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The Alliance for Healthy Cities (or AFHC) is the cooperative international alliance aiming city or autonomy district dwellers health care for their healthy and qualitative living. The group of cities and other organizations such as district in a country are participating to the alliance with exchanging information to achieve the goal through an approach called Healthy Cities.


Healthy Cities

Trevor Hancock and Leonard Duhl claimed Healthy Cities in consults with the World Health Organization in 1988.[1]

Economic development has brought comfort and convenience to many people in the industrialized world, but in its wake are pollution, new health problems, blighted urban landscapes and social isolation. Growing numbers of the dispossessed are also being left on the sidelines as the disparity between rich and poor grows. In an effort to remedy these ills, people from disparate backgrounds in thousands of communities are joining together with government agencies under the Healthy Cities/Healthy Communities banner to improve the quality of life in their towns and cities.

A healthy city is defined that continually creating and improving physical and social environments and expanding community resources which enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life and in developing to their maximum potential.[2]

Any city or autonomy district is able to participate to the alliance when politically responsible to create physical and social environment and obliged to maintain it. The member cities observe the concept of Healthy Cities


AFHC 3rd conference Nobori in Ichikawa, Chiba in October 2008

The first international declaration, Alma Ata Declaration was adopted at international conference for Primary Health Care on the joint conference of WHO and UNICEF in Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), presently in Kazakhstan, 6-12 September 1978.[3] The Primary Health Care, accepted and targeted as consensus, was the acceptable level of health for all the people of the world by the year 2000. Since then various discussions had been took place, and the Charter for health promotion was presented for the action to achieve healthy life for all people by the year 2000 and beyond in Ottawa on 21 November 1986.[4]

After 2nd conference at Adelaide in 1988 and 3rd at Sundsvall in 1991, 20 years after Alma Ata Declaration, and 11 years after Ottawa conference, the 4th International Conference on Health Promotion in Jakarta adopted new Declaration, on 21 to 25 July 1997, New Players for a New Era -Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century forth coming at a critical moment in the development of international strategies.[5]

  • 17 October 2003 - First Organizational Meeting held in Manila, participants of the inaugural meeting were cities, national coordinators, NGOs, and academic institutions engaged in the Healthy Cities program worldwide.
  • 12-14 October 2004 - The Alliance held its Inaugural General Assembly and Conference in Kuching, with city mayors, governors, city officers, public health and urban planning professionals, NGOs, academic institutions, and national and international leaders to celebrate the inauguration of the Alliance for Healthy Cities.
  • 28-30 October 2006 - The Second General Assembly and Conference in Suzhou, with the theme was Healthy Cities in the Globalizing World.
  • 23-26 October 2008, the 3rd global Conference of the Alliance for Healthy Cities was held in Ichikawa with the theme of Health Security in the City: Healthy Cities activities building a better future.
  • 21-22 July 2009 - AFHC International Forum in Hue.
  • October 2009 - The 4th global conference in Gangnam-gu, South Korea

List of member




People's Republic of China


South Korea

South Korea (continued)






  1. ^ "Healthy cities, healthy children, Leonard Duhl and Trevor Hancock". UNICEF. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31.  
  2. ^ "Definition, ABOUT THE ALLIANCE". Alliance for Healthy Cities. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31.  
  3. ^ "Declaration of Alma-Ata". WHO. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31.  
  4. ^ "Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion". WHO. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31.  
  5. ^ "Jakarta Declaration on Leading Health, Promotion into the 21st Century". Alliance for Healthy Cities. Archived from the original on 2009-08-31.  

See also

External reference


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