The Full Wiki

More info on Alma Johansson

Alma Johansson: Wikis

Advertisements
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on
Protestant
missions
to the Middle East

Background
Christianity
Protestantism
Missions timeline

People
Samuel Marinus Zwemer
Anthony Norris Groves
Henry Martyn
Andrew Bonar
William McElwee Miller
Samuel M. Jordan
Douglas Dunlop
William Goodell

Missionary agencies
London Missionary Society
American Board
Church Missionary Society
Baptist Missionary Society


Alma Johansson (1880-1974) was a Swedish missionary who worked in the city of Mush in the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the 20th century. In 1901, the Missionary Society of Swedish women sent Johansson to Mush (Western Armenia), where she stayed until December, 1915. She worked at a German orphanage for Armenian children. On the outbreak of World War I, the atrocities against the empire's Christian minorities escalated and she became an eyewitness to these crimes against humanity. She wrote about her experiences in a book called Ett folk i landsflykt: Ett år ur armeniernas historia ("A People in Exile: One Year in the Life of the Armenians", Stockholm: Kvinnliga missions arbetare, 1930), both of which were translated into Armenian and French.

She also made testimonies to German and American diplomats who published them later. Alma told about how women took poison so they wouldn’t be captured by the Turks, and how the soldiers transported bloody, wounded women and children through the city while other soldiers fired at them just to frighten. When the wounded fell to the ground, the solders would hit them with the butt ends of their rifles. "I can never forget the sight. And nothing could you do for them!" she wrote.

She gave information about how the kids at the orphanage were handed over to a Turkish officer, and then taken to a building outside the city where they all were murdered.

In 1923 Johansson moved to Salonika, and established a factory for more than 200 Armenian refugee women. She also founded an Armenian kindergarten and primary school in Charilaos (Greece).

In 1997, the Johansson festival was organized in Yerevan.

In 2005, on the 90th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide, a group of Swedish Armenians visited Alma Johansson's grave at Skogskyrkogården in Enskede, outside Stockholm, to remember these horrifying events and to honour her efforts.

Sources

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message