Roman town) or AlJazīra AlKhadrā' Arabic الجزيرة الخضراء or Green Island.

History

The area of the city has been populated since prehistory, and the earliest remains belong to Neanderthal populations from the Paleolithic. Due to its strategic position it was an important port under the Phoenicians, and was the site of the relevant Roman port of Portus Albus ("White Port"), with two near cities called Caetaria (most likely Iberians) and Iulia Transducta (Tarifa), founded by the Romans themselves. After being destroyed by the Germanic Barbarians and their Vandal allies, the city was founded again in 711 by the invading Moors, as the first city created by the Arabs on the occupied Spanish soil. It enjoyed a brief period of independence as a taifa state from 1035-1058. It was named al-Jazirah al-Khadra' ("Green Island") after the offshore Isla Verde; the modern name is derived from this original Arabic name (compare also Algiers and Al Jazeera). In 1344 the city was reconquered by Alfonso XI of Castile. It was retaken by the Moors in 1368, but was destroyed on the orders of Muhammed V of Granada. The site was subsequently abandoned.

Algeciras was refounded in 1704 by refugees from Gibraltar following the territory's capture by Anglo-Dutch forces in the War of the Spanish Succession. It was rebuilt on its present rectangular plan by Charles III of Spain in 1760. In July 1801, the French and Spanish navies fought the British Royal Navy offshore in the Battle of Algeciras, which ended in a British victory.

The city hosted the Algeciras Conference in 1906, an international forum to discuss the future of Morocco which was held in the Casa Consistorial (town hall). During the Franco era, Algeciras underwent substantial industrial development, creating many new jobs for the local workers made unemployed when the border between Gibraltar and Spain was sealed between 1969 and 1982.

High Square of Algeciras

As a curiosity, in 1982 Algeciras was the scene of Operation Algeciras, a failed plan conceived by the Argentinian military to sabotage the British military facilities in Gibraltar during the Falklands War. The Spanish authorities intervened just before the attack, and deported the terrorists.

Demographics

Demographic evolution of Algeciras between 1999 and 2005

1999

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

103,106

104,087 105,066 106,710 108,779 109,665 111,283

Source: INE (Spain)

Economy

Port of Algeciras

Algeciras is principally a transport hub and industrial city. Its principal activities are connected with the port, which serves as the main embarkation point between Spain and Tangier and other ports in Morocco as well as the Canary Islands and the Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. It is ranked as the 16th busiest port in the world. The city also has a substantial fishing industry and exports a range of agricultural products from the surrounding area, including cereals, tobacco and farm animals.

In recent years it has become a significant tourist destination, with popular day trips to Tarifa to see bird migrations; to Gibraltar, to see the territory's unusual sights and culture; and to the Bay of Gibraltar on whale watching excursions.

Algeciras is the southern terminus of two principal north-south Euroroutes, the E05 and E15. Both routes, moreover, run to Scotland (the E05 terminates at Greenock and the E15 at Inverness) via France and England.

Climate

Weather data for Algeciras
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.1
(61)
16.7
(62)
17.8
(64)
18.9
(66)
21.7
(71)
24.4
(76)
27.2
(81)
27.8
(82)
26.1
(79)
21.7
(71)
18.9
(66)
16.7
(62)
21.2
(70)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13
(55)
14
(57)
15
(59)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
19
(66)
17
(63)
14
(57)
18
(64)
Average low °C (°F) 11.1
(52)
11.1
(52)
12.2
(54)
13.3
(56)
15.6
(60)
17.8
(64)
20.0
(68)
20.6
(69)
20.0
(68)
16.7
(62)
13.9
(57)
12.2
(54)
15.4
(60)
Precipitation mm (inches) 121.9
(4.8)
106.7
(4.2)
106.7
(4.2)
66.0
(2.6)
38.1
(1.5)
10.2
(0.4)
0.0
(0)
2.5
(0.1)
25.4
(1)
76.2
(3)
149.9
(5.9)
132.1
(5.2)
835.7
(32.9)
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

Tourism

Transport

The bus urban transport in managed by C.T.M. (Cooperativa de transporte de Marruecos).

  • Bus lines:
    • Line 1: Bajadilla-Pajarete
    • Line 2: Colinas-San Bernabé-Reconquista
    • Line 3: Rinconcillo
    • Line 4: La Granja
    • Line 5: Bahía de Algeciras
    • Line 6: Juliana
    • Line 7: Saladillo
    • Line 8: San García-Saladillo
    • Line 9: San García Directo
    • Line 10: El Cobre
    • Line 11: La Piñera
    • Line 12: San García playa
    • Line 16: Cementerio-Centro Penitenciario
    • Line 18: Cortijo Vides-Piñera
    • Line 19: Puerto-S.J.Artesano-Rinconcillo
    • Line 21: San García - Residencia - Puerto - Parque
  • The rail line to Ronda, Cordoba and elsewhere terminates near the port.

Monuments

Capilla de Nuestra Señora de Europa
  • Hornos Romanos del Rinconcillo (century I a.C.). (furnaces)
  • Factoría de salazones de la calle San Nicolás (century I). (salt meat factory)
  • La Villa Vieja, torres de la Huerta del Carmen (century X). (Towers)
  • Parque Arqueológico de las Murallas Meriníes (century XIII). (Archeological Park)
  • Capilla de Nuestra Señora de Europa (1690). (Chapel)
  • Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Palma (1736). (Church)
  • Hospital de La Caridad, (1748).
  • Capilla de la Caridad (1752). (Chapel)
  • Casa Consistorial (1756). (City Council)
  • Capilla de San Servando (1774). (Chapel)
  • Capilla del Santo Cristo de la Alameda (1776). (Chapel)
  • Plaza Alta (1807).
  • Mercado de Abastos de Algeciras of engineer Eduardo Torroja Miret (1935). (Supplies Market)
  • Art School Building. (1971) architect: Fernando Garrido Gutiérrez.
  • Faro de Isla Verde. Project of Jaime Font, constructed in 1864). (Light)
  • Hotel Reina Cristina (1901).
  • District de San Isidro, typical district designed to half to century XX.
  • Hotel Howard Chiu (1823)

Celebrations

Iglesia de la Palma
  • Arrastre de latas (5, January).
  • Feria Real de Algeciras (June).
  • Fiestas patronales en honor de Ntra. Sra. la Virgen de la Palma (August).
  • Fiesta de los Tosantos (1, November).
  • Carnival of Algeciras.

Sports

Education

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Universidad de Cádiz - Campus Bahia de Algeciras

The following education centres are property of the University of Cádiz:

  • Escuela Politécnica Superior de Algeciras
  • Escuela Universitaria de Enfermería de Algeciras
  • Escuela Universitaria de Estudios Jurídicos y Económicos del Campo de Gibraltar "Francisco Tomás y Valiente"
  • Escuela Universitaria de Magisterio "Virgen de Europa"
  • Centro Universitario de Derecho de Algeciras (CUDA)
  • Campus Bahia de Algeciras (Spanish) (English)

Native People

Sister city

References

  • Algeciras. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2006.
  • Algeciras. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2004
  • Lonely Planet Andalucia, Lonely Planet, 2005

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Iberia : Spain : Andalucia : Cadiz : Algeciras

Algeciras is a city in the Andalucia region of southwestern Spain.

Understand

Most travellers come to Algeciras for its numerous ferry connections to Morocco and don't spend more than a few hours in the city. A shame, given the town's quiet charm.

The north-south coastal road, Avenida de la Marina, is Algeciras's main artery. The tourist information office (Calle Cervantes), is well signed from this road.

Get in

By train

The Algeciras train station is located 300 metres west of the port entrance. Just walk outside the station and straight down Calle Cervantes (the street in front of you) until you reach the Avenida de la Marina. You will see signs from here to the port. From Algeciras there are daily train connections to Madrid. Three a day on the picturesque route to Ronda and Granada.

By bus

The central bus station is just up the road from the tourist office, heading away from the port.

By boat

The ferry terminal is the heart of Algeciras and is well-signed from most roads in the city. Services from the following destinations arrive at the port:

  • Ceuta -- daily services running about every hour from 8 am - 10:15 pm. Fast ferries (40 minutes, €18) and normal ferries (90 minutes, €11) are available.
  • Tangier -- daily services running about every 90 minutes from 7 am - 10:00 pm. Fast ferries (70 minutes, €28) and normal ferries (2.5 hours, €23.50) are available.

Your passport must be valid for at least six months after your date of entry into Morocco.

Concerning clothes: Wear something that's comfortable.

Do

See the beautiful Plaza Alta and the neaarby San Isidro district.

Eat

You'll also find plenty of cheap cafes and restaurants along the Avenida de la Marina. They stay open long into the night. Often not closing until past 11pm.

  • Enea Club y Copas.  edit
  • Elite.  edit

Sleep

If you're stuck in Algeciras after the last ferry or bus has left town, you'll find plenty of budget accommodation options in the neigbourhood around Avenida de la Marina. In the busy season, you can expect to get a double for 18 Euros a night.

The Hotel AC on the eastern edge of the city centre is a fantastic brand new (still being built when I stayed there) hotel with very friendly staff. Rates can be as low as 65 Euros per night.

There are a couple of basic hotels opposite the ferry port entrance - I'd suggest the Hotel Al Mar (35 Euros per night single, 65 Euros twin)

  • Comes buses service cities west of Algeciras such as Tarifa, Cadiz and Seville. Portillo runs services to eastern destinations such as Granada, Malaga, the Costa del Sol and hourly to La Línea (right next to Gibraltar).
  • Bacoma handles international connections to Germany, France and the Netherlands, as well as domestic destinations like Valencia and Barcelona.

By boat

To leave Algeciras by ferry, you can buy tickets from agents in town or at the ferry terminal, the prices are the same. Don't forget to allow time before your ferry departure for the usual immigration rigmarole. Services to the following destinations:

  • Ceuta -- daily services running about every hour from 6.30 am - 21.15 pm. (See Get In for pricing).
  • Tangier -- daily services running about every 90 minutes from 7 am - 10:00 pm. (See Get In for pricing).
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

ALGECIRAS, or Algeziras, a seaport of southern Spain in the province of Cadiz, 6 m. W. of Gibraltar, on the opposite side of the Bay of Algeciras. Pop. (1900) 13,302. Algeciras stands at the head of a railway from Granada, but its only means of access to Gibraltar is by water. Its name, which signifies in Arabic the island, is derived from a small islet on one side of the harbour. It is supplied with water by means of a beautiful aqueduct. The fine winter climate of Algeciras attracts many invalid visitors, on whom the town largely depends for its prosperity. The harbour is bad, but at the beginning of the 20th century it became important as a fishingstation. Whiting, soles, bream, bass and other fish are caught in great quantities by the Algeciras steam-trawlers, which visit the Moroccan coast, as well as Spanish and neutral waters. There is also some trade in farm produce and building materials which supplies a fleet of small coasters with cargo.

Algeciras was perhaps the of the Romans, but it was probably refounded in 713 by the Moors, who retained possession of it until 1344. It was then taken by Alphonso XI. of Castile after a celebrated siege of twenty months, which attracted crusaders from all parts of Europe; among them being the English earl of Derby, grandson of Edward III. It is said that during this siege gunpowder was first used by the Moors in the wars of Europe. The Moorish city was destroyed by Alphonso; it was first reoccupied by Spanish colonists from Gibraltar in 1704; and the modern town was erected in 1760 by King Charles III. During the siege of Gibraltar in 1780-1782, Algeciras was the station of the Spanish fleet and floating batteries. On the 6th of July 1801 the English admiral Sir James Saumarez attacked a Franco-Spanish fleet off Algeciras, I. 21 sub where X 2 +� 2 =1 notation; and sustained a reverse; but on the 12th he again attacked the enemy, whose fleet was double his own strength, and inflicted on them a complete defeat. The important international conference on Moroccan affairs, which resulted in an agreement between France and Germany, was held at Algeciras from the 16th of January to the 7th of April 1906. (See Morocco).


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