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Ali Ardashir Larijani


Incumbent
Assumed office 
2 May 2008
Leader Ali Khamenei
Preceded by Gholam-Ali Haddad-Adel

In office
15 August 2005 – 20 October 2007
Preceded by Hassan Rowhani
Succeeded by Saeed Jalili

In office
21 July 1994 – 21 July 2004
Preceded by Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani
Succeeded by Ezzatollah Zarghami

In office
12 September 1992 – 28 August 1994
Preceded by Mohammad Khatami
Succeeded by Mostafa Mir-Salim

Born 1 January 1958
Najaf, Iraq
Political party Islamic Society of Engineers
Profession Western Philosophy
Religion Usuli Twelver Shi'a Islam

Ali Ardashir Larijani (Persian: علی اردشیر لاریجانی; born 1 January 1958 in Najaf, Iraq) is an Iranian philosopher, politician and the chairman/speaker of the Iranian parliament.[1] Larijani was the secretary of the Supreme National Security Council from August 15, 2005 to October 20, 2007, appointed to the position by President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad,[2] replacing Hassan Rowhani. Acceptance of Larijani's resignation from the secretary position was announced on October 20, 2007 by Gholamhossein Elham, the Iranian government's spokesman, mentioning that his previous resignations were turned down by President Ahmadinejad.[3]

Larijani is one of the two representatives of the Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei to the council, the other being Hassan Rowhani. In his post as secretary he effectively functioned as the top negotiator on issues of national security, including Iran's nuclear program.

Contents

Personal life

Ali Larijani is a son of Ayatollah Hashem Amoli, a brother of Sadegh Larijani (President of the Judicature), Mohammad Javad Larijani, Bagher Larijani (chancellor of Tehran University of Medical Sciences), and Fazel Larijani (Iran's cultural attachée in Ottawa). He is also the son-in-law of Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari, having married his daughter Farideh, and also a cousin of Ahmad Tavakkoli (Larijani's and Tavakkoli's mothers are sisters).

Education

Dr. Larijani graduated with a B.Sc. in Computer Science and Mathematics from Sharif University of Technology and holds a Masters degree and Ph.D. in Western philosophy from Tehran University. Initially he wanted to continue his graduate studies in Computer Science, but changed his subject after consultation with Morteza Motahhari.

Larijani has published books on Immanuel Kant, Saul Kripke, and David Lewis.[citation needed]

Presidential candidacy

Larijani was a presidential candidate for the 2005 presidential elections, where he ranked sixth, winning 5.94% of the votes. He was also the previous president of the IRIB, installed by the Supreme Leader, and was followed by Ezzatollah Zarghami after serving ten years in the post from 1994 to 2004.

Before his presidency at the IRIB, Larijani served as the Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance under President Rafsanjani after Mohammad Khatami's resignation from the post.

Larijani, 51, was head of Iran's state broadcasting monopoly for 10 years before stepping down in 2004, to become a security adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's ultimate authority.

A former member of the Revolutionary Guards, an ideological force that sees itself as the guardian of the Islamic Republic, he ran in the 2005 presidential race.

Larijani was considered the most important presidential candidate of the conservative alliance for the 2005 presidential elections. He was supported by the Islamic Society of Engineers (ISE), among other conservative groups. He had been announced as the final choice of the conservative Council for Coordination of the Forces of the Revolution (Persian: شورای هماهنگی نیروهای انقلاب), which was made from representatives of some influential conservative parties and organizations. But he proved to be the least popular of the three conservative candidates, the others being Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (second rank in the first round, winner in the second round) and Mohammad Bagher Ghalibaf (fourth rank in the first round).

Nuclear advisor

In 2005, Larijani was appointed secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, a body which helps draw up nuclear and other policies. Khamenei has the final word in all such matters.[citation needed]

He took a tough line on the nuclear file before his appointment as negotiator.[citation needed] He said that if Iran took incentives that were being offered by the European Union at the time in return for Iran giving up its nuclear fuel cycle, it would be like exchanging “a pearl for a candy bar.”[citation needed]

As chief nuclear negotiator, Iranian analysts said he differed with the president[citation needed] over how to pursue negotiations with his European counterparts and say he backed a more pragmatic approach.

Iranian nuclear crisis

As Iran's top nuclear envoy he said on April 25, 2007 that he expected "new ideas" from senior EU official Javier Solana at talks on resolving the deadlock between Tehran's refusal to freeze its nuclear programme and United Nations Security Council demands that it do so.[4]

2008 parliamentary election

Msc 2007-Saturday, 11.00 - 13.00 Uhr-Zwez001 Impressionen-Redner Larijani.jpg

In the March 2008 parliamentary election, Larijani won a seat from Qom. He said that he was willing to work with Ahmadinejad; according to Larijani, he did not disagree with Ahmadinejad on ideological issues and they had only "differences in style". In May 2008, Larijani became speaker of the parliament.He was Extension for one year in October 2009.

After 2009 presidential elections

Larijani implied on 21st of June 2009 that authorities took side with some candidates.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Orla Ryan, Ahmadinejad rival elected as Iranian speaker, The Guardian, May 28, 2008, [1].
  2. ^ (Persian) "انتصاب دكتر لاريجاني به عنوان دبير شورايعالي عالي امنيت ملي از سوي رييس جمهور". isna.ir (Iranians Students News Agency). 15 August 2005. http://isna.ir/Main/NewsView.aspx?ID=News-569141. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  3. ^ "Iran's nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani resigns". news.com.au. October 20, 2007. http://www.news.com.au/story/0,10117,22620039-401,00.html. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  4. ^ "Iran's Top Envoy Says He Expects 'New Ideas' From EU Official on Nuclear Issue". FoxNews.com (Associated Press (via Fox News)). April 25, 2007. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,268290,00.html. Retrieved 2007-10-21. 
  5. ^ CNN report: "Although the Guardian Council is made up of religious individuals, I wish certain members would not side with a certain presidential candidate," Larijani told the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) on Saturday, without naming whom he meant.

External links

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Video clips

Political offices
Preceded by
Hassan Rowhani
Secretary of Supreme National Security Council
2005-2007
Succeeded by
Saeed Jalili
Preceded by
Gholam Ali Haddad-Adel
Speaker of Majles
2008-present
Succeeded by
Incumbent

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Ali Ardashir Larijani (Persian: علی اردشیر لاریجانی; born 1958) was the head of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting for 1994-2004 and has been the secretary of Iran's National Security Council since 2005.

Contents

Sourced

Iran's nuclear program

  • The important thing is what we do, and not the deceitful theory of reading others' intentions. This is also a new thing — they say: "We know that Iran's intention is to pursue nuclear weapons." Do you have a device that reads intentions?

Lying in politics

Sectarianism in Iraq

References

External links

Wikipedia
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