Alopecia areata: Wikis

  
  

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Alopecia areatica montytis
Classification and external resources

A woman with alopecia totalis.
ICD-10 L63.
ICD-9 704.01
OMIM 104000
DiseasesDB 430
MedlinePlus 001450
eMedicine derm/14
MeSH D000506
.Alopecia areata (AA) is a condition affecting humans, in which hair is lost from some or all areas of the body, usually from the scalp.^ Alopecia areata is a particular disease affecting hair growth in the scalp and elsewhere.
  • Alopecia in Women- March 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC eaves.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata affecting the arms.
  • Alopecia Areata: eMedicine Dermatology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata causes hair loss.
  • AboutKidsHealth: Health A-Z: Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aboutkidshealth.ca [Source type: General]

[1][2]. .Because it causes bald spots on the scalp, especially in the first stages, it is sometimes called spot baldness.^ Because it causes bald spots on the head especially in the first stages, it is also called spot baldness.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

^ Because it causes bald spots on the head especially in the first stages...
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

^ Bald spot on the scalp from the effects of alopecia.
  • Alopecia - symptoms, Definition, Description, Demographics, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.healthofchildren.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1%–2% of cases, the condition can spread to the entire scalp (Alopecia totalis) or to the entire epidermis (Alopecia universalis).^ In Alopecia areata totalis (AT), hair is lost from the entire scalp.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata, alopecia totalis, alopecia universalis .
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Information on alopecia areata, totalis and universalis.
  • Alopecia in Women- March 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC eaves.ca [Source type: Academic]

.Conditions resembling AA, and having a similar cause, occur also in other species.^ There is no association with any other life threatening condition but alopecia causes a high level of psychological and emotional suffering.
  • Acne: Treatment and symptoms 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.privatehealth.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has given you the chance to be open about AA/AU, and to explain the condition to other people.

^ Anagen effluvium is typically caused by chemotherapy, but may occur as a result of various medical conditions.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

[3]

Contents

Epidemiology

.The condition affects 0.1%–0.2% of humans, occurring in both males and females, though far more females than males.^ Males and females are equally affected.
  • Alopecia Areata | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata affects both males and females.
  • alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cidpusa.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This disease can occur in both male and females of all ages.
  • My Story/Information About Alopecia Areata! 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.webspawner.com [Source type: Original source]

.November 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Alopecia areata occurs in people who are apparently healthy and have no skin disorder.^ Whiting DA. The treatment of alopecia areata.
  • Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Alopecia areata: a revision and update 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Ocular abnormalities occurring with alopecia areata.
  • Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia - Alopecia areata: a revision and update 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

^ Advertisement Home > Diseases and conditions > Skin disorders > Alopecia Areata .
  • Acne: Treatment and symptoms 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.privatehealth.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Initial presentation most commonly occurs in the late teenage years, early childhood, or young adulthood, but can happen with people of all ages.^ Initial presentation is most common in teenagers and young adults but it can occur at any age.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Peak incidence appears to occur from age 15-29 years.
  • Alopecia Areata: eMedicine Dermatology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia Areata treatment People with alopecia areata lose patches or clumps of their hair, and in some cases may lose all the hair on their head or body,Most patients begin to lose their hair before the age of 20.
  • Alopecia Areata treatment, vitamins, herbs, supplements, natural therapy by Ray Sahelian, M.D., 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

[2]

Types

.The most common type of alopecia areata involves hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp.^ Alopecia is defined as loss of hair.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata is one type of hair loss that typically causes patches of baldness.
  • Alopecia in Women- March 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC eaves.ca [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata is a patchy, non-scarring hair loss condition.
  • Alopecia Areata treatment, vitamins, herbs, supplements, natural therapy by Ray Sahelian, M.D., 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

[2][5]
.
  • Hair may also be lost more diffusely over the whole scalp, in which case the condition is called diffuse alopecia areata.^ Alopecia areata causes hair loss.
    • AboutKidsHealth: Health A-Z: Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aboutkidshealth.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ In Alopecia areata totalis (AT), hair is lost from the entire scalp.
    • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Alopecia areata is a patchy, non-scarring hair loss condition.
    • Alopecia Areata treatment, vitamins, herbs, supplements, natural therapy by Ray Sahelian, M.D., 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

    [2]
  • .
  • Alopecia areata monolocularis describes baldness in only one spot.^ Baldness may also occur in just one spot – Alopeica areata monolocularis.
    • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If only one spot appears on the scalp it is called alopecia areata monolocularis.
    • What Is Wrong With Me? | Alopecia Areata | Women's Hair Loss Project 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.womenshairlossproject.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Alopecia areata: In this case, one round patch in the scalp can see seen.
    • Men Hair Loss - Men Hair Loss Treatment - Factor And Reasons | Health Supplements and Natural Remedies 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ayurvediccure.com [Source type: General]

    .It may occur anywhere on the head.
  • Alopecia areata multilocularis refers to multiple areas of hair loss.
  • The disease may be limited only to the beard, in which case it is called Alopecia areata barbae.^ Alopecia areata causes hair loss.
    • AboutKidsHealth: Health A-Z: Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aboutkidshealth.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ Alopecia is defined as loss of hair.
    • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Alopecia areata is a patchy, non-scarring hair loss condition.
    • Alopecia Areata treatment, vitamins, herbs, supplements, natural therapy by Ray Sahelian, M.D., 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.raysahelian.com [Source type: Academic]

    [2]
  • .
  • If the patient loses all the hair on his/her scalp, the disease is then called Alopecia areata totalis.
  • If all body hair, including pubic hair, is lost, the diagnosis then becomes Alopecia areata universalis.^ In Alopecia areata totalis (AT), hair is lost from the entire scalp.
    • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A few lose all the hair on their head.
    • Alopecia Areata - Medpedia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC wiki.medpedia.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ In Alopecia areata universalis (AU), hair is lost from the whole body, including the eyebrows, eyelashes and pubic hair.
    • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [6]
.Alopecia areata totalis and universalis are rare.^ Alopecia areata totalis pattern .
  • Hair loss (Baldness, androgenetic alopecia, alopeci areata) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.abimelec.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia universalis is rare.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Information on alopecia areata, totalis and universalis.
  • Alopecia in Women- March 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC eaves.ca [Source type: Academic]

[6]

Causes

.Alopecia areata is noncommunicable, or not contagious.^ Alopecia Areata is not contagious.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is not contagious but may be hereditary - there are a few recorded cases of babies being born with congenital alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

[2] .It occurs more frequently in people who have affected family members, suggesting that heredity may be a factor.^ Family history involvement in this study found as 3.6%, who is near the prevalence of it in Italians patients, which found as 4% ( 16 , 20 , 21 ) but we think that the reliability of taking history about family involvement in our patients been controversially and may be more than this, because many of our patients had not enough information about affected cases in their far family relatives.
  • ISPUB - Determination Prevalence Of Clinical Patterns Of Alopecia Areata In Relation To Some Varieties In Kerman Iran 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ispub.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Your GP may refer you for more tests or suggest that you see a dermatologist.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although the registry itself will not be involved in any kind of treatment for alopecia areata, people who register will be made aware of studies for which they may qualify.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .Strong evidence that genes may increase risk for alopecia areata was found by studying families with two or more affected members.^ Alopecia areata affecting the arms.
  • Alopecia Areata: eMedicine Dermatology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study .
  • Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study Thomas EA, Kadyan RS - Indian J Dermatol 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.e-ijd.org [Source type: Academic]

^ See more Alopecia Areata Information .
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

.This study identified at least four regions in the genome that are likely to contain alopecia areata genes.^ Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study .
  • Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study Thomas EA, Kadyan RS - Indian J Dermatol 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.e-ijd.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Anderson I. Alopecia areata: a clinical study.
  • Guidelines for the Management of Alopecia Areata: Summary and Introduction 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is possible, but not likely, for alopecia areata to be inherited.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .In addition, it is slightly more likely to occur in people who have relatives with autoimmune diseases.^ It is also slightly more likely to occur in people who have, or who have relatives who have, another auto-immune disease like lupus erythematosus.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ People who have alopecia areata do not usually have other autoimmune diseases, but they do have a higher occurrence of thyroid disease, atopic eczema, nasal allergies, and asthma.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata often occurs in people whose family members have other autoimmune diseases, such as diabetes , rheumatoid arthritis , thyroid disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, pernicious anemia , or Addison's disease .
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.The condition is thought to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own hair follicles and suppresses or stops hair growth.^ Alopecia areata is thought to be an autoimmune disease in which the body mistakenly treats its hair follicles as foreign tissue and suppresses or stops hair growth.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

^ This works to stop the body from attacking the hair follicles.
  • AboutKidsHealth: Health A-Z: Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aboutkidshealth.ca [Source type: General]

^ It is found to be one autoimmune disorder, due to which antibodies attack hair follicles.
  • Men Hair Loss - Men Hair Loss Treatment - Factor And Reasons | Health Supplements and Natural Remedies 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ayurvediccure.com [Source type: General]

[2] .There is evidence that T cell lymphocytes cluster around these follicles, causing inflammation and subsequent hair loss.^ This form causes permanent hair loss.

^ Alopecia areata causes hair loss.
  • AboutKidsHealth: Health A-Z: Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aboutkidshealth.ca [Source type: General]

^ Hair loss due to other causes .
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.An unknown environmental trigger such as emotional stress or a pathogen is thought to combine with hereditary factors to cause the condition.^ Can alopecia areata be triggered by emotional stress ?
  • Hair loss (Baldness, androgenetic alopecia, alopeci areata) 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.abimelec.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In susceptible persons, factors triggering an episode of alopecia are though to be stress especially sudden severe emotional stress, infections, drugs, and vaccinations.
  • Health 24 - Common conditions - A to C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.health24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It may be autoimmune, but seems to have many possible triggers or risk factors including stress .
  • Alopecia Areata Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[4] .There are a few recorded cases of babies being born with congenital alopecia areata; however, these are not cases of autoimmune disease because an infant is born without a fully developed immune system.^ Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study .
  • Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study Thomas EA, Kadyan RS - Indian J Dermatol 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.e-ijd.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia areata is linked to an imbalance in the immune system.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata is thought to be an auto-immune disease.
  • Alopecia Areata | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Diagnosis

Alopecia areata
.First symptoms are small, soft, bald patches which can take just about any shape but are most usually round.^ The first symptoms of alopecia areata manifest themselves in the form of small, soft, bald patches which can take just about any shape.
  • Alopecia Areata - Alopecia Areata Types - Alopecia Areata Causes - Alopecia Areata Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.allhairstyleshaircuts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patch appeared in alopecia areata is usually round or oval in shape.
  • Alopecia Areata, Alopecia Areata Causes, Alopecia Areata Symptom & Alopecia Areata Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.natural-homeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The primary symptom of alopecia areata is round bald patches on the head.
  • Alopecia Areata - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.health-disease.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .It most often affects the scalp and beard but may occur on any hair-bearing part of the body.^ This condition may affect any part of the body that is covered in hair including the scalp, eyebrows, beard or pubic area.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata most often affects the scalp (66.8-95%); however, it can affect any hair-bearing area.
  • Alopecia Areata: eMedicine Dermatology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hair loss can affect any part of the body and its extent varies.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .There may be different skin areas with hair loss and regrowth in the same body at the same time.^ In the firststage, there is sudden hair loss.

^ The hair loss occurs in patches from areas of the body, usually from the scalp.
  • Alopecia - Genetic Information - Access DNA 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.accessdna.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Total loss of all hair on the body.
  • Alopecia Info - Internet Wigs.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.internetwigs.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It may also go into remission for a time, or permanently.^ It may also move about; initially affecting the scalp, go into remission and reappear at another site.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This time when AA got going, it went into high gear.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ My AA didn't go into remission this time; it literally just ate my hair off my head.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The area of hair loss may tingle or be very slightly painful.^ Hair loss may not be going to go away.

^ Hair loss can be very embarrassing and traumatic.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hair loss may be temporary or permanent.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
.The hair tends to fall out over a short period of time, with the loss commonly occurring more on one side of the scalp than the other.^ If the hair falls out easily the lesion is still active and further hair loss will occur.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In cases of alopecia, hair will tend to pull out more easily than normal hair.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In others it lasts only a short period of time.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.Another presentation of the condition are exclamation point hairs.^ Exclamation-point hairs .
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ The characteristic finding is the exclamation point hair.
  • Alopecia Areata Causes Rapid Hair Loss��Causes, Symptoms, Treatments 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.ezhaircare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another presentation of the condition are exclamation point hairs.
  • Hair Loss Remedy - Alopecia Arreata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.hairlossremedy.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Exclamation point hairs are hairs that become narrower along the length of the strand closer to the base, producing a characteristic "exclamation point" appearance.^ Exclamation-point hairs .
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Some people become self-conscious, anxious or distressed by the appearance of the hair loss.
  • Alopecia Areata | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Characteristic short hairs tapered toward their base (exclamation point hairs) as well as regrowing white hairs may be present, allowing for rapid clinical diagnosis.
  • Journal of Clinical Investigation -- Lymphocytes, neuropeptides, and genes involved in alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.jci.org [Source type: Academic]

[2]
.One diagnostic technique applied by medical professionals is to gently tug at a handful of hair along the edge of a patch with less strength than would be required to pull out healthy hair.^ The hairs are then gently but firmly pulled.
  • alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cidpusa.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Hair pull tests at the margin of the bald patches (tug gently at a section of hair with less strength than would be required to pull out healthy hair) will identify if more hair will be lost.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One diagnostic technique applied by medical professionals is to gently tug at a handful of hair along the edge of a patch with less strength than would be required to pull out healthy hair.
  • Hair Loss Remedy - Alopecia Arreata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.hairlossremedy.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In healthy hair, no hair should fall out or ripped hair should be distributed evenly across the tugged portion of the scalp.^ In healthy hair, no hair should fall out or ripped hair should be distributed properly across the tugged portion of the scalp.
  • Alopecia Areata - Alopecia Areata Types - Alopecia Areata Causes - Alopecia Areata Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.allhairstyleshaircuts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Falling out of hair after typhoid.
  • Alopecia Areata Information and Online Homeopathic Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.alopeciaareata.us [Source type: Academic]

^ The years of hair fall out.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In cases of alopecia areata hair will tend to pull out more easily along the edge of the patch where the follicles are already being attacked by the body's immune system than away from the patch where they are still healthy.^ If the exclamation mark hairs are pulled they fall out easily.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In cases of alopecia, hair will tend to pull out more easily than normal hair.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ See more Alopecia Areata Information .
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

.Professionals usually remind patients that the hair that is pulled out would eventually fall naturally.^ If the exclamation mark hairs are pulled they fall out easily.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pulling out the hairs by patient him/herself is known by TRICOTILLOMANIA .
  • Alopecia ? hair loss ? ayurveda can help you.. alopecia areata, hairloss herbal treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.alopeciacure.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the hair falls out easily the lesion is still active and further hair loss will occur.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The test is conducted only once to identify the condition and rule out a simple localized hair loss condition.^ Hair loss can be a devastating and embarrassing condition.
  • Alopecia Areata Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Treatments for Alopecia Areata - WrongDiagnosis.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Loss of nasal hair increases severity of hay fever and similar allergic conditions.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

^ If the hair falls out easily the lesion is still active and further hair loss will occur.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nails may have pitting or trachyonychia.^ Nails are sometimes pitted or display trachyonychia, a roughness of the nail also seen in lichen planus.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The nail matrix may also be affected, resulting in pits in the nail plate or even more severe nail dystrophy (e.g., trachyonychia).
  • Journal of Clinical Investigation -- Lymphocytes, neuropeptides, and genes involved in alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.jci.org [Source type: Academic]

[4]

Treatment

.About 50% of patients' hair will regrow in one year without any treatment.^ Although there is no cure for alopecia, it is estimated that 50% of patient’s hair will grow back in one year without treatment.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The percentaje of patients showing regrowth of hair during treatment with dapsone was comparable with the ocurrence of spontaneous regrowth of hair reported in the literature.
  • Tratamiento de la Alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Academic]

^ We were talking on the phone one night and I proceeded to tell him for about 3 hours about my hair loss problem.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

[2] .If the affected region is small, it is reasonable to observe the progression of the illness as the problem often spontaneously regresses and the hair grows back.^ The hair will usually grow back when the illness has ended or the therapy is finished.
  • Hair loss: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.understanding-hairloss.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Then, in 2000, her hair began to grow back.
  • Shopping for a wig: alopecia areata - Health & Wellbeing 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Will my hair ever grow back?
  • Welcome to Bald Girls Do Lunch! Bald Girls Do Lunch provides alopecia support. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC baldgirlsdolunch.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia Ireland 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC homepage.eircom.net [Source type: Original source]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 90% of cases, the hair will, ultimately, grow back.^ Will my hair ever grow back?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Will my hair grow back?
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the affected region is small, it is reasonable to observe the progression of the illness as the problem often spontaneously regresses and the hair grows back.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

.In the other 10%, only some or no hair will regrow.^ In 10% of cases there may be minimal or no hair re-growth.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other people continue to lose and regrow hair for many years.
  • Alopecia Areata - Medpedia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC wiki.medpedia.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In some patients, hair loss is confined to one or more small oval patches; in others, the scalp is essentially denuded except for a few tufts of hair.
  • alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cidpusa.org [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.In cases where there is severe hair loss, there has been limited success treating alopecia areata with clobetasol or fluocinonide, steroid injections, or cream.^ Alopecia is defined as loss of hair.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hair loss that occurs in patchy areas is referred to as alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ Treating alopecia areata is advisable and in most cases beneficial.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Steroid injections are commonly used in sites where there are small areas of hair loss on the head or especially where eyebrow hair has been lost.^ You have eyelash and/or eyebrow hair loss.
  • Alopecia Areata | Health | Patient UK 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Use of steroid injections is a popular form of treatment for eyebrow hair loss.
  • alopecia areata - corticosteroid treatment of alopecia areata overview 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.keratin.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Patient has loss of hair especially after fevers.
  • Alopecia Areata Information and Online Homeopathic Treatment 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.alopeciaareata.us [Source type: Academic]

.Some other medications used are minoxidil, elocon ointment (steroid cream) irritants (anthralin or topical coal tar), and topical immunotherapy cyclosporine, each of which are sometimes used in different combinations.^ Topical coal tar creams have a similar action.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Anthralin, an anti-psoriatic, in combination with topical corticosteroids and/or minoxidil, is a good choice for use in children and those with extensive disease because it is relatively easy to use and clinical irritation may not be required for efficacy.
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In cases where there is severe hair loss, there has been limited success treating alopecia areata with steroids (intradermal, topical or oral), other immune modulators, minoxidil or phototherapy.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]

.Oral corticosteroids decrease the hair loss, but only for the period during which they are taken, and these drugs have adverse side effects.^ Oral corticosteroids are effective, but hair loss recurs after cessation of therapy and adverse effects limit use.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ How can I cope with the effects of hair loss?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In some cases, hair loss is a side effect of cancer treatment drugs, in which case it is usually only temporary.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.For small patches on the beard or head it is possible to suppress with topical tacrolimus ointments like Protopic.^ Alopecia areata typically starts with one or more small, round, smooth patches in the scalp or beard area.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ I have 4 small pea size patches on the back and side of my head which I am going to have injections for.
  • Alopecia Questions 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.imagiverse.org [Source type: Original source]

.Symptoms may remain suppressed until aggravated by stress or other factors.^ Stress may be a factor.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Stress has a modulatory effect on the immune system and it may have a role in AA. It has already been established that stress aggravates a variety of Dermatological conditions including urticaria, psoriasis, hyperhidrosis, and many other dermatitis.

^ In the mid term, aspects of the disease cycle may be targeted with cytokines, antigens, antibodies, and other factors.
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings - The Pathogenesis of Alopecia Areata in Rodent Models 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Treatment with tacrolimus is recommended only for short periods of time due to adverse side effects.^ In others it lasts only a short period of time.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Among the investigated prognostic factors for the outcome of DCP therapy, only the extent of AA at the time of initiation of treatment was found to be of significance.
  • Tratamiento de la Alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Academic]

^ To minimize side effects, it is recommended that the allergen be applied in a physicians office and not given to the patients for use at home .
  • Tratamiento de la Alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Academic]

[citation needed]
.Initial stages may be kept from increasing by applying topical corticosteroids.^ One study suggests that a combination of essential oils applied topically may stimulate hair growth in people with alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ They can also cause allergic reactions, which may be severe, when applied topically.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ One double-blind study found that the hormone melatonin , applied topically to the scalp as a 0.1% solution, may be helpful for women with diffuse hair loss.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

.However, topical corticosteroids frequently fail to enter the skin deeply enough to affect the hair bulbs, which are the treatment target.^ They may not penetrate deeply enough to affect the hair bulbs.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, once the frequency of treatments was reduced the alopecia returned, indicating that chronic PUVA therapy would be required to maintain remission.
  • Tratamiento de la Alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.uv.es [Source type: Academic]

^ However, corticosteroid ointments and creams alone are less effective than injections; they work best when combined with other topical treatments, such as minoxidil or anthralin.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.In terms of adapting to the disease rather than treating in an effort to cure, there are also many options available.^ Telogen effluvium is a common type of alopecia where there is widespread thinning of the hair, rather than specific bald patches.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the short to mid term, new and improved drug treatments will become available, primarily derived from pharmaceutical research and developments in other autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.
  • Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proceedings - The Pathogenesis of Alopecia Areata in Rodent Models 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: Academic]

.Wigs are often used by those with Alopecia, particularly Alopecia Totalis, in which hair is entirely lost from the scalp.^ In Alopecia areata totalis (AT), hair is lost from the entire scalp.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If hair is lost on the entire scalp, it is known alopecia totalis.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata totalis - Loss of hair is seen all over the scalp.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wigs are available at many levels of development and technology, including wigs with suction mechanisms to keep it firmly attached to the scalp.^ Wigs, caps, or scarves protect the scalp from the sun and keep the head warm.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many styles available to suit a child’s interest and mood – some even have ponytails attached.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are many styles available to suit a child's interest and mood-some even have ponytails attached.
  • Alopecia - WikiHealth 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.wikihealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most of the wigs available are so well made that it is impossible without close investigation to tell whether they are a person's actual hair, or a wig.^ As one might expect from the name, this type of hair loss occurs most commonly in men, where it appears as the well-known receding hairline.
  • Alopecia | Lifescript.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.lifescript.com [Source type: General]

^ I’m not the type of person who could go without my wig.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A human-hair wig is only available on the NHS if you are allergic to acrylic, or have a skin condition made worse by acrylic.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Prognosis

.In most cases that begin with a small number of patches of hair loss, hair grows back after a few months to a year.^ The hair follicles are not permanently damaged, and in many cases the hair grows back in a few months.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Will my hair ever grow back?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Her hair did all grow back after about 2 years, lucky her.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

[9] .In cases with a greater number of patches, hair can either grow back or progress to alopecia totalis or, in rare cases, universalis.^ Will my hair ever grow back?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alopecia areata, alopecia totalis, alopecia universalis .
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ Will my hair grow back?
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9]
-Effects of alopecia areata are mainly psychological .(loss of self image due to hair loss).^ Hair loss due to other causes .
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The effects of the Alopecias are mainly psychological and may lead to a loss of self image, social phobia, anxiety or depression.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hair loss due to chemotherapy is temporary and is best treated with a wig; when hair regrows, it may be different in color and texture from the original hair.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.However, patients also tend to have a slightly higher incidence of asthma, allergies, atopic dermal ailments, and even hypothyroidism.^ People who have alopecia areata do not usually have other autoimmune diseases, but they do have a higher occurrence of thyroid disease, atopic eczema, nasal allergies, and asthma.
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Q&A Alopecia Areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.niams.nih.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The incidence of thyroid structural and functional abnormalities is much higher in affected patients (78 percent) than in controls (33 percent) (21).
  • Alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.mf.uni-lj.si [Source type: Academic]

^ Similarly 11% of 736 patients of alopecia areata studied by Muller and Winkelmann had concomitant asthma or atopic dermatitis.
  • Alopecia areata and autoimmunity: A clinical study Thomas EA, Kadyan RS - Indian J Dermatol 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.e-ijd.org [Source type: Academic]

.Loss of hair also means that the scalp burns more easily in the sun.^ Scalp and body hair loss .
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Alopecia means loss of hair.
  • Cure Alopecia Herbal Treatment | Natural Medicines for Alopecia areata, hairloss, baldness bald spots in males and females 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.biogetica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If hair loss is over 50% of the scalp, treatment is more aggressive.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Loss of nasal hair increases severity of hay fever and similar allergic conditions.^ This is similar to hair loss after the birth of a child.
  • alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.cidpusa.org [Source type: Academic]

^ People with the condition usually have patches of hair loss, most often on the scalp.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Telogen effluvium is a condition characterized by a sudden loss of hair as a result of an interruption in the normal hair growth cycle.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Patients may also have aberrant nail formation because keratin forms both hair and nails.^ A scalp biopsy may be necessary to rule out other etiologies, because patients may not acknowledge the habit.
  • Common Hair Loss Disorders - July 1, 2003 - American Family Physician 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.aafp.org [Source type: Academic]

^ One in five people with alopecia areata may go on to develop a more severe form of hair loss – alopecia totalis (no scalp hair) or alopecia universalis (no hair on the scalp and body).
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hairs may be brought in by the patient for microscopic examination.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

.Hair may grow back and then fall out again later.^ Will my hair ever grow back?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The years of hair fall out.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I mean, it grows back, but on its own, and more of it falls out.
  • Alopecia FAQ appendix C 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC fornix.louisville.edu [Source type: Original source]

[6] .This may not indicate a recurrence of the condition, however, but rather a natural cycle of growth-and-shedding from a relatively synchronised start; such a pattern will fade over time.^ However, the cure for the condition may not rely on medical treatments but in "time".

^ Telogen effluvium is a condition characterized by a sudden loss of hair as a result of an interruption in the normal hair growth cycle.
  • Natural Remedies for the Treatment of Alopecia 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.nativeremedies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Treatments used are believed to stimulate hair growth, but no evidence indicates they can influence the ultimate natural course of alopecia areata.
  • Alopecia Areata: Treatment & Medication - eMedicine Dermatology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.Episodes of alopecia areata before puberty predispose chronic recurrence of the condition.^ Diagnosis of alopecia areata is usually fairly straightforward, but there are a few conditions which may cause difficulties.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CONCLUSIONS: The histopathologic features of alopecia areata depend on the stage of the current episode.

^ Alopecia areata (AA) and its associated subtypes (Alopecia areata totalis (AT) and Alopecia areata universalis (AU)) are recurrent, non scarring types of hair loss that can affect any hair bearing area of the body.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .Pitting of the fingernails can hint at a more severe or prolonged course.^ Pitting of the fingernails can hint at a more severe or prolonged course.
  • Alopecia Areata Support Group - DailyStrength 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.dailystrength.org [Source type: General]
  • Hair Loss Remedy - Alopecia Arreata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.hairlossremedy.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nail matrix may also be affected, resulting in pits in the nail plate or even more severe nail dystrophy (e.g., trachyonychia).
  • Journal of Clinical Investigation -- Lymphocytes, neuropeptides, and genes involved in alopecia areata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.jci.org [Source type: Academic]

^ In more severe or prolonged cases of areata, unusual nail formation (e.g.

[citation needed]

Psychosocial issues

.Alopecia can certainly be the cause of psychological stress.^ The general notion is that alopecia is cause by stress.

^ Does stress cause alopecia, or does alopecia cause stress?
  • The Alopecia Blog From The Alopecia Advisor 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.thealopeciablog.com [Source type: General]

^ Alopecia hair loss can cause emotional psychosocial stress.
  • diabetes - Alopecia Areata Hair Loss 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.healthstatus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because hair loss can lead to significant appearance changes, individuals may experience social phobia, anxiety, and depression.^ Hair loss may not be going to go away.

^ Sometimes people may experience a permanent change in their hair colour.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The effects of the Alopecias are mainly psychological and may lead to a loss of self image, social phobia, anxiety or depression.
  • - Hairloss, Itchy, Dry Flaky Scalp Conditions, London Trichology 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC stevens-trichology.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some psychologists have even gone as far as to describe the feelings of loss and depression felt at the onset of the disease as being similar to those felt by people afflicted with terminal illness.^ Some people benefit from seeing a clinical psychologist.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Another potential problem during the DEPRESSIVE stage is the inordinate amount of time some people may spend trying to cope with feelings of having lost their femininity or masculinity.

^ Some people prefer the look and feel of a real-hair wig, even though it is more expensive - it costs anywhere between £200 and £2,000.
  • Hair loss (alopecia) information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In severe cases where the chance of hair regrowth is slim, individuals need to adapt to the condition, rather than look for a cure.^ In severe cases where the chance of hair re-growth is slim, individuals need to adapt to the condition, rather than look for a cure.

^ In severe cases where the chance of hair regrowth is slim, individuals need to adapt to the condition, rather than look for a cure.
  • Hair Loss Remedy - Alopecia Arreata 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.hairlossremedy.us [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, in most cases the hair grows back after around a year, without the need for any treatment.
  • Alopecia: under the microscope | Baldness | Male-pattern baldness | Alopecia areata | Female-pattern baldness | Health | goodtoknow 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.goodtoknow.co.uk [Source type: General]

.A UK charity named The Little Princess Trust provides wigs to children with hair loss.^ Can I pass hair loss on to my children?
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.psoriasiscafe.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hair loss questions and FAQ. 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.beatpsoriasis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hair loss – main page ‘ Male pattern’ hair loss Bald patches Total hair loss Hair loss in women Wigs, hairpieces and hats Useful contacts .

^ Hair loss due to chemotherapy is temporary and is best treated with a wig; when hair regrows, it may be different in color and texture from the original hair.
  • Alopecia: Hair Disorders: Merck Manual Professional 10 February 2010 11:011 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: Academic]

This has been shown to increase their self-confidence. [10]

See also

References

  1. ^ Odom, Richard B.; Davidsohn, Israel; James, William D.; Henry, John Bernard; Berger, Timothy G.; Clinical diagnosis by laboratory methods; Dirk M. Elston (2006). Andrews' diseases of the skin: clinical dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Zoe Diana Draelos (August 30, 2007), Alopecia Areata. MedicineNet.com. Retrieved on December 2, 2007
  3. ^ McElwee KJ, Boggess D, Olivry T, et al. (1998). "Comparison of alopecia areata in human and nonhuman mammalian species". Pathobiology 66 (2): 90–107. doi:10.1159/000028002. PMID 9645633. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Alopecia Areata at Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy Professional Edition
  5. ^ Marks, James G; Miller, Jeffery (2006). Lookingbill and Marks' Principles of Dermatology (4th ed.). Elsevier Inc. ISBN 1-4160-3185-5.
  6. ^ a b c d Skin Conditions: Alopecia Areata. WebMD. Retrieved on December 2, 2007.
  7. ^ Martinez-Mir A, Zlotogorski A, Gordon D, et al. (February 2007). "Genomewide scan for linkage reveals evidence of several susceptibility loci for alopecia areata". American Journal of Human Genetics 80 (2): 316–28. doi:10.1086/511442. PMID 17236136. 
  8. ^ Freedberg, Irwin M.; Fitzpatrick, Thomas B. (2003). Fitzpatrick's dermatology in general medicine. New York: McGraw-Hill, Medical Pub. Division. ISBN 0-07-138076-0. 
  9. ^ a b c American Osteopathic College of Dermatology. Alopecia Areata. Dermatologic Disease Database. Aocd.org. Retrieved on December 3, 2007.
  10. ^ [1] BBC News article about a girl receiving a wig.

External links

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 21, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Alopecia areata, which are similar to those in the above article.








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