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All-Africa Games

First Event 1965 All-Africa Games
Occur every every four years
Last Event 2007 All-Africa Games
Purpose Multi sport event for nations on the Afrian continent

The All-Africa Games, sometimes called the African Games or Pan African Games, are a regional multi-sport event held every four years, organized by the Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa (ANOCA). The competing nations must all be from the African continent.

The first Games were held in 1965 in Brazzaville, Congo. The International Olympic Committee granted official recognition as a continental multi-sport event, along with the Pan American Games and Asian Games.

Contents

History

Modern Olympics founder Pierre de Coubertin conceived the Pan African Games as early as 1920. The colonial powers who ruled Africa at the time were wary of the idea, suspecting the unifying aspect of sport among African people would cause them to assert their independence.

Attempts were made to host the games in Algiers, Algeria in 1925 and Alexandria, Egypt in 1928, but despite considerable preparations taken by coordinators, the efforts failed. The International Olympic Committee's (IOC) first African member, Greek-born Egyptian sprinter Angelo Bolanaki, donated funds to erect a stadium, but still the Games were set back for another three decades.

In the early 60's, French-speaking countries of Africa organized the Friendship Games. The Games were organized by Madagascar (1960) and then Côte d'Ivoire (1961). The third games were set for Senegal in 1963. Before they were completed, African Ministers of Youth and Sport met in Paris in 1962; as a few English-speaking countries were already participating, they rechristened the Games as the Pan African Games. The Games were granted official recognition by the IOC as being on par with other continental Games such as the Asian Games and the Pan American Games.

In July 1965, the first games were held in Brazzaville, Congo, now called the All-Africa Games. From 30 countries, around 2,500 athletes competed. Egypt topped the medal count for the first Games.

In 1966, the SCSA (Supreme Council of Sport in Africa) was organized in Bamako; it manages the All-Africa Games. The second edition were awarded to Mali in 1969, but a military coup forced the cancellation of the Games. Lagos, Nigeria stepped in as host for the Games in 1971. Those Games were finally held in 1973 due to the Biafra War, which had just ended in Nigeria.

In 1977, the 3rd Games were scheduled to take place in Algeria, but due to technical reasons, it had to be postponed for a year and was held in 1978. Continuing the pattern, the next Games were scheduled to take place in Kenya in 1983, but were pushed back to 1985 and finally took place in Nairobi in 1987.

The four-year Olympic rhythm has not missed a beat since, and the Games have been organized in Cairo, Harare, Johannesburg, and Lagos. In 2007, Algiers once again hosted, becoming the first repeat host. Lusaka, Zambia has just (Dec. 2008) withdrawn its offer to host the next edition of the 2011.[1]

Host cities

Order Year City Country Date Top Medalling Country
1 1965 Brazzaville  Congo-Brazzaville July 18 - July 25, 1965  United Arab Republic
- 1969 Bamako  Mali Disrupted by Military Coup
2 1973 Lagos  Nigeria January 7 - January 18, 1973  Egypt
3 1978 Algiers  Algeria July 13 - July 28, 1978  Tunisia
4 1987 Nairobi  Kenya August 1 - August 12, 1987  Egypt
5 1991 Cairo  Egypt September 20 - October 1, 1991  Egypt
6 1995 Harare  Zimbabwe September 13 - September 23, 1995  South Africa
7 1999 Johannesburg  South Africa September 10 - September 19, 1999  South Africa
8 2003 Abuja  Nigeria October 5 - October 17, 2003  Nigeria
9 2007 Algiers  Algeria July 11 - July 23, 2007  Egypt
10 2011 Maputo  Mozambique July 15 - July 27, 2011

The host city of the 2015 All-Africa Games is to be decided soon. Accra, Ghana and possibly Kenya have been mentioned as possible hosts.

All-time medal table

The table below gives an overview of the all-time medal count of the All-Africa Games.

Pos Country Gold Silver Bronze Total Year of
first medal
1  Egypt 431 328 320 1079 1965
2  Nigeria 303 277 256 836 1965
3  South Africa 198 174 137 509 1995
4  Algeria 132 152 189 473 1965
5  Tunisia 123 106 133 362 1965
6  Kenya 90 97 104 291 1965
7  Senegal 40 40 73 153 1965
8  Ghana 26 38 64 128 1965
9  Ethiopia 23 29 34 86 1965
10  Cameroon 20 42 81 143 1965
11  Zimbabwe 18 26 57 101 1987
12  Uganda 17 19 33 69 1965
13  Côte d'Ivoire 17 18 33 68 1965
14  Madagascar 10 15 33 58 1965
15  Morocco 9 12 15 36 1973
16  Angola 9 7 17 33 1987
17  Lesotho 8 3 8 19 1991
18  Mauritius 6 19 27 52 1987
19  Libya 6 8 16 30 1978
20  Namibia 4 10 15 29 1991
21  Tanzania 4 8 10 22 1965
22  Zambia 4 4 22 30 1965
23  Mali 4 4 7 16 1965
24  Gabon 4 4 19 27 1965
25  Botswana 4 4 10 18 1991
26  Mozambique 4 2 1 7 1987
27  Eritrea 3 1 2 6 2007
28  Sudan 3 1 3 7 1973
29  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2 3 6 11 1965
30  Republic of the Congo 1 7 15 23 1965
31  Central African Republic 1 2 2 5 1991
32  Guinea 1 2 1 4 1973
 Sierra Leone 1 2 1 4 1991
33  Swaziland 1 0 9 10 1973
34  Chad 1 0 9 10 1965
35  Cape Verde 1 0 2 3 1999
36  Burkina Faso 1 0 1 2 1987
37  Somalia 1 0 0 1 1973
38  Seychelles 0 13 18 31 1987
39  Burkina Faso 0 3 7 10 1965
40  Togo 0 2 10 12 1965
41  Niger 0 2 6 8 1965
42  Benin 0 2 3 5 1973
43  Gambia 0 2 0 2 1973
44  Rwanda 0 2 0 2 1987
45  São Tomé and Príncipe 0 1 1 2 2003
46  Malawi 0 0 2 2 1987
47  Guinea-Bissau 0 0 1 1 1999

Influence

After hearing about the Pan-African Games whilst on a business trip to Congo, Soviet-Armenian diplomat Ashot Melik-Shahnazaryan got the idea to create the Pan-Armenian Games.

See also

References

External links

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