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Algirdas Brazauskas


In office
1988–1989
Preceded by Ringaudas Bronislovas Songaila
Succeeded by Mykolas Burokevičius

In office
25 February 1993 – 25 February 1998
Preceded by Vytautas Landsbergis
Succeeded by Valdas Adamkus

In office
3 July 2001 – 31 May 2006
Preceded by Eugenijus Gentvilas
Succeeded by Zigmantas Balčytis

Born 22 September 1932 (1932-09-22) (age 77)
Rokiškis, Lithuania
Political party Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Kristina Brazauskienė

Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas (About this sound pronunciation , born 22 September 1932) is a political figure in Lithuania. He was President of Lithuania from 1993 to 1998 and Prime Minister from 2001 to 2006. His government resigned on 31 May 2006 after the large Labour Party left the governing coalition [1].

Biography

Brazauskas was born in Rokiškis, Lithuania, and graduated from Kaunas Polytechnic Institute in 1956 with a degree in civil engineering. He took various positions in the government of Lithuanian SSR and Communist Party of Lithuania since 1965:

  • 1965-1967, the minister of construction materials industry of Lithuanian SSR
  • 1967-1977, deputy chairman of State Planning Committee of Lithuanian SSR.
  • 1977-1987, secretary of Central Committee of Communist Party of Lithuania.

In 1988, he became the first secretary of the Communist Party of Lithuania. Under his leadership, the Communist Party of Lithuania supported the Lithuanian independence movement, broke away from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and transformed itself into social-democratic Democratic Labour Party of Lithuania (now merged into the Lithuanian Social Democratic Party). Brazauskas was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet (head of state) from 15 January to 11 March 1990.

After the 1992 parliamentary elections, he became speaker of the parliament and acting President of Lithuania on 25 November 1992. He then won the presidential election with 60% of the vote, was confirmed as President on 25 February 1993, and served until 25 February 1998. He decided not to seek reelection, and retire, in 1998 and was succeeded by Valdas Adamkus, who won the 1998 election.

He subsequently returned to politics, and was Prime Minister from 3 July 2001, appointed by the parliament, until 1 June 2006, when his government resigned as President Valdas Adamkus expressed no confidence in two of the Ministers, formerly Labour Party colleagues of Brazauskas, over ethical principles. Brazauskas decided not to remain in office as acting Prime Minister, and announced that he was finally retiring from politics.

Even so, he led the ruling Social Democratic Party of Lithuania for one more year, until 19 May 2007, when he passed the reins to Gediminas Kirkilas. He now serves as the honorary chairman of the party, and remains an influential voice in party politics.

Algirdas Brazauskas is an Honorary Member of The International Raoul Wallenberg Foundation. Brazauskas was diagnosed lymphatic cancer in December 2008.[2]

External links

Preceded by
Vytautas Landsbergis
as Chairman of the Supreme Council
President of Lithuania
1993–1998
Succeeded by
Valdas Adamkus
Preceded by
Eugenijus Gentvilas
Prime Minister of Lithuania
2001–2006
Succeeded by
Zigmantas Balčytis
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Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Algirdas Brazauskas

Algirdas Mykolas Brazauskas (born September 22, 1932) is Prime Minister and a former President of Lithuania.

Unsourced

  • Kol kabės šitas skuduras, aš nekalbėsiu.
    • Translation: While this rag is hanging, I will not speak.
    • About the Lithuanian flag in meeting of Sąjūdis, 1988
  • Į savarankiškos Lietuvos valstybės idėją aš žiuriu neigiamai. Aš manau, kad tai nerealu.
    • Translation: I look at the idea of an independent Lithuania negatively. I think that it is unreal.
    • Polish journal Argumenty i fakty, 1989
    • About Independence of Lithuania
  • Mes viską vertiname tik vienu požiūriu: kad tik lietuviai tarnautų Lietuvoje ir — lauk okupacinę kariuomenę. Atsakykite man į paprastą klausimą: o kas gi gins Lietuvą?
    • Translation: We assess everthing from only one point of view: that only Lithuanians will serve in Lithuania and — away occupation army. But answer me a simple question: who will defend Lithuania?
    • About withdrawal of occupation army, 1990
  • Aš nesu Dievas, aš tik premjeras.
    • Translation: I am not God, I am only the Prime Minister.

External links

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