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Ali Osman mohammed Taha

Assumed office 
January 9, 2005
President Omar al-Bashir
Preceded by Moses Kacoul Machar

In office
1998 – January 9, 2005
Preceded by Zubair Mohamed Salih
Succeeded by John Garang

Foreign Minister of Sudan
In office
1995 – 1998
Preceded by Hussein Suleiman Abu Saleh
Succeeded by Mustafa Osman Ismail

Born January 1, 1944(1944-01-01)
Political party National Congress

Ali Osman Mohammed Taha (Arabic: علي عثمان محمد طه‎, also transliterated "Othman" or "Uthman") has been the Second Vice President of Sudan since August 2005. He held the position of first First Vice President from 1998 to August 2005. He was the country's Foreign Minister for three years prior to becoming first Vice President and is a member of the National Congress Party.

Taha is a graduate of the Faculty of Law at the University of Khartoum. He then set up a private law practice before being appointed as a judge and then entering politics as a member of Sudan's parliament in the 1980s.

Taha, along with John Garang, is credited as being the co-architect of Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement which brought Africa's longest civil war to an end on 9 January 2005. The agreement capped an eight-year process to stop the civil war, which since 1983 had taken 2 million lives.[1] Starting in December 2003 Taha and Garang met numerous times to finalize the peace agreement.[2]

Taha heads the Sudanese side of the Sudanese Egyptian High Committee, which is headed on the Egyptian side by Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif and includes Ministers from both countries and aims to foster cooperation between the two countries.

Involvement in the Darfur Crisis

Taha was responsible for handling the Darfur crisis from 2003 to 2004.[3] Community leaders in Darfur have reported that Taha holds personal ties with Musa Hilal and was instrumental in releasing Hilal from prison in 2003.[4 ] Taha apparently assigned Hilal the authority to recruit and command a militia group, which became known as “Quick, Light and Horrible Forces of Misteriha.”[5] Government help for Hilal was reported to be very open and was coordinated through Taha. [4 ] Taha was quoted as saying to commanders of the Janjaweed militia, “I don’t want one single village of Zurgas in Darfur. All the Zurga lands are yours.”[6] After an attack by the Janjaweed militia and the Armed Forces in the town of Kyla, a survivor from the Fur tribe reported that the attackers sang, “Hail the name of Allah, our orders came from Ali Usman Taha.”[7]

In 2005 Taha opposed holding trials outside Sudan after 51 individuals were accused, by a United Nations commission of inquiry, of war crimes and crimes against humanity.[8] Taha argued that doing so would “push things to degenerate rather than help people to reconcile or maintain peace.”[9] In 2008,Taha also opposed the ICC indictment of President Omar al-Bashir by arguing that, “We can’t go along with implementing the CPA or other agreements with a president that is subject to international trial.”[10] In the same year, the Associated Press quoted reliable sources saying Taha would be charged with crimes similar to those that President Omar al-Bashir had been charged with.[11] In February 2009, Taha reportedly traveled to Turkey seeking the nation’s support to save Sudan’s president, al-Bashir, from trial.[12]

Taha is mentioned several times in the application of arrest for President Omar al-Bashir, submitted by Luis Moreno Ocampo, prosecutor of the ICC. For example, Commissioner Rabeh told Janjaweed militia commanders that the General Commander in Khartoum and Taha ordered the provision of armament for the elimination of zurgas.[6] Zurga is a derogatory term for people from African tribes.[13]

External links


  1. ^ “Sudan’s VP and rebel leader sign comprehensive peace agreement.” Sudan Tribune. January 2005.[1]
  2. ^ “Wealth-Sharing Pact by Sudan and Rebels Seen.” The New York Times. December 2003.[2]
  3. ^ “Sudan contemplated extraditing Darfur suspects to ICC: Official.” Sudan Tribune. June 2008 [3]
  4. ^ a b Vice-President Ali Osman Taha December, 2005
  5. ^ "Public Redacted Version of the Prosecutor's Application Under Article 58." ICC July, 2008 (80)
  6. ^ a b "Public Redacted Version of the Prosecutor's Application Under Article 58." ICC July, 2008 (84)
  7. ^ "Public Redacted Version of the Prosecutor's Application Under Article 58." ICC July, 2008 (35)
  8. ^ “Sudan insists on its courts for Darfur crimes, but others want international trials.” Sudan Tribune. Feb. 2005.[4]
  9. ^ “Sudan insists on its courts for Darfur crimes, but others want international trials.” Sudan Tribune. Feb. 2005.[5]
  10. ^ “Sudanese officials visit capitals to campaign against the ICC.” Sudan Tribune. July 2008.[6]
  11. ^ “China seeks UN resolution to suspend ICC Darfur indictments.” Sudan Tribune. July 2008.[7]
  12. ^ “Government Keeps up Defense.” Hurriyet February 2009
  13. ^ “Sudan VP Taha instrumental in mobilizing Janjaweed: ICC.” Sudan Tribune. September 2008.[8]


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