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Almond
.Almond tree with ripening fruit.^ The fruit of the almond tree.
  • almond@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC everything2.org [Source type: General]
  • almond@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Ripe almond fruits on the tree .
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tree is self-fruitful and early-ripening.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Majorca, Spain.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Amygdalus
Species: P. dulcis
Binomial name
Prunus dulcis
(Mill.) D.A.Webb
Almond, nut, raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 2,418 kJ (578 kcal)
Carbohydrates 20 g
Sugars 5 g
Dietary fibre 12 g
Fat 51 g
saturated 4 g
monounsaturated 32 g
polyunsaturated 12 g
Protein 22 g
Thiamine (Vit. B1) 0.24 mg (18%)
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.8 mg (53%)
Niacin (Vit. B3) 4 mg (27%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.3 mg (6%)
Vitamin B6 0.13 mg (10%)
Folate (Vit. B9) 29 μg (7%)
Vitamin C 0.0 mg (0%)
Vitamin E 26.22 mg (175%)
Calcium 248 mg (25%)
Iron 4 mg (32%)
Magnesium 275 mg (74%)
Phosphorus 474 mg (68%)
Potassium 728 mg (15%)
Zinc 3 mg (30%)
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
.The Almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Prunus amygdalus Batsch., Amygdalus communis L., Amygdalus dulcis Mill.^ The bitter almond is prunus amygdalus amara.
  • Vegetarians in Paradise/Almond History, Almond Nutrition, Almond Recipe 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.vegparadise.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond Prunus dulcis .
  • Sweet Almond Oil Organic Skin Care:Prunus dulcis 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.anniesremedy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Botanically, the sweet almond, prunus amygdalus dulcis, is considered a stone fruit, closely related to the cherry, plum, apricot, and peach.
  • Vegetarians in Paradise/Almond History, Almond Nutrition, Almond Recipe 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.vegparadise.com [Source type: General]

) is a species of tree native to the Middle East. .Almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree.^ The sweet almond is cultivated for its edible nuts.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Like its cousins, the peach, cherry and apricot trees, the almond tree bears fruits with stone-like seeds (or pits) within.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with Peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated shell (endocarp) surrounding the seed.^ Almonds are classified into two categories: sweet ( Prunus amygdalu var.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Similar to the peach, the almond consists of the edible seed, surrounded by a hard outer shell.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond fruit is similar to a peach, and consists of an edible seed or kernel, a shell and an outer hull.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

.The fruit of the almond is not a true nut, but a drupe, which consists of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed (nut) inside.^ Similar to the peach, the almond consists of the edible seed, surrounded by a hard outer shell.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond fruit is similar to a peach, and consists of an edible seed or kernel, a shell and an outer hull.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ An almond is a nutritious nut grown inside the fruit of an almond tree.
  • Tag: Almond - Explore content tagged Almond on eHow.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

.Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed.^ The seed of the almond fruit is what we refer to as the almond nut.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Shelled almonds are available whole, sliced or slivered in either their natural form, with their skin, or blanched, with their skin removed.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Whole natural almonds have had their shell removed but still retain their brown skins; blanched whole almonds have had both their shells and skins removed.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

Almonds are commonly sold shelled, i.e. after the shells are removed, or unshelled, i.e. with the shells still attached. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, which is then removed to reveal the white embryo.

Contents

Description

.The almond is a small deciduous tree, growing to between 4 and 10 meters in height, with a trunk of up to 30 centimetres in diameter.^ An almond tree can grow to a height of twenty to thirty feet.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ This is because in Spain, most almonds grow on thousands of small farms, located near the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ Later attempts of growing almond trees in New England failed as well.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.The young twigs are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to sunlight, then grey in their second year.^ Cultivars of Repute These produce edible buds the first year: 'Green Globe', 'Grande Beurre'; 'Imperial Star'.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The leaves are 3–5 inches long[1], with a serrated margin and a 2.5 cm (1 in) petiole.^ Spread 1/2 cup of the raspberry preserves over the cake, leaving a 1/4 inch margin around the edges.
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

.The flowers are white or pale pink, 3–5 cm diameter with five petals, produced singly or in pairs before the leaves in early spring.^ The profuse, small, cream colored flowers appear shortly after the leaves in spring.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Propagate in early spring, just before growth begins.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2][3]
.Almond trees become productive and begin bearing fruit after five years.^ Ababai trees grow for 7 1/2 to 8 years and only bear fruit for 5 years.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It takes three to four years for an almond tree to produce fruit, and then another three to four years for it to reach the stage of heavy production.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

The fruit is mature in the autumn, 7–8 months after flowering.[2][3]
.In botanical terms, the almond fruit is not a nut, but a drupe 3.5–6 cm long.^ The seed of the almond fruit is what we refer to as the almond nut.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.The outer covering or exocarp, fleshy in other members of Prunus such as the plum and cherry, is instead a thick leathery grey-green coat (with a downy exterior), called the hull.^ When fully ripe, the green outer covering of the fruit dries and splits, and the almond shell (endocarp) drops out.
  • Complete Almond/Almond Oil information from Drugs.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The almond seed is rounded at one end and pointed at the other, with a yellow, fibrous outer covering.
  • Complete Almond/Almond Oil information from Drugs.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The seed is rounded at one end and pointed at the other, and covered with a thin brown coat.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Inside the hull is a reticulated hard woody shell (like the outside of a peach pit) called the endocarp.^ Like its cousins, the peach, cherry and apricot trees, the almond tree bears fruits with stone-like seeds (or pits) within.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They are hard on the outside and soft and creamy on the inside.
  • Tag: Almond - Explore content tagged Almond on eHow.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ Similar to the peach, the almond consists of the edible seed, surrounded by a hard outer shell.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.Inside the shell is the edible seed, commonly called a nut.^ The end product is a nut that has a hard, thick shell, and a low edible-nut-to-shell ratio.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond pit containing the delicious edible seed inside is the nut of commerce.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Similar to the peach, the almond consists of the edible seed, surrounded by a hard outer shell.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

Generally, one seed is present, but occasionally there are two.

Origin and history

.The almond is a native to the Mediterranean climate region of the Middle East, eastward as far as Pakistan[4].^ Almonds have always grown in warm, dry climates such as western Asia, gradually spreading westward to the Mediterranean basin.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond tree is native to western Asia and North Africa, but it is now grown in most temperate regions.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The almond apparently required a mild, Mediterranean-type of climate in order to flourish.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

.It was spread by humans in ancient times along the shores of the Mediterranean into northern Africa and southern Europe and more recently transported to other parts of the world, notably California.^ A Mars bar in other parts of the world is like a Milky Way is here in the States: a nougat bar with a stripe of caramel covered in milk chocolate.
  • Snickers Almond - Candy Blog 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.typetive.com [Source type: General]

^ History - The apricot has a long history of cultivation, starting in China some 4,000 years ago and traveling along the trade routes to the shores of the Mediterranean.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anthracnose has been in California for many years, but has become more severe recently, attacking leaves and fruit.
  • Spring prevention of almond diseases 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC westernfarmpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
A grove of almond trees in southern California
.The wild form of domesticated almond grows in parts of the Levant; almonds must first have been taken into cultivation in this region.^ First video taken from (IMHO) Almond s masterpiece, Mother Fist and her five daughters ....
  • Marc Almond on Yahoo! Music 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC new.music.yahoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Besides the cultivated almond, there are more than thirty other wild or minor species.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The Romans referred to almonds as the "Greek nut" in reference to the civilization suggested to have first cultivated them.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

The fruit of the wild forms contains the glycoside amygdalin, "which becomes transformed into deadly prussic acid (hydrogen cyanide) after crushing, chewing, or any other injury to the seed."[5]
.However, domesticated almonds are not toxic; Jared Diamond argues that a common genetic mutation causes an absence of glycoside amygdalin, and this mutant was grown by early farmers, "at first unintentionally in the garbage heaps, and later intentionally in their orchards".[6] Zohary and Hopf believe that almonds were one of the earliest domesticated fruit trees due to "the ability of the grower to raise attractive almonds from seed.^ Ripe almond fruits on the tree .
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almond trees grown from seed do not reproduce true to variety.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ The tree is self-fruitful and early-ripening.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus, in spite of the fact that this plant does not lend itself to propagation from suckers or from cuttings, it could have been domesticated even before the introduction of grafting".[5] Domesticated almonds appear in the Early Bronze Age (3000–2000 BC) of the Near East, or possibly a little earlier.^ The Bronze Age sites of Greece and Cyprus had been known to have the domesticated almond.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Here it was the spring frosts that damaged the delicate almond blossoms, which appear early in the season.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ I have never even heard of almond milk before but I am starting a new diet that includes this in the early statges as a MUFA contributor.

.A well-known archaeological example of the almond is the fruit found in Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt (c.^ The best known almond variety found in Europe is the Jordan variety.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Twenty potent antioxidant flavonoids were identified in almond skins in this study, some of which are well known as major contributors to the health benefits derived from other foods, such as the catechins found in green tea, and naringenin, which is found in grapefruit.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

1325 BC), probably imported from the Levant.[5] The domesticated form can be found as far north as Iceland[7] although the official distribution of the plant in Europe shows the most northerly country to be Germany.[8]

Etymology and names

.The word "almond" comes from Old French almande or alemande, Late Latin amandola, derived through a form amingdola from the Greek αμυγδαλη (cf amygdala), an almond.^ The Latin form could have evolved by dissimilation of a hypothetical gulcis , but etymological dictionaries usually prefer derivation from an otherwise poorly attested Proto-Indo-European root DL̥KU sweet and postulate assimilation in the Greek words.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The botanic genus name, Prunus , is derived from the Latin name of the closely related plum, prunum , which in turn goes back to Greek proumnon [ προῦμνον ].
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And the almond flavor didn't come through like I hoped.
  • Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

.The al- for a- may be due to a confusion with the Arabic article al, the word having first dropped the a- as in the Italian form mandorla; the British pronunciation ah-mond and the modern Catalan ametlla and modern French amande show a form of the word closer to the original.^ The element al- got attached to the English and Spanish names by confusion with the prefix al- in many Arabic loan words found in Romance tongues; see also caper on this topic.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Latin dulcis is the progenitor of most terms for sweet in Romance languages, e.g., French doux , Italian dolce , Portuguese doce and Catalan dolç .
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The adjective "amygdaloid" (literally "like an almond") is used for things which are roughly almond-shaped, particularly a shape which is partway between a rectangle and an ellipse.^ Niken N. Jul 6th '05 "not really used to red tea, but i like the almond taste.."
  • Rooibos Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

^ They look like the "horns of gacela" at the Arab pastry shop, which also use almonds."
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ As you might recall from our pie and cracker recipes, and Son of Grok’s pizza recipe we like to use almond flour or almond meal as a foundation for Primal baking.
  • The Many Uses of Almond Meal | Mark's Daily Apple 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.marksdailyapple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Almond is called لوز lawz in Arabic and baadaam in Persian, Hindi, Punjabi, Tamil, Bengali, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Marathi, Gujarati, Turkish, Urdu and Kashmiri. .In German almond is called "Mandel", as well as "Almond". In Hebrew almond is called שקד shaqed, which has its roots in an ancient Semitic term, as seen in the Akkadian šiqdu and Ugaritic thaqid, as well as in old Ethiopic terms.^ I would like the old Mars back as well, but the snickers with almond is a fantastic substitute.
  • Snickers Almond - Candy Blog 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.typetive.com [Source type: General]

Production

An almond shaker before and during a harvest of a tree
.Global production of almonds is around 1.7 million tonnes, with a low of 1 million tonnes in 1995 and a peak of 1.85 million tonnes in 2002 according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) figures.^ Based on nutritional information, sweet almond appears to be a healthy food product.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ This chart graphically details the %DV that a serving of Almonds provides for each of the nutrients of which it is a good, very good, or excellent source according to our Food Rating System.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In 1982, total world production of almonds was estimated at about 573 million pounds.
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

[9] According to the FAO, world production of almonds was 1.76 million tonnes in 2006.
Major producers are the USA (715623 t, 41%), Spain (220000 t, 13%), Syria (119648 t, 7%), Italy (112796 t, 6%), Iran (108677 t, 6%) and Morocco (83000 t, 5%). Algeria, Tunisia and Greece each account for 3%, Turkey, Lebanon and China each account for 2%.[10] In Turkey, most of the production comes from the Datça Peninsula. .In Spain, numerous commercial cultivars of sweet almond are produced, most notably the Jordan almond (imported from Málaga) and the Valencia almond.^ Marcona Almonds Marcona almonds, the "Queen of Almonds," are imported from Spain.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Spains almonds are primarily produced on thousands of small, marginal farms located next to the Mediterranean Sea.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, the most important producers for the European market are Spain and Italy.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the United States, production is concentrated in California, with almonds being California's third leading agricultural product and its top agricultural export in 2008. California produces 80% of the world’s almonds[11] and 100% of the U.S. commercial supply.^ The cultivation of almonds in California, the only state that produces them, has an interesting history.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Spanish almond acreage is over three times that of California, but Spanish production is less than one half of California.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ May 24, 2008 at 9:18 pm I notice that you use a large quantity of agave in a lot of recipes as well as almond based products.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

.California exported almonds valued at 1.08 billion dollars in 2003, about 70% of total California almond crop.^ The average crop yield in California is about 1,800 pounds of in-shell almonds per acre.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ At the processing plant about ninety percent of the almond crop is shelled.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Almonds are Californias most important tree crop in terms of acreage, dollar value and world distribution.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.Importing over 94 percent of its consumption, India is the largest global and U.S. market for in-shell almonds.^ At the processing plant about ninety percent of the almond crop is shelled.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Californias Nonpareil almonds shell at a rate of sixty to seventy percent The Spanish almond shell at a rate of only twenty-five percent.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

[2]
Almond output in 2005 (circles may not be centered on growing areas within the countries)

Pollination

.The pollination of California's almonds is the largest annual managed pollination event in the world, with close to one million hives (nearly half of all beehives in the USA) being trucked in February to the almond groves.^ Spanish almond acreage is over three times that of California, but Spanish production is less than one half of California.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, California provides the entire needs of the domestic market and accounts for nearly half of the worlds almond productions.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ All-in-one {self-fertile} Peaches are biologically capable of pollinizing almonds, and vice-versa.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Much of the pollination is managed by pollination brokers, who contract with migratory beekeepers from at least 49 states for the event. This business has been heavily impacted by colony collapse disorder.

Diseases

Sweet and bitter almonds

Flowering (sweet) almond tree
Blossom on bitter almond tree
.There are two forms of the plant, one (often with white flowers) producing sweet almonds, and the other (often with pink flowers) producing bitter almonds.^ Almonds are grouped into two primary categories: sweet and bitter.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ There are two types of almonds - sweet and bitter.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Note: Sweet almond is different from bitter almond.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

The kernel of the former contains a fixed oil and emulsion. .As late as the early 20th century the oil was used internally in medicine, with the stipulation that it must not be adulterated with that of the bitter almond; it remains fairly popular in alternative medicine, particularly as a carrier oil in aromatherapy, but has fallen out of prescription among doctors.^ The bitter oil is used as a flavoring in foods and as an ingredient in many cosmetic skin preparations.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Bitter almonds are used to make almond oil that is used as a flavoring agent for foods and liqueurs such as Amaretto.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Using a mortar and pestle, or a blender, grind the almonds to a creamy paste with the sugar and 100g of the water, then beat in the remaining water and the yeast.

.The bitter almond is rather broader and shorter than the sweet almond, and contains about 50% of the fixed oil which also occurs in sweet almonds.^ Same deal, it has sweet almond oil in it.

^ (Note: Sweet almond is different from bitter almond.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Do you reckon it would be too sweet/not as nice with a chocolate filling rather than the raspberry jam?
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

.It also contains the enzyme emulsin which, in the presence of water, acts on a soluble glucoside, amygdalin, yielding glucose, cyanide and the essential oil of bitter almonds, which is nearly pure benzaldehyde.^ Almonds, sugar, and synthetic bitter almond oil.
  • Almond Paste - Nuts - By the Pound - NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Sweet almonds are, by centuries of cultivation and breeding, very low in amygdalin and, thus, harmless; however, even sweet almond trees sometimes yield single bitter almonds (up to 1% of total crop), and some sweet almond cultivars still contain traces of bitter almond aroma.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This essence is made by distilling a mixture of ground bitter almonds and water; it is more or less pure benzaldehyde, containing no hydrocyanic acid.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bitter almonds may yield from 4–9 mg of hydrogen cyanide per almond.^ Bitter almond may be toxic to humans.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The average crop yield in California is about 1,800 pounds of in-shell almonds per acre.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Serious poisoning is quite rare with adults, but children may be killed by just a few bitter almonds.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12][13] .Extract of bitter almond was once used medicinally, but even in small doses effects are severe and in larger doses can be deadly; the cyanide must be removed before consumption.^ I have used your almond paste before and it's wonderful."
  • Almond Paste - Nuts - By the Pound - NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ You can usually omit the almond extract since the marzipan contains bitter almonds in it.
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Susan May 14, 2009 26 BTW….I do realize that if you halved the cake recipe, that you used only 1 1/2 tsp of almond extract.
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

[14]

Culinary uses

Smoked and salted almonds
.While the almond is often eaten on its own, raw or toasted, it is also a component of various dishes.^ These marcona almonds are raw and make an excellent snack on their own.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ I made my own with almond paste in a blender, alot of raw eaters use it as their milk, its good!
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.It, along with other nuts, is often sprinkled over desserts, particularly sundaes and other ice cream based dishes.^ Desserts a la mode are served with ice cream.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I haven’t tried making my own ice cream yet though, so thanks for the ideas deb (and others!
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ It wasn’t my favorite ice cream base in the book, but when it came time to pack I left the Perfect Scoop out and packed the B&J one.
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

.Sweet almonds are used in marzipan, nougat, many pastries and cookies (including French macarons, macaroons, financiers), noghl and other sweets and desserts.^ Almond paste is used in pastries and other baked goods.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sweet, crunchy, you can definitely taste the almonds unlike some other crunch/cluster cereals on the market.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They’re lightly sweet, perfectly crisp and have just enough almond, orange and vanilla to make you sigh, without overwhelming the cookie.
  • almond biscotti | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

.They are also used to make almond butter, a spread similar to peanut butter, popular with peanut allergy sufferers and for its less salty taste.^ So, I used peanut butter instead of almond butter.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond Butter (Roasted, Smooth) Dry roasted almonds are used to make this incredible tasting smooth almond butter.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Organic Almond Butter (Raw, Crunchy) Raw organic almonds are used to make this incredible tasting crunchy organic almond butter.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.The young, developing fruit of the almond tree can be eaten whole ("green almonds") when they are still green and fleshy on the outside and the inner shell has not yet hardened.^ Ripe almond fruits on the tree .
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To Chef Tony & the whole staff of Almond Tree We had a great time.

^ Almond trees in California tend to bear fruit three to fours and enter into heavy production seven to eight years.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.The fruit is somewhat sour, but is a popular snack in parts of the Middle East, eaten dipped in salt to balance the sour taste.^ It's a popular aperitif in the Middle East.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Available only from mid April to mid June (northern hemisphere), pickling or brining extends the fruit's shelf life.^ It is a protected fruit in Chile and was only recently available for export.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Freezing seems to extend shelf life even more.
  • Almond Flour - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

In Italy, sweet almonds are the base for amaretti (almond macaroons), a common dessert. .Traditionally, a low percentage of bitter almonds (10-20%) is added to the ingredients, which gives the cookies their bitter taste (commercially, apricot kernels are used as a substitute for bitter almonds).^ Another possible substitute for bitter almonds is the tonka bean in small dosage; yet also this spice may be not altogether harmless.
  • Spice Pages: Almond (Prunus dulcis) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uni-graz.at [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almond Butter (Roasted, Smooth) Dry roasted almonds are used to make this incredible tasting smooth almond butter.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Subject: Almond Cookies I used wholemeal flour because I did not have white flour at home and they came out delicous.
  • Chinese Almond Cookies - Test Recipes - Cooking For Engineers 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cookingforengineers.com [Source type: General]

.Almonds are also a common choice as the nuts to include in torrone.^ Top each chocolate square with 1/2 teaspoon nut butter of your choice ( almond , cashew, pistachio).
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.In Puglia and Sicily, "pasta di mandorle" (almond paste) is used to make small soft cakes, often decorated with jam, pistacchio or chocolate.^ I want to use them to decorate a cake.
  • Cookie Madness » Almond Toffee Revisited 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cookiemadness.net [Source type: General]

^ I have used your almond paste before and it's wonderful."
  • Almond Paste - Nuts - By the Pound - NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond paste is used in pastries and other baked goods.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Greece, ground blanched almonds are used as the base material in a great variety of desserts, usually called amygdalota (αμυγδαλωτά).^ Almond Flour Blanched almond flour is great for baking.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ May 24, 2008 at 9:18 pm I notice that you use a large quantity of agave in a lot of recipes as well as almond based products.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond meal is just ground up almonds, usually with the skin still on.
  • The Many Uses of Almond Meal | Mark's Daily Apple 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.marksdailyapple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because of their white colour, most are traditionally considered "wedding sweets" and are served at wedding banquets (also in Turkey).^ Mostly because I'm trying to find sweet treats that aren't full of white flour and sugar.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

.In China, almonds are used in a popular dessert where they are mixed with milk and then served hot.^ I love Honey Almond Flax by itself, with milk or soymilk, or mixed with fruit and yogurt for a snack.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have successfully used almond meal (no coconut) in salmon patties - and they rocked!
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ I followed the recipe using Trader Joe's almond meal, but the mixture was too crumbly so I added 1/2 cup more butter and about 1 Tbsp milk.
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

In Pakistan and India, almonds are the base ingredients of pasanda-style curries. .Badam halva is a sweet made from almonds with added coloring.^ I made sure to beat the sugar and almond paste together for a long while until it looked like fine sand before adding everything in.
  • almond raspberry layer cake | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ I made a couple changes : roasted almonds ('chopped' with a meat tenderizer as mentioned by another reviewer) at 375 F. I also used 7-8 oz Nestle semi-sweet chips.
  • Almond Roca Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ The rooibos added a little sweetness and a great color too."
  • Rooibos Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

.Almond flakes are added to many sweets (such as sohan barfi), and are usually visible sticking to the outer surface.^ There are no standard or well-studied doses of sweet almond, and many different doses are used traditionally.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Almonds can be processed into a milk substitute called almond milk; the nut's soft texture, mild flavour, and light colouring (when skinned) make for an efficient analog to dairy, and a soy-free choice, for lactose intolerant people and vegans.^ I have been making a breakfast of these oats (soaked) and add nuts, seeds, berries, raisins, and add almond milk as a cereal breakfast.
  • Almond Banana Pancakes | Mark's Daily Apple 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.marksdailyapple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I usually make my own almond butter in the Cuisinart and process it with almond oil until smooth and creamy.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ I had been inadvertently exposing my peanut and tree nut allergic child to almond oil directly on her skin.

.Raw, blanched, and lightly toasted almonds all work well for different production techniques, some of which are very similar to that of soymilk and some of which actually use no heat, resulting in "raw milk" (see raw foodism).^ In all of my recipes I use blanched almond flour .
  • Almond Flour - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Largueta Almonds The Largueta almonds are toasted and lightly salted.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ They all work well.
  • Almond Crunch - All Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.The Marcona variety of almond, which is shorter, rounder, sweeter, and more delicate in texture than other varieties, originated in Spain and is becoming popular in North America and other parts of the world.^ It has a sweeter almond taste than I had been looking for."
  • Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

^ They are shorter, rounder, softer, and sweeter than the California variety.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Marcona almonds are shorter, rounder, softer, and sweeter than the California variety.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

[15] .Marcona almonds are traditionally served after being lightly fried in oil, and are also used by Spanish chefs to prepare a dessert called turrón.^ It is widely used in dessert preparations.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Love the Spanish Marcona almonds - they are exceptional!
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The bitter oil is used as a flavoring in foods and as an ingredient in many cosmetic skin preparations.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

Almond syrup

.Historically, almond syrup was an emulsion of sweet and bitter almonds, usually made with barley syrup (orgeat syrup) or in a syrup of orange-flower water and sugar.^ (Note: Sweet almond is different from bitter almond.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ They’re lightly sweet, perfectly crisp and have just enough almond, orange and vanilla to make you sigh, without overwhelming the cookie.
  • almond biscotti | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ You can usually omit the almond extract since the marzipan contains bitter almonds in it.
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.The Grocer's Encyclopedia (1911) notes that "Ten parts of sweet almonds are generally employed to three parts of bitter almonds"; however, due to the cyanide found in bitter almonds, modern syrups generally consist of only sweet almonds.^ (Note: Sweet almond is different from bitter almond.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The best thing I've found for my sweet s cravings is an half an ounce of raw almonds mixed with about a half a tablespoon of honey.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ A while back, I posted a quick note on an old-fashioned Sweet Almond Cake recipe that I topped with rhubarb.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

Oils

.Almonds contain approximately 54% oil[16], of which 78% is monounsaturated oleic acid, an omega-9 fat, and 17% is omega-6 polyunsaturated essential fatty acid.^ Partially hydrogenated vegetable oil indicates trans fatty acids.
  • Chinese Almond Cookies - Test Recipes - Cooking For Engineers 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cookingforengineers.com [Source type: General]

^ Nature's Alchemy Sweet Almond Oil, 100% Pure, 16 fl oz (473 ml) by Nature's Alchemy 167% Sales Rank in Health &..
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ A solution of oil, bitter almonds, and alcohol (approximately 1%) that is used for a flavoring in baking.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Superunsaturated omega-3 fats are negligible in almonds. .The oil is good for application to the skin as an emollient, because it is more stable (does not become rancid) than those oils that have a higher content of essential fatty acids, and because it has a pleasant aroma.^ The almond flavor in this one tastes more synthetic, though, possibly just because the Rooibos is much stronger than the black tea base in this one."
  • Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

^ Hey lutz, well first of all it has to have more calories than original Go Lean because this cereal contains flax seeds and almonds which are both high in calories, but the good calories not the bad!
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Partially hydrogenated vegetable oil indicates trans fatty acids.
  • Chinese Almond Cookies - Test Recipes - Cooking For Engineers 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cookingforengineers.com [Source type: General]

It is a mild, lightweight oil that can be used as a substitute for olive oil.
."Oleum Amygdalae", the fixed oil, is prepared from either variety of almond and is a glyceryl oleate, with a slight odour and a nutty taste.^ If prepared right your awesome almond roca should break up nicely and even more so should taste as good (if not better!
  • Almond Roca Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ I would change it to whole wheat pastry flour because rising is not of importance, plus I like the nutty taste of whole wheat and think it would complement the almonds.
  • almond biscotti | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond meal is also fairly taste-neutral; it has a distinct nutty taste that coincidentally works well with many food combinations.
  • The Many Uses of Almond Meal | Mark's Daily Apple 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.marksdailyapple.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is almost insoluble in alcohol but readily soluble in chloroform or ether. .Sweet almond oil is obtained from the dried kernel of sweet almonds.^ Same deal, it has sweet almond oil in it.

^ Cool, pat dry any excess butter/oil with a paper towel, coat with chocolate (warmed in a double boiler on low) then crushed almonds, cool, flip, repeat...
  • Almond Roca Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Nature's Alchemy Sweet Almond Oil, 100% Pure, 16 fl oz (473 ml) by Nature's Alchemy 167% Sales Rank in Health &..
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.This oil has been traditionally used by massage therapists to lubricate the skin during a massage session.^ The bitter oil is used as a flavoring in foods and as an ingredient in many cosmetic skin preparations.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ It can be used, not only as a carrier oil, but a massage oil as well.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ How to Use Almond Oil for the Skin .
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Almond oil is also used as a wood conditioner of certain woodwind instruments, such as the oboe and clarinet.^ You can use almond oil, found at health food and natural food stores, to keep your hair smooth at the e...
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Use sweet almond oil, or a product made with sweet almond oil.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond oil is one of the most versatile and widely used oils on the market.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

Nutrition and health

Almond flowers
.The sweet almond contains about 26% carbohydrates (12% dietary fiber, 6.3% sugars, 0.7% starch and the rest miscellaneous carbohydrates), and may therefore be made into flour for cakes and cookies (biscuits) for low-carbohydrate diets or for patients suffering from diabetes mellitus or any other form of glycosuria.^ Sweet, crunchy, you can definitely taste the almonds unlike some other crunch/cluster cereals on the market.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ May 26, 2008 at 12:43 pm Thanks.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Ewa says: May 26, 2008 at 2:36 pm Hi Elana, I was thinking is it possible to replace almond butter with macadamia butter in this recipe?
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

.Almond flour is gluten-free and therefore a popular ingredient in cookery in place of wheat flour for gluten-sensitive people and people with wheat allergies and coeliac disease.^ Last Post By: lisastafford Gluten-Free with several food allergies - what to eat?
  • Almond Flour - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond Bread Ingredients 3 egg whites ½ cup castor sugar 1 cup plain flour 125gm (4oz) unblanched almonds .
  • almond biscotti | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ Ground almonds (with the skin) make a great alternative for standard wheat flour.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.A standard serving of almond flour, 1 cup, contains 20 grams of carbohydrates, of which 10 g is dietary fibre, for a net of 10 g of carbohydrate per cup.^ Per interchanging almond and coconut flour in the recipes, check out my faq for more on that.
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ Fortunately, although one-quarter cup of almonds contains about 18 grams of fat, most of it (11 grams) is heart-healthy monounsaturated fat.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Almond Bread Ingredients 3 egg whites ½ cup castor sugar 1 cup plain flour 125gm (4oz) unblanched almonds .
  • almond biscotti | smitten kitchen 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

.This makes almond flour very desirable for use in cake and bread recipes by people on carbohydrate-restricted diets.^ In all of my recipes I use blanched almond flour .
  • Almond Flour - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ What recipe do you have for making almond butter?
  • Almond Butter Blondies - Gluten Free Recipes | Elana's Pantry 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.elanaspantry.com [Source type: General]

^ For this recipe almond flour is not needed.
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.Almonds are a rich source of vitamin E, containing 24 mg per 100 g.^ Both almonds and flax seeds have been associated with lowering cholesterol and are rich sources of vitamins and minerals.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almonds are a good source of magnesium, copper, riboflavin (vitamin B2), and phosphorus.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Almonds are a very good source of vitamin E and manganese.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[17] .They are also rich in monounsaturated fat, one of the two "good" fats responsible for lowering LDL cholesterol.^ Fortunately, although one-quarter cup of almonds contains about 18 grams of fat, most of it (11 grams) is heart-healthy monounsaturated fat.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Both almonds and flax seeds have been associated with lowering cholesterol and are rich sources of vitamins and minerals.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When almonds are substituted for more traditional fats in human feeding trials, LDL cholesterol can be reduced from 8 to 12%.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.Claimed health benefits of almonds include improved complexion, improved movement of food through the colon (feces) and the prevention of cancer.^ New research on almonds adds to the growing evidence that eating whole foods is the best way to promote optimal health.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Practical Tip: Don't let concerns about gaining weight prevent you from enjoying the delicious taste and many health benefits of nuts!
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "The synergy between the flavonoids and vitamin E in almonds demonstrates how the nutrients in whole foods such as almonds can impact health," says Dr. Blumberg.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[18] .Recent research associates the inclusion of almonds in the diet with elevating the blood levels of high density lipoproteins and of lowering the levels of low density lipoproteins.^ Further research shows that eating almonds along with a high glycemic index food significantly lowers the glycemic index of the meal and lessens the rise in blood sugar after eating.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Abbey M, Noakes M, Belling GB, Nestel PJ. Partial replacement of saturated fatty acids with almonds or walnuts lowers total plasma cholesterol and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Those on the almond-enriched low calorie diet consumed 39% of their calories in the form of fat, 25% of which was monounsaturated fat.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[19][20]
.A controlled trial showed that 73g of almonds in the daily diet reduced LDL cholesterol by as much as 9.4%, reduced the LDL:HDL ratio by 12.0%, and increased HDL-cholesterol (i.e., the good cholesterol) by 4.6%.^ When almonds are substituted for more traditional fats in human feeding trials, LDL cholesterol can be reduced from 8 to 12%.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In this study of 12 patients with elevated LDL cholesterol levels, a diet containing almonds and other nuts, plant sterols (also found in nuts), soy protein, and soluble fiber (in high amounts in beans, oats, pears) reduced blood levels of all LDL fractions including small dense LDL (the type that most increases risk for cardiovascular disease) with near maximal reductions seen after only 2 weeks.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Among those subjects who had type 1 diabetes, diabetes medication reductions were sustained or further reduced in 96% of those on the almond-enriched diet versus in 50% of those on the complex carbohydrate diet.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[21]
In Ayurveda, an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent, almond is considered a nutritive for the brain and nervous system. It is said to induce high intellectual level and longevity. Almond oil is called Roghan Badam in Tibb Yunani طب يوناني (the Greco-Persian system of medicine). It is extracted by cold process, and is considered a nutritive aphrodisiac both for massage and internal consumption. .Recent studies have shown that the constituents of almond have anti-inflammatory, immunity boosting, and anti-hepatotoxicity effects.^ Studies on bionomics and control of the almond moth, Ephestia cautella Walker, I. The effect of reduced air pressure on hatching.

[22]
.In a study printed in the Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, experts discovered that almonds contain phenolics and flavonoids (a combination of flavonols, flavan-3-ols, hydroxybenzoic acids and flavanones) in their skins[23] analogous to those of certain fruits and vegetables.^ Almonds are among a small number of foods that contain measurable amounts of oxalates, naturally-occurring substances found in plants, animals, and human beings.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "We have identified a unique combination of flavonoids in almonds," said Jeffrey Blumberg, Ph.D., senior scientist and director of the Antioxidants Research Laboratory at Tufts University.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ While almond skin flavonoids alone enhanced LDL's resistance to oxidation by 18%, when almond meat's vitamin E was added, LDL's resistance to oxidation was extended by 52.5%!
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.For instance, a one-ounce helping of almonds holds a similar quantity of total polyphenol as ½ cup of cooked broccoli.^ A one-and-a-half ounce handful of almonds is a leading source of vitamin E and magnesium and offers protein, fiber, potassium, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
  • Almond Paste - Nuts - By the Pound - NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Of the 14 grams of total fat found in one ounce of almonds, about 64 percent is monounsaturated.
  • Almond Paste - Nuts - By the Pound - NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ One half cup of fat free milk contributes an additional 40 calories, 65mg sodium, 6g total carbohydrates (6g sugars) and 4g protein.
  • Kashi : Our food : GOLEAN, Crunch! Honey Almond Flax 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.kashi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Almonds may cause allergy or intolerance. .Cross-reactivity is common with peach allergens (lipid transfer proteins) and tree nut allergens.^ Unlike other nut trees, it belongs to the rose family, and is closely related to the peach and apricot.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Symptoms range from local symptoms (e.g. oral allergy syndrome, contact urticaria) to systemic symptoms including anaphylaxis (e.g. urticaria, angioedema, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms).[24]

Mandatory pasteurization in California

.Because of two cases of Salmonella traced to almonds in 2001 and 2004, in 2006 the Almond Board of California proposed rules regarding pasteurization of almonds available to the public, and the USDA approved them.^ Almonds are a very good source of manganese and a good source of copper , two trace minerals that are essential cofactors of a key oxidative enzyme called superoxide dismutase .
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[25] .Since 1 September 2007, raw untreated California almonds have technically not been available in the United States.^ The cultivation of almonds in California, the only state that produces them, has an interesting history.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Today Jordan almonds are used in wedding ceremonies throughout the United States.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Almond trees found their way back to California in the 19th century via the eastern United States.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.Controversially, California almonds labeled as "raw" are required to be steam-pasteurized or chemically treated with propylene oxide.^ Non- Pasteurized Organic Almonds (Raw, No Shell) Delicious raw organic almonds.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

.This does not apply to imported almonds,[26] or to almonds sold from the grower directly to the consumer in small quantities.^ Erica J. Jun 18th '07 "I love the taste of almonds, and this tea is wonderful in small quantities.
  • Almond Tea 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.adagio.com [Source type: General]

[27] Nor is the treatment required for raw almonds sold as exports to countries outside of North America.
.This USDA-approved marketing order has been challenged in court by organic farmers organized by The Cornucopia Institute, a Wisconsin-based farm policy research group.^ Subject: leaf lard sources in the bay area You can order leaf lard which you will have to render yourself from: Place an order for the San Francisco Farmers Market on Saturday.
  • Chinese Almond Cookies - Test Recipes - Cooking For Engineers 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cookingforengineers.com [Source type: General]

.According to the Cornucopia Institute, this almond marketing order has imposed significant financial burdens on small-scale and organic growers and damaged domestic almond markets.^ Today, California provides the entire needs of the domestic market and accounts for nearly half of the worlds almond productions.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

The federal judge dismissed the lawsuit in the spring of 2009 on procedural grounds, but farmers are appealing this decision in August 2009, seeking to have the merits of their arguments heard in court. [28]

Cultural aspects

Almonds starting to growing while flowering in the background
The almond is highly revered in some cultures. In northern Indian state, Jammu and Kashmir, it is designated as the State tree of Kashmir.[29]
The tree grows in Syria, Palestine and Israel,[30] and is mentioned numerous times in the Bible.
In the Old Testament, the almond was a symbol of watchfulness and promise due to its early flowering, symbolizing God's sudden and rapid punishment of His people; in Jeremiah 1:11-12, for instance. .In the Bible the almond is mentioned ten times, beginning with Book of Genesis 43:11, where it is described as "among the best of fruits". In Numbers 17 Levi is chosen from the other tribes of Israel by Aaron's rod, which brought forth almond flowers.^ The Bible's "Book of Numbers" tells the story of Aaron's rod that blossomed and bore almonds, giving the almond the symbolism of divine approval.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a glorious medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The almond that we think of as a nut is technically the seed of the fruit of the almond tree, a medium-size tree that bears fragrant pink and white flowers.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.According to tradition, the rod of Aaron bore sweet almonds on one side and bitter on the other; if the Israelites followed the Lord, the sweet almonds would be ripe and edible, but if they were to forsake the path of the Lord, the bitter almonds would predominate.^ (Note: Sweet almond is different from bitter almond.
  • Sweet Almond | LIVESTRONG.COM 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The sweet almond is grown for its edible nuts.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The Bible's "Book of Numbers" tells the story of Aaron's rod that blossomed and bore almonds, giving the almond the symbolism of divine approval.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The almond blossom supplied a model for the menorah which stood in the Holy Temple, "Three cups, shaped like almond blossoms, were on one branch, with a knob and a flower; and three cups, shaped like almond blossoms, were on the other...on the candlestick itself were four cups, shaped like almond blossoms, with its knobs and flowers" (Exodus 25:33-34; 37:19-20).^ Spanish almond acreage is over three times that of California, but Spanish production is less than one half of California.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

^ The blossoming rod of Aaron was almond--now said to be the Pope's staff (Friedlander: 153)--as are the blossoms decorating the seven-branched candlesticks of the Tabernacle.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Fortunately, although one-quarter cup of almonds contains about 18 grams of fat, most of it (11 grams) is heart-healthy monounsaturated fat.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.Similarly, Christian symbolism often uses almond branches as a symbol of the Virgin Birth of Jesus; paintings often include almonds encircling the baby Jesus and as a symbol of Mary.^ During the carnival festival, women dancers often use the red amaranth flower as rouge, painting their cheeks, and then dancing while carrying bundles of amaranth on their backs.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The word "Luz", which appears in Genesis 30:37, is sometimes translated as "hazel", may actually be derived from the Aramaic name for almond (Luz), and is translated as such in some Bible versions such as the NIV.^ Twenty potent antioxidant flavonoids were identified in almond skins in this study, some of which are well known as major contributors to the health benefits derived from other foods, such as the catechins found in green tea, and naringenin, which is found in grapefruit.
  • WHFoods: Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[3]
.In India, consumption of almonds is believed to be good for the brain, while the Chinese consider it a symbol of enduring sadness and female beauty.^ Almonds have symbolized good luck for many centuries in southern Europe.
  • Almonds are available in a wide variety including Smoked, Jordan and Almond Paste from NutsOnline 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nutsonline.com [Source type: General]

See also

References

  1. ^ Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  2. ^ a b Rushforth, Keith (1999). Collins wildlife trust guide trees: a photographic guide to the trees of Britain and Europe. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-220013-9. 
  3. ^ a b Griffiths, Mark D.; Anthony Julian Huxley (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-47494-5. 
  4. ^ a b Introduction to Fruit Crops, p. 38, Mark Rieger, 2006
  5. ^ a b c Zohary, Daniel; Maria Hopf (2000). Domestication of plants in the old world: the origin and spread of cultivated plants in West Asia, Europe, and the Nile Valley. Oxford University Press. pp. 186. ISBN 0-19-850356-3. 
  6. ^ Diamond, Jared M. (1997). Guns, germs, and steel: the fates of human societies. New York: W.W. Norton. pp. 118. ISBN 0-393-03891-2. 
  7. ^ "Prunus dulcis". Plants for a Future. http://www.ibiblio.org/pfaf/cgi-bin/arr_html?Prunus+dulcis. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  8. ^ "Flora Europaea Search Results". Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. http://193.62.154.38/cgi-bin/nph-readbtree.pl/feout?FAMILY_XREF=&GENUS_XREF=Prunus&SPECIES_XREF=dulcis&TAXON_NAME_XREF=&RANK=. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  9. ^ United States Department of Agriculture
  10. ^ Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  11. ^ USDA Foreign Agricultural Service 2009/2010 Almond Forecast Overview
  12. ^ Karkocha I (January 1973). "[Semiquantitative method of hydrogen cyanide and sweet almonds]" (in Polish). Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny 24 (6): 703–5. PMID 4775628. 
  13. ^ Shragg TA, Albertson TE, Fisher CJ (January 1982). "Cyanide poisoning after bitter almond ingestion". West. J. Med. 136 (1): 65–9. PMID 7072244. 
  14. ^ Cantor, D., Fleischer, J., Green, J., & Israel, D. L. (2006). The Fruit of the Matter. mental floss 5 (4): 12.
  15. ^ Marcona almonds
  16. ^ Erasmus, Udo. Fats That Heal, Fats That Kill. 3rd ed. Burnaby (BC): Alive Books; 1993.
  17. ^ White, G. Vitamin E and Minerals: Nutrition from Nuts. AllAboutVision.com. Retrieved August 20, 2006.
  18. ^ Davis PA, Iwahashi CK (April 2001). "Whole almonds and almond fractions reduce aberrant crypt foci in a rat model of colon carcinogenesis". Cancer Lett. 165 (1): 27–33. doi:10.1016/S0304-3835(01)00425-6. PMID 11248415. http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304383501004256. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  19. ^ Porter Novelli (September 2002). "Almonds: Cholesterol lowering, heart-healthy snack". Press release. http://www.scienceblog.com/community/older/2002/D/20024677.html. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  20. ^ Spiller GA, Jenkins DA, Bosello O, Gates JE, Cragen LN, Bruce B (June 1998). "Nuts and plasma lipids: an almond-based diet lowers LDL-C while preserving HDL-C". J Am Coll Nutr 17 (3): 285–90. PMID 9627917. http://www.jacn.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=9627917. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  21. ^ Jenkins DJ, Kendall CW, Marchie A, et al. (September 2002). "Dose response of almonds on coronary heart disease risk factors: blood lipids, oxidized low-density lipoproteins, lipoprotein(a), homocysteine, and pulmonary nitric oxide: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial". Circulation 106 (11): 1327–32. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000028421.91733.20. PMID 12221048. http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/106/11/1327. Retrieved 2008-07-17. 
  22. ^ Puri, Har Sharnjit Singh (2002). "Badam (Prunus amygdalus)". Rasayana: Ayurvedic Herbs for Longevity and Rejuvenation (Traditional Herbal Medicines for Modern Times, 2). Boca Raton: CRC. pp. 59–63. ISBN 0-415-28489-9. 
  23. ^ Characterization of polyphenols, lipids and dietary fibre from almond skins (Amygdalus communis L.). G. Mandalaria, b, , , A. Tomainob, T. Arcoracib, M. Martoranab, V. Lo Turcoc, F. Cacciolad, G.T. Richa, C. Bisignanob, A. Saijab, P. Dugoc, K.L. Crosse, M.L. Parkere, K.W. Waldronf and M.S. J. Wickhama, Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, Corrected Proof, doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2009.08.015
  24. ^ http://www.food-info.net/uk/intol/almond.htm Almond allergy on Food info
  25. ^ Almond Board of California (2007-03-30). "Action Plan and Pasteurization". Press release. http://www.almondboard.com/Programs/content.cfm?ItemNumber=890. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  26. ^ Agricultural Marketing Service (2006-11-08) "Almonds Grown in California: Changes to Incoming Quality Control Requirements" (71 F.R. 65373, 71 F.R. 65374, 71 F.R. 65375 and 71 F.R. 65376)
  27. ^ Burke, Garance (June 29, 2007). "Almond pasteurization rubs some feelings raw". Associated Press. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4176/is_/ai_n19343563. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  28. ^ {{The Cornucopia Institute. [1]}}
  29. ^ Katzer, Gernot (2005-09-11). "Almond (Prunus dulcis)". http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Prun_dul.html. Retrieved 2008-07-18. 
  30. ^ Tubeileh A, Bruggeman A, Turkelboom F (2004). Growing Olives and Other Tree Species in Marginal Arid Environments. ICARDA. http://www.icarda.org/publications/price_list/book3/Book3.html. 
This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The Grocer's Encyclopedia.

External links


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Bible wiki

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From BibleWiki

.A native of Syria and Palestine.^ Cite This Source Bible Dictionary Almond a native of Syria and Palestine.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Webster] Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary: Almond a native of Syria and Palestine.
  • Almond - definition of Almond - synonyms, pronunciation, spelling from Free Dictionary 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.freedictionary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In form, blossoms, and fruit it resembles the peach tree.^ In form, blossoms, and fruit it resembles the peach tree.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Almond - definition of Almond - synonyms, pronunciation, spelling from Free Dictionary 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.freedictionary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It resembles the peach tree in form, blossom and fruit.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The growing fruit resembles the peach until it approaches maturity; as it ripens, the leathery outer covering, or hull, splits open, curls outward, and discharges the nut.
  • almond (tree and nut) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: Reference]

.Its blossoms are of a very pale pink colour, and appear before its leaves.^ Very pink blossoms, like a crabapple's.
  • Almond (Prunus amygdalus) - Bamboo, Giant (Phyllostachys spp.) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.luvnpeas.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its blossoms are of a very pale pink colour, and appear before its leaves.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Almond - definition of Almond - synonyms, pronunciation, spelling from Free Dictionary 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.freedictionary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The common variety grows to the height of 25 feet and produces an abundant blossom which appears before the leaves; In Palestine this is fully out at the end of January or beginning of February; it is the harbinger of spring.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its Hebrew name, shaked, signifying "wakeful, hastening," is given to it on account of its putting forth its blossoms so early, generally in February, and sometimes even in January.^ Its Hebrew name, _shaked_, signifying "wakeful, hastening," is given to it on account of its putting forth its blossoms so early, generally in February, and sometimes even in January.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Almond - definition of Almond - synonyms, pronunciation, spelling from Free Dictionary 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.freedictionary.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Its Hebrew name, shaked , signifying "wakeful, hastening," is given to it on account of its putting forth its blossoms so early, generally in February, and sometimes even in January.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Hebrew name, shakad , is very expressive: it signifies 'hasty awakening,' or 'to watch for,' hence 'to make haste,' a fitting name for a tree, whose beautiful flowers appearing in Palestine in January, herald the wakening up of Creation.
  • botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.botanical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In Eccl 12:5, it is referred to as illustrative, probably, of the haste with which old age comes.^ The reference is probably to the white hair of age.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Almond Tree: The almond tree is mentioned in Eccl 12:5 , where in the description of old age it says "the almond-tree shall blossom."
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The family-friendly resorts have nurseries for toddlers under 2 years old and supervised activities for children ages 2 to 12.
  • Almond Resorts, Almond Resort, Almond Hotels, Almond Hotel, Almond Vacations 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.resortvacationstogo.com [Source type: General]

.There are others, however, who still contend for the old interpretation here.^ There are others, however, who still contend for the old interpretation here.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is something however about oven temperatures and flour quantities regarding baking cakes at high altitudes but I dont think it applies here.
  • Almond Crescent Cookies Recipe | Simply Recipes 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ Because when Skellig came out there were a couple of reviews that were saying how surprising it was: Here are some people in good fiction who seem to be happy.

."The almond tree bears its blossoms in the midst of winter, on a naked, leafless stem, and these blossoms (reddish or flesh-coloured in the beginning) seem at the time of their fall exactly like white snow-flakes.^ What is the almond tree like?
  • Bulk Almonds • Buy Almonds in Bulk By The Pound • Oh! Nuts® 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ohnuts.com [Source type: General]

^ SHOPPING: Almond trees blossom in the spring and the fruits are harvested in the fall.
  • Vegetarians in Paradise/Almond History, Almond Nutrition, Almond Recipe 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.vegparadise.com [Source type: General]

^ The tree bears the fruit; almond tree .
  • Almond - definition from Biology-Online.org 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biology-online.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this way the almond blossom is a very fitting symbol of old age, with its silvery hair and its wintry, dry, barren, unfruitful condition."^ In this way the almond blossom is a very fitting symbol of old age, with its silvery hair and its wintry, dry, barren, unfruitful condition."
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bible's "Book of Numbers" tells the story of Aaron's rod that blossomed and bore almonds, giving the almond the symbolism of divine approval.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ External use Almond oil is used to remedy dry skin conditions, as a carrier or base oil to blend essential oils and for a variety of skin care and cosmetic products.
  • Information on the herb almond. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ageless.co.za [Source type: Reference]

.In Jer 1:11 "I see a rod of an almond tree [shaked]...for I will hasten [shaked] my word to perform it" the word is used as an emblem of promptitude.^ In Jer 1:11,12 there is a play on the word, "And I said, I see a rod of an almond-tree (shaqedh).
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "I see a rod of an almond tree [shaked]...for I will hasten [shaked] my word to perform it" the word is used as an emblem of promptitude.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also see Jer 1:11 referred to above.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Jacob desired his sons (Gen 43:11) to take with them into Egypt of the best fruits of the land, almonds, etc., as a present to Joseph, probably because this tree was not a native of Egypt.^ Jacob desired his sons ( Gen.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fruit of the almond tree.
  • almond willow 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.die.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Almonds were reckoned among 'the best fruits of the land' in the time of Jacob we may infer they were not then cultivated in Egypt.
  • botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.botanical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Aaron's rod yielded almonds (Num 17:8; Heb 9:4).^ Aaron’s rod was made of almond wood that surprisingly bore white flowers and fruit.
  • Healthy Ingredients: Sweet Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC cms.herbalgram.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rod of Aaron was an Almond twig, and the fruit of the Almond was one of the subjects selected for the decoration of the golden candlestick employed in the tabernacle.
  • botanical.com - A Modern Herbal | Almonds 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.botanical.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Bible's "Book of Numbers" tells the story of Aaron's rod that blossomed and bore almonds, giving the almond the symbolism of divine approval.
  • Culinary Dictionary, Food Dictionary, Culinary Glossary - A 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC whatscookingamerica.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Moses was directed to make certain parts of the candlestick for the ark of carved work "like unto almonds" (Ex 25:33f).^ Moses was directed to make certain parts of the candlestick for the ark of carved work "like unto almonds" (Ex.
  • Almond Definition | Definition of Almond at Dictionary.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Moses was directed to make certain parts of the candlestick for the ark of carved work "like unto almonds" ( Ex.
  • NETBible: Almond 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC net.bible.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you would like further information about Annual Investment Priorities and the strategic direction of the Almond industry, please contact: .
  • Horticulture Australia - Almond Overview 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.horticulture.com.au [Source type: Academic]

The Hebrew word luz, translated "hazel" in the Authorized Version (Gen 30:37), is rendered in the Revised Version "almond." It is probable that luz denotes the wild almond, while shaked denotes the cultivated variety.
This article needs to be merged with Almond (Hastings).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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Simple English

Almond
File:Almond blossoms
Almond flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Prunoideae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Amygdalus
Species: P. dulcis
Binomial name
Prunus dulcis
(Mill.) D. A. Webb
File:Urueña almendro1
An almond tree

The almond is a small tree in the family Rosaceae. The tree makes nuts or fruits that are also called almonds. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified in the subgenus Amygdalus. Amygdalus is told apart from other subgenera by the wavy seed shell. Botanically, the almond seed or fruit is not a true nut, but a drupe.

Description

The almond is a small tree. It grows from four and 10 meters tall. It has a trunk 30 centimetres wide. The young twigs are green at first, but they become purple when sunlight goes on them. When they are in their second year, they turn gray. The leaves are three to five inches long.[1] The flowers are white or light pink, 3–5 cm wide with five petals.[2][3]

References

  1. Bailey, L.H.; Bailey, E.Z.; the staff of the Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. Macmillan, New York.
  2. Rushforth, Keith (1999). Collins wildlife trust guide trees: a photographic guide to the trees of Britain and Europe. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-220013-9. 
  3. Griffiths, Mark D.; Anthony Julian Huxley (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 0-333-47494-5. 

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 27, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Almond, which are similar to those in the above article.








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