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Almora
Almora
Location of Almora
in Uttarakhand and India
Coordinates 29°35′50″N 79°39′25″E / 29.59718°N 79.6570°E / 29.59718; 79.6570
Country  India
State Uttarakhand
Division Kumaon
Population
Density
630,567 (2001)
205 /km2 (531 /sq mi)
Sex ratio 862 /
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
3,082 km2 (1,190 sq mi)
1,646 m (5,400 ft)
Climate
Temperature
• Summer
• Winter
Alpine (BSh) and Humid subtropical(Bsh) (Köppen)
     28 - -2 °C (84 °F)
     28 - 12 °C (70 °F)
     15 - -2 °C (61 °F)
Website almora.nic.in

Almora is a district of Uttarakhand state, India. The headquarters is at Almora.

Almora is a district in the Kumaun division of Uttarakhand in India. Almora is famous for its cultural heritage, handicrafts, cuisine and wildlife.

Contents

History

The ancient town of Almora, before its establishment was under the possession of Katyuri king Baichaldeo. He donated major part of this land to a Gujrati Brahmin Sri Chand Tiwari [1] Later on when Chand kingdom was founded in Baramandal, the town of Almora was founded at this centrally located place in 1568 [2] by Kalyan Chand. In the days of the Chand Kings it was called Rajapur. The name 'Rajpur' is also mentioned over a number of ancient copper plates.

In the 1960s Bageshwar district and Champawat district had not yet been formed and were part of Almora district.[3]

Geography

The town of Almora is situated over a horse saddle shaped ridge of a mountain. The eastern portion of the ridge is known as Talifat and the western one is known as Selifat. The market is at the top of the ridge where these two, Talifat and Selifat jointly terminate.

The market is 1.25 miles (2.01 km) long and is covered with stone slabs. The place of the present cantonment was formerly known as Lalmandi. Presently where the collectorate exists, the 'Malla Mahal' (Upper Court) of Chanda kings was located. The site of present District Hospital used to be 'Talla Mahal' (Lower Court) of Chand rulers.

Simalkhet is a village situated in the border of Almora and Chamoli. People of this village can speak both kumauni and garhwali languages. On the top of a hill there is a temple called Bhairav Gadi.

Gori River flows through Almora District.

Almora was also the site of the famous dance academy set up by Udai Shankar, the famous danseuse in the 1938 - several famous Indian and French dancers trained here. The Almora dance academy was housed in Pine Lodge on the outskirts of the town (Ranidhara). The site has a fantastic views of the Himalayas and the city.

"In these hills, Nature’s hospitality eclipses all that man can ever do. The enchanting beauty of the Himalayas, their bracing climate and the soothing green that envelops you, leave nothing more to be desired. I wonder whether the scenery of these hills and the climate are to be surpassed, if equalled, by any of the beauty spots of the world. After having been for nearly three weeks in the Almora hills, I am more than ever amazed why our people need to go to Europe in search of health."[4] - Mahatama M.K. Gandhi

"These mountains are associated with the best memories of our race: Here, therefore, must be one of centers, not merely of activity, but more of calmness of meditation, and of peace and I hope some one to realize it." - Swami Vivekananda (replying to the address given to him by the people of Almora)

Demographics

As of 2001 Indian census, the Almora district has a population of 630, 567. Hindus 621,203, Muslims 7,283 (1.15%), Christians 959[5].

Transport

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Air

Nearest Airport is Pantnagar (Nainital): 127 km.

Train

Nearest Railway Station is located at Ramnagar, 90 km, from where direct trains are available for Delhi, Lucknow and Agra. The Kathgodam station is located at about the same distance. Some of the major trains from Kathgodam are:

  • Sampark Kranti Exp (5035/5036)
  • Howrah Express (3019/3020)
  • Ranikhet Express (5013/5014)
  • Rampur Passenger (1/2 R.K. Passenger and 3/4 R.K. Passenger)
  • Naintial Express (5308/5307)

Road

Almora is well connected by road to important centres in the region. Some distances:

References

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..


Almora is a district of Uttarakhand state, India. The headquarters is at Almora.

Almora is a district in the Kumaun division of Uttarakhand in India. Almora is famous for its cultural heritage, handicrafts, cuisine and wildlife.

Contents

History

The ancient town of Almora, before its establishment was under the possession of Katyuri king Baichaldeo. He donated major part of this land to a Gujrati Brahmin Sri Chand Tiwari. Later on when Chand kingdom was founded in Baramandal, the town of Almora was founded at this centrally located place in 1560 by Kalyan Chand. In the days of the Chand Kings it was called Rajapur. The name 'Rajpur' is also mentioned over a number of ancient copper plates.

Geography

The town of Almora is situated over a horse saddle shaped ridge of a mountain. The eastern portion of the ridge is known as Talifat and the western one is known as Selifat. The market is at the top of the ridge where these two, Talifat and Selifat jointly terminate.

The market is 1.25 miles long and is covered with stone slabs. The place of the present cantonment was formerly known as Lalmandi. Presently where the collectorate exists, the 'Malla Mahal' (Upper Court) of Chanda kings was located. The site of present District Hospital used to be 'Talla Mahal' (Lower Court) of Chand rulers.

Simalkhet is a village situated in the border of Almora and Chamoli. People of this village can speak both kumauni and garhwali languages. On the top of a hill there is a temple called bhairav gadi.

Gori River flows through Almora District.

Almora was also the site of the famous dance academy set up by Udai Shankar, the famous danseuse in the 1938 - several famous Indian and French dancers trained here. The Almora dance academy was housed in Pine Lodge on the outskirts of the town (Ranidhara). The site has a fantastic views of the Himalayas and the city.

"In these hills, nature's hospitality eclipses all men can ever do. The enchanting beauties of the Himalayas, their bracing climate and the soothing green that envelopes you leaves nothing more to be desired. I wonder whether the scenery of these hills and the climate are to be surpassed, if equalled, by any of the beauty spots of the world. After having been nearly three weeks in Almora Hills, I am more than ever amazed why our people need go in Europe in search of health." - Mahatama M.K. Gandhi
"These mountains are associated with the best memories of our race: Here, therefore, must be one of centers, not merely of activity, but more of calmness of meditation, and of peace and I hope some one to realize it." - Swami Vivekananda(replying to the address given to him by the people of Almora)

Transport

Air

Nearest Airport is Pantnagar (Nainital): 127 km.

Train

Nearest Railway Station is located at Ramnagar, 90 km, from where direct trains are available for Delhi, Lucknow and Agra. The Kathgodam station is located at about the same distance. Some of the major trains from Kathgodam are:

  • Shatabdi Express
  • Howrah Express (3019/3020)
  • Ranikhet Express (5013/5014)
  • Rampur Passenger (1/2 R.K. Passenger and 3/4 R.K. Passenger)
  • Naintial Express (5308/5307)

Road

Almora is well connected by road to important centres in the region. Some distances:

External links


Districts of Uttarakhand (as of 2001)
Divisions and districts of Uttarakhand
Kumaon division: Almora | Bageshwar | Champawat | Nainital | Pithoragarh | Udham Singh Nagar
Garhwal division: Chamoli | Dehradun | Haridwar | Pauri Garhwal | Rudra Prayag | Tehri Garhwal | Uttarkashi


CoordinatesImage:Wp_globe_tiny.gif: 29°46′N, 79°46′ELatitude: 29°45′60″N
Longitude: 79°45′60″E


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Almora district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Almora districtRDF feed
Coord 29°45′60″N, 79°45′60″E  +info.pngGoogle Earth
Coord possibly 29°46′N; 79°46′E  +

This article uses material from the "Almora district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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