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Algiers Metro
Info
Locale Algiers, Algeria
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 3
Number of stations 62
Operation
Began operation Phase I: Summer, 2009
Operator(s) EMA
Technical
System length 64 kilometers (40 mi)

The Algiers Metro in Algiers, Algeria, is a transport project dating from the 1970s that was designed to address the need for mass transport caused by the city's explosion. Formally launched in the 1980s, the project slowed down due to financial and insecurity difficulties in the 1990s. The project recommenced in 2003.

The first phase of the line 1 - “Haï el Badr” - “Tafourah-Large post office”, 9 km, 10 stations, currently under construction, may be brought into service at some point in 2010.

Contents

History of the project

During the 1970s, the promoters of the Algiers rapid transit subway project envisoned a 64 km network. Construction was officially inaugurated in 1982, with technical studies completed in 1985. Authorities retained a German company and a Japanese specialist for building the network. The fall of oil prices in the 1980s considerably affected Algeria's ability to further fund the project. Authorities discussed a possibility of integrating the subway development programme into other mass-transit projects, but decided to continue - if slowly.

In 1988, Algeria awarded construction contracts to two national companies COSIDER and [1] - both not experienced in running similar projects. Construction encountered financial and political difficulties, with only four stations constructed in 15 years. Moreover, the Algiers soil is difficult to dig in, and the city's topography is irregular. Work did not advance significantly for many years.

In 1994, a first 450-meter long section, called Emir-Abdelkader, was completed. Another 650-meter section, connecting the Large-Station to Khélifa-Boukhalfa was completed soon after. In 1999, the Company of the Subway of Algiers (EMA) invited international companies to participate in a tender, resulting in two new contracotrs being added to the project: French Systra-Sgte for project management, and Agéro-German GAAMA for construction and completion, within 38 months, of the civil engineering tasks and earthworks. In 2003, benefiting from the return of the economic equilibrium, the government increased fuding and introduced a new organizational and operational structure. In January 2006, further changes were introduced to the project, with integral system development handed to Siemens Transportation Systems. This included the installation of fixed material, signals and electrification. Vinci (construction) was responsible for civil engineering, and the Spanish company Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF) was to deliver a new set of rolling stock, including 14 trains of 6 cars each. The netowrk will use the Trainguard MT CBTC technology, already implemented on line 1 and 14 of the Paris subway.

Building site in progress

Extension of the Algiers Metro

With a length of 9 km, the first phase of line 1 includes 10 stations, connecting Haï el Badr (Bourouba) to Tafourah-Large Post office (Algiers-Center).

  • The section El Hamma - Haï El Badr, with its 4 stations and 17 other works for ventilation and cables was carried out within 38 months. Civil engineering work and rail laying were officially completed on June 30, 2007.
  • The installation and the welding of tracks, a 23 km length (until the deposits) were started in April 2007 by the French company South-western Travaux France (TSO), the building site must be delivered in November 2007.
  • The first car must arrive to Algiers before December 2007.

Extensions

Invitations to tender were launched for the realization of a section of 4 km between Bachdjarrah and El Harrach composed of 4 stations and one viaduct of 250 meters above the strap motorway Ouchaïah Wadi.

  • The Gaama group which carried out the first section quoted of 250 million euros including/understanding the realization of a multimode station (drunk subway/train/taxis) on the level of the railway station of El Harrach.

Two other extensions of line 1 are envisaged to the horizon 2010:

  • of “Tafourah” towards “place of the Martyrs”
  • of Haï El Badr " towards “Aïn Naâdja”, Athlone towards Mullingar

Cost of the project

The total cost of the first phase of line 1 would rise to 77 billion DA, including 30 billion for the civil engineering and 47 billion for the equipment, is close to 900 million euros.

Inauguration

  • The delivery of 14 6-car trains is expected. Each has a 108m length with 208 seats, and can transport 1216 people.
  • The subway will allow the movement of 41.000 travelers/hour, that is to say 150 million travelers/year, with a headway of under 2 minutes. Traveling at a speed of 70 km/h, the subway will be open 5 a.m. to 11 p.m.
  • A first brought into service is announced for the end of 2008. The exploitation of the subway will be entrusted to a tested company, in the form of a mandate of management: RATP assignee of the market in August 2007 was declared.

External links

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