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Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev


In office
March 29, 2007 – November 28, 2007
Preceded by Azim Isabekov
Succeeded by Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev

Born September 17, 1956 (1956-09-17) (age 53)
Arashan, Kyrgyzstan
Political party Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan

Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev (Cyrillic: Атамбаев Алмазбек Шаршенович; born September 17, 1956) was the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 29 March 2007 until 28 November 2007. He has served as the Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan since 30 July 1999.

Atambayev was an unsuccessful candidate in Kyrgyzstan's presidential election in October 2000 (winning 6% of the vote).[1]

Atambayev served as the Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism in the government from 20 December 2005[2] until he resigned on 21 April 2006.[3]

In November 2006 he was one of the leaders of anti-government protests in Bishkek, under the umbrella of the movement 'For Reform!' (За Реформы).[1] He was also involved in earlier protests in late April 2006.

On 26 December 2006 Atambayev rejected calls from other lawmakers for a dissolution of the Supreme Council, saying, "It is impossible for this Parliament to be dissolved at least until May [2007], and it has to adopt all the laws. Otherwise there will be a war in Kyrgyzstan, because even if Parliament adopts the [proposed] authoritarian constitution, I will tell you openly, we will not accept it. It would be a constitution adopted illegally. Then we would take every [possible protest action]. We are ready for that."[4]

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Azim Isabekov on 29 March 2007, Atambayev was appointed Acting Prime Minister by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.[5] He was then confirmed in parliament by a vote of 48-3 on 30 March.[6] He is the first prime minister in Central Asia to come from an opposition party.[7] On 11 April, he tried to address a large protest in Bishkek demanding Bakiyev's resignation, but was booed by the protesters.[8][9]

Bakiyev announced the resignation of Atambayev's government on October 24, 2007, following a successful referendum. The government was to remain in office until after a parliamentary election in December.[10]

Nonetheless, Atambayev resigned on 28 November 2007; Bakiyev accepted the resignation, while praising Atambayev for his performance in office, and appointed Acting First Deputy Prime Minister Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev in his place as Acting Prime Minister.[11][12] Edil Baisalov of the Social Democratic Party claimed that Atambayev was forced out of office because he was an obstacle to alleged government interference in the parliamentary election.[12]

On 20 April 2009 Atambayev was announced as a candidate for the July 2009 Kyrgyz presidential elections[13]. But on polling day Atambayev redraw his candidacy claiming widespread fraud, "Due to massive, unprecedented violations, we consider these elections illegitimate and a new election should be held".[14]

References

  1. ^ http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/k/kyrgyzstan/kyrgyzstanpres.txt
  2. ^ "New Kyrgyz Government Sworn In", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, December 21, 2005.
  3. ^ "Kyrgyzstan's Trade Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 21, 2006.
  4. ^ "Kyrgyz Lawmakers Call For Dissolution Of Parliament", RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty, December 26, 2006.
  5. ^ "Kyrgyz Prime Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, March 29, 2007.
  6. ^ "Kyrgyz Parliament Confirms New Prime Minister", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, March 30, 2007.
  7. ^ Ilan Greenberg, "Pressed, Kyrgyz President Names His Critic as Premier", The New York Times, March 30, 2007, Section A, Page 15.
  8. ^ "Kyrgyz opposition stages large rally against embattled president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), April 11, 2007.
  9. ^ Bruce Pannier, "Kyrgyzstan: Thousands Demand President's Resignation", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, April 11, 2007.
  10. ^ "President: Kyrgyz government resigns but will stay on for 2 more months", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), October 24, 2007.
  11. ^ "Spokesman: Kyrgyz president accepts resignation of PM", Xinhua, November 28, 2007.
  12. ^ a b Daniel Sershen, "KYRGYZSTAN: PRIME MINISTER PUSHED ASIDE AS PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION APPROACHES", eurasianet.org, November 29, 2007.
  13. ^ Bruce Pannier"Kyrgyz opposition unites unveils presidential hopeful", RFE/RL, April 20, 2009.
  14. ^ Kyrgyz candidate in poll pullout, BBC News (July 23, 2009)
Preceded by
Azim Isabekov
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
2007
Succeeded by
Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev
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