Alliaceae: Wikis

  
  

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Alliaceae
Allium ursinum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Alliaceae
Batsch ex Borkh.
Genera

See text

Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. They are monocots, part of order Asparagales. The family has been widely but not universally recognised; in the past, the plants involved were often treated as belonging to the family Liliaceae, and still are by some botanists.

The APG II system of 2003 recognises the family and places it in the order Asparagales in the clade monocots. APG II allows two options of the circumscription of the family:

  • Alliaceae sensu lato ("in the wider sense"), including all the plants that were assigned to the families Agapanthaceae, Alliaceae and Amaryllidaceae in the 1998 APG.
  • Alliaceae sensu stricto ("in the strict sense"), unchanged from the 1998 APG system, excluding the plants then forming the families Agapanthaceae and Amaryllidaceae.

Note that quite a few of the plants that were once included in family Alliaceae are assigned to the family Themidaceae by both APG and APG II.

The most important genus is Allium, which includes several important food plants, including onions (Allium cepa), chives (A. schoenoprasum), garlic (A. sativum and A. scordoprasum), and leeks (A. porrum).

Genera

The following genera are included in the Alliaceae sensu stricto:

The genera Androstephium, Bessera, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dandya, Dichelostemma, Milla, Petronymphe, Triteleia, and Triteleiopsis are now treated in the family Themidaceae.

References

Michael F. Fay and Mark W. Chase. 1996. Resurrection of Themidaceae for the Brodiaea alliance, and Recircumscription of Alliaceae, Amaryllidaceae and Agapanthoideae. Taxon 45: 441-451 (abstract)

External links


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Alliaceae

  1. (botany) A taxonomic family, within order Asparagales - the lillies, onions etc.
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Wikispecies

See also

  • Allium
  • See Wikispecies for other species

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Amaryllideae - Calostemmateae - Clinantheae - Cyrtantheae - Eucharideae - Eustephieae - Galantheae - Griffineae - Haemantheae - Hippeastreae - Hymenocallideae - Lycorideae - Narcisseae - Pancratieae - Stenomesseae
Genera: Agapanthus - Allium - Ancrumia - Caloscordum - Erinna - Garaventia - Gethyum - Gilliesia - Ipheion - Latace - Leucocoryne - Miersia - Milula - Muilla - Nectaroscordum - Nothoscordum - Solaria - Speea - Trichlora - Tristagma - Tulbaghia

Name

Alliaceae Batsch ex. Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 1: 15. 1797, nom. cons.

Synonyms

  • Agapanthaceae F. Voigt, Pflanzen-Reichs 2: 440. 1850.
  • Amaryllidaceae J. St.-Hil., Expos. Fam. Nat. 1: 134. Feb-Apr 1805, nom. cons.
  • Brunsvigiaceae Horan., Prim. Lin. Syst. Nat.: 51. Jul-Dec 1834.
  • Cepaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 88. 1866.
  • Crinaceae Vest, Anleit. Stud. Bot.: 267, 283. 1818.
  • Cyrtanthaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 138. Apr-Mai 1866.
  • Galanthaceae G. Mey., Chloris Han.: 510, 560. Jul-Aug 1836.
  • Gethyllidaceae Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 19. medio 1838.
  • Gilliesiaceae Lindl. in Bot. Reg. 12: ad t. 992. 1 Jul 1826.
  • Haemanthaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 129. Apr-Mai 1866.
  • Leucojaceae Batsch ex Borkh., Bot. Wörterb. 1: 372. 1797.
  • Milulaceae Traub in Pl. Life 28: 131. Jan-Apr 1972.
  • Narcissaceae Juss., Gen. Pl.: 54. 4 Aug 1789.
  • Oporanthaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 97. Apr-Mai 1866.
  • Pancratiaceae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam.: 50. 1847.
  • Strumariaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 126. Apr-Mai 1866.
  • Tulbaghiaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 87. Apr-Mai 1866.
  • Zephyranthaceae Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 133. Apr-Mai 1866.

Reference

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group; 2003; "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering: APG II" Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141:399–436 [1]
  • Lohmüller, F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants[2].
  • GBIF .
  • Genres et synonymes Amaryllidaceae.
  • Meerow, A.W., Fay, M.F., Guy, C.L., Li, Q.B., Zaman, F.Q. & Chase, M.W., (1999). Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid rbcL and trnL-F sequence data. Amer. J. Bot. 86:1325-1345.
  • Meerow, A.W., Guy, C.L., Li, Q.-B., & Yang, S.-L., (2000). Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae based on nrDNA ITS sequences. Syst. Bot. 25:708-726.
  • Lohmüller, F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants Amaryllidaceae
  • GBIF .
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Alliaceae on Wikimedia Commons.

Vernacular names

Български: Лукови
Català: Al·liàcia
Česky: Česnekovité
Dansk: Løg-familien
Deutsch: Zwiebelgewächse
Lietuvių: Česnakiniai
Magyar: Hagymafélék
Nederlands: Lookfamilie
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Løkfamilien
Polski: Czosnkowate
Русский: Луковые
Svenska: Lökväxter
Tiếng Việt: Họ Hành
Türkçe: Soğangiller
اردو: ثومان
中文: 葱科

Simple English

Alliaceae
File:Ramsons
Allium ursinum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliopsida
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Alliaceae
Batsch ex Borkh.
Genera

See text

Alliaceae is a family of herbaceous perennial flowering plants. They are part of order Asparagales.








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