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Alicante
Alacant
—  City  —
View of the harbour with the Castle of Santa Bárbara in the background.

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Alacant in the Valencian Community
Alicante is located in Spain
Alicante
Location of Alicante in Spain
Coordinates: 38°20′43″N 0°28′59″W / 38.34528°N 0.48306°W / 38.34528; -0.48306Coordinates: 38°20′43″N 0°28′59″W / 38.34528°N 0.48306°W / 38.34528; -0.48306
Country  Spain
Autonomous Community  Valencian Community
Province Alicante
Comarca Alacantí
Founded 324 BC
Government
 - Mayor Sonia Castedo Ramos (PP)
Area
 - Total 201.27 km2 (77.7 sq mi)
Elevation (AMSL) 3 m (10 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 334,757
 Density 1,663.2/km2 (4,307.7/sq mi)
Population rank 11
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 03000 - 03016
Area code(s) +34 (Spain) + 96 (Alicante)
Administrative Divisions 8
Neighborhoods 42
Website Official website

Alacant or Alicante (Spanish: Alicante, Valencian: Alacant) is a city in Spain, the capital of the province of Alicante and of the comarca of the Alacantí, in the southern part of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port. The population of the city of Alicante proper was 334,757, estimated as of 2009, ranking as the second-largest Valencian city.[1] Including nearby municipalities, Alicante conurbation was populated by 458,843 residents. Population of the metropolitan area (including Elche and satellite towns) was 795,034 as of 2009 estimates, ranking as the eighth-largest metropolitan area of Spain.

Contents

History

The area around Alicante has been inhabited for over 7000 years, with the first tribes of hunter gatherers moving down gradually from Central Europe between 5000 and 3000 BC. Some of the earliest settlements were made on the slopes of Mount Benacantil. By 1000 BC Greek and Phoenician traders had begun to visit the eastern coast of Spain, establishing small trading ports and introducing the native Iberian tribes to the alphabet, iron and the pottery wheel. By the sixth century BC, the rival armies of Carthage and Rome began to invade and fight for control of the Iberian Peninsula. The Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barca established the fortified settlement of Akra Leuka (Greek: Aκρα Λευκa, meaning "White Mountain" or "White Point"), where Alicante stands today.

Archeological site of Tossal de Manises, ancient Iberian-Carthaginian-Roman city of "Akra-Leuke" or "Lucentum".

Although the Carthaginians conquered much of the land around Alicante, the Romans would eventually rule Hispania Tarraconensis for over 700 years. By the 5th century AD, Rome was in decline; the Roman predecessor town of Alicante, known as Lucentum (Latin), was more or less under the control of the Visigothic warlord Theudimer. However neither the Romans nor the Goths put up much resistance to the Arab conquest of Medina Laqant in the 8th century. The Moors gave the city its modern name - Alicante is Arabic for "city of lights".[2] The Moors ruled southern and eastern Spain until the 11th century reconquista (reconquest). Alicante was finally taken in 1246 by the Castilian king Alfonso X, but it passed soon and definitely to the Kingdom of Valencia in 1298 with the King James II of Aragon. It gained the status of Royal Village (Vila Reial) with representation in the medieval Valencian Parliament.

Alicante around year 1832. Engraving by Alfred Guesdon.

After several decades of being the battlefield where Kingdom of Castile and the Crown of Aragón clashed, Alicante became a major Mediterranean trading station exporting rice, wine, olive oil, oranges and wool. But between 1609 and 1614 King Felipe III expelled thousands of moriscos who had remained in Valencia after the reconquista, due to their allegiance with Barbary pirates who continually attacked coastal cities and caused much harm to trade. This act cost the region dearly; with so many skilled artisans and agricultural labourers gone, the feudal nobility found itself sliding into bankruptcy. Things got worse in the early 18th century; after the War of Spanish Succession, Alicante went into a long, slow decline, surviving through the 18th and 19th centuries by making shoes and agricultural products such as oranges and almonds, and its fisheries. The end of the 19th century witnessed a sharp recovery of the local economy with increasing international trade and the growth of the city harbour leading to increased exports of several products (particularly during World War I when Spain was a neutral country).

During the early twentieth century, Alicante was a minor capital which enjoyed the benefit of Spain's neutrality during World War I, which provided new opportunities for the local industry and agriculture. The Rif War in the 1920s saw numerous alicantinos drafted to fight in the long and bloody campaigns at the former Spanish protectorate (Northern Morocco) against the Rif rebels. The political unrest of the late 1920s led to the victory of republican candidates in the local council elections throughout the country, and the abdication of King Alfonso XIII. The proclamation of the Second Spanish Republic was much celebrated in the city on 14 April 1931. The Spanish Civil War broke out on 17 July 1936. Alicante was the last city loyal to the Republican government to be occupied by Dictator Franco's troops on 1 April 1939, and its harbour saw the last Republican government officials fleeing the country. Even if not as famous as the bombing of Guernica by the German Luftwaffe, Alicante was the target of some vicious air bombings during the three years of civil conflict, most remarkably the bombing by the Italian Aviazione Legionaria of the Mercado de Abastos in 25 May 1938 in which more than 300 civilians perished.

Monjas-Santa Faz Square.

The next 20 years under Franco's dictatorship were difficult for Alicante as it was for the entire country. However, the late 1950s and early 1960s saw the onset of a lasting transformation of the city due to tourism. Large buildings and complexes rose in nearby Albufereta and Playa de San Juan, with the benign climate being the best tool to bring prospective buyers and tourists who kept hotels reasonably busy. The tourist development, aside from construction, also brought numerous businesses such as restaurants, bars and other businesses focused on visitors. Also, the old airfield at Rabasa was closed and air traffic moved to the new El Altet Airport, which made for a convenient facility for charter flights bringing tourists from northern European countries.

Luceros Square.

When dictator Franco died in 1975, his successor Juan Carlos I oversaw the transition of Spain to a democratic constitutional monarchy. Governments of nationalities and regions were given more autonomy, and the Valencian region was not an exception.

The port of Alicante has been reinventing itself since the industrial decline the city suffered in the 1980s (with most mercantile traffic lost in favour of Valencia's harbour). In recent years, the Port Authority has established it as one of the most important ports in Spain for cruises, with 72 calls to port made by cruises in 2007 bringing some 80,000 cruise passengers and 30,000 crew to the city each year.[3] The moves to develop the port for more tourism have been welcomed by the city and its residents, but the latest plans to develop an industrial estate in the port have caused great controversy.

Economy

Alicante is one of the fastest-growing cities in Spain. The local economy is based upon tourism to the beaches of the Costa Blanca and particularly the second residence construction boom which started in the 1960s and reinvigorated again by the late 1990s. Services and public administration also play a major role in the city's economy. The construction boom has raised many environmental concerns and both the local autonomous government and city council are under scrutiny by the European Union. The construction soar is the subject of hot debates among politicians and citizens alike. The latest of many public battles concerns the plans of the Port Authority of Alicante to construct an industrial estate on reclaimed land in front of the city's coastal strip, in breach of local, national and European regulations. (See Port of Alicante for the details).

The city is the headquarters of the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market and a sizeable population of European public workers live here.

University of Alicante is located in San Vicente del Raspeig, right next to Alicante. More than 30,000 students attend the University.

Since 2005 Alicante hosts Ciudad de la Luz, one of the largest film studios in Europe. Spanish and international movies such as Asterix at the Olympic Games by Frédéric Forestier and Thomas Langmann, Manolete by Menno Meyjes have been shot there.

Population

Demographics of Alicante (1900-2007, INE data).

The official population of Alicante in 2009 was 334,7570 inhabitants and 795,034 in the metropolitan area "Alicante-Elche".[1] About 15% of the population is foreign, mostly those from Argentina, Ecuador, and Colombia who have arrived in the previous 10 years as immigrants. There are also immigrants from other origins such as Romania, Russia, Ukraine and Morocco, many of which are under illegal alien status and therefore are not accounted for in official population figures. The real percentage of foreign population is higher, since the Alicante metropolitan area is home to many Northern European retired citizens, even if officially they are still residents of their own countries. In the same pattern, a sizable amount of permanent residents are Spanish nationals who officially still live in Madrid, the Basque provinces, or other areas of the country.

Historical Population
(1250-2009)[4]
Year Population Year Population Year Population
1250 2,500 1797 19,313 1930 71,271
1350 3,250 1803 21,447 1940 89,198
1418 1,539 1857 27,550 1950 101,791
1609 5,040 1860 31,162 1960 121,832
1646 6,174 1877 34,926 1970 181,550
1717 11,019 1887 40,115 1981 245,963
1735 12,604 1897 49,463 1991 265,473
1754 14,394 1900 50,495 2001 288,481
1768 17,213 1910 55,116 2008 331,750
1786 17,345 1920 63,382 2009 334,757
Foreign Population
(official data, 2009)[5]
Nationality Population
 Colombia 5,337
 Ecuador 4,470
 Morocco 3,912
 Romania 3,622
 Argentina 3,574
 Algeria 3,349
 Italy 2,905
 France 2,361
 Bolivia 1,535
 Russia 1,261

Government

Alicante City Hall.

Sonia Castedo (1971) is the mayor of the city. She was elected for the post in an extraordinary plenary of the Alicante City Council on September 17, 2008, following resignation of Luis Díaz Alperi. She is the first woman ever to occupy this position.[6]

In the latest municipal elections of May 2007, Luis Díaz Alperi (1945) of the People's Party (Partido Popular) was reelected city mayor with an absolute majority for his fourth term, followed by the candidate of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista), Etelvina Andreu (1969).

At the foot of the main staircase of the City Hall Building (Ayuntamiento) is the zero point (cota cero), used as the point of reference for measuring the height above or below sea level of any point in Spain, due to the marginal tidal variations of the Mediterranean sea in Alicante.[7]

Climate

Alicante enjoys Mediterranean climate with mild temperatures throughout the year and little rain, concentrated in equinoctial periods. The temperature on average is between 16.8° and 6.2° in January and between 30.6° and 20.4° in August, with the average annual temperature of 17.8°. Daily oscillations in temperature are very small due to maritime influence, although occasional episodes of wind from the west could result in temperature range in excess of 15°. Annual oscillations in temperature are small as well, i.e. winters are mild and summers are warm.

The average amount of rainfall is 336 mm per year. September and October are the rainiest months due to torrential rains caused by the cold drop, which can reach over 200 mm in 24 hours causing severe flooding. Because of this irregularity, only 37 rainy days are observed on average per year, and the annual number of sunshine hours reaches 2,864.

The record maximum temperature of 41.4° was observed in Alicante on 4 July 1994. The record minimum temperature of -4.6° was registered on 12 February 1956. The worst flooding in the modern history occurred on 30 September 1997 when 270.2 mm of rainfall fell within six hours.

Climate data for Observatory of Alicante (Ciudad Jardín, 1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.2
(85)
29.4
(85)
32.6
(91)
32.6
(91)
35.1
(95)
37.8
(100)
41.4
(107)
40.4
(105)
38.4
(101)
36.2
(97)
30.6
(87)
26.6
(80)
41.4
(107)
Average high °C (°F) 16.8
(62)
17.8
(64)
19.2
(67)
20.9
(70)
23.6
(74)
27.2
(81)
30.1
(86)
30.6
(87)
28.4
(83)
24.4
(76)
20.4
(69)
17.6
(64)
23.1
(74)
Average low °C (°F) 6.2
(43)
7.0
(45)
8.2
(47)
10.1
(50)
13.3
(56)
17.1
(63)
19.7
(67)
20.4
(69)
17.8
(64)
13.7
(57)
10.0
(50)
7.3
(45)
12.6
(55)
Record low °C (°F) -2.6
(27)
-4.6
(24)
-1.0
(30)
2.6
(37)
4.8
(41)
10.4
(51)
13.4
(56)
13.2
(56)
9.4
(49)
4.0
(39)
0.2
(32)
-2.6
(27)
-4.6
(24)
Precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
26
(1.02)
26
(1.02)
30
(1.18)
33
(1.3)
17
(0.67)
6
(0.24)
8
(0.31)
47
(1.85)
52
(2.05)
42
(1.65)
26
(1.02)
336
(13.23)
Avg. precipitation days 4 3 4 4 4 2 1 1 3 4 4 4 37
Source: Spanish State Meteorological Agency[8]

Transport

Line L1 Alicante Tram near Sanguet stop.

Alicante Airport outranks its Valencian counterpart, being among the busiest airports in Spain after Madrid, Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca and Málaga and keeps expanding. It is connected with Madrid and Barcelona by frequent Iberia and Spanair flights, and with many Western European cities through carriers such as Easyjet, Ryanair, Air Berlin, Monarch Airlines, and Jet2.com. From the airport there are also regular flights to Algeria and Russia.

Alicante railway station is used by cercanías linking Alicante with suburban and Murcia.[9] Long-range RENFE trains run frequently to Madrid and Barcelona.[10]

Alicante Tram connects the city with outlying settlements along Costa Blanca. As of 2008, it runs up to Benidorm and further to Denia.[11]

The city has regular ferry services to the Balearic Islands and Algeria.[12] The city is strongly fortified, with a spacious harbour.

Main sights

Esplanada and Carbonell House.
Esplanada de España.

Amongst the most notable features of the city are the Castle of Santa Bárbara, which sits high above the city, and the port of Alicante, which was the subject of bitter controversy in 2006-2007 as residents battled to keep it from being changed into an industrial estate.

The Santa Bárbara castle is situated on Mount Benacantil, overlooking the city. The promenade Explanada de España lined by palm trees consists of 6.5 million marble stones and is one of the most lovely promenades in Spain. For the people of Alicante it is the meeting point in the evenings and a place where many concerts take place. At the end of the promenade there is a Monument of the artist Mark Hersch, who still lives in Alicante. The main church of Alicante and the bishop seat is Concatedral de San Nicolás de Bari, which originates from the XVII century.

El Palmeral Park is one of favored parks of Alicante. It includes walking trails, children's playgrounds, lakes and brooks, picnic tables and an auditory for concerts. El Ereta Park is located on Mount Benacantil. It runs from the Santa Bárbara castle down to the old part of Alicante.

Just a few kilometers from Alicante, on the Mediterranean sea, lays Tabarca island. What has once been a slip angle for pirates, is now a beautiful tourist attraction.

Other sights include:

  • Basilica of Santa María (14th-16th centuries), built in Gothic style over the former main mosque. Other features include the high altar, in Rococo style, and the portal, in Baroque style, both from the 18th century.
  • Co-cathedral of St. Nicholas of Bari (15th-18th centuries), also built over a mosque.
  • Monastery of Santa Faz (15th century), located 5 km outside the city, in Baroque style.
  • Defence towers of the Huerta de Alicante (15th-18th centuries), built to defend against the Barbary pirates. Today some 20 towers are still extant.
  • Baroque Casa de La Asegurada (1685), the most ancient civil building in the city. (s. XVII). Today is home to the Museum of Contemporary Art of Alicante.
  • Casa consistorial de Alicante (18th century), also in Baroque style.
  • Convent of the Canónigas de San Agustín (18th century).
  • Gravina Palace (1748–1808), nowadays hosting Gravina Museum of Fine Arts.
  • Castle of San Fernando.

There are a dozen of museums in Alicante. On exhibition in Archaeological Museum of Alicante there are local artifacts from 100,000 years ago up until 19th century. The archaeological museum won the European Museum of the Year Award in 2004. Gravina Museum of Fine Arts presents a number of painting and sculptures of Alicante from 16th century to 19th century. The Asegurada Museum of Contemporary Art is currently closed for renovation.

Festivals

Castle of Santa Bárbara and Postiguet beach at the final night of Bonfires of Saint John's festival.

The most important festival, the Bonfires of Saint John (Fogueres de Sant Joan), takes place during the summer solstice. This is followed a week later by seven nights of firework and pyrotechnic contests between companies on the urban beach Playa del Postiguet. Another well-known festival is Moros i Cristians in Altozano or San Blas district. Overall, the city boasts a year-round nightlife, helped by tourists, fun-loving residents, and a large student population of the University of Alicante. The nightlife social scene tends to shift to nearby Playa de San Juan (St. John's Beach) during the summer months.

Every summer in Alicante, a two-month-long programme of music, theatre and dance is staged in the Paseo del Puerto.[13]

Sport

The two largest Alicante football teams are Hércules CF which currently competes in the Spanish Segunda División, and Alicante CF which plays in Segunda División B in the 2009/2010 season. They both host their home games at Estadio José Rico Pérez.

Famous citizens

Torre Provincial in La Rambla de Alicante.
Jorge Juan Street.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

In 2009 a bid was made to twin Newcastle, United Kingdom with Alicante.[15]

References

Notes
Seaside promenade.
  1. ^ a b Instituto Nacional de Estadística Official population figures: Municipal Register.
  2. ^ Alicante City
  3. ^ "El puerto de Alicante registrará 72 escalas de cruceros durante 2007" (in Spanish). Diariocrítico de la Comunidad Valenciana. 2007-05-16. http://www.panorama-actual.es/noticias/not226759.htm. 
  4. ^ Historical Population data sources: 1250-1609: estimates by historians; 1646: Vecindario del archivo del Reino de Valencia; 1717-1803: various censuses prepared by the governments of Spain; from 1857: national census.[citation needed]
  5. ^ Ayuntamiento de Alicante Sección de Estadística. La Población de Alicante (01-01-2009).
  6. ^ Sonia Castedo toma posesión como alcaldesa de Alicante, la primera mujer en ocupar el cargo, y demanda inversiones eleconomista.es
  7. ^ Ayuntamiento de Alicante, Edificios Singulares (Spanish)
  8. ^ Spanish State Meteorological Agency
  9. ^ RENFE Cercanías Murcia/Alicante (Spanish)
  10. ^ RENFE destinations from ALACANT-TERMINAL
  11. ^ TRAM Alicante Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana
  12. ^ Alicante Ferry Port
  13. ^ Alicante Festivals
  14. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 
  15. ^ "Alicante is "alreet" by US". newsguardian.co.uk. 2009-02-12. http://www.newsguardian.co.uk/video/Alicante-is-34alreet34-by-US.4974561.jp. "Big Brother 6 winner Anthony Hutton, former Newcastle United captain Les Ferdinand and winner of the BBC's Strictly Come Dancing, Jill Halfpenny are among a host of the city's celebrity supporters who are backing the move with easyJet." 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

For other places with the same name, see Alicante (disambiguation).

Alicante / Alacant [1] is a popular tourist city in the Valencia Region of Spain. It is the capital of Alicante Province.

Get in

By plane

Alicante Airport (ALC), also known as L'Altet Airport, is located 11 km (6.8 miles) south of the city centre.

Alicante is served by a number of airlines including easyJet, Ryanair, Air Berlin, Iberia, Spanair, Monarch, Germanwings, Aerlingus, Finnair, Thomsonfly, Cimber Sterling, Transavia.com and Jet2.com.

Bus No C-6 connects airport with the city [2]. It departs every 20 minutes from Bus stop No 30 (the closest bus stop to the exit from Terminal 1), and it takes less than 30 minutes to the centre. One-way ride costs €2.60 (2010). (In the past, the bus followed a circular route Alicante-Torrellano-Airport-Alicante. Nowadays, it takes a shorter direct route Alicante-Airport-Alicante [3]).

A taxi to the city will cost between around €20. Cabs are located just outside of arrivals. A dozen car rental agencies are located at the ground floor of Terminal 1 including Avis [4], Budget [5], Hertz [6] and Europcar [7].

By train

RENFE [8] runs a number of trains per day from Madrid and Barcelona. A ride from Madrid takes three and a half hours, and from Barcelona it takes five hours. Commuter trains connect Alicante with Murcia and neighborhoods. The RENFE Train Station is in the city centre at Avenida de Salamanca 1 (38°20'40"N 0°29'42"W).

By tram

Alicante has a modern and still-expanding tram system [9]. It runs along the coast of Costa Blanca up to Benidorm, from where you can connect to Altea, Calpe, and Denia by a diesel train. Railway electrification from Benidorm to Denia is under construction.

The tram is somewhat reasonably priced. It's cost-efficient to buy a round-trip ticket. Keep the ticket until the end of journey. On underground stations in Alicante (but not on the other stations) you will need it to exit from the system.

By bus

The bus station is on the western rim of the city .centre (38°20'28.8"N 0°29'24.6"W). ALSA [10] has many lines, including to Valencia, Barcelona and Granada.

By boat

Direct ferry links exist to Ibiza and Palma de Mallorca, as well as to Oran and Alger in Algeria. Book early!

Get around

If you stay in the old town, most areas of interest are within walking distance.

Public transportation is provided by buses [11] and trams [12]. On most routes, buses run from 6:30 until 23:00. There is a number of night routes. One ride costs €1.20 (2010). Bus drivers give change. A rechargeable card for 10 rides costs €7.00 plus €2 for the card (2010). The card can be purchased at the TAM office near the Mercado Station.

Taxi rates are regulated [13] and most tourists find it affordable. TeleTaxi (965-101-611) and Radio.Taxi (965-910-123) are the two largest taxi companies.

  • Castle of Santa Barbara
Castle of Santa Barbara
Castle of Santa Barbara

On the top of Mount Benacantil at a height of 166 metres, there is one of the largest medieval fortresses in Spain, built in the ninth century by Muslims. An amazing view of town and harbour. If you feel fit, the walk from Plaza de Carmen is a .sight in itself, through some narrow winding streets. If not, there is an elevator in the core of Mount Benacantil itself. The castle can also be reached by a car, but the number of parking slots is scarce.

The elevator runs from the ground level near the main road of Avenue de Juan Bautista Lafora (38°20'48.17"N 0°28'36.71"W) and stops at two levels in the castle. It may not be easy to spot the entrance! The easiest route is to follow Postiguet beach to the footbridge, then cross the road and pick your way West along the pavement until you see the sign for the castle and the tunnel entrance.

Entry to the castle is free. A round-way trip by the elevator from the ground floor costs € 2.40. The ticket machine is near the end of the tunnel. Insert your money, press the large green "A" button, then "Ticket", and your ticket will be printed. Maps are provided. Traveling between the two castle levels is free.

From April to September, the castle is open from 10:00 to 22:00, while the elevator runs from 10:00 to 20:00. From October to March, the castle is open from 10:00 to 20:00, and the elevator from 10:00 to 19:30. Always note the "last elevator" times at the ticket machine, though. Currently (June 2009) there is some restoration work in progress on the castle, so some areas are inaccessible and you might have to dodge some light traffic.

  • Castle of San Fernando, in the north part of Alicante center, built at the beginning of the 19th century on Tossal hill.
  • Archaeological Museum of Alicante (MARQ), founded in 1932, has avant-garde design and uses modern audiovisual techniques, with more than 80,000 pieces found in local archaeological sites. Shows educational movies about the history of Alicante area from the Stone Age, through Iberian and Roman eras, to the medieval times.

The museum is located at Plaza del Doctor Gómez Ulla. It is open Tuesday to Saturday from 10:00 to 19:00, and Sunday and holidays from 10:00 to 14:00. On Mondays it's closed. Telephone: (+34)965149000.

  • Gravina Museum of Fine Arts (MUBAG), Calle Gravera 9, Old Town. Local fine arts museum. Free.  edit
  • The "old town" of Alicante is roughly the triangular area enclosed by the Rambla de Méndez Núnez, the Explanada de Espanya, and Mount Benacantil. Largely tourist-friendly, the old, narrow streets make for an enjoyable wander provided you don't get yourself lost. Here you'll find the town hall, cathedral, an old covent, and several art museums. The main contemporary art museum is currently (June 2009) closed for renovacion, though.

Do

In the heart of the city there is Postiguet Beach. The sandy beach is popular during the day and fairly busy during the evening when it's illuminated by sodium street lights. These give the beach and breaking waves a surreal effect. With a bit of traveling (by bus or tram), you can reach a spacious 7km long San Juan Beach, which is considered to be one of the finest in Spain.

There are several companies near the port which offer boat trips, from 45-minute excursions on a catamaran to all-day trips to the island of Tabarca. Prices vary.

  • Don Quijote [14] Spanish school in Alicante is a great school where you can take 4-6 hours of courses a day. All courses including beginner courses are taught entirely in Spanish.
  • University of Alicante offers a variety of courses, including Spanish classes.

Buy

There are market stalls along the Explanda d'Espanya selling beads, clothes, flags etc.

If you want to see how the locals shop, head into town down the Rambla de Méndez Núnez then turn West on the Avenue de Alfonso El Sabio, and you'll find the city's main market, the Mercado Central de Alicante (38°20'52.5"N 0°29'9.6"W). It is open until about 14:30 or so most days, the two levels sell all the fresh meat, seafood, cheeses, fruit and vegetables anyone could need. If you exit the market through the back, you'll find the flower sellers in a small outdoor square.

Eat

As with the rest of Spain, breakfast is usually light, usually some sort of bread (e.g. toast) or churros. Traditionally, a hearty meal in the early afternoon is followed by a siesta as the heat builds, then a light meal is taken once the sun goes down, so bear this in mind when picking dining times. As elsewhere in the region, seafood and rice dominates, with paella in the frontline.

In tourist-friendly areas, you will easily find restaurants with a "menu of the day" or a similar special for €10, a three- or four-course meal with or without a drink. This is an excellent way to economise if you want to splash out later.

In tourist areas, you'll have no problem finding UK fare served at UK-standard times, if you find yourself intimidated by the local cuisine.

Drink

Alicante has its own regulatory wine council [15].

Nightlife is concentrated in Old Town, called El Barrio or El Casco Antiguo, with dozens of bars and clubs along the narrow streets:

  • Desden. Large beer for €1 before midnight!.  edit

Another focal point is the eastern rim of the marina, called Puerto, in an around the casino, where things start and end later.

The "Bario" is the center of nightlife in Alicante, with bars like Dos Gringos, Mulligans, Carpe Diem, and Swing; there is never a dull night in the small spanish town. Drinks are cheap, and shots are sometimes free. pregame of "Botellon" on the castel or on the bach, then head over to the bario at around midnight. Then head over to swing or the puerto at 4am. A typical night should end at around 7 or 8am,

  • La Milagrosa, C. Villavieja 8 (By Iglesia de la Santa Maria), +34 965 216 918 (), [16]. Thoroughly refurbished. Bright and clean. Big roof terrace. Kitchen. Laundry. Two blocks from the beach. Close to nightlife. Also has apartments that can house up to 6 people. Single €20, double 40, with bath 30/50..  edit
  • NH Alicante Mexico, 18 (esquina Rosa Chacel), 03008, Tel: +34 96 5108140 Fax: +34 96 5110655 [17] NH Alicante Hotel is situated in the new commercial zone, 5 minutes away from the city centre. There are some superb holiday villas to rent in Alicante [18]
  • NH Cristal Tomás López Torregrosa, 11, 03002, Tel.: +34 96 5143659 Fax: +34 96 5206696 [19] Close to the 'Rambla de Méndez Núñez' and 'Esplanada de España', In the heart of the city's commercial and service district, it is close to the Historic Centre and Town Hall.
  • Hotel Spa Porta Maris [20]
  • Melia Alicante [21]
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Proper noun

Singular
Alicante

Plural
-

Alicante

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  1. A province of Spain
  2. The capital city of the Alicante province

Anagrams


Simple English

File:Alicante, Spain
Alicante (red dot) on a map of Spain

Alacant or Alicante (Spanish: Alicante, Valencian: Alacant) is a city in Spain. It is the capital of the province of Alicante. It is in the southern part of the Valencian Community. It is also a historic Mediterranean port. The population of the city of Alicante proper is about 334,757, as of 2009, ranking as the second-largest Valencian city.[1] Including nearby municipalities, Alicante was populated by 458,843 residents. Population of the metropolitan area (including Elche and satellite towns) was 795,034 as of 2009. Based on population it is the eighth-largest metropolitan area of Spain.


The city is a sea port and a tourist centre.

Other websites

Interactive map

References

  1. Instituto Nacional de Estadística Official population figures: Municipal Register.







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