The Full Wiki

Allegany County, New York: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Allegany County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Allegany County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Seat Belmont
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,034 sq mi (2,678 km²)
1,030 sq mi (2,668 km²)
4 sq mi (10 km²), 0.41%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

49,927
49/sq mi (19/km²)
Founded 1806
Website www.alleganyco.com

Allegany County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 49,927. Its name derives from a Delaware Indian word, applied by settlers of Western New York State to a trail that followed the Allegheny River. Its county seat is Belmont.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,034 square miles (2,679 km²), of which, 1,030 square miles (2,668 km²) of it is land and 4 square miles (11 km²) of it (0.41%) is water.

Allegany County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border. Allegany County does not lie along the Allegheny River, as its name would suggest. The highest point in the county is Alma Hill with an elevation of 2,548' above sea level. This is the highest point west of the Catskill Mountains in New York State. The highest point of Interstate 86 is located in the Town of West Almond with an elevation of 2,110'. This is also believed to be the highest point of any Interstate in the New York.

The Genesee River bisects the county from south to north. In June 1972 the remnants of Hurricane Agnes stalled over the area, dropping more than 20 inches (510 mm) of rain. There was memorable flooding in Wellsville, Belmont, Belfast and other valley communities of the county. The Genesee River is extremely popular with canoeists (as it was a favored route for Native Americans) and the river abounds in smallmouth bass, trout and panfish.

Advertisements

History

  • Allegany County was created on 1806-04-07 when Genesee County, New York was partitioned so that 1,570 Square Miles was given over to the new county. The first County Seat was established at Angelica, New York where it remained for half a century. It was later moved to Belmont, New York on the Genesee River.[1]
  • On 1808-03-11, the borders were adjusted so that 230 Square Miles of Steuben County passed to Allegany County,[2] and 600 Miles of Allegany County passed to Genesee County.[3] This established the current border between Genesee and Steuben Counties, and reduced the size of Allegany County to 1,200 Square Miles.
  • On 1812-06-12, the legislature authorized the attachment of Cattaraugus County, New York to Allegany County for administration reasons, but for practical reasons the attachment failed to take place at that time.[4] However, on 1814-04-13, the eastern half of Cattaraugus County was so attached and administered from Belmont.[5] This attachment was ended on 1817-03-28.[6]
  • On 1846-04-01, Allegany County lost 120 Square Miles to Wyoming County, reducing the size of Allegany County to 1,140 Square Miles, and establishing the current border between Allegany and Wyoming Counties.[7]
  • On 1846-05-11, Allegany County lost 50 Square Miles to Livingston County, reducing the total to 1,090 Square Miles, and establishing the western portion of the current border with Livingston County.[8]
  • On 1857-03-23, Allegany County lost another 40 Square Miles to Livingston County, passing the Ossian, New York area to Livingston County, and establishing the current border between them.[9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 1,942
1820 9,330 380.4%
1830 26,276 181.6%
1840 40,975 55.9%
1850 37,808 −7.7%
1860 41,881 10.8%
1870 40,814 −2.5%
1880 41,810 2.4%
1890 43,240 3.4%
1900 41,501 −4.0%
1910 41,412 −0.2%
1920 36,842 −11.0%
1930 38,025 3.2%
1940 39,681 4.4%
1950 43,784 10.3%
1960 43,978 0.4%
1970 46,458 5.6%
1980 51,742 11.4%
1990 50,470 −2.5%
2000 49,927 −1.1%
Est. 2007[10] 49,637 −0.6%
Source[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 49,927 people, 18,009 households, and 12,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 24,505 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.03% White, 0.72% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.3% were of German, 16.6% English, 13.8% Irish, 11.9% American and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.5% spoke English and 1.3% Spanish as their first language.

There were 18,009 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 15.50% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,106, and the median income for a family was $38,580. Males had a median income of $30,401 versus $21,466 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,975. About 10.50% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Allegany County is considered a red county. In 2004 it voted for George Bush over John Kerry by a margin of 63 to 34 and in 2008 it voted for John McCain over Barack Obama by a margin of 59 to 39.[13] It has been reported that in the last 170 years the only Democratic candidates to win were Franklin Pierce in 1852[14] and Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964.[15] In 2006 neither Eliot Spitzer or Hillary Clinton carried it in their landslide elections. Eliot Spitzer lost 48.98% to John Faso's 49.03%. Hillary Clinton lost the county by 3 points.

Allegany is part of New York's 29th congressional district, which has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+5. In the New York State Senate it is part of the 57th district and is represented by Republican Catharine Young. In the New York State Assembly much of it is District 147 and is represented by Republican Daniel Burling.

Additional information about Allegany County

The spelling Allegany County is used in Maryland as well as in New York; Pennsylvania spells a similarly-named county Allegheny County which is where the City of Pittsburgh is located, while Virginia and North Carolina spell theirs Alleghany County.

While fishing in the Genesee and other area streams is excellent, Wiscoy Creek in the northern part of the county (also in Wyoming County) is one of the most famous trout streams in the area, drawing fishermen from across northeastern USA. Both wild and stocked brown trout are to be found in various stretches of this stream.

Educational institutions

Higher education facilities include: Alfred University, Alfred State College, Houghton College.

Towns, villages, and other locations

  • Label in parentheses shows official level of political organization.

Indian reservations

See also

References

  1. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1806; 29th Session; Chapter 162; Section 1; Page 605.
  2. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1808; 31st Session, Chapter 38; Page 263.
  3. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1808; 31st Session; Chapter 40; Sections 1—2; Page266.
  4. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1812; 35th Session; Chapter 38; Page 263 .
  5. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1814; 37th Session; Chapter 123; Page 146.
  6. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1816; 40th Session; Chapter 115; Section 1; Page 107.
  7. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1846; 69th Session; Chapter 51; Page 53.
  8. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1846; 69th Session; Chapter 197; Section 1; Page 235.
  9. ^ New York. Laws of New York; 1857; 80th Session; Chapter 166; Page 366.
  10. ^ Population Estimates as of July 1, 2007 by U.S. Census Bureau
  11. ^ New York State Department of Economic Development
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ CNN: New York results by county
  14. ^ Geographie Electorale for 1852
  15. ^ Geographie Electorale for 1964

External links

Coordinates: 42°15′N 78°01′W / 42.25°N 78.02°W / 42.25; -78.02


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
Allegany County, New York
Map
File:Map of New York highlighting Allegany County.png
Location in the state of New York
Map of the USA highlighting New York
New York's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1806
Seat Belmont
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 0.41%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

49927
Website: www.alleganyco.com

Allegany County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 49,927. Its name derives from a Delaware Indian word, applied by settlers of Western New York State to a trail that followed the Allegany (Allegheny) River. Its county seat is Belmont.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Allegany County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

Ontario County was split off from Montgomery County in 1789. In turn, Genesee County was split off from Ontario County in 1802.

Allegany County was formed in 1806, split off from Genesee County.

From 1812 to 1816, Cattaraugus County was incorporated into Allegany. From 1814 to 1817, some of the county records of Cattaraugus County were kept in Belmont.

The southern part of the county lies within the oil field where petroleum was first discovered in the USA, at Titusville. Names such as Wellsville and Petrolia (as well as Olean in neighboring Cattaraugus County) indicate areas where oil was formerly extracted. Oil has played out, but natural gas is still an important Allegany County resource. Bolivar was named in honor of Simón Bolívar, the South American masonic Anti-Spanish agitator.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,679 km² (1,034 sq mi). 2,668 km² (1,030 sq mi) of it is land and 11 km² (4 sq mi) of it (0.41%) is water.

Allegany County is in the southwestern part of New York State, along the Pennsylvania border. (Allegany County does not lie along the Allegany (Allegheny) River, as its name would suggest; that river actually runs through the adjacent Cattaraugus County). However a small part of the County in the western and southwestern parts does contribute to the Allegheny River Watershed. That watershed eventually contributes to the Ohio and then Mississippi River Watershed. The Eastern part of the County contributes to the Canisteo River Watershed which then proceeds into the Susquehanna River basin eventually proceeding all the way to the Chesapaeke Bay. A very small part of the county in the northwest contributes to the Cattaraugus Creek watershed which flows to Lake Erie, one of the Great Lakes. The majority of the County contributes to the Genesee River, a north flowing river that starts in Pennsylvania in Potter County and proceeds north through Letchworth Park over three large waterfalls. Then moving into the relatively flatlands near Avon and on to Rochester, NY. In Rochester the river flow over three more large waterfalls and then into Lake Ontario. In all Allegany County contributes water to the North Atlantic Ocean via the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River; to the mid Atlantic Ocean through the Susquehanna River and also to the Gulf of Mexico through the Allegheny River/Mississippi River.

The County is entirely within the Allegheny Plateau (note spelling variation), a dissected plateau along the western side of the Appalachian Mountains. The highest hills in the southern part of the county are in excess of 2,000 feet in elevation, and the terrain slopes generally to the northward. The high hills are composed of rocks of Mississippian and Pennsylvanian age, and the lower elevations to the northward are of Devonian age. The Genesee River, passing downward exposes many segments of the geologic column wherever it cuts through rock layers. The highest point in the County is Alma Hill with an elevation of 2,548' above sea level. This is the highest point west of the Catskill Mountains in New York State. The highest point of Interstate 86 is located in the Town of West Almond with an elevation of 2,110'. This is also believed to be the highest point of any Interstate in the New York.

The Genesee River bisects the county from south to north. In June 1972 the remnants of Hurricane Agnes stalled over the area, dropping more than 20 inches of rain. There was memorable flooding in Wellsville, Belmont, Belfast and other valley communities of the county. The Genesee River is extremely popular with canoists (as it was a favored route for Native Americans) and the river abounds in smallmouth bass, trout and panfish.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 49,927 people, 18,009 households, and 12,192 families residing in the county. The population density was 19/km² (48/sq mi). There were 24,505 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (24/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 97.03% White, 0.72% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.72% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 0.91% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.3% were of German, 16.6% English, 13.8% Irish, 11.9% American and 7.0% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 18,009 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 15.50% from 18 to 24, 23.90% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,106, and the median income for a family was $38,580. Males had a median income of $30,401 versus $21,466 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,975. About 10.50% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.20% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Additional information about Allegany County

The spelling Allegany County is used in Maryland as well as in New York; Pennsylvania spells a similarly-named county Allegheny County which is where the City of Pittsburgh exists, while Virginia and North Carolina spell theirs Alleghany County.

While fishing in the Genesee and other area streams is excellent, Wiscoy Creek in the northern part of the county (also in Wyoming County)is one of the most famous trout streams in the area, drawing fishermen from across northeastern USA. Both wild and stocked brown trout are to be found in various stretches of this stream.

Educational institutions

Higher education facilities include: Alfred University, Alfred State College, Houghton College.

External links

Coordinates: 42°15′N 78°01′W / 42.25, -78.02


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Allegany County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Allegany County, New YorkRDF feed
County names Allegany County, New York  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 New York  +
Short name Allegany County  +

This article uses material from the "Allegany County, New York" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message