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The All Parties Hurriyat Conference (APHC) (formed March 10, 1993) is a political front formed as an alliance of 26 political, social and religious organizations in Kashmir. It was formed achieving the right of self-determination according to United Nations Security Council Resolution 47. "Hurriyat" in Urdu means "freedom".[1][2][3] Ghulam Mohammad Safi was elected its leader in January 2010.[4]

Contents

Objectives

According to its constitution, the APHC was intended to be a union of political, social and religious parties of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The purpose of the organization are as follows:

  • Wage a peaceful struggle to secure the right to self determination of the people of Kashmir.
  • Endeavour to find an alternative solution by involving all three parties to the dispute; viz. India, Pakistan and Kashmir, under UN auspices or a friendly country
  • Endeavor to promote a society based on Islamic values keeping in mind the Muslim majority character of the state. While at the same time, safeguarding the rights and interests of non-Muslims.

Current members

At the time of formation All Parties Hurriyat Conference members included Yaseen Malik's Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), Shabbir Shah's People's Democratic Front, Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari of Ittihadul Muslimeen, Shakeel Bakshi's Islamic Students League, Muslim Conference led Abdul Ghani Bhat. Mirwaiz Omar Farooq then the Chairman of the J & K Awami Action Committee played an important role in forming the Conference. Current members include:

Number Name of the Party Leader
1 Aawami Action Committee Mirwaiz Omar Farooq
2 Ittihadul Muslimeen Maulana Mohammad Abbas Ansari
3 Anjamani Auqafi Jama Masjid Mohammad Umar Farooq
4 Anjaman-e-Tablig-ul Islam Syed Qasim Shah Bukhari
5 Auquaf Jama Masjid Ghulam Muhammad Butt
6 Employees and Workers Confederation
7 Employees & Workers Confederation (Arsawi Group)
8 All Jammu & Kashmir Employees’ Confederation Ishtiaq Qadri
9 Jamaat-e-Islami Syed Ali Geelani
10 Jamiat-e-Ahle Hadith Moulana Tahiri
11 Jamiate Ulama-E-Islam Abdul Gani Azhari
12 Jamiat-e-Hamdania Moulana M. Yasin Hamdani
13 Jammu and Kashmir People's Conference Abdul Ghani Lone till 2002 assassination
14 Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front Muhammad Yasin Malik
15 Jammu and Kashmir Human Rights Committee Noor-Ul-Hassan
16 Jammu and Kashmir People's Basic Rights (Protection) Committee Moufi Bahauddin Farouqi
17 Liberation Council Maulana Muhammad Abbas Ansari
18 Kashmir Bazme Tawheed Moulana Mohammed Mubariki
19 Kashmir Bar Association Mian Abdul Qayoum
20 Muslim Khawateen Markaz Ms. Zamrooda Habib
21 Muslim Conference Prof. Abdul Ghani Butt
22 Political Conference Abdul Samad
23 Tehreek-e-Huriati Kashmiri Syed Ali Geelani
24 People's League Sheikh Abdul Aziz
25 Students Islamic League Shakeel Bakshi
26 Jammu Kashmir People's Freedom League Farooq Rehmani

Members of the Executive Council of the APHC are:

Role in the politics of Kashmir

The APHC does not recognise the Indian right over Kashmir. It blames India's lack of sincerity for the failure of the repeated attempts at the resolution of the Kashmir issue. It has consistently criticized the Indian troops present in Kashmir and accused them of human rights violations.

The APHC is divided into two factions. One, led by Mirwaiz Omar Farooq, second, Tehreek-i-Hurriyat, led by Syed Ali Shah Geelani, both call for resolution of Kashmir on the basis of the right to self-determination of the people under the auspices of United Nations. Since 2004, the Omar Farooq faction has held three rounds of talks with the Government of India, while as Syed Ali Shah Geelani faction rejected the talks until India stops the use of Armed Forces Special Powers Act and accepts Kashmir as a disputed territory.

The Hurriyat boycotted the May 2006 round table conference in Srinagar, which leaders of Jammu and Kashmir, and the Prime Minister of India attended. This was a setback to the Hurriyat's dialogue with New Delhi.

Presently the two factions of Hurriyat are heading towards a single platform considering their common objectives as their main priorities.

Alleged role of Pakistan

Mr. Bilal Lone, a senior Hurriyat member had spoken out in an interview claiming that all the top leaders in the Hurriyat including him were on Pakistan's payroll and hence conducting anti-India slogans. He said that he stopped receiving for the last one and half years and now does not feel that he is cheating his client for saying the truth and speaking against the extremists who oppose India.[5]

See also

References

External links

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