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Allergy
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 T78.4
ICD-9 995.3
DiseasesDB 33481
MedlinePlus 000812
eMedicine med/1101
MeSH D006967
.An Allergy is a disorder of the immune system often also referred to as atopy.^ Allergies occur when the immune system is over-stimulated.
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ I think we often exceed that limit and over-whelm the body's immune system function with toxins from vaccines , poor quality foods , insecticides, environmental toxins , etc.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A respiratory allergy or allergic reaction is an over-reaction by the immune system to a particular substance, or allergen.
  • Allergies Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: General]

.Allergic reactions occur to normally harmless environmental substances known as allergens; these reactions are acquired, predictable, and rapid.^ It is the allergens in this saliva that cause an allergic reaction to occur.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An allergen is the substance or thing that causes allergic reactions.
  • Allergy Post 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC allergypost.com [Source type: General]

^ An allergy is a hypersensitive reaction to a normally harmless substance.
  • Home Remedies for Allergies and homemade cures for Allergies 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.homemademedicine.com [Source type: General]

.Strictly, allergy is one of four forms of hypersensitivity and is called type I (or immediate) hypersensitivity.^ Life threatening type 1 hypersensitivity allergic reaction (see allergy ) occurring in a person or animal exposed to an antigen or hapten to which they have previously been sensitized.
  • IUPAC Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicology – Terms Starting with A 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC sis.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ This is not an IgE type of reaction, so it might not be called a food allergy, but it is an intolerance of the food and it acts to cause inflammation, so it could be called an allergy.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.causeof.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy These food allergy reactions include immediate hypersensitivity reactions and the pollen-food allergy syndrome (oral allergy syndrome).
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.It is characterized by excessive activation of certain white blood cells called mast cells and basophils by a type of antibody known as IgE, resulting in an extreme inflammatory response.^ The total number and types of white blood cells are measured.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ "There are five basic types of antibodies, called immunoglobulins , or Igs.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.causeof.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mast cells and blood .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Common allergic reactions include eczema, hives, hay fever, asthma attacks, food allergies, and reactions to the venom of stinging insects such as wasps and bees.^ Tags: allergic reaction , allergic reactions , food allergies , which suffer from food allergies Posted in allergies .
  • Allergy Post 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC allergypost.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergies Do you have a history of hay fever, asthma, eczema, allergies or rashes?
  • Latex Allergy 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ See also: Allergic reactions Allergy testing Allergy to mold, dander, dust Drug allergies Food allergies Hay fever .
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

[1]
.Mild allergies like hay fever are highly prevalent in the human population and cause symptoms such as allergic conjunctivitis, itchiness, and runny nose.^ Drug allergies are a group of symptoms caused by allergic reaction to a drug (medication).
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Ulocladium has been reported to cause Type I (hay fever) allergy.
  • Toxic Mold: August 2005 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.moldbacteria.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Antihistamines help reduce the sneezing, runny nose and itchiness of allergies.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Allergies can play a major role in conditions such as asthma.^ Asthma and allergies are conditions that often develop in such kids.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some medical conditions, such as eczema and asthma , are linked to allergies.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Some medical conditions, such as Eczema and Asthma , are linked to allergies.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In some people, severe allergies to environmental or dietary allergens or to medication may result in life-threatening anaphylactic reactions and potentially death.^ Some of these may be serious and/ or life threatening.
  • Food Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.woodmed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anaphylactic reactions are general, dramatic reactions that can result in collapse and possibly death.
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Peanuts are very allergenic and can cause a life threatening anaphylactic (general body) reaction.
  • Baby Food Allergy Dairy Allergy, Soy Allergy, Infant and Baby Allergy Information and Homemade Baby Food - Allergy Information at wholesomebabyfood.com 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.wholesomebabyfood.com [Source type: General]

.A variety of tests now exist to diagnose allergic conditions; these include testing the skin for responses to known allergens or analyzing the blood for the presence and levels of allergen-specific IgE. Treatments for allergies include allergen avoidance, use of anti-histamines, steroids or other oral medications, immunotherapy to desensitize the response to allergen, and targeted therapy.^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

^ Skin allergy Diagnosis and Treatment Tips .
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allergy tests can be unreliable at diagnosing food allergy.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The medical specialty concerned with allergies is allergology.^ "Taking a person’s history accurately is more important in allergy practice than in any other medical specialty.

Contents

Classification and history

.The concept of "allergy" was originally introduced in 1906 by the Viennese pediatrician Clemens von Pirquet, after he noted that some of his patients were hypersensitive to normally innocuous entities such as dust, pollen, or certain foods.^ Allergies can be identified from certain symptoms such as watery and itchy eyes, difficulty in breathing, nasal blocking and some times rashes in the skin.
  • Allergies Home Remedies - Allergies Treatment - Natural Remedies & Cure for Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may seem logical that if a dog is allergic to something he inhales (atopy) like certain pollen grains, he will have a runny nose; if he is allergic to something he eats ( food allergy ) such as beef, he may vomit; or if allergic to an insect bite ( urticaria or hives ), he may develop a swelling at the site of the bite.

^ In other instances, normally harmless foreign substances such as pollens, dust mites, mold spores food, latex, insect venom, medications (drugs) and other allergens/antigens can cause an individual to experience an exaggerated pathological immune response.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

[2] .Pirquet called this phenomenon "allergy" from the Ancient Greek words ἄλλος allos meaning "other" and ἔργον ergon meaning "work".[3] Historically, all forms of hypersensitivity were classified as allergies, and all were thought to be caused by an improper activation of the immune system.^ A yeast allergy, or any other allergy is connected to the immune system, and so is shingles.

^ Works with your immune system.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Substances that cause allergies are called allergens.
  • Allergy Post 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC allergypost.com [Source type: General]

.Later, it became clear that several different disease mechanisms were implicated, with the common link to a disordered activation of the immune system.^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Improves mental well-being, strengthens immune system, and good for lymph disorders.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The immune system mounts different kinds of responses for different invaders -- a bacterium gets attacked by a different cell or system than an allergy-prompting particle, for example.
  • Effect of Mold on Student Achievement - New Jersey - Investigating for Mold in Your School. 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.njmoldinspection.com [Source type: Academic]

.In 1963, a new classification scheme was designed by Philip Gell and Robin Coombs that described four types of hypersensitivity reactions, known as Type I to Type IV hypersensitivity.^ Type 1 hypersensitivity Reaction.
  • A study of common Skin diseases based on Kent's Repertory 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.similima.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Life threatening type 1 hypersensitivity allergic reaction (see allergy ) occurring in a person or animal exposed to an antigen or hapten to which they have previously been sensitized.
  • IUPAC Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicology – Terms Starting with A 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC sis.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The most common antigens causing Type IV reactions were identified as accelerants and antioxidants used in the manufacturing process.

[4] .With this new classification, the word "allergy" was restricted to type I hypersensitivities (also called immediate hypersensitivity), which are characterized as rapidly developing reactions.^ Type 1 hypersensitivity Reaction.
  • A study of common Skin diseases based on Kent's Repertory 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.similima.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Life threatening type 1 hypersensitivity allergic reaction (see allergy ) occurring in a person or animal exposed to an antigen or hapten to which they have previously been sensitized.
  • IUPAC Glossary of Terms Used in Toxicology – Terms Starting with A 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC sis.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ This is not an IgE type of reaction, so it might not be called a food allergy, but it is an intolerance of the food and it acts to cause inflammation, so it could be called an allergy.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.causeof.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A major breakthrough in understanding the mechanisms of allergy was the discovery of the antibody class labeled immunoglobulin E (IgE) - Kimishige Ishizaka and co-workers were the first to isolate and describe IgE in the 1960s.^ In its own defense, the body produces large amounts of the antibody immunoglobulin E (IgE).
  • LLLI | Allergies and the Breastfeeding Family 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.llli.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "There are five basic types of antibodies, called immunoglobulins , or Igs.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.causeof.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As described above, there is the conventional scratch test for IgE antibody response.
  • Natural relief from allergies and sensitivities 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.womentowomen.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]

Signs and symptoms

Common symptoms of allergy
Affected organ Symptom
Nose swelling of the nasal mucosa (allergic rhinitis)
Sinuses allergic sinusitis
Eyes redness and itching of the conjunctiva (allergic conjunctivitis)
Airways Sneezing, coughing, bronchoconstriction, wheezing and dyspnea, sometimes outright attacks of asthma, in severe cases the airway constricts due to swelling known as laryngeal edema
Ears feeling of fullness, possibly pain, and impaired hearing due to the lack of eustachian tube drainage.
Skin rashes, such as eczema and hives (urticaria)
Gastrointestinal tract abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea
.Many allergens such as dust or pollen are airborne particles.^ Many allergens, including dust mites, are in dust.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Doctors use allergy shots mainly to treat an allergy caused by one allergen or a closely related group of them, such as grass pollens.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ When your body comes into contact with any substance that you may be allergic to (such as pollen, dust or even surgical...
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.In these cases, symptoms arise in areas in contact with air, such as eyes, nose and lungs.^ Allergies can be identified from certain symptoms such as watery and itchy eyes, difficulty in breathing, nasal blocking and some times rashes in the skin.
  • Allergies Home Remedies - Allergies Treatment - Natural Remedies & Cure for Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This group of pharmaceuticals is used to treat symptoms caused by histamine, such as watery and itchy eyes, hives, sneezing, and smooth muscle constriction in the lungs, which produces wheezing and aggravates asthma and obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ This section deals mainly with NASAL ALLERGIES symptoms that involve the nose, eyes, throat, ears and chest.

.For instance, allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, causes irritation of the nose, sneezing, and itching and redness of the eyes.^ You have severe itching of the eyes or nose.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ But what if your pet is the cause of your watery eyes, sneezing, and runny nose?
  • Allergies: News & Videos about Allergies - CNN.com 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergic rhinitis caused by inhalant factors.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[6] .Inhaled allergens can also lead to asthmatic symptoms, caused by narrowing of the airways (bronchoconstriction) and increased production of mucus in the lungs, shortness of breath (dyspnea), coughing and wheezing.^ Do any allergies cause shortness of breath?
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Obstructive diseases of the airways are characterized by airflow limitation (i.e., airflow obstruction or narrowing) due to constriction of airway smooth muscle, edema and hypersecretion of mucous leading to increased work in breathing, dyspnea, hypoxemia and hypercapnia.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Description Wheezing occurs when a child or adult tries to breathe deeply through air passages that are narrowed or filled with mucus as a ; shortness of breath Shortness of Breath Definition Shortness of breath, or dyspnea, is a feeling of difficult or labored breathing that is out of proportion to the patient's level of physical activity.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

[7]
.Aside from these ambient allergens, allergic reactions can result from foods, insect stings, and reactions to medications like aspirin and antibiotics such as penicillin.^ Allergic Disorders, such as food allergy, skin allergy, medication allergy.
  •  UMC Pulmonary and Allergy Division 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC allergy.umh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More likely, such foods cause LESS of a reaction.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It means that allergens are likely to cause an allergic reaction.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Symptoms of food allergy include abdominal pain, bloating, vomiting, diarrhea, itchy skin, and swelling of the skin during hives.^ Cure rash hives skin and food Allergic symptoms and Reactions.
  • Allergy Treatments | Cure Allergies | Allergy Medications | Cure rash hives skin and food Allergic symptoms and Reactions. Alternative Medicine 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergy symptoms vary, but may include: .
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The following is a list of symptoms that resulted from food allergies in certain children: Hyperactivity Changes in mood Halitosis Sleep disturbances Delay in sleep onset Migraines Other headaches Abdominal pain Bedwetting Tantrums Eczema Asthma Seizures Research shows that by treating the food allergies all of these symptoms can be relieved.
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

.Food allergies rarely cause respiratory (asthmatic) reactions, or rhinitis.^ Food allergy is rarely the cause of chronic urticaria or angioedema.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Any food or food ingredient can cause an allergy.
  • Allergy [HomeVet© Natural Pet Care] 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.homevet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is practically impossible to avoid breathing in mold spores, of which large or small amounts exist everywhere, and which, when airborne, enter the respiratory tract causing an allergic reaction.

[8] .Insect stings, antibiotics, and certain medicines produce a systemic allergic response that is also called anaphylaxis; multiple organ systems can be affected, including the digestive system, the respiratory system, and the circulatory system.^ Any system/organ of the body can be affected by an allergic reaction to foods .
  •  UMC Pulmonary and Allergy Division 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC allergy.umh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allergic rhinitis, often called hay fever, occurs when your immune system overreacts to particles in the air that you breathe—you are allergic to them.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ If you have had a severe allergic reaction to an insect bite or sting, avoid the insect that caused the reaction.
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[9][10][11] .Depending of the rate of severity, it can cause cutaneous reactions, bronchoconstriction, edema, hypotension, coma, and even death.^ Several chemical reactions occur in the skin that stimulate the nerves, causing the brain to feel the itch.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fewer than 3% of cases, symptoms progress to more systemic reactions, such as laryngeal edema or hypotension.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you have had a severe allergic reaction to an insect bite or sting, avoid the insect that caused the reaction.
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.This type of reaction can be triggered suddenly, or the onset can be delayed.^ There are other very specialized laboratories that can test for delayed type food reactions to a few or over 100 food and other items.
  • Food Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.woodmed.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Haas explains that the most common type of allergic reaction to food is a delayed reaction, which can take up to three days for symptoms to appear.

^ Additionally, fish oil can suppress B- and T-lymphocyte synthesis and decrease delayed-type hypersensitivity skin reactions.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

.The severity of this type of allergic response often requires injections of epinephrine, sometimes through a device known as the EpiPen or Twinject auto-injector.^ Some people will not grasp the threat that severe allergic reactions present to your health, so you have to take responsibility for avoiding trigger foods.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the antigens to which the animal is allergic have been identified through testing, a commercially prepared injection containing the altered antigens is injected into the dog.
  • Allergies & Atopy in Dogs 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Allergy and Atopy Treatment in Dogs 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Allergy to NRL is known as a type I or immediate hypersensitivity immediate hypersensitivity, n a type-1 hypersensitivity reaction in which exposure to an antigen causes an rapid immune response.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

.The nature of anaphylaxis is such that the reaction can seem to be subsiding, but may recur throughout a prolonged period of time.^ However, they may cause uncomfortable side effects (such as hives and rash) and dangerous outcomes (such as anaphylaxis).
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ From there, the process of thinning hair and hair loss continues and may progress at an even faster rate, with more hair loss taking place in a shorter period of time.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sitting for prolonged periods of time can cause hemorrhoids.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11]
.Substances that come into contact with the skin, such as latex, are also common causes of allergic reactions, known as contact dermatitis or eczema.^ Also known as dry skin or atopic dermatitis.
  •  UMC Pulmonary and Allergy Division 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC allergy.umh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Residuals of that substance in his mouth may cause reactions on the mother's skin.
  • LLLI | Allergies and the Breastfeeding Family 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.llli.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allergic reactions are common and unpredictable.
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[12] .Skin allergies frequently cause rashes, or swelling and inflammation within the skin, in what is known as a "wheal and flare" reaction characteristic of hives and angioedema.^ The reaction that is seen on the skin surfaceis called a wheal or a hive.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Allergies to plants often cause a skin rash.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Cure rash hives skin and food Allergic symptoms and Reactions.
  • Allergy Treatments | Cure Allergies | Allergy Medications | Cure rash hives skin and food Allergic symptoms and Reactions. Alternative Medicine 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: General]

[13]

Cause

.Risk factors for allergy can be placed in two general categories, namely host and environmental factors.^ Some forms of 'hyperactivity,' short attention spans and mood swings are caused by allergies and intolerances for certain foods and other environmental factors."
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.causeof.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twice every year the Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America analyzes a variety of factors to come up with the worst places to live in the United States.

^ Turjanmaa K, Makinen-Kiljunen S. Latex allergy: prevalence, risk factors, and cross-reactivity.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

[14]. .Host factors include heredity, sex, race, and age, with heredity being by far the most significant.^ Being able to control or eliminate anger or distress is the most significant key to reducing high blood pressure.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Readability is a key factor in most cases; that is, if it is not being used as a background texture.
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

.However, there have been recent increases in the incidence of allergic disorders that cannot be explained by genetic factors alone.^ There are 3 very important factors that determine if one is to become allergic to foods: genetics, environment, and timing.
  •  UMC Pulmonary and Allergy Division 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC allergy.umh.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Text ‎21 -15 : Fruit Consumed Alone As explained, however, fruits are handled best by your digestive system if consumed alone.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One month after transfer factors there was some regression of the oral tumor, restored appetite with some weight gain, and increased sociability.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Four major environmental candidates are alterations in exposure to infectious diseases during early childhood, environmental pollution, allergen levels, and dietary changes.^ During space flight, for example, TNF, IL-6, and IL-2 levels increase upon a subject's initial exposure to weightlessness and again upon return from space.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The repeated low-level exposure to the allergen induces the body to make a different antibody to the substance.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

^ Occupational asthma symptoms must be recognized early and affected workers must be removed from exposure to allergens, since prolonged exposure can lead to irreversible disease.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[15]

Genetic basis

.Allergic diseases are strongly familial: identical twins are likely to have the same allergic diseases about 70% of the time; the same allergy occurs about 40% of the time in non-identical twins.^ You have a family history of allergies, especially allergic rhinitis.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ When not administered at the same time, preferably the administration of a compound of the present invention and the second therapeutic agent occurs less than about one hour apart, more preferably less than about 5 to 30 minutes apart.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I personally consider severe allergic disease to be a reason not to breed a dog since we really do seem to see this in family lines of affected dogs.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] .Allergic parents are more likely to have allergic children,[17] and their allergies are likely to be more severe than those from non-allergic parents.^ It is more likely a child will have an allergy if both parents have an allergy or have the same type of allergy.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ You may be more likely to have allergic rhinitis and other allergies if: .
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Food allergies , which are more common in children than adults.
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Some allergies, however, are not consistent along genealogies; parents who are allergic to peanuts may have children who are allergic to ragweed.^ Some kids may also be allergic to soy.

^ Some children may outgrow an allergy.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

.It seems that the likelihood of developing allergies is inherited and related to an irregularity in the immune system, but the specific allergen is not.^ Allergies occur when the immune system is over-stimulated.
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergies are very individual specific depending on your immune system.
  • Drug InfoNet - Allergies - [allergies] 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: General]

^ A blood test (sometimes called the radioallergosorbent, or RAST, test) can measure your immune system's response to a specific allergen by measuring the amount of allergy-causing antibodies in your bloodstream, known as immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[17]
.The risk of allergic sensitization and the development of allergies varies with age, with young children most at risk.^ Nickel allergy may develop at any age.
  • Relationship between nickel allergy and diet Sharma AD - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.ijdvl.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In most allergy cases, the body is first sensitized to a foreign protein (allergen), causing the production of an antibody called immunoglobulin E (IgE).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Most food allergies appear before a child reaches the age of three.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .Several studies have shown that IgE levels are highest in childhood and fall rapidly between the ages of 10 and 30 years.^ Supplement to achieve DHEA at the age 30 level.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Francis M. Pottenger's nutritional studies have shown that the group fed raw meat were fit and healthy throughout the ten year trial period.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All twenty-three children in the long-term study had symptoms of ADHD and had been shown to have abnormal levels of peptides in their urine.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18] .The peak prevalence of hay fever is highest in children and young adults and the incidence of asthma is highest in children under 10.[19] Overall, boys have a higher risk of developing allergy than girls,[17] although for some diseases, namely asthma in young adults, females are more likely to be affected.^ An atopic person often develops more than one allergy.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ This is called the "hygiene hypothesis" and sprang from observations that infants on farms tend to have fewer allergies than those who grow up in environments that are more sterile.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ (SGP) of the U.S. to develop its tablet-based allergy vaccines for North America, sending shares up as much as 17% in early trading.
  • Allergies: News & Videos about Allergies - CNN.com 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[20] Sex differences tend to decrease in adulthood.[17] .Ethnicity may play a role in some allergies, however racial factors have been difficult to separate from environmental influences and changes due to migration.^ Some children may outgrow an allergy.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Both genetics and environmental factors play a role.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergic Reactions Treating Cat Allergies But in the meantime, here are some suggestions that you may not have heard of.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[17] Interestingly, it has been suggested that different genetic loci are responsible for asthma, specifically, in people of European, Hispanic, Asian, and African origins.[21]

Hygiene hypothesis

.According to the hygiene hypothesis, proposed by David P. Strachan, allergic diseases are caused by inappropriate immunological responses to harmless antigens driven by a TH2-mediated immune response.^ This is caused by the response of the immune system.
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ To be effective, the immune system must operate within a narrow balance; a lack of immune response leads to easy infection, while an overactive immune system can lead to autoimmune diseases (in which the body attacks itself) or allergies (in which the body overreacts to otherwise harmless substances).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In other instances, normally harmless foreign substances such as pollens, dust mites, mold spores food, latex, insect venom, medications (drugs) and other allergens/antigens can cause an individual to experience an exaggerated pathological immune response.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

.Many bacteria and viruses elicit a TH1-mediated immune response, which down-regulates TH2 responses.^ Inflammatory responses and regulating immune system .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While CD8+ T cells are associated with cytotoxicity functions, CD4+ T cells are associated with helper function and secrete various cytokines that regulate and modulate immune responses.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Cytokines, including the TNFs, CSFs, interferons and interleukins mediate host defense responses, cell regulation and cell differentiation.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.The first proposed mechanism of action of the hygiene hypothesis stated that insufficient stimulation of the TH1 arm of the immune system lead to an overactive TH2 arm, which in turn led to allergic disease.^ Switch turns on allergic disease in people .

^ Allergies occur when the immune system is over-stimulated.
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ To be effective, the immune system must operate within a narrow balance; a lack of immune response leads to easy infection, while an overactive immune system can lead to autoimmune diseases (in which the body attacks itself) or allergies (in which the body overreacts to otherwise harmless substances).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

[22] .In other words, individuals living in too sterile an environment are not exposed to enough pathogens to keep the immune system busy.^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, when exposed to Alternaria, one branch of the immune system's response was five times greater in the chronic rhinosinusitis patients than in the healthy volunteers.
  • Effect of Mold on Student Achievement - New Jersey - Investigating for Mold in Your School. 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.njmoldinspection.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A yeast allergy, or any other allergy is connected to the immune system, and so is shingles.

.Since our bodies evolved to deal with a certain level of such pathogens, when it is not exposed to this level the immune system will attack harmless antigens, and thus normally benign microbial objects, like pollen, will trigger an immune response.^ However, in certain individuals, the normally beneficial immune response immune response n.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Inflammatory responses and regulating immune system .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Strengthening the immune system response via increasing levels of lymphocyte activity and through a newly researched mechanism termed photomodulation of blood.

[23]
.The hygiene hypothesis was developed to explain the observation that hay fever and eczema, both allergic diseases, were less common in children from larger families, which were presumably exposed to more infectious agents through their siblings, than in children from families with only one child.^ This is called the "hygiene hypothesis" and sprang from observations that infants on farms tend to have fewer allergies than those who grow up in environments that are more sterile.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Mold-exposed patients showed significantly higher levels of salivary IgA antibodies against one or more mold species.
  • Effect of Mold on Student Achievement - New Jersey - Investigating for Mold in Your School. 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.njmoldinspection.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As the child grows older, the food allergies so common to infants gradually disappear — only to be replaced by inhalant allergies ".

.The hygiene hypothesis has been extensively investigated by immunologists and epidemiologists and has become an important theoretical framework for the study of allergic disorders.^ It is not unusual for allergies to start out as a seasonal problem and then become an all year disorder as the dog "learns" to be allergic to more and more things.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In an in-vitro study, quercetin was investigated for its ability to inhibit histamine release in IgE-mediated allergic responses (Kiamata M et al 2000).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ These studies are registered with the National Institutes of Health and involve investigation of food allergy, food hypersensitivity, eosinophilic disorders and other related atopic disease.

.It is used to explain the increase in allergic diseases that has been seen since industrialization, and the higher incidence of allergic diseases in more developed countries.^ As magnesium levels decline, the incidence of allergies and asthma increases, and magnesium has been used in the acute treatment of asthma attacks (Langsjoen P et al 1994; Hijazi N et al 2000).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Workers with a history of allergic disease are at increased risk, but this criterion is not useful for screening.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The hygiene hypothesis has now expanded to include exposure to symbiotic bacteria and parasites as important modulators of immune system development, along with infectious agents.^ T cells are an important part of the immune system.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Upon exposure, the immune system mistakenly recognizes a particular allergen/antigen as an invader and generates large amounts of the antibody immunoglobulin E immunoglobulin E n.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The cats were given Transfer Factor along with a healthy diet to help support their immune system.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Epidemiological data support the hygiene hypothesis. .Studies have shown that various immunological and autoimmune diseases are much less common in the developing world than the industrialized world and that immigrants to the industrialized world from the developing world increasingly develop immunological disorders in relation to the length of time since arrival in the industrialized world.^ "Asthmatics treated by a good allergist are hospitalized much less frequently than those under the care of other types of physicians.

^ However, as the animals reached adulthood, they began to age more quickly than normal and also developed chronic degenerative disease symptoms.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The culprit could be allergies.Allergic skin disease, or atopic dermatitis, is an extremely common skin disorder in dogs.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24] .Longitudinal studies in the third world demonstrate an increase in immunological disorders as a country grows more affluent and, presumably, cleaner[25].^ Wool from third-world countries is not treated after it’s taken from the animal.

^ Studies in several countries around the world show a prevalence of milk allergy in children around 2% to 5%.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ July 30th, 2007 With the ever growing population and influx of more and more people to the UK from all around the world the housing sector is witnessing a significant growth.
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

.The use of antibiotics in the first year of life has been linked to asthma and other allergic diseases.^ I was frustrated with giving animals cortisone because I had no other solutions, or using antibiotics for infections which I knew were of viral origin.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The methods of using the compounds of the present invention are particularly useful in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, MS, diabetes mellitus (Type-1 or -2) or asthma.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .The use of antibacterial cleaning products has also been associated with higher incidence of asthma, as has birth by Caesarean section rather than vaginal birth.^ As magnesium levels decline, the incidence of allergies and asthma increases, and magnesium has been used in the acute treatment of asthma attacks (Langsjoen P et al 1994; Hijazi N et al 2000).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Type-1 allergic reactions are associated with the IgE antibody production, eosinophilia and a group of diseases including, without limitation, asthma, hay fever, and atopic dermatitis.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Better growth can be obtained when cottonseed meal rather than urea is used as a nitrogen source to supplement straw.
  • Welcome to Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC ucce.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Academic]

[27][28]

Other environmental factors

.International differences have been associated with the number of individuals within a population that suffer from allergy.^ Approximately 4% of the US population suffers from a food allergy while 15% of the US population is affected by food intolerance.1 What is the difference?

^ Up to 30% of the population suffers from allergic rhinitis, and this number seems to be growing.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Allergic diseases are more common in industrialized countries than in countries that are more traditional or agricultural, and there is a higher rate of allergic disease in urban populations versus rural populations, although these differences are becoming less defined.^ "These people obtain much more relief when they’re treated for both their year-round (indoor) allergies and pollens than when treated for pollens alone".

^ In my experience, these techniques are more of an art than a science.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

^ In children younger than 11 years old, allergic dermatitis (inflammation of the skin) is the most common skin condition.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

[29]
.Exposure to allergens, especially in early life, is an important risk factor for allergy.^ Minimizing exposure to allergens is the key to allergy prevention.

^ Other important sources of allergen exposure include rabbit pelts, cat saliva and dander, dog dander, and horse serum and dander [Bardana 1992].
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Even a low exposure to these common sources of animal allergens can result in allergies, but the risk increases as the worker = s exposure increases [Hollander et al.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Alterations in exposure to microorganisms is another plausible explanation, at present, for the increase in atopic allergy.^ Answer: Mucus tends to increase with age and allergies tend to increase with exposure.
  • Drug InfoNet - Allergies - [allergies] 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.druginfonet.com [Source type: General]

^ Even a low exposure to these common sources of animal allergens can result in allergies, but the risk increases as the worker = s exposure increases [Hollander et al.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ The recommendations presented here can help reduce such exposures and prevent animal-induced asthma and allergies.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[15] .Endotoxin exposure reduces release of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α, IFNγ, interleukin-10, and interleukin-12 from white blood cells (leukocytes) that circulate in the blood.^ Reduces fatigue by improving blood circulation.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Endotoxin exposure reduces peripheral blood leukocytes release of inflammatory cytokines after lipopolysaccharide.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In response to the pro-inflammatory chemicals, leukocytes (white blood cells) are attracted.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

[30] .Certain microbe-sensing proteins, known as Toll-like receptors, found on the surface of cells in the body are also thought to be involved in these processes.^ These antibodies bind to high-affinity IgE receptors on circulating basophils and tissue mast cells present throughout the body, including the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory tract.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Magnesium is utilized by every cell in the body and participates in energy metabolism and protein synthesis.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Cellular signals necessary for cell growth, differentiation, response to bioregulatory molecules, infectious agents and physiological stress involve various biochemical processes.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

[31]
.Gutworms and similar parasites are present in untreated drinking water in developing countries, and were present in the water of developed countries until the routine chlorination and purification of drinking water supplies.^ One last key, drink fluoridated tap water that has had 15 minutes of exposure to the air for chlorine evaporation to help the calcium adhere to the teeth.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I even got urinary tract infection from drinking the "recommended water dose" until I fond out I was actually seriously depleting my body of electrolytes.
  • Allergy and Hay Fever (allergic rhinitis) Remedies on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Natural Cures. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ When one drinks tap water from the faucet the Chlorine goes through the body into the colon and kills the good bacteria in the colon as well as the bad.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .Recent research has shown that some common parasites, such as intestinal worms (e.g.^ Recently, new research has shown that certain fatty acids - the omega-3 fatty acids - are also very beneficial in the management of allergies in dogs and cats.

.hookworms), secrete chemicals into the gut wall (and hence the bloodstream) that suppress the immune system and prevent the body from attacking the parasite.^ This is because the immune system must attack the food as it enters into the body and bloodstream.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To be effective, the immune system must operate within a narrow balance; a lack of immune response leads to easy infection, while an overactive immune system can lead to autoimmune diseases (in which the body attacks itself) or allergies (in which the body overreacts to otherwise harmless substances).
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ I think we often exceed that limit and over-whelm the body's immune system function with toxins from vaccines , poor quality foods , insecticides, environmental toxins , etc.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] .This gives rise to a new slant on the hygiene hypothesis theory — that co-evolution of man and parasites has led to an immune system that only functions correctly in the presence of the parasites.^ I think we often exceed that limit and over-whelm the body's immune system function with toxins from vaccines , poor quality foods , insecticides, environmental toxins , etc.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remember, immunotherapy is the only treatment for allergies that fixes the underlying problem of the immune system, much like a vaccine.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transfer factors can significantly shorten the course, by giving a much needed balancing effect to the immune system.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Without them, the immune system becomes unbalanced and oversensitive.^ Your immune system will become really efficient when using omega 3.

^ The biggest cause behind them is an oversensitive immune system.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The immune system of some people becomes hyper-alert to some things .

[34] .In particular, research suggests that allergies may coincide with the delayed establishment of gut flora in infants.^ There is also evidence that infants exposed to certain airborne allergens (such as dust mites and cat dander) may be less likely to develop related allergies.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Drug hypersensitivity Delayed anaphylaxis to mammalian meats may be related to IgE binding to the carbohydrate… Food Allergy Buzz .

^ Once an individual has become sensitized to animals, allergy symptoms can occur after only a few minutes of exposure, or they may be delayed up to 8 hours or more.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

[35] .However, the research to support this theory is conflicting, with some studies performed in China and Ethiopia showing an increase in allergy in people infected with intestinal worms.^ Some estimates are much higher, as the researchers in this study propose.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, it is irritating to many people — and not just those with allergies.

^ Oral immunotherapy showed some promise for the treatment of food allergy in 2009.

[29] .Clinical trials have been initiated to test the effectiveness of certain worms in treating some allergies.^ I was really supprised to find out that some of the tests for allergies can be quite inconclusive.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ NEW! Current Clinical Trial Studies for Food Allergies Find research studies and clinical trials involving food allergies near you.

^ We will initiate an antihistamine trial to determine which one, if any, is most effective for your pet.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .It may be that the term 'parasite' could turn out to be inappropriate, and in fact a hitherto unsuspected symbiosis is at work.^ You may feel left out when the person turns to other people for mutual support.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .For more information on this topic, see Helminthic therapy.^ You may click on each of these words for more information on these other topics.

Pathophysiology

.The pathophysiology of allergic responses can be divided into two phases.^ Mature T cells can be divided broadly into two functional categories by the presence of two mutually exclusive antigens on their cell surface, CD4 (helper) and CD8 (cytotoxic).
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Diabetics are generally divided into two categories.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The systemic inflammatory response, also denoted as an acute phase response, is characterized by various reactions including, for example, fever, leukocytosis and release of acute phase reactants into the serum.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.The first is an acute response that occurs immediately after exposure to an allergen.^ This process, called sensitization, occurs in the first season a pet encounters a specific allergen in its area.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The allergic response should occur first in those areas receiving blood from the small intestine region.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most dogs get their first exposure to an allergen and develop sensitization in their first exposure to a pollen season.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This phase can either subside or progress into a "late phase reaction" which can substantially prolong the symptoms of a response, and result in tissue damage.^ They may also inhibit the late-phase allergic reaction by acting on leukotrienes or prostaglandins, or by producing an anti-platelet activating factor effect.
  • Antihistamines, H1 Receptor Antagonist Class Review, DUR, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC pharmacy.oregonstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The effects of these mediators on surrounding tissues result in vasodilatation, smooth muscle contraction, and mucus secretion, which, in turn, are responsible for the spectrum of clinical symptoms observed during acute allergic reactions to food.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In fewer than 3% of cases, symptoms progress to more systemic reactions, such as laryngeal edema or hypotension.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

Acute response

Degranulation process in allergy.1 - antigen; 2 - IgE antibody; 3 - FcεRI receptor; 4 - preformed mediators (histamine, proteases, chemokines, heparine); 5 - granules; 6 - mast cell; 7 - newly formed mediators (prostaglandins, leukotrienes, thromboxanes, PAF)
.In the early stages of allergy, a type I hypersensitivity reaction against an allergen, encountered for the first time, causes a response in a type of immune cell called a TH2 lymphocyte, which belongs to a subset of T cells that produce a cytokine called interleukin-4 (IL-4).^ Allergy to NRL is known as a type I or immediate hypersensitivity immediate hypersensitivity, n a type-1 hypersensitivity reaction in which exposure to an antigen causes an rapid immune response.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When the immune system encounters an allergen that has the potential to cause disease (ex.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An allergic reaction may not occur the first time you are exposed to an allergy-producing substance ( allergen ).
  • Allergic Reaction - Yahoo! Health 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.These TH2 cells interact with other lymphocytes called B cells, whose role is production of antibodies.^ IV (delayed) allergy that occurs when an allergen, usually chemical additives contained in latex products, interacts with sensitized T lymphocytes located in the dermis dermis: see skin.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Antibodies, which are bound to mast cells, bind to these antigens and thus neutralize them; in the process, the mast cells are disrupted and release their histamines.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ IL-12 affects both natural killer cells (“NK cells”) and T-lymphocytes (“T cells”), and stimulates IFN-γ production by both of these cell types.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.Coupled with signals provided by IL-4, this interaction stimulates the B cell to begin production of a large amount of a particular type of antibody known as IgE. Secreted IgE circulates in the blood and binds to an IgE-specific receptor (a kind of Fc receptor called FcεRI) on the surface of other kinds of immune cells called mast cells and basophils, which are both involved in the acute inflammatory response.^ Mast cells and blood .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Inflammatory responses and regulating immune system .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The antibodies attach themselves to blood cells called mast cells .

.The IgE-coated cells, at this stage are sensitized to the allergen.^ Once a person is sensitized, the subsequent exposure to that allergen/antigen, which is known as the challenge dose, results in cross-linking of the IgE antibody bound to the mast cells and basophils, causing the release of histamine and the initiation of an allergic reaction.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ B cells to produce antigen-specific IgE. The allergic individual is now sensitized to that particular antigen, and subsequent exposure will result in an allergic reaction.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ While sensitization (eg, development of an immunoglobulin E [IgE] immune response) to an allergen has been primarily assumed to occur from ingestion, this may not always be the case.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[15]
.If later exposure to the same allergen occurs, the allergen can bind to the IgE molecules held on the surface of the mast cells or basophils.^ Once a person is sensitized, the subsequent exposure to that allergen/antigen, which is known as the challenge dose, results in cross-linking of the IgE antibody bound to the mast cells and basophils, causing the release of histamine and the initiation of an allergic reaction.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Antibodies, which are bound to mast cells, bind to these antigens and thus neutralize them; in the process, the mast cells are disrupted and release their histamines.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These saccharides combine with protein and fat molecules into glycoforms that attach themselves to the surfaces of every cell in the body.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cross-linking of the IgE and Fc receptors occurs when more than one IgE-receptor complex interacts with the same allergenic molecule, and activates the sensitized cell.^ Cytokines have multiple biological activities and interact with more than one cell type.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Subsequent allergen exposure binds and cross links IgE antibodies on the cell surface, resulting in receptor activation and intracellular signaling that initiates the release of inflammatory mediators (eg, histamine) and synthesis of additional factors (eg, chemotactic factors, cytokines) that promote allergic inflammation.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This process, called sensitization, occurs in the first season a pet encounters a specific allergen in its area.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Activated mast cells and basophils undergo a process called degranulation, during which they release histamine and other inflammatory chemical mediators (cytokines, interleukins, leukotrienes, and prostaglandins) from their granules into the surrounding tissue causing several systemic effects, such as vasodilation, mucous secretion, nerve stimulation and smooth muscle contraction.^ When IgE attaches to these mast cells, it causes the release of various irritating chemicals such as histamine.

^ Cytokines Chemicals made by the cells that act on other cells to stimulate or inhibit their function.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It doesn’t have smooth muscle and it can’t secrete mucus".

This results in rhinorrhea, itchiness, dyspnea, and anaphylaxis. .Depending on the individual, allergen, and mode of introduction, the symptoms can be system-wide (classical anaphylaxis), or localized to particular body systems; asthma is localized to the respiratory system and eczema is localized to the dermis.^ Upon exposure, the immune system mistakenly recognizes a particular allergen/antigen as an invader and generates large amounts of the antibody immunoglobulin E immunoglobulin E n.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Other problems with symptoms similar to allergic rhinitis include upper respiratory infections (URIs) , nasal defects, and inflammation ( rhinitis ) not caused by an allergen (nonallergic rhinitis).
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Steroids have a wide range of activity and affect several different systems within the body.
  • Allergy and Atopy Treatment in Dogs 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: Academic]

[15]

Late-phase response

.After the chemical mediators of the acute response subside, late phase responses can often occur.^ It is thought to be a major mediator of the acute inflammatory response, although histamine H1 antagonists have little effect on acute inflammation (Rang et al., 1995).

^ This is not an IgE "allergy" test like a RAST or ELISA or Skin Prick Test, but it's a test that picks up a "Type 4 Cell Mediated Response" to foods and chemicals.

^ Following induction of such an immune, inflammatory, repair or acute phase response, the concentrations of various cytokines can increase or decrease at different times.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.This is due to the migration of other leukocytes such as neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils and macrophages to the initial site.^ Other treatments that target immune system components include lymphocyte cytotoxic drugs such as cyclophosphamide and azathioprine.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

The reaction is usually seen 2–24 hours after the original reaction.[37] .Cytokines from mast cells may also play a role in the persistence of long-term effects.^ Will it have any long term bad effects?
  • Allergy and Hay Fever (allergic rhinitis) Remedies on Earth Clinic, Your Source for Natural Cures. 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ But they have very bad long-term side effects, including damage to various internal organs, and incontinence.
  • Dog Allergies and Their Causes 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.allergicpet.com [Source type: General]

^ The compounds of the present invention are modulators of fatty acid metabolism and therefore play a role in ameliorating the effects of NIDDM by affecting insulin secretion and glucose tolerance.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.Late phase responses seen in asthma are slightly different from those seen in other allergic responses, although they are still caused by release of mediators from eosinophils, and are still dependent on activity of TH2 cells.^ They may also inhibit the late-phase allergic reaction by acting on leukotrienes or prostaglandins, or by producing an anti-platelet activating factor effect.
  • Antihistamines, H1 Receptor Antagonist Class Review, DUR, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC pharmacy.oregonstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The allergic response in these tests mimics the early phase of the allergic response without the mast cell degranulation and the subsequent release of mediators from mast cells, neurons, and other cells along with the influx of granulocytes; thus no full allergic response in these tests.
  • Antihistamines, H1 Receptor Antagonist Class Review, DUR, College of Pharmacy, Oregon State University 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC pharmacy.oregonstate.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The particles are called allergens , which simply means they can cause an allergic reaction .
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[38]

Diagnosis

An allergy testing machine being operated in the diagnostic immunology lab at Lackland Air Force Base
.Before a diagnosis of allergic disease can be confirmed, the other possible causes of the presenting symptoms should be carefully considered.^ These symptoms can occur with other diseases also.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the mid-Atlantic region, I think that all skin disease should be considered to be linked to flea bites, flea allergy and inhalant allergies until proven otherwise.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your doctor may use this test to confirm a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[39] .Vasomotor rhinitis, for example, is one of many maladies that shares symptoms with allergic rhinitis, underscoring the need for professional differential diagnosis.^ What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ These sprays may reduce all symptoms of allergic rhinitis and are thought to be the most effective treatment for most people.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Anaphylaxis Allergy Prevention One can be allergic to many things.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[40] .Once a diagnosis of asthma, rhinitis, anaphylaxis, or other allergic disease has been made, there are several methods for discovering the causative agent of that allergy.^ You may be more likely to have allergic rhinitis and other allergies if: .
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ There is no cure for allergic rhinitis.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Should I take allergy shots for allergic rhinitis or allergic asthma?
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

Skin testing

Skin testing on arm
Skin testing on back
.For assessing the presence of allergen-specific IgE antibodies, allergy skin testing is preferred over blood allergy tests because it is more sensitive and specific, simpler to use, and less expensive.^ The blood test may be used if you cannot have or do not want a skin test.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ It is possible to test for inhalant allergies using blood testing but this is not yet considered to be as accurate as skin testing.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Roberts G, Lack G. Diagnosing peanut allergy with skin prick and specific IgE testing.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[41] .Skin testing is also known as "puncture testing" and "prick testing" due to the series of tiny puncture or pricks made into the patient's skin.^ A study was recently conducted to determine if those patients who test positive for peanut allergy through a blood or skin test could really tolerate peanut.

^ A tiny needle is used to introduce a substance such as dairy protein or pet dander into the skin.

^ The most reliable test is the skin prick testing ( SPT ( S ectors P er T rack) The number of sectors in one track.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

.Small amounts of suspected allergens and/or their extracts (pollen, grass, mite proteins, peanut extract, etc.^ The suspect protein is known as an allergen.
  • TRACKING DOWN FOOD ALLERGIES 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.askdrsears.com [Source type: General]

^ Pest allergens (cockroaches, mice, rats) Pollen (trees, grasses, weeds) Molds and fungi (including molds too small to be seen with the naked eye) Foods (cow's milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish) HOW TO MANAGE ALLERGIC NASAL SYMPTOMS .
  • AAP News Release - Allergy and Asthma Tips 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.aap.org [Source type: General]

^ House and dust mites, grass and tree pollens, pet hair, bee stings and nuts are all examples.

) are introduced to sites on the skin marked with pen or dye .(the ink/dye should be carefully selected, lest it cause an allergic response itself).^ Hair dye can cause allergic reactions.

^ The allergic response becomes a disease in itself.
  • Allergies 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.coolnurse.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This should not, however, be confused with an allergic response.

.A small plastic or metal device is used to puncture or prick the skin.^ The diagnosis of animal allergy or sensitization is made using skin-prick tests, blood antibody tests, and other methods.
  • NIOSH/Asthma in Animal Handlers Alert 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ Scratch or prick skin test: This is the most commonly used allergy test.
  • Allergies - Allergen, Immune System, Immune Response - Life Extension Health Concern 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.lef.org [Source type: Academic]

^ For a skin test, the doctor will place a small amount of liquid containing the allergen on your skin and prick you.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sometimes, the allergens are injected "intradermally" into the patient's skin, with a needle and syringe.^ In this test, called the allergy skin test or intradermal test, small amounts of materials that routinely cause allergies in dogs are injected under the skin.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This can be done by skin testing, where small quantities of allergens (allergy causing agents such as pollens), are injected into the skin and the response to this monitored.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Numerous allergens are injected into the skin and a reaction is noted at 15 minutes and again at 30 minutes.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Common areas for testing include the inside forearm and the back.^ Less common symptoms include prolonged headache, fever, and pain and swelling of the scrotum, scalp, eyelids, lips, ears, backs of the hands and feet, and perineum.
  • Allergic Purpura - Definition, Description, Demographics, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Prevention, Parental concerns 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.healthofchildren.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Common areas for Malassezia include the ears, lips, muzzle, between the toes, and the anal area.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pramoxine common side effects include redness, irritation, swelling, burning, stinging, or pain at affected area; and dryness at affected area.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.If the patient is allergic to the substance, then a visible inflammatory reaction will usually occur within 30 minutes.^ An allergic reaction occurs within minutes of eating the food, and symptoms can be severe.

^ This can happen within 5-30 minutes or occur much later as a delayed reaction.
  • Allergic to Dogs? 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC sweet-lucys.com [Source type: General]

^ Anaphylaxis is a sudden and severe allergic reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure.
  • Allergic reactions Medical Information 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Allergic Reactions - Symptoms, First Aid - NY Times Health Information 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]
  • Allergic Reactions - Symptoms, First Aid - NY Times Health Information 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: News]

.This response will range from slight reddening of the skin to a full-blown hive (called "wheal and flare") in more sensitive patients.^ The reaction that is seen on the skin surfaceis called a wheal or a hive.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The energy in the tube is magnified by a factor of ten times the original substance because this more easily uncovers patients sensitivities).

^ Skin-prick tests are slightly more predictive, but there, too, a red wheal in response to a skin prick doesn't necessarily mean that a child will have an actual allergic reaction to that food.

.Interpretation of the results of the skin prick test is normally done by allergists on a scale of severity, with +/- meaning borderline reactivity, and 4+ being a large reaction.^ Also consider that results from skin patch tests may be evaluated only after 3 days (in any case get this info by phone before testing).
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

^ "It’s pretty much useless to skin-test someone when their asthma symptoms are severe or when they’re recovering from surgery or other trauma.

Increasingly, allergists are measuring and recording the diameter of the wheal and flare reaction. Interpretation by well-trained allergists is often guided by relevant literature.[42] .Some patients may believe they have determined their own allergic sensitivity from observation, but a skin test has been shown to be much better than patient observation to detect allergy.^ They don't believe in food allergies.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It doesnt get much better than this.

^ They don’t believe in food allergies.
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

[43]
.If a serious life threatening anaphylactic reaction has brought a patient in for evaluation, some allergists will prefer an initial blood test prior to performing the skin prick test.^ Also consider that results from skin patch tests may be evaluated only after 3 days (in any case get this info by phone before testing).
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ Disadvantages of skin testing: For the items that your child shows no reaction to, this doesn't guarantee he isn't allergic to that item.

^ The blood test may be used if you cannot have or do not want a skin test.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Skin tests may not be an option if the patient has widespread skin disease or has taken antihistamines sometime the last several days.^ Your doctor may do a skin test.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Also consider that results from skin patch tests may be evaluated only after 3 days (in any case get this info by phone before testing).
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

Blood testing

.Various blood allergy testing methods are also available for detecting allergy to specific substances.^ What are the different kinds of allergy tests available ?
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reason 2: Method of Diagnosis - The next problem is the way in which you test for food allergies.
  • ADHD Diet : Eating Program for Your ADD ADHD Child 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC newideas.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is possible to test for inhalant allergies using blood testing but this is not yet considered to be as accurate as skin testing.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This kind of testing measures a "total IgE level" - an estimate of IgE contained within the patient's serum.^ However, in heavy infections, both serum and lymph IgE levels were inversely related to burdens of O. ostertagi.
  • Welcome to Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC ucce.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Wang J, Godbold JH, Sampson HA. Correlation of serum allergy (IgE) tests performed by different assay systems.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Results showed that (1) lymph IgE responses were inversely correlated with worm burdens, and (2) serum IgE levels were unreliable for predicting worm burdens.
  • Welcome to Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC ucce.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Academic]

This can be determined through the use of radiometric and colormetric immunoassays. .Radiometric assays include the radioallergosorbent test (RAST) test method, which uses IgE-binding (anti-IgE) antibodies labeled with radioactive isotopes for quantifying the levels of IgE antibody in the blood.^ RAST stands for radioallergosorbent test.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ownby DR, Ownby HE, McCullough J, Sharer AW. The prevalence of anti-latex IgE antibodies in 1000 volunteer blood donors.
  • Allergy in the dental office. - Free Online Library 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It may be better to clear up as much of the skin disease as is possible and then retest, using the free T4 test by equilibrium dialysis as the testing method.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41] .Other newer methods use colorimetric or fluorometric technology in the place of radioactive isotopes.^ I found that there are other drugs that can be used in place of metronidazole but what can be used in place of imodium?
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You may be able to prevent or manage mild sinus infections at home using over-the-counter medicines or other methods.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.Some "screening" test methods are intended to provide qualitative test results, giving a "yes" or "no" answer in patients with suspected allergic sensitization.^ If you suspect that your child may have a food allergy, it is essential to have them screened through the use of an allergy skin test.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some produce such a powerful sedation that they may help an allergic patient not so much by controlling their symptoms, but simply by helping them get a good night’s sleep!"

^ According to the results of your ELISA test, you are mildly allergic to oats but you can rotate oats, meaning you can eat them about once every three days.

.One such method has a sensitivity of about 70.8% and a positive predictive value of 72.6% according to a large study.^ When itching can not be adequately controlled by one of the above methods, we usually use a corticosteroid, such as prednisone.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to a new study done by UK researchers, the results show that many children who test positive to peanut sensitivity may not actually have full blown allergies.

[44]
.A low total IgE level is not adequate to rule out sensitization to commonly inhaled allergens.^ RAST tests for the levels of allergen specific IgE. In this test a blood sample is taken and submitted to a special lab for analysis.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It measures the blood level of immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies that the body may make in response to certain allergens.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ I could never figure out why my Ig blood level was so high (in the thousands), yet there was no serious infection or injury anywhere.

[45] .Statistical methods, such as ROC curves, predictive value calculations, and likelihood ratios have been used to examine the relationship of various testing methods to each other.^ You may be able to prevent or manage mild sinus infections at home using over-the-counter medicines or other methods.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ It may be better to clear up as much of the skin disease as is possible and then retest, using the free T4 test by equilibrium dialysis as the testing method.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Personally, unless I had to use one or the other of these medications I would be reluctant to test for a reaction in this manner.
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These methods have shown that patients with a high total IgE have a high probability of allergic sensitization, but further investigation with specific allergy tests for a carefully chosen allergens is often warranted.^ Treatment for allergic rhinitis consists of avoiding the specific allergens that cause your symptoms, using medicines to control symptoms, and, in severe cases, getting allergy shots ( immunotherapy ).
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Sometimes allergy shots are the only therapy left for these patients.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This process, called sensitization, occurs in the first season a pet encounters a specific allergen in its area.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Treatment

.There have been enormous improvements in the medical treatments used to treat allergic conditions.^ This medication should not be used in animals allergic to it.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ What medications are used to treat allergies?
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ There have been enormous improvements in mainstream medical treatments developed by allergists.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.With respect to anaphylaxis and hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects and in allergic skin diseases, advances have included the identification of food proteins to which IgE binding is associated with severe reactions and development of low-allergen foods, improvements in skin prick test predictions; evaluation of the atopy patch test; in wasp sting outcomes predictions and a rapidly disintegrating epinephrine tablet, and anti-IL-5 for eosinophilic diseases.^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

^ And not all people with allergic disease react when skin tested.

^ If your reaction is allergic reaction, it can be diagnosed with the skin patch test.
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

[46]
.Traditionally treatment and management of allergies involved simply avoiding the allergen in question or otherwise reducing exposure.^ Treatment for allergic rhinitis consists of avoiding the specific allergens that cause your symptoms, using medicines to control symptoms, and, in severe cases, getting allergy shots ( immunotherapy ).
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergy Treatment How to Reduce the Effects of Pet Allergies in Your Home Approximately 15% of the population is allergic to pets.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ There is a chance that some allergies will be outgrown if they are avoided early in life, but many children will remain allergic to the food in question for the rest of their lives.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For instance, people with cat allergies were encouraged to avoid them.^ But now thanks to science people with cat allergies can be around cats and not sneeze or itch.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ It is not a contagious disease, so other dogs, cats, and people in the same household do not usually have symptoms (unless of course it is another dog that is highly prone to allergies).
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Learn Why and How to Cope Learn about why some people are allergic to cats and how to cope with cat allergies without getting rid of your cat.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.While avoidance may help to reduce symptoms and avoid life-threatening anaphylaxis, it is difficult to achieve for those with pollen or similar air-borne allergies.^ Anaphylaxis Peanut Allergy Symptoms and Prevention of Symptoms Peanut allergies are often life-threatening to those who have them.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ They are especially helpful in conjunction with an antihistamine when the major allergy symptom is nasal congestion.

^ It includes guidance on how to stay safe while living with life-threatening food allergies, as well as preventive measures and current resources.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Strict avoidance still has a role in management though, and is often used in managing food allergies.^ The treatment for food allergies is avoidance.
  • Allergy and Atopy Treatment in Dogs 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.peteducation.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If you've ever known someone with a food allergy this medical issue can often interfere with their lifestyle.
  • Best Allergy Resource On The Web 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.bestallergyinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traveling with Pets Most Common Food Allergies Food allergies often result in life-threatening reactions.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

Pharmacotherapy

.Several antagonistic drugs are used to block the action of allergic mediators, or to prevent activation of cells and degranulation processes.^ It is useful for severely allergic children who are too young for skin testing.

^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Used as a brain cell activator to help memory.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These include antihistamines, cortisone, dexamethasone, hydrocortisone, epinephrine (adrenaline), theophylline and cromolyn sodium.^ These include antihistamines , decongestants , and eyedrops.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ These include antihistamines , decongestants , and eyedrops to relieve symptoms.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Lubricants used in these dosage forms include, without limitation, sodium oleate, sodium stearate, magnesium stearate, sodium benzoate, sodium acetate, sodium chloride, and the like.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.Anti-leukotrienes, such as Montelukast (Singulair) or Zafirlukast (Accolate), are FDA approved for treatment of allergic diseases.^ Omalizumab (Xolair) is a medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in allergic asthma .
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Montelukast (Singulair) is a prescription medicine approved for those with asthma and indoor and outdoor allergies.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Other treatments for IL-12 mediated diseases, including MS, can involve the administration of anti-IL-12 antagonists such as antibodies.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Anti-cholinergics, decongestants, mast cell stabilizers, and other compounds thought to impair eosinophil chemotaxis, are also commonly used.^ Although this disease is commonly known as “EE” in the allergy community, according to Dr. Prussin, Eosinophilic Esophagitis is now abbreviated “EoE” by the clinical community; “EE” is used as an abbreviation for “Erosive Esophagitis.” 1.

^ These special white blood cells are called MAST CELLS, and they are concentrated in the lining of our nasal passages, lungs, skin, and intestines.

^ Licorice stimulates cell production of interferon (the body's own anti-viral compound).
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These drugs help to alleviate the symptoms of allergy, and are imperative in the recovery of acute anaphylaxis, but play little role in chronic treatment of allergic disorders.^ Drug allergies are a group of symptoms caused by allergic reaction to a drug (medication).
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Treatment is not helping your symptoms.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Food allergies can result in disorders with an acute onset of symptoms following ingestion of the triggering food allergen (eg, anaphylaxis ) and in chronic disorders (eg, atopic dermatitis ).
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

Immunotherapy

.Desensitization or hyposensitization is a treatment in which the patient is gradually vaccinated with progressively larger doses of the allergen in question.^ Regular injections of the allergen are given, with each dose slightly larger than the previous dose until a maximum dose is reached.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The dose is slowly increased until eventually the patient can tolerate a significant exposure to the allergen.
  • The Jeffrey And Tracey Info Emporium » 2007 » July 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC jeffreyandtracey.com [Source type: General]

.This can either reduce the severity or eliminate hypersensitivity altogether.^ Knowing what makes you sneeze, sniff, or cough can help you avoid an episode altogether or at least reduce the severity.
  • Allergies - Health Key 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthkey.com [Source type: News]

^ In this study, we examined and found that AS could be used to significantly reduce type 1 hypersensitivity reactions to several different allergens.
  • Clinical and Molecular Allergy | Full text | Aluminum sulfate significantly reduces the skin test response to common allergens in sensitized patients 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.clinicalmolecularallergy.com [Source type: Academic]

.It relies on the progressive skewing of IgG antibody production, to block excessive IgE production seen in atopys.^ Canine atopy is a genetically determined predisposition to produce IgE antibodies when exposed to an allergen.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Theoretically, hyposensitization stimulates the production of IgG, which subsequently attaches to the allergen, preventing IgE from attaching to this same allergen.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Type-1 allergic reactions are associated with the IgE antibody production, eosinophilia and a group of diseases including, without limitation, asthma, hay fever, and atopic dermatitis.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.In a sense, the person builds up immunity to increasing amounts of the allergen in question.^ The patient is actually injected with a very small amount of what they are allergic to so they build up immunity to it.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Skin Allergies Oral Immunotherapy - New Hope for Severe Food Allergies Immunotherapy injections can help a person build up a tolerance to something they're allergic to.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Immunity and Liver Support promotes and speeds up healing and recovery after an illness, while it increases hemoglobin levels to prevent anemia.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Studies have demonstrated the long-term efficacy and the preventive effect of immunotherapy in reducing the development of new allergy.^ Why would an 18-year-old college student develop new food allergies?
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The long-term solution to a flea problem is to reduce your pet's susceptibility to fleas by improving his/her health."
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NEW! Current Clinical Trial Studies for Food Allergies Find research studies and clinical trials involving food allergies near you.

[47] .Meta-analyses have also confirmed efficacy of the treatment in allergic rhinitis in children and in asthma.^ These sprays may reduce all symptoms of allergic rhinitis and are thought to be the most effective treatment for most people.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Although you and the baby ( fetus ) are not in danger, allergic rhinitis can make your asthma and sinusitis worse.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Your doctor may use this test to confirm a diagnosis of allergic rhinitis.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] A review by the Mayo Clinic in Rochester confirmed the safety and efficacy of allergen immunotherapy for allergic rhinitis and conjunctivitis, allergic forms of asthma, and stinging insect based on numerous well-designed scientific studies.^ Should I take allergy shots (immunotherapy) for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma?
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ See also:Asthma Allergic rhinitis .
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Which allergens commonly cause allergic rhinitis?
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[48] .Additionally, national and international guidelines confirm the clinical efficacy of injection immunotherapy in rhinitis and asthma, as well as the safety, provided that recommendations are followed.^ Should I take allergy shots (immunotherapy) for allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma?
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

[49]
.A second form of immunotherapy involves the intravenous injection of monoclonal anti-IgE antibodies.^ The same problems also are likely with newer therapies such as cyclosporine, anti-CD4 monoclonal antibodies, and others.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ IgE antibody – mediated responses are the most widely recognized form of food allergy and account for acute reactions.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Other treatments for IL-12 mediated diseases, including MS, can involve the administration of anti-IL-12 antagonists such as antibodies.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

.These bind to free and B-cell associated IgE; signalling their destruction.^ Antibodies, which are bound to mast cells, bind to these antigens and thus neutralize them; in the process, the mast cells are disrupted and release their histamines.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These cells primarily secrete cytokines associated with inflammation such as IFN-γ, TNF-α, TNF-β and IL-2.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Excellent nutrition keeps these cells behaving normally longer by protecting against free-radical damage.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They do not bind to IgE already bound to the Fc receptor on basophils and mast cells, as this would stimulate the allergic inflammatory response.^ These antibodies bind to high-affinity IgE receptors on circulating basophils and tissue mast cells present throughout the body, including the skin, gastrointestinal tract, and respiratory tract.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Subsequent allergen exposure binds and cross links IgE antibodies on the cell surface, resulting in receptor activation and intracellular signaling that initiates the release of inflammatory mediators (eg, histamine) and synthesis of additional factors (eg, chemotactic factors, cytokines) that promote allergic inflammation.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This T cell mediated immune response is called anti-inflammatory because the cytokines released by anti-inflammaotry effector T cells, IL-4 and IL-10 act to suppress the development of inflammatory responses.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

The first agent of this class is Omalizumab. .While this form of immunotherapy is very effective in treating several types of atopy, it should not be used in treating the majority of people with food allergies.^ This is what occurs in atopy and is suspected to occur in food allergy.
  • Allergic Dermatitis 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.lbah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This can occur with food allergies and with inhalant allergies (atopy).
  • Allergy Problems in Dogs 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.vetinfo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What medications are used to treat allergies?
  • WikiAnswers - Allergies Questions including "What foods have gluten in them" 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.A third type, Sublingual immunotherapy, is an orally-administered therapy which takes advantage of oral immune tolerance to non-pathogenic antigens such as foods and resident bacteria.^ Skin Allergies Oral Immunotherapy - New Hope for Severe Food Allergies Immunotherapy injections can help a person build up a tolerance to something they're allergic to.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Nevertheless, Citracal is deficient in Phosphorus so one should take it with a high protein food source such as meat.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is an allergic type of headache due to Food=> Low HCL => Antigens=> Mast Cells=> Histamine=> Inflammation in the head.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This therapy currently accounts for 40 percent of allergy treatment in Europe.^ Used as a natural antibiotic, immune stimulant and anti-allergy agent, Echinacea is also effective as a tonic for the lymphatic system and has been investigated as supportive treatment in AIDS therapy.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] In the United States, sublingual immunotherapy is gaining support among traditional allergists and is endorsed by doctors who treat allergy.^ President’s Ronald Reagan's former allergist,  Ralph Bookman, M.D., has earned the respect of doctors and patients by developing effective ways to minimize allergy problems.

^ If your allergies bother you a lot and you cannot avoid the things you are allergic to, you and your doctor can decide if you should get allergy shots ( immunotherapy ) to help control your symptoms.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Minimizing Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms Allergies Are you one of the 20% in the United States suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis?

[citation needed]
.Allergy shot treatment is the closest thing to a ‘cure’ for allergic symptoms.^ Drug allergies are a group of symptoms caused by allergic reaction to a drug (medication).
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergy shots may require years of treatment, but they work in about two-thirds of cases.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ These sprays may reduce all symptoms of allergic rhinitis and are thought to be the most effective treatment for most people.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.This therapy requires a long-term commitment.^ Patients may, however, require intermittent treatment on a long-term basis upon any recurrence of disease symptoms.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

Unproven and ineffective treatments

An experimental treatment, enzyme potentiated desensitization (EPD), has been tried for decades but is not generally accepted as effective.[50] .EPD uses dilutions of allergen and an enzyme, beta-glucuronidase, to which T-regulatory lymphocytes are supposed to respond by favouring desensitization, or down-regulation, rather than sensitization.^ Researchers are looking at putting the allergen under the person's tongue, rather than giving a shot.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The assay measures the biological effects of compounds on IL-12 signaling during the differentiation of T1 responses rather than the outcome of differentiation, as measured using a T1 Differentiation Assay.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Look down their throat and you’ll find swelling and pallor rather than the red, ‘angry,’ painful inflammation caused by overuse.

.EPD has also been tried for the treatment of autoimmune diseases but again is not approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration or of proven effectiveness.^ The methods of using the compounds of the present invention are particularly useful in the treatment of autoimmune diseases, MS, diabetes mellitus (Type-1 or -2) or asthma.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Omalizumab (Xolair) is a medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in allergic asthma .
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Unfortunately, if this were done, the cost to the livestock industry in dollars for drug purchase and labor of administration would exceed the present loss as the result of disease!
  • Welcome to Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC ucce.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Academic]

[50]
.In alternative medicine, a number of allergy treatments are described by its practitioners, particularly naturopathic, herbal medicine, homeopathy, traditional Chinese medicine and applied kinesiology.^ Glyconutrients are compatible with any type of treatment prescribed by both conventional and alternative practitioners.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Examine the best allergy relief options: allergy medicine, vitamins for allergy, herbal remedies, energy-based allergy treatment.

^ An energy-based approach bringing lasting allergy relief to those fortunate individuals who are open to alternative medicine.

.Systematic literature searches conducted by the Mayo Clinic through 2006, involving hundreds of articles studying multiple conditions, including asthma and upper respiratory tract infection showed no effectiveness of homeopathic treatments, and no difference compared with placebo.^ However, once the abscess is complete, draining the infection precedes effective antibiotic treatment.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Studies were undertaken to determine the effectiveness of an oxytetracycline HCl formulation for the prophylaxis and treatment of chronic Moraxella bovis ocular infections in calves.
  • Welcome to Sierra Foothill Research & Extension Center 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC ucce.ucdavis.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ NEW! Current Clinical Trial Studies for Food Allergies Find research studies and clinical trials involving food allergies near you.

.The authors concluded that, based on rigorous clinical trials of all types of homeopathy for childhood and adolescence ailments, there is no convincing evidence that supports the use of homeopathic treatments.^ Currently, there are no permanent hair dyes that can be safely used by PPD allergic individuals.
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ The fixed type (or paraesophageal) implies that there is no sliding up and down.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I had to make my own soap to make sure there were no chemicals or additives, and used only that, and olive oil to moisturize, and then it cleared up.
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

[51]

Epidemiology

.Many diseases related to inflammation such as type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and allergic diseases—hay fever and asthma—have increased in the Western world over the past 2-3 decades.^ Research evidence points to a critical role for IL-12 in the pathogenesis of rodent models of Th1-mediated autoimmune diseases such as type-1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and acute graft-versus-host disease.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "Almost everyone in the medical community looks at bronchial asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever) as separate and distinct entities.

^ The method of claim 19, wherein the inflammatory response is associated with a disease or condition selected from the group consisting of chronic inflammatory disease, chronic intestinal inflammation, arthritis, psoriasis, asthma and autoimmune disorders.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

[52] .Rapid increases in allergic asthma and other atopic disorders in industrialized nations probably began in the 1960s and 1970s, with further increases occurring during the 1980s and 1990s,[53] although some suggest that a steady rise in sensitization has been occurring since the 1920s.^ You may be also allergic to some other substances in hair dyes, or in foods…but testing would be needed to find out this.
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ Although you and the baby ( fetus ) are not in danger, allergic rhinitis can make your asthma and sinusitis worse.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Jan Modric on May 6th, 2008 at 5:23 am To Karen: First, you have to know for sure, if you are allergic to PPD or to some other component of the hair dye.
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

[54] The incidence of atopy in developing countries has generally remained much lower.[53]
Allergic conditions: Statistics and Epidemiology
Allergy type United States United Kingdom[55]
Allergic rhinitis 35.9 million[56] (about 11% of the population[57]) 3.3 million (about 5.5% of the population[58])
Asthma 10 million suffer from allergic asthma (about 3% of the population). The prevalence of asthma increased 75% from 1980-1994. Asthma prevalence is 39% higher in African Americans than in Europeans.[59] 5.7 million (about 9.4%). In six and seven year olds asthma increased from 18.4% to 20.9% over five years, during the same time the rate decreased from 31% to 24.7% in 13 to 14 year olds.
Atopic eczema About 9% of the population. Between 1960 and 1990 prevalence has increased from 3% to 10% in children.[60] 5.8 million (about 1% severe).
Anaphylaxis At least 40 deaths per year due to insect venom. About 400 deaths due to penicillin anaphylaxis. About 220 cases of anaphylaxis and 3 deaths per year are due to latex allergy..[61] An estimated 150 people die annually from anaphylaxis due to food allergy.^ This occurs in more severe cases in sensitive people, and it is due to release of histamine, triggered by PPD. Allergy is permanent or long lasting and it can be triggerd by tinny amounts of PPD. .
  • Hair Dye Allergies | Current Health Articles 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.healthhype.com [Source type: General]

^ Considering allergy to milk, egg, peanut, and seafood in a meta-analysis of 6 international studies using oral food challenges, estimated rates of 1-10.8% were obtained.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Food allergies can result in disorders with an acute onset of symptoms following ingestion of the triggering food allergen (eg, anaphylaxis ) and in chronic disorders (eg, atopic dermatitis ).
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[62]
Between 1999 and 2006, 48 deaths occurred in people ranging from five months to 85 years old.
Insect venom Around 15% of adults have mild, localized allergic reactions. Systemic reactions occur in 3% of adults and less than 1% of children. [63] Unknown
Drug allergies Anaphylactic reactions to penicillin cause 400 deaths per year. Unknown
Food allergies About 6% of US children under age 3 and 3.5-4% of the overall US population.[citation needed] .Peanut and/or tree nut (e.g.^ New from Gimbals Candy Cherry Lovers Nine Cherry FavoritesAll Gimbals candies are peanut, tree nut, dairy, egg and gluten free.Allergy Free Candy .

^ A new creation that is all mine :) It is milk, egg, peanut, tree nut, soy legume, garlic free.

.walnut, almond and cashew) allergy affects about three million Americans, or 1.1% of the population.^ The condition is called "occupational asthma" and about one in seven people suffers from it, according to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.
  • Allergies: News & Videos about Allergies - CNN.com 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergic Coping with Ragweed Allergy Ragweed allergy affects millions of people and the ragweed season can last for months.
  • Allergic Reactions - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 24 September 2009 20:43 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Watery Eyes How to Find Out If You Have Lactose Intolerance or a Milk Allergy Millions of Americans have unhealthy reactions from drinking milk or consuming dairy products.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

[62]
5-7% of infants and 1-2% of adults. A 117.3% increase in peanut allergies was observed from 2001 to 2005, an estimated 25,700 people in England are affected.
Multiple allergies
(Asthma, eczema and allergic rhinitis together)
Unknown 2.3 million (about 3.7%), prevalence has increased by 48.9% between 2001 and 2005.[64]
.Although genetic factors fundamentally govern susceptibility to atopic disease, increases in atopy have occurred within too short a time frame to be explained by a genetic change in the population, thus pointing to environmental or lifestyle changes.^ For reasons that remain unclear, but likely include environmental and genetic factors, tolerance may be abrogated, leading to adverse immune responses.
  • Food Allergies: eMedicine Allergy and Immunology 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Most times, this occurs slowly and subtly, but some events can cause immediate changes in a person’s ‘dial setting’".

^ Similar changes occur in patients with hypertension, although effective antihypertensive therapy will retard the increase in systolic pressure.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .Several hypotheses have been identified to explain this increased prevalence; increased exposure to perennial allergens due to housing changes and increasing time spent indoors, and changes in cleanliness or hygiene that have resulted in the decreased activation of a common immune control mechanism, coupled with dietary changes, obesity and decline in physical exercise.^ Physical exercise also increases noradrenaline.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are allergic to dust mites , animal dander , or indoor mold, your symptoms may be more severe in winter when you spend more time indoors.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Flatulence increases due to greater nutrient delivery Headaches: vasoconstriction headaches decrease though a vasodilation headache is possible 21.14 Digestion .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[52] The hygiene hypothesis maintains[65] that high living standards and hygienic conditions exposes children to fewer infections. .It is thought that reduced bacterial and viral infections early in life direct the maturing immune system away from TH1 type responses, leading to unrestrained TH2 responses that allow for an increase in allergy.^ But in a person with allergies, the immune response is oversensitive.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergy is caused by an oversensitive immune system, which leads to a misdirected immune response.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Inflammatory responses and regulating immune system .
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34][66]
.Changes in rates and types of infection alone however, have been unable to explain the observed increase in allergic disease, and recent evidence has focused attention on the importance of the gastrointestinal microbial environment.^ Type-1 allergic reactions are associated with the IgE antibody production, eosinophilia and a group of diseases including, without limitation, asthma, hay fever, and atopic dermatitis.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ These agents, however, have serious side effect potential, including, but not limited to, increased susceptibility to infection, liver toxicity, drug-induced lung disease, and bone marrow suppression.
  • Pyridopyrimidine compounds and their uses - Patent 6825180 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.freepatentsonline.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Common veterinarian practice for autoimmune diseases are to suppress the dog's immune system with Steroid Drugs, which increase the possibility of infections.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Evidence has shown that exposure to food and fecal-oral pathogens, such as hepatitis A, Toxoplasma gondii, and Helicobacter pylori (which also tend to be more prevalent in developing countries), can reduce the overall risk of atopy by more than 60%,[67] and an increased prevalence of parasitic infections has been associated with a decreased prevalence of asthma.^ This is called the "hygiene hypothesis" and sprang from observations that infants on farms tend to have fewer allergies than those who grow up in environments that are more sterile.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Mixed Tocopherols especially containing the d-Gamma tocopherol were more effective at reducing platelet aggregation than d-Alpha tocopherol (Vitamin E).
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By suppressing the mechanism that makes CoQ10, Statin drugs such as Lipitor and Pravachol put patients at significant risk of heart disease, as well as reduce overall resistance to cancer and other diseases.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[68] It is speculated that these infections exert their effect by critically altering TH1/TH2 regulation.[69] .Important elements of newer hygiene hypotheses also include exposure to endotoxins, exposure to pets and growing up on a farm.^ This is called the "hygiene hypothesis" and sprang from observations that infants on farms tend to have fewer allergies than those who grow up in environments that are more sterile.
  • Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM 19 January 2010 9:52 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

[69]

Medical specialty

.In the United States physicians who hold certification by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology (ABAI) have successfully completed an accredited educational program and an evaluation process, including a secure, proctored examination to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and experience to the provision of patient care in allergy and immunology.^ The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology publishes an excellent series of pamphlets on allergies, asthma, and related information.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Minimizing Seasonal Allergic Rhinitis Symptoms Allergies Are you one of the 20% in the United States suffering from seasonal allergic rhinitis?

^ A study was recently conducted to determine if those patients who test positive for peanut allergy through a blood or skin test could really tolerate peanut.

[70] .An allergist-immunologist is a physician specially trained to manage and treat asthma and the other allergic diseases.^ Its use bolsters the immune system, stimulates health, and improves or prevents allergic conditions and a variety of degenerative and other disease conditions.
  • 21 Health 25 September 2009 10:18 UTC www.cs.utah.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Asthmatics treated by a good allergist are hospitalized much less frequently than those under the care of other types of physicians.

^ The signaling molecule, called thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), is key to the development of allergic diseases such as asthma, atopic dermatitis (eczema), and food allergy.

Becoming an allergist-immunologist requires completion of at least nine years of training. .After completing medical school and graduating with a medical degree, a physician will then undergo three years of training in internal medicine (to become an internist) or pediatrics (to become a pediatrician).^ About the Author: Jill Elliot, DVM, began her career practicing as a conventional veterinarian immediately after graduating from Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine.
  • Dog Allergy 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.Once physicians have finished training in one of these specialties, they must pass the exam of either the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) or the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM).^ If they continue to have flea bites allergies, I add in the water bowl one pellet of pullex once everyday for a week or two.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Intolerant Natural Allergy Relief: Treat Allergies Without Medicine Try one of these methods for allergy relief before you reach for the multi-colored pills.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ These new medicines do not eliminate ticks and fleas, and when there are many, the additional control measures detailed below must be adopted anyway.
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Internists or pediatricians who wish to focus on the sub-specialty of allergy-immunology then complete at least an additional two years of study, called a fellowship, in an allergy-immunology training program.^ In a population-based study designed to help answer this question, researchers in Norway found that 40 per cent -- or two of five -- of nearly 5,000 two-year-olds had at least one reported allergy-related disorder.

^ In a population-based study designed to help answer this question, researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) found that 40 per cent or two of five -- of nearly 5,000 two-year-olds had at least one...

^ A study was recently conducted to determine if those patients who test positive for peanut allergy through a blood or skin test could really tolerate peanut.

.Allergist-immunologists who are listed as ABAI-certified have successfully passed the certifying examination of the American Board of Allergy and Immunology (ABAI), following their fellowship.^ You can view these videos by clicking on: American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology Videos.

^ The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology publishes an excellent series of pamphlets on allergies, asthma, and related information.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Here are some tips from the American Academy of allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) to help allergy sufferers find some ...

[71]
In the United Kingdom, allergy is a subspecialty of general medicine or pediatrics. .After obtaining postgraduate exams (MRCP or MRCPCH respectively) a doctor works for several years as a specialist registrar before qualifying for the General Medical Council specialist register.^ They start working quickly, but it may be several weeks before you get the full effect.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, if you have severe pollen allergies, your doctor may suggest you start using a corticosteroid spray 1 to 2 weeks before the pollen season starts.
  • Allergic Rhinitis - Yahoo! Health 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Charlotte wrote a cookbook for egg-free and milk-free several years ago and is now working on a new book.

Allergy services may also be delivered by immunologists. .A 2003 Royal College of Physicians report presented a case for improvement of what were felt to be inadequate allergy services in the UK.[72] In 2006, the House of Lords convened a subcommittee that reported in 2007. It concluded likewise that allergy services were insufficient to deal with what the Lords referred to as an "allergy epidemic" and its social cost; it made several other recommendations.^ Others can not because their allergy is severe.
  • Allergic - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 22:022 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Many veterinarians believe that vaccines are causing harms to our beloved pets, from skin allergies to cancer and other chronic disease referred to as "vaccinosis".
  • Pet allergies and hotspots - natural flea prevention andtreatments 2 February 2010 13:24 UTC www.shirleys-wellness-cafe.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I see little reason in most cases to straighten septums, and the temporary improvement you see after straightening is the same allergy-deadening effect you can expect from any surgery.

[73]

See also

References

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External links


Simple English

An allergy is when someone cannot have a certain thing, that is tolerated by most people, enter his or her body without getting sick. The person's body attacks that thing the same way it attacks bacteria, or germs. We say the person is allergic to that thing. A person can be allergic to food, to certain substances like latex, to insect stings, or to invisible particles floating through the air. These particles can come from plants(pollen), pets(fur), or dust(dust mites).

Allergic reactions

When people come in contact with something they are allergic to, there can be many different reactions. Their eyes may become very itchy, and their noses may become drippy or stuffy. They may cough and sneeze. They may develop a rash called hives. Their faces may swell up. If it is a food allergy, the person may get an upset stomach. Sometimes a person's esophagus, or throat, may swell up so much that the person can no longer breathe. This is called anaphylaxis. When this happens, a doctor must give the person a medicine called epinephrine to make the swelling go down. Some people with allergies to very common things, like bee stings or fish, carry this medicine with them so it can be used quickly in an emergency. The device they use to inject the medicine is called an epinephrine autoinjector. (One well known brand name for a type of epinephrine autoinjector is the EpiPen).

Common allergies

Some common food allergies are:

  • Nuts, especially peanuts
  • Fish or shellfish
  • Dairy products
  • Eggs
  • Soy products
  • Wheat

Some common environmental allergies are:

References


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Allergy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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