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Aloe ferox
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Genus: Aloe
Species: A. ferox
Binomial name
Aloe ferox
Mill.

Aloe ferox, also known as Cape Aloe,[1][2] Bitter Aloe,[1][3] Red Aloe[3] and Tap Aloe,[1] is a species of aloe indigenous to South Africa's Western Cape, Eastern Cape, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, and Lesotho.[2][4]

Contents

Medicinal uses

Its leaves contain two juices; the yellow bitter sap is used as a laxative, and the white aloe gel is used in health drinks and skin care products.[2]

Endangered plant

Aloe ferox is listed on the plant list of endangered plants (CITES - Appendix II) along with other wild species of this genus.

Growth

Aloe ferox can grow to 10 feet (3.0 m) in height, and can be found on rocky hills, in grassy fynbos and on the edges of the Karoo. The plants may differ physically from area to area due to local conditions.[3] Its leaves are thick and fleshy, arranged in rosettes, and have reddish-brown spines on the margins with smaller spines on the upper and lower surfaces. Its flowers are orange or red, and stand between 2 and 4 feet (0.61 and 1.2 m) above the leaves.[1]

Aloe ferox on the R61 route between Cofimvaba and Ngcobo.

Toxicology


See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Aloe ferox". Floridata. http://www.floridata.com/ref/A/aloe_fer.cfm. Retrieved 14 May 2009.  
  2. ^ a b c "The Aloe ferox Plant". Aloe Ferox Africa. http://www.aloeferoxafrica.com/Plant%20-%20English.htm. Retrieved 14 May 2009.  
  3. ^ a b c "Aloe ferox Mill.". PlantzAfrica. http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantab/aloeferox.htm. Retrieved 14 May 2009.  
  4. ^ "Aloe ferox, African Flowering Plants Database". South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/details.php?langue=an&id=39634. Retrieved 14 May 2009.  
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Aloe ferox

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Asphodelaceae
Genus: Aloe
Species: Aloe ferox

Name

Aloe ferox Mill.

References

USDA, NRCS. 2006. The PLANTS Database, 6 March 2006 (http://plants.usda.gov). Data compiled from various sources by Mark W. Skinner. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

Vernacular names

Deutsch: Kap-Aloe
English: cape aloe
Polski: Aloes uzbrojony

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